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From plans to land change: Linking paradigms to establish and test a theoretical model of how planning contributes to the development of urban regions

English title From plans to land change: Linking paradigms to establish and test a theoretical model of how planning contributes to the development of urban regions
Applicant Hersperger Anna M.
Number 157789
Funding scheme SNSF Consolidator Grants
Research institution Eidgenössische Forschungsanstalt WSL für Wald, Schnee und Landschaft
Institution of higher education Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research - WSL
Main discipline Architecture and Social urban science
Start/End 01.01.2016 - 31.12.2021
Approved amount 1'999'902.00
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All Disciplines (3)

Discipline
Architecture and Social urban science
Social geography and ecology
Other disciplines of Environmental Sciences

Keywords (12)

spatial planning; land change modelling; plan implementation; governance; SPlaMI framework ; planning intention; planning efficacy; urban morphology; multi-level planning; metropolitan planning; green infrastructure; evaluation

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Raumplanung und Governance haben eine lange Tradition als Mittel zur Steuerung der räumlichen Entwicklungung städtischer Regionen. Allerdings gibt es erstaunlich wenig empirisch abgesichertes Wissen über die Wirkungsweise und den Einfluss der Raumplanung. Durch die im CONCUR-Projekt gewonnenen Erkenntnisse verstehen wir den Einfluss der Raumplanung in der Gestaltung unserer Umwelt heute besser und können raumplanerische Absichten realitätsnäher in Landnutzungsmodelle einbauen.
Lay summary

Städtische Regionen befinden sich weltweit in einem hochdynamischen Prozess der Landveränderung. Planung und Governance haben in städtischen Gebieten eine lange Tradition als Mittel zur Steuerung der räumlichen Entwicklung. Weil aber ein realistisches Modell zur Erklärung des Beitrags von Planung und Politik zur räumlichen Entwicklung bisher fehlte, wurde die Raumplanung in Landnutzungsmodellen vernachlässigt und Planungsevaluationen erschwert. Das Projekt "From plans to land change: Linking paradigms to establish and test a theoretical model of how planning contributes to the development of urban regions" (CONCUR) hatte zum Ziel, eine wissenschaftliche Grundlage für die angemessene Integration regionaler Raumordnungspolitiken in die Modellierung von Landveränderungen zu entwickeln und den Einfluss der strategischen Raumplanung besser zu verstehen.

Aus dem CONCUR-Projekt resultierten vier wichtige Forschungsergebnisse. Erstens konnten der Einfluss der Raumplanung auf den Landwandel mittels den Planungsabsichten, der territorialen Governance und dem Einfluss von externen Bedingungen konzeptionell erfasst werden. Zweitens wurde ein empirisch abgestütztes Konzept, das SPlaMI-Framework entwickelt. SPlaMI erklärt, wie in europäischen Stadtregionen strategische Raumpläne und deren Handhabung den Wandel in Stadtregionen beeinflussen. Drittens wurde das SPlaMI-Framework operationalisiert, sodass es mittels neu entwickelter Verfahren und Instrumente zur Analyse und Modellierung von urbanen Regionen dienen kann. Viertens konnte im Sinne eines Tests mittels verschiedener Fallstudien der Nutzen des SPlaMI-Framework und der Instrumente nachgewiesen werden. Diese qualitativen und quantitativen Fallstudientests wurden in städtischen Regionen in Europa, Nordamerika, Südamerika und China durchgeführt.

Durch die im CONCUR-Projekt gewonnenen Erkenntnisse können raumplanerische Absichten heute besser in Landnutzungsmodelle eingebaut werden. Zudem hat das Projekt mittels Veröffentlichungen und Forschungsaktivitäten wesentlich dazu beigetragen, dass heute weltweit Wissenschaftler gezielt den Einfluss der Raumplanung auf die räumliche Entwicklung von städtischen Regionen untersuchen.

 

