Project

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BASIL - Landscape-scale biodiversity and the balancing of provisioning, regulating and supporting ecosystem services

English title BASIL - Landscape-scale biodiversity and the balancing of provisioning, regulating and supporting ecosystem services
Applicant Roland Olschewski
Number 158393
Funding scheme FACCE Joint Programming Initiative
Research institution Umwelt- und Ressourcenökonomie Eidg. Forschungsanstalt WSL
Institution of higher education Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research - WSL
Main discipline Economics
Start/End 01.10.2015 - 31.12.2018
Approved amount 239'910.00
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All Disciplines (2)

Discipline
Economics
Pedology

Keywords (6)

soil microbial diversity; agricultural management; temporal diversity; spatial diversity; in-field water bodies; nutrient cycling

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Der Schutz biologischer Vielfalt hat ein grosses Potenzial für den Erhalt und die Förderung landwirtschaftlicher Ökosystemleistungen. Allerdings bestehen Wissenslücken über die genauen Wirkungszusammenhänge zwischen Biodiversität, Ökosystemleistungen und Agrarproduktion. Roland Olschewski untersucht mit seinem Team, welche agrar- und umweltpolitischen Massnahmen Ökosystemleistungen fördern und wird damit einen Beitrag zur Nachhaltigkeit landwirtschaftlicher Produktionssysteme leisten.
Lay summary

Die europäische Agrarlandschaft setzt sich aus einem Mosaik intensiv und extensiv bewirtschafteter Flächen zusammen. Die industrielle Agrarproduktion spielt dabei eine besondere Rolle: Einerseits konnte durch sie die Produktivität und damit die Versorgung mit Nahrungsmitteln und anderen Gütern entscheidend gesteigert werden. Andererseits kann diese Fokussierung auf die sogenannten "Bereitstellungsleistungen“ von Agrarökosystemen auch negative Auswirkungen auf andere Ökosystemleistungen haben. Dazu gehören beispielsweise die Störung von Nährstoffkreisläufen (regulierende Ökosystemleistungen) oder die Abnahme des Bodenschutzes (unterstützende Ökosystemleistungen). Als Folge davon kann es zu gravierenden Umweltproblemen kommen. Darüber hinaus führen globale Umweltveränderungen wie Klimawandel oder Biodiversitätsverlust zu weiteren Herausforderungen für die Agrarlandschaft und ihre vielfältigen Leistungen.

Das interdisziplinäre Projekt, an dem sich acht europäische Forschungsinstitutionen beteiligen, hat zum Ziel, Wissenslücken im Bereich der Biodiversität auf Landschaftsebene zu schliessen. Insbesondere wird analysiert, wie sich intensiv und extensiv bewirtschaftete Agrarlandschaften bezüglich der bereitgestellten Ökosystemleistungen unterscheiden, welchen Einfluss die Biodiversität auf Ökosystemleistungen und damit die Nachhaltigkeit der landwirtschaftlichen Produktion hat und welche Wirkungen politische und institutionelle Regelungen auf Biodiversität, Ökosystemleistungen und landwirtschaftliche Produktion haben.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 08.07.2015

Lay Summary (French)

Lead
La protection de la biodiversité joue un rôle important dans le maintien et la promotion des services écosystémiques en agriculture. Il existe pourtant des lacunes dans les connaissances des relations de cause à effet entre biodiversité, services écosystémiques et production agricole. L'équipe de Roland Olschewski explore quelles sont les mesures de politique agricole et environnementale qui soutiennent les services écosystémiques et contribuent ainsi à la durabilité de la production agricole.
Lay summary
Le paysage agricole européen se compose d'une mosaïque de surfaces exploitées de manière intensive ou extensive. La production agricole industrielle y joue un rôle central : si une augmentation considérable de la productivité, et donc de l'approvisionnement en denrées alimentaires et non-alimentaires, est envisageable, celle-ci peut potentiellement engendrer des conséquences négatives sur les autres services écosystémiques. Citons, par exemple, des perturbations des cycles des nutriments (service de régulation) ou encore une protection insuffisante des sols (service de support) qui peuvent entraîner des dégâts environnementaux lourds. Par ailleurs, les changements environnementaux globaux, tels que le changement climatique et la perte de biodiversité, posent de nouveaux défis au paysage agricole et à ses divers services.