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 04.02.2022

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Does zoning contain built-up land expansion? Causal evidence from Zhangzhou City, China
He Zhichao, Ling Yuheng, Fürst Christine, Hersperger Anna M. (2022), Does zoning contain built-up land expansion? Causal evidence from Zhangzhou City, China, in Landscape and Urban Planning, 220, 104339-104339.
Digitalization in land-use planning: effects of digital plan data on efficiently, transparency and innovation
Hersperger Anna M., Thurnheer-Wittenwiler Corina, Tobias Silvia, Folvig Sara, Fertner Christian (2021), Digitalization in land-use planning: effects of digital plan data on efficiently, transparency and innovation, in European Planning Studies, 2016640.
Integrating strategic planning intentions into land-change simulations: Designing and assessing scenarios for Bucharest
Bacău Simona, Domingo Darío, Palka Gaëtan, Pellissier Loïc, Kienast Felix (2021), Integrating strategic planning intentions into land-change simulations: Designing and assessing scenarios for Bucharest, in Sustainable Cities and Society, 76, 103446-103446.
The role of spatial planning in land change: An assessment of urban planning and nature conservation efficiency at the southeastern coast of Brazil
Daunt Ana Beatriz Pierri, Inostroza Luis, Hersperger Anna M. (2021), The role of spatial planning in land change: An assessment of urban planning and nature conservation efficiency at the southeastern coast of Brazil, in Land Use Policy, 111, 105771-105771.
Assessing planning implementation using the conformance and performance approach: The case of Romania's local environmental action plans
Hossu Constantina Alina, Iojă Ioan Cristian, Mitincu Cristina G., Artmann Martina, Hersperger Anna M. (2021), Assessing planning implementation using the conformance and performance approach: The case of Romania's local environmental action plans, in Journal of Environmental Management, 299, 113680.
Multi-level spatial planning and its influence in shaping urban landscapes: Status and future scenarios for Bucharest
BacauSimona (2021), Multi-level spatial planning and its influence in shaping urban landscapes: Status and future scenarios for Bucharest, ETHZ, Zurich.
Closer to causality: How effective is spatial planning in governing built-up land expansion in Fujian Province, China?
He Zhichao, Zhao Chunhong, Fürst Christine, Hersperger Anna M. (2021), Closer to causality: How effective is spatial planning in governing built-up land expansion in Fujian Province, China?, in Land Use Policy, 108, 105562.
Landscape ecological concepts in planning: review of recent developments
Hersperger Anna M., Grădinaru Simona R., Pierri Daunt Ana Beatriz, Imhof Carole S., Fan Peilei (2021), Landscape ecological concepts in planning: review of recent developments, in Landscape Ecology, 36(8), 2329-2345.
Strategic spatial planning and efficacy: an analytic hierarchy process (AHP) approach in Lyon and Copenhagen
Palka Gaëtan, Oliveira Eduardo, Pagliarin Sofia, Hersperger Anna M. (2021), Strategic spatial planning and efficacy: an analytic hierarchy process (AHP) approach in Lyon and Copenhagen, in European Planning Studies, 29(6), 1174-1192.
Effect of zoning plans on urban land-use change: A multi-scenario simulation for supporting sustainable urban growth
Domingo Darío, Palka Gaëtan, Hersperger Anna M. (2021), Effect of zoning plans on urban land-use change: A multi-scenario simulation for supporting sustainable urban growth, in Sustainable Cities and Society, 69, 10283.
Digital plans and plan data in planning support science
Hersperger Anna M., Fertner Christian (2021), Digital plans and plan data in planning support science, in Environment and Planning B: Urban Analytics and City Science, 48(2), 212-215.
Urban expansion and forest reserves: Drivers of change and persistence on the coast of São Paulo State (Brazil)
Pierri Daunt Ana Beatriz, Sanna Freire Silva Thiago, Bürgi Matthias, Hersperger Anna M. (2021), Urban expansion and forest reserves: Drivers of change and persistence on the coast of São Paulo State (Brazil), in Land Use Policy, 101, 105189.
From Plans to Land Change: Dynamics of Urban Regions. Book of Abstracts
HerspergerAnna M (2021), From Plans to Land Change: Dynamics of Urban Regions. Book of Abstracts, WSL, Birmesdorf, Switzerland.
Deriving Planning Intentions from written planning documents
Gradinaru Simona, HerspergerAnna M, SchmidF (2021), Deriving Planning Intentions from written planning documents, WSL, Birmesdorf, Switzerland.
Place branding as an instrument in strategic spatial planning: insights from urban regions in Western Europe and North America
Oliveira Eduardo, M. Hersperger Anna (2021), Place branding as an instrument in strategic spatial planning: insights from urban regions in Western Europe and North America, in Cleveland Mark, Papadopoulos Nicolas (ed.), Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham, 265-281.
The compliance of land-use planning with strategic spatial planning–insights from Zurich, Switzerland
Schmid Franziska B., Kienast Felix, Hersperger Anna M. (2020), The compliance of land-use planning with strategic spatial planning–insights from Zurich, Switzerland, in European Planning Studies, 29(7), 1231-1250.
Characterizing the 3-D urban morphology transformation to understand urban-form dynamics: A case study of Austin, Texas, USA
Zhao Chunhong, Weng Qihao, Hersperger Anna M. (2020), Characterizing the 3-D urban morphology transformation to understand urban-form dynamics: A case study of Austin, Texas, USA, in Landscape and Urban Planning, 203, 103881.
Implementation pathways of large-scale urban development projects (lsUDPs) in Western Europe: a qualitative comparative analysis (QCA)
Pagliarin Sofia, Hersperger Anna M., Rihoux Benoît (2020), Implementation pathways of large-scale urban development projects (lsUDPs) in Western Europe: a qualitative comparative analysis (QCA), in European Planning Studies, 1-22.
Towards a better understanding of land conversion at the urban-rural interface: planning intentions and the effectiveness of growth management
Hersperger Anna M., Grădinaru Simona R., Siedentop Stefan (2020), Towards a better understanding of land conversion at the urban-rural interface: planning intentions and the effectiveness of growth management, in Journal of Land Use Science, 1-8.
Impact of national policies on patterns of built-up development: an assessment over three decades
Grădinaru Simona R., Fan Peilei, Iojă Cristian I., Niță Mihai Răzvan, Suditu Bogdan, Hersperger Anna M. (2020), Impact of national policies on patterns of built-up development: an assessment over three decades, in Land Use Policy, 94, 104510-104510.
Spatial plans as relational data: Using social network analysis to assess consistency among Bucharest’s planning instruments
Bacău Simona, Grădinaru Simona R., Hersperger Anna M. (2020), Spatial plans as relational data: Using social network analysis to assess consistency among Bucharest’s planning instruments, in Land Use Policy, 92, 104484-104484.
Framing fragmentation in strategic policy documents in spatial planning and environmental domains: differences and similarities
Semančíková Eva, Grădinaru Simona R., Aubrechtová Tereza, Hersperger Anna M. (2020), Framing fragmentation in strategic policy documents in spatial planning and environmental domains: differences and similarities, in Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 63(3), 415-432.
An evaluation of environmental plans quality: Addressing the rational and communicative perspectives
Hossu Constantina Alina, Iojă Ioan-Cristian, Mitincu Cristina G., Artmann Martina, Hersperger Anna M. (2020), An evaluation of environmental plans quality: Addressing the rational and communicative perspectives, in Journal of Environmental Management, 256, 109984-109984.
Does landscape play a role in strategic spatial planning of European urban regions?
Hersperger Anna M., Bürgi Matthias, Wende Wolfgang, Bacău Simona, Grădinaru Simona R. (2020), Does landscape play a role in strategic spatial planning of European urban regions?, in Landscape and Urban Planning, 194, 103702-103702.
Trajectory-based Qualitative Comparative Analysis: Accounting for case-based time dynamics
Pagliarin Sofia, Gerrits Lasse (2019), Trajectory-based Qualitative Comparative Analysis: Accounting for case-based time dynamics, in Methodological Innovations, 13(3), 1-11.
Assessing potential landscape service trade-offs driven by urbanization in Switzerland
Gerecke Madleina, Hagen Oskar, Bolliger Janine, Hersperger Anna M., Kienast Felix, Price Bronwyn, Pellissier Loïc (2019), Assessing potential landscape service trade-offs driven by urbanization in Switzerland, in Palgrave Communications, 5(1), 109-109.
Understanding strategic spatial planning to effectively guide development of urban regions
Hersperger Anna M., Grădinaru Simona, Oliveira Eduardo, Pagliarin Sofia, Palka Gaëtan (2019), Understanding strategic spatial planning to effectively guide development of urban regions, in Cities, 94, 96-105.
Spatial planning instruments for cropland protection in Western European countries
Oliveira Eduardo, Leuthard Jasmin, Tobias Silvia (2019), Spatial planning instruments for cropland protection in Western European countries, in Land Use Policy, 87, 104031-104031.
Green infrastructure in strategic spatial plans: Evidence from European urban regions
Grădinaru Simona R., Hersperger Anna M. (2019), Green infrastructure in strategic spatial plans: Evidence from European urban regions, in Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 40, 17-28.
Beyond the urban-rural dichotomy: Towards a more nuanced analysis of changes in built-up land
van Vliet Jasper, Verburg Peter H., Grădinaru Simona R., Hersperger Anna M. (2019), Beyond the urban-rural dichotomy: Towards a more nuanced analysis of changes in built-up land, in Computers, Environment and Urban Systems, 74, 41-49.
Beyond the urban-rural dichotomy: Towards a more nuanced analysis of changes in built-up land
van Vliet Jasper, Verburg Peter H., Grădinaru Simona R., Hersperger Anna M. (2019), Beyond the urban-rural dichotomy: Towards a more nuanced analysis of changes in built-up land, in Computers, Environment and Urban Systems, 74, 41-49.
Engaging, Exchanging and Impacting: Regional Research for All
Oliveira Eduardo, Tian Miao Julie, Taster Michael (2019), Engaging, Exchanging and Impacting: Regional Research for All, Regional Studies Association, Online, 1.
Zoning as a verb: a scaffolding for land use planning practice
Pagliarin Sofia, Gradinaru Simona R., Oliveira Eduardo (2019), Zoning as a verb: a scaffolding for land use planning practice, Routledge, New York, 183.
Visualizing Planning Intentions: From Heterogeneous Information to Maps
Palka Gaëtan, Grădinaru Simona R., Jørgensen Gertrud, Hersperger Anna M. (2018), Visualizing Planning Intentions: From Heterogeneous Information to Maps, in Journal of Geovisualization and Spatial Analysis, 2(2), 16-16.
Disentangling the Governance Configurations of Strategic Spatial Plan-Making in European Urban Regions
Oliveira Eduardo, Hersperger Anna M. (2018), Disentangling the Governance Configurations of Strategic Spatial Plan-Making in European Urban Regions, in Planning Practice & Research, 34(1), 47-61.
Governance arrangements, funding mechanisms and power configurations in current practices of strategic spatial plan implementation
Oliveira Eduardo, Hersperger Anna M. (2018), Governance arrangements, funding mechanisms and power configurations in current practices of strategic spatial plan implementation, in Land Use Policy, 76, 623-633.
Urban land-use change: The role of strategic spatial planning
Hersperger Anna M., Oliveira Eduardo, Pagliarin Sofia, Palka Gaëtan, Verburg Peter, Bolliger Janine, Grădinaru Simona (2018), Urban land-use change: The role of strategic spatial planning, in Global Environmental Change, 51, 32-42.
CONCUR Expert Workshop: The Impact of Strategic Spatial Plans on Land Change in Urban Regions: Debating Plan Making and Plan Implementation, Swiss Federal Research Institute WSL, Birmensdorf, Switzerland, 9–10 November 2017
Bacău Simona, Schmid Franziska, Oliveira Eduardo (2018), CONCUR Expert Workshop: The Impact of Strategic Spatial Plans on Land Change in Urban Regions: Debating Plan Making and Plan Implementation, Swiss Federal Research Institute WSL, Birmensdorf, Switzerland, 9–10 November 2017, in Town Planning Review, 89(3), 305-312.
Can Strategic Spatial Planning Contribute to Land Degradation Reduction in Urban Regions? State of the Art and Future Research
Oliveira Eduardo, Tobias Silvia, Hersperger Anna M (2018), Can Strategic Spatial Planning Contribute to Land Degradation Reduction in Urban Regions? State of the Art and Future Research, in Sustainability, 10(4), 949-949.
Governing for resilience in vulnerable places
Oliveira Eduardo (2018), Governing for resilience in vulnerable places, in Resilience, 7(2), 212-214.
City of well-being: a radical guide to planning
Oliveira Eduardo (2018), City of well-being: a radical guide to planning, in Journal of Urbanism: International Research on Placemaking and Urban Sustainability, 11(3), 383-385.
Book review: Sustainable landscape planning in selected urban regions
Oliveira Eduardo (2017), Book review: Sustainable landscape planning in selected urban regions, in Journal of Urban Affairs , 1-2.
Need for a cross-sector approach in protected area management
Hossu C., Loja I.C., Niță M., Hartel T., Badiu D. L., Hersperger A. M. (2017), Need for a cross-sector approach in protected area management, in Land Use Policy, 586-597.
Etat des lieux de la qualité et de l'utilité des plans directeurs communaux
Sophie Rudolf, Grădinaru Simona, Hersperger Anna M. (2017), Etat des lieux de la qualité et de l'utilité des plans directeurs communaux, Géomatique Suisse, Switzerland.
Book review: Local government and urban governance in Europe
Oliveira Eduardo (2017), Book review: Local government and urban governance in Europe, in Planning Theory & Practice, 1-3.
Evaluating outcomes in planning: Indicators and reference values for Swiss landscapes
Hersperger A.M., Mueller G., Knöpfel M., Siegfried A., Kienast F. (2017), Evaluating outcomes in planning: Indicators and reference values for Swiss landscapes, in Ecological Indicators, 96-104.
Are Spatial Planning Objectives Reflected in the Evolution of Urban Landscape Patterns? A Framework for the Evaluation of Spatial Planning Outcomes
Grădinaru S., Iojă C., Pătru-Stupariu I, Hersperger A.M. (2017), Are Spatial Planning Objectives Reflected in the Evolution of Urban Landscape Patterns? A Framework for the Evaluation of Spatial Planning Outcomes, in Sustainability, (8), 1-17.
Book review: Citizen Empowerment and Innovation in the Data-Rich Cit
Oliveira Eduardo (2017), Book review: Citizen Empowerment and Innovation in the Data-Rich Cit, in Journal of Urban Technology, (2), 111-114.
Book review: Decentralization in Environmental Governance: A post-contingency approach
Oliveira Eduardo (2017), Book review: Decentralization in Environmental Governance: A post-contingency approach, in Journal of Planning Literature, (3), 254-254.
Book review: Governance Networks in the Public Sector
Oliveira Eduardo (2017), Book review: Governance Networks in the Public Sector, in Governance, (4), 732-734.
Book review: Human smart cities – Rethinking the interplay between design and planning.
Oliveira Eduardo (2017), Book review: Human smart cities – Rethinking the interplay between design and planning., in Environment and Planning B: Urban Analytics and City Science, (6), 1169-1171.
Book review: Situated Practices of Strategic Planning – An international perspective
Oliveira Eduardo (2017), Book review: Situated Practices of Strategic Planning – An international perspective, in European Planning Studies, (2), 351-354.
Editorial for virtual special issue: The emergence of new forms of flexible governance arrangements in and for urban regions: an European perspective
Oliveira Eduardo (2017), Editorial for virtual special issue: The emergence of new forms of flexible governance arrangements in and for urban regions: an European perspective, in Regional Studies, Regional Science, (1), 1-6.
Overcoming Resource Scarcity by Implementing Strategic Regional Plans through Urban-Regional Development Projects: A European Perspective
Oliveira Eduardo, Hersperger Anna (2017), Overcoming Resource Scarcity by Implementing Strategic Regional Plans through Urban-Regional Development Projects: A European Perspective, in The AESOP 2017 Congress eBook of Proceedings, PortugalAssociation of European Schools of Planning, Portugal.
Paving the way to the career turning point: how to survive a Ph.D. dissertation and position yourself to be successful on the job market
Oliveira Eduardo (2017), Paving the way to the career turning point: how to survive a Ph.D. dissertation and position yourself to be successful on the job market, in Zavattaro Staci, Orr Shannon (ed.), Springer, USA, 73-93.
Book review: Image of Istanbul, Impact of ECoC 2010 on The City Image
Oliveira Eduardo (2016), Book review: Image of Istanbul, Impact of ECoC 2010 on The City Image, in Border Crossing, (2), 386-389.
Book review: Territorial Governance across Europe - Pathways, Practices and Prospects
Oliveira Eduardo (2016), Book review: Territorial Governance across Europe - Pathways, Practices and Prospects, in Regional Studies, (11), 1943-1944.
Conference Report. Building bridges: cities and regions in a transnational world
Oliveira Eduardo (2016), Conference Report. Building bridges: cities and regions in a transnational world, in Town Planning Review, (4), 481-486.
Book review: Land Ownership and Land Use Development: The Integration of Past, Present, and Future in Spatial Planning and Land Management Policies
Oliveira Eduardo, Book review: Land Ownership and Land Use Development: The Integration of Past, Present, and Future in Spatial Planning and Land Management Policies, in Landscape journal, (2), 00-00.