Ce projet interdisciplinaire, auquel participent huit institutions de recherche européennes, a pour objectif de combler les lacunes dans le domaine de la biodiversité à l'échelle paysagère. La recherche s’attache tout particulièrement à analyser comment se distinguent les paysages d'agriculture intensive et extensive par rapport aux services écosystémiques qu'ils mettent à disposition. Elle entend déterminer l’influence de la biodiversité sur les services écosystémiques (et par conséquent sur la production agricole durable) ou encore l’impact de la régulation politique et institutionnelle sur la biodiversité, les services écosystémiques et la production agricole.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 08.07.2015

Lay Summary (English)

Lead
The protection of biodiversity has great potential for the preservation and the support of landscape-scale ecosystem services. There are, however, knowledge gaps about the exact interdependencies of biodiversity, ecosystem services and agricultural production. Roland Olschewski and his team are investigating, which agricultural and environmental policy measures support ecosystem services and thereby make a contribution to sustainability of agricultural production systems.
Lay summary

The European agricultural landscape comprises a mosaic of intensively and extensively used areas. Industrial agricultural production plays a major role: one the one hand, it has helped to significantly increase productivity and thereby the supply of foods and other goods. On the other hand, this focus on the “provisioning services” of agricultural ecosystems can have negative effects on other ecosystem services. Among them are, for instance, the disruptions of nutrient cycles or the limitation of soil protection . These can lead to serious ecological problems. Beyond that, global environmental changes like climate change and loss of biodiversity lead to further challenges for the agricultural landscape and its many services.
The aim of the interdisciplinary project, in which eight European research institutions are taking part, is to close the knowledge gap on landscape-scale biodiversity. In particularly it will analyze how intensively and extensively used agricultural areas differ regarding provisioning ecosystem services, what influence biodiversity has on eco system services and thus on the sustainability of agricultural production, and what effects political and institutional regulations have on biodiversity, ecosystem services and agricultural production.

 

 

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 08.07.2015

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Types of collective action problems and farmers’ willingness to accept agri-environmental schemes in Switzerland
Villamayor-Tomas Sergio, Sagebiel Julian, Rommel Jens, Olschewski Roland (2021), Types of collective action problems and farmers’ willingness to accept agri-environmental schemes in Switzerland, in Ecosystem Services, 50, 101304-101304.
Bringing the neighbors in: A choice experiment on the influence of coordination and social norms on farmers’ willingness to accept agro-environmental schemes across Europe
Villamayor-Tomas Sergio, Sagebiel Julian, Olschewski Roland (2019), Bringing the neighbors in: A choice experiment on the influence of coordination and social norms on farmers’ willingness to accept agro-environmental schemes across Europe, in Land Use Policy, 84, 200-215.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Institute of Landscape Biogeochemistry, Leipnitz Center for Agricultural Landscape Research (ZALF) Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Department of Crop and Forest Science, Universitat de Lleida Spain (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Institute of Biology, Freie Universität Berlin Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Institute of Landscape Ecology, University Münster Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Institute of Biochemistry and Biology, University of Potsdam Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Experimental Station of Aula Dei, Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) Spain (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
French National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA) France (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
Land-use, Agriculture and Biodiversity: Spatial and Temporal Issues Talk given at a conference Bringing the neighbors in: A choice experiment on the influence of coordination and social norms on farmers’ willingness to accept agro-environmental schemes across Europe 12.09.2018 Cambridge, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Villamayor-Tomas Sergio; Roland Olschewski;
Meeting of the Gesellschaft für Ökologie Poster Measuring biodiversity driven ecosystem services at the landscape scale – Impacts of landscape heterogeneity, biotope elements and land use 10.09.2018 Wien, Austria Pirhofer Walzl Karin;
Landschaftskongress Poster Biodiversität und Ökosystemdienstleistungen in strukturierten Agrarlandschaften 24.08.2018 Luzern, Switzerland Gessler Arthur; Hagedorn Frank; Frey Beat; Pirhofer Walzl Karin;
Landscape 2018: Frontiers of agricultural landscape research Talk given at a conference Soil microbial influence of natural landscape elements and landscape structure on agricultural fields 12.03.2018 Berlin, Germany Hagedorn Frank; Gessler Arthur; Frey Beat; Pirhofer Walzl Karin;
Landscape 2018: Frontiers of agricultural landscape research Talk given at a conference Measuring biodiversity driven ecosystem functions at the landscape scale - Impacts of landscape heterogeneity, natural habitats and land use 12.03.2018 Berlin, Germany Pirhofer Walzl Karin;
BONARES Conference 2018 Poster To plant or not to plant? Analysing landowners’ (dis-)incentives to participate in environmental schemes 26.02.2018 Berliin, Germany Roland Olschewski; Villamayor-Tomas Sergio;
Joint annual meeting: Ecology across borders with BES, GfÖ, NECOV and EEF Talk given at a conference How much does landscape diversity contribute to yield in winter-wheat fields? 11.12.2017 Ghent, Belgium Pirhofer Walzl Karin;
Joint annual meeting: Ecology across borders with BES, GfÖ, NECOV and EEF Talk given at a conference Soil microbial influence of natural landscape elements and landscape structure on agricultural fields 11.12.2017 Ghent, Belgium Hagedorn Frank; Frey Beat; Pirhofer Walzl Karin; Gessler Arthur;
Agroecology Forum Talk given at a conference Bacteria and fungi in agricultural landscapes: almost invisible but the engine of plant production 25.10.2017 Lyon, France Gessler Arthur; Pirhofer Walzl Karin; Frey Beat; Hagedorn Frank;
Workshop on “Ecosystem Ecology in transition zones” Talk given at a conference Balancing Agroecosystem Services In Landscapes - BASIL 18.07.2017 Müncheberg, Germany Pirhofer Walzl Karin;
Annual Conference European Society for Ecological Economics (ESEE), 20.-23.06.2017, Poster Which neighbourhood effect? A cross-country choice experiment on the uptake of agro-environmental schemes by European farmers 20.06.2017 Budapest, Hungary Roland Olschewski; Villamayor-Tomas Sergio;
IASC Regional Conference (Europe): Commons in a "Glocal World" Talk given at a conference Testing for neighborhood effects for biodiversity conservation: A Willingness to Accept experiment in the context of European Agro-environmental schemes 10.05.2017 Bern, Switzerland Villamayor-Tomas Sergio; Roland Olschewski;
ENVECON 2017 "Applied Environmental Economics Conference" Poster Which neighbourhood effect? A cross-country choice experiment on the uptake of agro-environmental schemes by European farmers 03.03.2017 London, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Roland Olschewski; Villamayor-Tomas Sergio;
Jena Symposium: 15 Years of the Jena Experiment: The Past, the Present, and the Future Talk given at a conference Can natural elements in agricultural landscapes be stepping stones for arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi? 07.02.2017 Jena, Germany Pirhofer Walzl Karin; Gessler Arthur; Frey Beat; Hagedorn Frank;
German Ecological Society Annual Meeting (GfÖ) Talk given at a conference Do soil-borne ecosystem services react to landscape diversity in agriculture? 05.09.2016 Marburg, Germany Pirhofer Walzl Karin;
Soil Food Web Workshop Talk given at a conference Abiotic and biotic plant-soil processes behind ecosystem services in agricultural landscapes 02.03.2016 Berlin, Germany Pirhofer Walzl Karin;
British Ecological Society - Annual Meeting Poster How to assess ecosystem services at a landscape scale? 14.12.2015 Edinburgh, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Hagedorn Frank; Gessler Arthur; Pirhofer Walzl Karin; Frey Beat;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
Session: "Analysis of collective action in payment for ecosystem services contexts" at the IASC Regional Conference (Europe) 13.05.2016 Bern, Switzerland