Datasets

Planning intentions in strategic plans of European urban regions

Author Gradinaru, Simona R; Hersperger, Anna M
Publication date 18.01.2022
Persistent Identifier (PID) 10.16904/envidat.275
Repository envidat
Abstract
The present dataset is part of the report titled Gradinaru S.R., Hersperger A.M., Schmid F. (2021). Deriving Planning Intentions from written planning documents. Report on CONCUR Project- From plans to land change: how strategic spatial planning contributes to the development of urban regions. The data corresponds to the data collected as part of the DPI Method for deriving all PIs contained in a plan (open coding) as detailed in section 4 of the report. The method involved reading the plans to break down of information in meaningful discrete “incidents” or planning intentions. To identify the planning intentions, the starting points were represented by a) the structuring of the plans in chapters and sub chapters and b) the themes that the plans addressed. Thus, the collected information was not grouped according to pre-defined categories of planning intentions, but rather put together as a list of intentions as revealed by each plan. As a result, we provide, for each case study, a document (named [Urban region name] PI as defined in the plan) which contains:  Date when the information was filled in.  Name of the urban region and analysed strategic spatial plan .  A list of all planning intentions contained in a plan, with each PI being addresses as follows:  Name of PI as it appears in the plan  Translated name of the PI (i.e. short name for easy understanding of the meaning)  Explanation regarding the meaning of the PI  Why the PI is considered a priority for the urban region  Spatial information on the PI (text and cartographic representations). In total, 14 documents are available, one for each case study. Documents contain up to 20 pages of information extracted from the plans together with explanations and notes taken during plan reading.

Green infrastructure in strategic spatial plans: Evidence from European urban regions

Author Gradinaru, Simona R; Hersperger, Anna M
Publication date 18.01.2022
Persistent Identifier (PID) 10.16904/envidat.273
Repository envidat
Abstract
The present dataset is part of the published scientific paper Grădinaru, S. R., & Hersperger, A. M. (2019). Green infrastructure in strategic spatial plans: Evidence from European urban regions. Urban forestry & urban greening, 40, 17-28. The goal of this research was to conduct a comparative analysis of the integration of green infrastructure concept in strategic spatial plans of European Urban regions. Specifically, the paper has the following objectivs: 1) which principles of GI planning are followed in strategic plans of urban regions? 2) can we identify different approaches to GI integration into strategic planning?. The study focues on a sample consisting of 14 case studies spanning 11 countries. We retrieved the strategic plans from the websites of the planning authorities. The list of the reviewed planning documents can be found in Appendix A of the paper. A protocol was developed to perform the content analysis of the strategic plans and gather the data. The detailed list of protocol items can be found in Appendix B of the paper. The planning documents were read in order to address the protocol items. The answer to the protocol items in each of the first two categories (items 1-11) was documented as text, while the answer for the third category, namely items addressing the planning principles (items 12-36), was coded according to Table 1 of the article. As a result, we provide the folowing outputs: • GI_Dataset_1_Items_1-12.xlsx - available on request o Results of the coding on general aspects regarding the strategic plans of urban regions as well as extracts from each plan to justify the coding option - this data was derived from the coding procedure coresponding to items from 1 to 12 of the protocol. The data was discussed qualitativly in the research paper. • GI_Dataset_2_Items_12-36.csv - freely available o Results of the coding on principles of GI planning followed in strategic plans of urban regions- this data was derived from the coding procedure coresponding to items from 12 to 36 of the protocol. The data served as input for the classifications performed through hierarchical cluster analysis. This data is a detailed version of Appendix C in the paper.

Landscape in contemporary strategic spatial plans of European Urban regions

Author Gradinaru, Simona R; Hersperger, Anna M
Publication date 18.01.2022
Persistent Identifier (PID) 10.16904/envidat.274
Repository envidat
Abstract
The present dataset is part of the published scientific paper Hersperger, A.M., Bürgi, M., Wende, W., Bacău, S. and Grădinaru, S.R., 2020. Does landscape play a role in strategic spatial planning of European urban regions?. Landscape and Urban Planning, 194, p.103702.The goal of this research was to assess the role of landscape in contemporary strategic spatial planning. In order to assess the role of “landscape” in the strategic spatial plans, we focused on how plans took advantage of landscape’s integrative power, how plans are based on knowledge on functioning of landscape systems, and how plans show the contribution of landscapes to human well-being. For each aspect, a number of items (detailed in Table 1 of the paper) were selected to assist the assessment. This study is based on content analysis of the strategic spatial plans of 18 European urban regions. The strategic spatial plans were retrieved from the planning authorities’ websites. The cases study regions as well as the analyzed strategic spatial plans are presented in Table 2 of the paper. The authors developed a protocol containing 28 items, out of which 16 were directly derived from information presented in Table 1. As a result, we provide the following outputs: • Protocol_items.docx - freely available - Detailed description of all the protocol items used to conduct the analysis. • Coding results.xlsx - available on request - Results of the coding procedure. Data were used to create Figures 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and to qualitatively present the results in the research paper.

The usage of landscape ecological concepts in the planning literature

Author Hersperger, Anna M
Publication date 21.10.2021
Persistent Identifier (PID) 10.16904/envidat.254
Repository envidat
Abstract
Table of content: 1. Frequency of early concepts; 2. Frequency of additional concepts; 3. Use of any early concept; 4. Use of any additional concept, 5. Planning steps; 6. Protocol.The present dataset is part of the published scientific paper entitled “Landscape ecological concepts in planning: review of recent developments” (Hersperger et al., 2021). The goal of this research was to review recent publications to assess the use of landscape ecological concepts in planning. Specifically, we address the following research questions: Q1. Landscape ecological concepts: What are they? How frequently are they mentioned in current research? Q2. How are landscape ecological concepts integrated in landscape planning?We analysed all empirical and overview papers that have been published in four key academic journals in the field of landscape ecology and landscape planning in the years 2015-2019 (n = 1918). Four key journals in the field of landscape ecology were selected to conduct the analysis, respectively Landscape Ecology (LE), Landscape Online (LO), Current Landscape Ecology Reports (CLER), and Landscape and Urban Planning (LUP). The title, abstract and keywords of all papers were read in order to identify landscape ecological concepts. Then, all 1918 papers went through a keyword search to identify the use of early and additional concepts. We used the “pdfsearch” package in R programming language and searched for singular and plural forms and different variations of the concepts (see Supplementary material 1, Table A). As a result, we provided four outputs: 1. Frequency of early concepts. This data provides the total number of times each article used each early concept (Q1). This data was used to produce the Figure 2a at the original publication. 2. Frequency of additional concepts. This data provides the total number of times each article used each additional concept (Q1). This data was used to produce the Figure 2b at the original publication. 3. Use of any early concept. This data provides the total number of times each article used any early concept (Q1). This data was used to produce the Figure 3a at the original publication. 4. Use of any additional concept. This data provides the total number of times each article used any additional concept (Q1). This data was used to produce the Figure 3b at the original publication.To address the second question (Q2), the title, abstract and keywords of the papers included in our sample (n=1918 articles) were screened to identify papers that might show how landscape ecological concepts are integrated into planning. We selected 52 empirical papers (see Supplementary material - 4 Integration of landscape ecological concepts into planning), and we provided two outputs: 5. Planning steps. This data provides the number of times landscape ecological concepts were addressed in each planning steps in 52 empirical papers analysed in detail (Q2). This data was used to produce the Figure 4 at the original publication. 6. Protocol for assessing the integration of landscape ecological concepts into planning. To systematically collect the data, we used this protocol which addressed the following questions: (a) which type of planning is addressed by the paper? (b) to which planning level does the paper refer to? (c) which concepts are integrated in any of the planning steps described above?