Knowledge transfer events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Date Place Persons involved
Parlamentariertreffen Biodiversität & Ökosystemleistungen (Vortragende: Jasmin Joshi) Talk 11.09.2018 Bern, Switzerland Roland Olschewski; Pirhofer Walzl Karin;
Envecon 2017 Poster 03.03.2017 London, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Roland Olschewski; Villamayor-Tomas Sergio;


Abstract

The European agricultural landscape comprises a mosaic of intensively and extensively used areas involving spatially and temporally very dynamic and complex interactions of organisms, abiotic processes, ecosystems, and human beings. We hypothesize that extensively and intensively managed agriculturallandscapes differ in their provisioning (e.g. yield), regulating (e.g. soil erosion) and supporting (e.g. nutrientcycles) ecosystem services. Furthermore, we hypothesize that the combination of intensively and extensivelyused areas in the agricultural landscape improves the economic and environmental sustainability ofagricultural landscapes by using biodiversity-driven ecosystem services to e.g. reduce fertilizer application.We will focus on two contrasting agricultural landscape types differing in management strategies: extensively managed landscapes comprising agricultural fields that receive low input of fertilizers, reduced chemical plant protection and soil management (e.g. no-tillage), natural (e.g. forest patches, in-field ponds) and semi-natural areas such as permanent grasslands; and in contrast, intensively managed landscapes comprising intensively managed agricultural fields with high input of fertilizers and chemical plant-protection products as well as intensive soil management (e.g. regular tillage) in addition to natural and semi-natural areas. The distribution of intensively and extensively managed agricultural landscapes varies across Europe and is strongly linked to, among others, socio-economic conditions (e.g. short and flexible renting contracts) and environmental conditions.We aim at quantifying the relative contribution of provisioning, regulating and supporting ecosystem services delivered by extensively and intensively managed agricultural landscapes across Europe. Additionaly, we will assess the fostering and hindering socio-political conditions for such ecosystem services and compare them across Europe. Our project will shed light on the “land sharing versus land sparing” debate and will provide suggestions for increasing the economic and environmental sustainability of agricultural landscapes by improving land-use policies at regional, national and European scales.•We will test whether forests, semi-natural areas and natural patches in agricultural fields (e.g. in-field waterbodies), are stepping stones for belowground microbial re-colonization of intensively used areas afterdisturbance (hidden veins).•We will assess the sustainable use of natural resources such as water and nitrogen in the landscape bymeasuring the temporal and spatial distribution of nitrogen in soil, plant and water across systems.•We will determine biotic and abiotic processes providing ecosystem services for intensively and extensivelymanaged agricultural fields scales, including soil microbial properties and the physiological assessment ofcrops, weeds and natural vegetation.•We will compare the spatial and temporal soil microbial and plant diversity between extensively andintensively managed agricultural landscapes by performing landscape trait-based analyses across Europe.•We will identify and compare the political and governance structures that determine the provision ofecosystem services and trigger a debate among researchers and agricultural and conservationiststakeholders on how to support these ecosystem services.
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