lsUDPS Large-scale urban development projects in European urban regions

Author Pagliarin, Sofia; Hersperger, Anna M
Publication date 22.08.2019
Persistent Identifier (PID) 10.16904/envidat.89
Repository envidat
Abstract
Table of Content: 1. General context of the data set "lsUDPs" ; 2. Background and aims of the study using the data set lsUDPs; 3. The data set lsUDPs: 3.1 Selection of cases and data collection; 3.2 Data management and operationalisation General context of the data set "lsUDPs" The data set "lsUDPs" has been generated as part of the CONCUR research project (https://www.wsl.ch/en/projects/concur.html) led by Dr. Anna M. Hersperger and funded by the Swiss National Science Foundation (ERC TBS Consolidator Grant (ID: BSCGIO 157789) for the period 2016-2020. The CONCUR research project is interdisciplinary and aims to develop a scientific basis for adequately integrating spatial policies (in this case, strategic spatial plans) into quantitative land-change modelling approaches at the urban regional level. The first stage (2016-2017) of the CONCUR project focussed on 21 urban regions in Western Europe. The urban regions were selected through a multi-stage strategy for empirical research (see Hersperger, A. M., Grădinaru, S., Oliveira, E., Pagliarin, S., & Palka, G. (2019). Understanding strategic spatial planning to effectively guide development of urban regions. Cities, 94, 96-105. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cities.2019.05.032 ). Background and aims of the study using the data set lsUDPs As part of the CONCUR project, a specific task was to examine the relationship between strategic spatial plans and the formulation and implementation (i.e. urban land change) of large-scale urban development projects in Western Europe. Strategic urban projects are typically large-scale, prominent urban transformations implemented locally with the aim to stimulate urban growth, for instance in the form of urban renewals of deprived neighborhoods, waterfront renewals and transport infrastructures. While strategic urban projects are referred to in the literature with multiple terms, in the CONCOR project we call them large-scale urban development projects (lsUDPs). Previous studies acknowledged both local and supra-local (or structural) factors impacting the context-specific implementation of lsUDPs. Local governance factors, such as institutional capacity, coordination among public and private actors and political leadership, intertwine with supra-local conditions, such as state re-scaling processes and devolution of state competencies in spatial planning, de-industrialisation and increasing social inequality. Hence, in implementing lsUDPs, multi-scalar factors act in combination. Because the formulation and implementation of lsUDPs require multi-scalar coordination among coalitions of public and private actors over an extended period of time, they are generally linked to strategic spatial plans (SSPs). Strategic spatial plans convey collective visions and horizons of action negotiated among public and private actors at the local and/or regional level to steer future urban development, and can contain legally binding dispositions, but also indicative guidelines. The key question remains as to what extent large-scale urban development projects and strategic spatial plans can be regarded as aligned. By alignment, or “concordance”, we mean that strategic projects are formulated and implemented as part of the strategic planning process (“high concordance”), or that the strategic role of projects is reconfirmed in (subsequent) strategic plans (“moderate concordance”). Lack of concordance is found when lsUDPs have been limitedly (or not at all) acknowledged in strategic spatial plans. We assume that certain local and supra-local factors, characterising the development of the projects, foster (but not strictly “cause”) the degree of alignment between lsUPDs and SSPs. In this study, we empirically examine how, and to what extent, the concordance between 38 European large-scale urban development projects and strategic plans (outcome: CONCOR) has been enabled by five multi-scalar factors (or conditions): (i) the role of the national state (STATE), (ii) the role of (inter)national private actors (PRIVATE), (iii) the occurrence of supra-regional external events (EVENTS), (iv) the degree of transport connectivity (TRANSP), and (v) local resistance from civil society (RESIST). We adopted a (multi-data) case-based qualitative strategy for empirical research and applied the formalised procedure of within- and cross-case comparison offered by fuzzy-set Qualitative Comparative Analysis appropriate for the goal of this study. Based on set theory, QCA formally integrates contextual sensitivity to case specificities (within-case knowledge) with systematic comparative analysis (across-case knowledge). The research question the data set has been created to reply to is the following: which conditions, and combinations of conditions, enable the concordance between large-scale urban development projects and strategic spatial plans? The conditions (“independent variables”) considered are. STATE: the set of large-scale urban projects characterized by a high degree of state intervention and support in their formulation and implementation, PRIVATE: the set of large-scale urban projects characterized by a high degree of involvement of (inter)national private actors in their formulation and implementation, EVENTS: the set of large-scale strategic projects whose formulation and implementation have been strongly affected by unforeseen international events and/or global trends, TRANSP: the set of large-scale strategic projects with a high degree of road and/or transit connectivity, and RESIST: set of large-scale strategic projects whose realization has been characterized by resistances that have substantially delayed or modified the project implementation. The outcome (“dependent variable”) under analysis is CONCOR: the set of large-scale urban projects having a high degree of concordance/alignment/integration with strategic spatial plans The data set lsUDPs 3.1 Selection of cases and data collection To generate the current data set on large-scale urban development projects in European urban regions (data set "lsUDPs"), we identified 35 large-scale urban development projects in a sample of the 21 Western urban regions considered in the CONCUR project (see supra, Hersperger et al. 2019): Amsterdam, Barcelona, Copenhagen, Hamburg, Lyon, Manchester, Milan, Stockholm, Stuttgart. The criteria we followed to identify the 35 large-scale urban development projects are: geographical location, size (large-scale), site (located either in the city core or in the larger urban region) and urban function (e.g. housing, transportation infrastructures, service and knowledge economic functions). Employing these criteria facilitated the selection of diverse large-scale urban development projects while still ensuring sufficient comparability. In 2016, we performed 47 in-depth interviews with experts in urban and regional planning and large-scale strategic projects and infrastructure (i.e. academics and practitioners) about the formulation, implementation and development (1990s-2010s) of each project in each of the 9 selected urban regions. On average, each interviewee answered questions on 3.1 large-scale urban development projects. Three cases were subdivided into two cases because a clear differentiation between specific implementation stages was identified by the interviewees (expansion of the Barcelona airport, cases “bcn_airport80-90” and “bcn_airport00-16”; realisation of Lyon Part-Dieu, cases “lyo_partdieu70-90” and “lyo_partdieu00-16”; MediaCityUK, cases “man_salfordquays80-00” and “man_mediacityuk00-16”). Therefore, from the initial 35 cases, the final number of analysed cases in the lsUDPs dataset is 38. 3.2 The data set lsUDPs: Data management and operationalisationInterviews were fully transcribed and analysed through MAXQDA (version 12.3, VERBI GmbH, Berlin, Germany), and intercoder agreement was evaluated on a sample of nine interviews. We also compiled “synthetic case descriptions” (SCD) for each case (totalling more than 160 SCDs) to spot potential inconsistencies among interviewees’ accounts and to facilitate completion of the “calibration table” for each case (see below). An online expert survey distributed to the interviewees (response rate 78%) helped systematise the information collected during the interviews. We also consulted both academic and gray literature on the case studies to check for possible ambiguity and inconsistencies in the interview data, and to solve discrepancies between our assigned set membership scores and questionnaire values. Site visits were also carried out to retrieve additional information on the selected cases. For each case (i.e. each of the 38 selected large-scale urban development projects), we operationalised each condition (i.e. STATE, PRIVATE, EVENTS, TRANSP, RESIST) and the outcome (CONCOR) in terms of sets, for subsequent application of Qualitative Comparative Analysis. This process is called “calibration”; we used a number of indicators for each condition to qualitatively assess each large-scale project across the conditions. The case-based qualitative assessment was then transformed into fuzzy-set membership values. Fuzzy-set membership values range from 0 to 1, and should be conceived as “fundamentally interpretative tools” that “operationalize theoretical concepts in a way that enhances the dialogue between ideas and evidence” (Ragin 2000:162, in “Fuzzy-set Social Science”. Chicago: University Press). We employed a four-value fuzzy-set scale (0, 0.33, 0.67, 1) to “quantify” into set membership scores the individual histories of cases retrieved from interview data. Only the condition TRANSP was calibrated as a crisp-set (0, 1). The translation of qualitative case-based information into numerical fuzzy-set membership values was iteratively performed by populating a calibration table following standard practices recently emerged in QCA when dealing with qualitative (interview) data.

Interview guide and transcripts (CONCUR Aim 2 on Governance)

Author Oliveira, Eduardo
Publication date 11.11.2021
Persistent Identifier (PID) 10.16904/envidat.260
Repository envidat
Abstract
This dataset is composed of an interview guide used to conduct 43 in-depth, qualitative, and in-person interviews with planning experts, academics and practitioners, in 14 European urban regions and the corresponding interview transcripts (verbatim). These interviews were conducted in the selected urban regions between March and September 2016. They were first digitally recorded and later thoroughly transcribed.

LUSzoning: Land-use simulations integrating zoning regulations in Spanish functional urban areas

Author Domingo, Dario; Palka, Gaetan; Hersperger, Anna M
Publication date 20.07.2021
Persistent Identifier (PID) 10.16904/envidat.236
Repository envidat
Abstract
Table of Content: 1. General context of the data set "LUSzoning”; 2. Background and aims of the study using the data set LUSzoning; 3. The data set LUSzoning. ###1. General context of the data set "LUSzoning". The data set "LUSzoning" stands for Land-use simulations integrating zoning regulations in Spanish functional urban areas. The data set has been generated as part of the CONCUR research project (https://www.wsl.ch/en/projects/concur.html) led by Dr. Anna M. Hersperger and funded by the Swiss National Science Foundation (ERC TBS Consolidator Grant (ID: BSCGIO 157789) for the period 2016-2021. The CONCUR research project is interdisciplinary and aims to develop a scientific basis for adequately integrating spatial policies (in this case, digital zoning plans) into quantitative land-change modelling approaches at the urban regional level. ###2. Background and aims of the study using the data set “LUSzoning”. As part of the CONCUR project, a specific task was to integrate planning spatial policies in land-change modelling. Planning can be implemented in modelling using either hard or gradual restrictions. Different studies have addressed the inclusion of spatial planning policies in land-use change modelling. However, the integration of zoning constraints is generally established as hard or Boolean-based restrictions (e.g., whether urban development is allowed or not), while not accounting for the spatial heterogeneity or gradual characteristics within planning zones (e.g., whether planning regulations allow low, medium or high urban density), though these could improve real patterns simulations in urban areas. We assume Spanish General Zoning plans were suitable to explore the integration of planning into land-change modelling as soft constrains because they define land-use intensities in the buildable zoning areas. In light of the above considerations, the overall aim of the study was to model urban land-use changes using a multi-scenario approach that integrates digitized zoning plans for the Functional Urban Areas (FUAs) of Madrid, Barcelona, Valencia, and Zaragoza. The following specific objectives were addressed: i) to analyse the role of planning by defining three future scenarios that integrate digitized zoning plans and one scenario that assumes almost no planning intervention; ii) to introduce zoning constraints that reflect different degrees of urban densities; iii) to generate a transferable spatially-explicit modelling framework to integrate planning into land-use change simulations. Four future land-use demands scenarios were defined for the FUAs. Storylines were created considering probable development scenarios related to zoning plans, current Spanish legislation and sustainability goals defined along two axes: a high market-oriented vs. high planning-intervention axis, and an axis of short-term economic growth vs. long-term sustainable growth. The sustainable development scenario (S1) is characterized by low gross floor area (GFA) growth that is limited to areas that are currently under development according to zoning plans. The business-as-usual scenario (S2) is characterized by medium GFA growth in the range of on-going trends. The strong development scenario (S3) is characterized by high GFA growth rates. Growth is restricted to buildable areas without urbanization project designated in zoning plans. The unrestricted development scenario (S4) prioritizes a high degree of market liberalization characterized by high GFA growth that surpasses population demands. S4 follows a rapid economic growth pattern with almost no planning intervention. ###3. The data set “LUSzoning”. The dataset includes 16 .asc raster layers providing the simulated land-uses under four defined scenarios for Barcelona, Madrid, Valencia and Zaragoza Functional Urban Areas (FUAs) for 2030. The simulated raster layers were created using CLUMondo simulation framework and have a spatial resolution of 30m. The .asc layers name include the name of the FUA and scenario number. For example, the output from simulating the urban growth for the city of Zaragoza under Scenario 2 is named “Zaragoza_S2.tif”. Furthermore, a .txt file named “Legend.txt” includes the numeric value of the land-use and the category of land-use that represents to interpret the .asc raster layers. The name of the land-use classes is a reclassification of the Urban Atlas 2012 land-use classes within the four Spanish FUAs analyzed.Citation

From Plans to Land Change: Dynamics of Urban Regions. Book of Abstracts

Author Hersperger, Anna M
Publication date 07.04.2021
Persistent Identifier (PID) 10.16904/envidat.217
Repository envidat
Abstract
Book of abstracts from the virtual conference "From Plans to Land Change: Dynamics of Urban Regions"Cities and urban regions are among the most dynamic land-use systems in the world, with dramatic consequences for the provision of ecosystem services and the livelihood of people. Planning is a multifaceted activity with extensive experience in the management of these urbanization processes. However, our understanding of planning’s contribution to shaping urban land use, form and structure is still incomplete, with serious consequences for the efficacy of urban planning and land change models.This international conference aims to bring together the community of scholars working on planning evaluation and urban modelling. The participants are offered the opportunity to present their current research and to discuss how theoretical developments, data sources, comparative studies and modelling approaches might advance the field.The conference was financially supported by the CONCUR project and sustained by Swiss Federal Research Institute WSL.

Spatially explicit data to evaluate spatial planning outcomes in a coastal region in São Paulo State, Brazil

Author Pierri Daunt, Ana Beatriz; Hersperger, Anna M
Publication date 06.01.2022
Persistent Identifier (PID) https://www.envidat.ch/#/metadata/spatial-planning-brazil
Repository envidat
Abstract
The present dataset is part of the published scientific paper entitled “The role of spatial planning in land change: An assessment of urban planning and nature conservation efficiency at the southeastern coast of Brazil” (Pierri Daunt, Inostroza and Hersperger, 2021). In this work, we evaluated the conformance of stated spatial planning goals and the outcomes in terms of urban compactness, basic services and housing provision, and nature conservation for different land-use strategies. We evaluate the 2005 Ecological-Economic Zoning (EEZ) and two municipal master plans from 2006 in a coastal region in São Paulo State, Brazil. We used Partial Least Squares Path Modelling (PLS-PM) to explain the relationship between the plan strategies and land-use change ten years after implementation in terms of urban compactness, basic services and housing increase, and nature conservation.We acquired the data for the explanatory variables from different sources listed on Table 1. Since the model is spatially explicit, all input data were transformed to a 30 m resolution raster. Regarding the evaluated spatial plans, we acquired the zones limits from the São Paulo State Environmental Planning Division (CPLA-SP), Ilhabela and Ubatuba municipality. Land use and cover data: Urban persistence, Urban axial, Urban infill, Urban Isolates, Forest cover persistence, Forest cover gain, NDVI increaseWe acquired two Landsat Collection 1 Higher-Level Surface Reflectance images distributed by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), covering the entire study area (paths 76 and 77, row 220, WRS-2 reference system, https://earthexplorer.usgs.gov/). We classified one image acquired by the Landsat 5 Thematic Mapper (TM) sensor on 2005-05-150, and one image from the Landsat 8 Operational Land Imager (OLI) sensor from 2015-08-15. We collected 100 samples for forest cover, 100 samples for built-up cover and 100 samples for other classes. We then classified these three classes of land cover at each image date using the Support Vector Machine (SVM) supervised algorithm (Hsu et al., 2003), using ENVI 5.0 software.Land-use and land-cover changes from 2005 to 2015 were quantified using map algebra, by mathematically adding them together in pairs (10*LULC2015 + LULC2005). We reclassified the LULC data into forest gain (conversion of any 2005 LULC to forest cover in 2015); forest persistence (2005 forested pixels that remained forested in 2015); new built-up area (conversion of any 2005 LULC to built-up in 2015); and urban maintenance (2005 built-up pixels that remained built-up in 2015).To describe the spatial configuration of the urban expansion, we classified the new built-up areas into axial, infill and isolated, following Inostroza et al. (2013) (For details, please refer to Supplementary Material I at the original publication).The NDVI was obtained from the same source used for the LULC data. With the Google Engine platform, we used an annual average for the best pixels (without clouds) for 2005 and 2015, and we calculated the changes between dates. We used increases of > 0.2 NDVI to represent an improvement in forest quality. Federal Census data organization: Urban Basic Services and Housing indicator, socioeconomic and population:The data used to infer the values of basic services provision, socioeconomic and population drivers was derived from the Brazilian National Census data (IBGE, 2000 and 2010). Population density, permanent housing unit density, mean income, basic education, and the percentage of houses receiving waste collection, sanitation and water provision services, called basic services in the context of this study, were calculated per 30 m pixel. The Human Development Index is only available at the municipality level. We attributed the HDI for the vector file with the municipality border, and we rasterized (30 m resolution) this file in QGIS. Annual rates of change were then calculated to allow comparability between LULC periods. To infer the BSH, we used only areas with an increase in permanent housing density and basic services provision (See Supplementary Material I at the original publication). Topographic driversTo infer the values of the topographic driver, we used the slope data and the Topographic Index Position (TPI) based on the digital elevation model from SRTM (30 m resolution) produced by ALOS (freely available at eorc.jaxa.jp/ALOS/en/about/about_index.htm), and both variables were considered constant from 2005 to 2015 (See Supplementary Material I at the original publication).

Potential driving factors of urban transformations of Austin over 25 years

Author Zhao, Chunhong
Publication date 07.02.2022
Persistent Identifier (PID) 10.16904/envidat.284
Repository envidat
Abstract
In this study, the Austin metropolitan area, Texas, U.S., one of the fastest urban transformations and transformations regions, is selected to test the hypothesis that spatial planning and policies are important factors of urban transformations. Despite ample previous work in understanding the interactions between human and urban form transformation at specific areas, the actual interventions and outcomes of planning and policies (e.g., ‘smart growth’) on urban forms have been poorly measured. In this study, the potential influencing factors of urban transformations of Austin over 25 years were selected and collected.

Land use/cover dynamics in Austin metropolitan area since 1992

Author Zhao, Chunhong
Publication date 07.02.2022
Persistent Identifier (PID) 10.16904/envidat.283
Repository envidat
Abstract
The present dataset is part of the published scientific paper Zhao C, Weng Q, Hersperger A M. Characterizing the 3-D urban morphology transformation to understand urban-form dynamics: a case study of Austin, Texas, USA. Landscape and urban planning, 2020, 203:103881. The overall objective of this paper is to understand urban form dynamics in the Austin metropolitan area for the periods 2006-2011 and 2011-2016. The study also aims to understand to what extent the changes in the built environment (in terms of ‘efficient growth’ versus ‘inefficient growth’) from the 1990s to 2016 in the Austin metropolitan area corresponded with ‘compact and efficient growth’ planning policy documents. The UMT distribution can be found in the paper. The area of transitioning UMT was provided in Table 2 and Table 3 can be found in the Appendix of the paper. A protocol was developed to perform the content analysis of the strategic plans and gather the data. The detailed list of protocol items can be found in Appendix B of the paper. This study demonstrates the advantage of applying Lidar data to characterize 3-D urban morphology type (UMT) transition and understand its dynamics, which helps develop a comprehensive understanding of the urbanization process and provides a tool for planning intentions and policies evaluation on urban development over time. The UMT maps can be found in Appendix A of the paper. The Lidar point datasets and the 30 × 30 m National Land Cover Database (NLCD) are the two main data sources of UMT mapping. Lidar datasets were gathered from different projects that had been conducted and collected by state agencies and other organizations between 2007 and 2017. Table A1 in the appendix in the paper shows the accuracies and acquisition parameters of the Lidar projects from 2007 to 2017. Land use/cover dynamics in Austin metropolitan area dataset provides Land use/cover patterns in the years 1992, 2001, 2004, 2006, 2008, 2011, 2013, 2016 with a spatial resolution of 30 meters. Since NLCD 1992 used a different classification system for the urban land classes, we first reclassified the NLCD 1992 using a customized Arcpy package.

Plan statements for external consistency analysis: Evidence from Bucharest’s spatial plans

Author Bacau, Simona; Gradinaru, Simona; Hersperger, Anna M
Publication date 09.02.2022
Persistent Identifier (PID) 10.16904/envidat.290
Repository envidat
Abstract
The present dataset is part of the published scientific paper Bacău, S., Grădinaru, S. R., & Hersperger, A. M. (2020). Spatial plans as relational data: Using social network analysis to assess consistency among Bucharest’s planning instruments. Land Use Policy, 92. The goal of this paper was to first develop a theoretical framework for external consistency assessment in spatial plans and then to test the framework with ten spatial plans of the Bucharest (Romania) region. Specifically, the paper has the following workflow: (i) to develop a framework for consistency assessment covering four categories of external consistency; (ii) to extract relevant plan statements from all plans on the four categories; (iii) to assign one-way, symmetrical and contradictory relationships between the extracted plan statements; and (iv) to assess consistencies, inconsistencies and contradictions between plans using directed and valued network analyses. All results were then validated by applying questionnaires to local experts. The study focuses on a sample consisting of 10 spatial plans of Bucharest that: (1) are currently in force, (2) have spatial implications, (3) involve different administrative levels and (4) come from different planning sectors. The list of the reviewed planning documents can be found in Table 2 of the paper. The framework of consistency assessment contains 24 items, which can be found in Table 1 of the paper. All planning documents were read in respect to all items of the framework in order to extract plan statements used in the analysis. As a result, we provide the plan statement extracted from 10 plans on the 24 items of the framework. All data is in Romanian. The data was discussed qualitatively in the research paper.

Causal effect of MFOZ

Author He, Zhichao
Publication date 25.01.2022
Persistent Identifier (PID) 10.16904/envidat.288
Repository envidat
Abstract
Title: Closer to causality: How effective is spatial planning in governing built-up land expansion in Fujian Province, China?Research objective: The Major Function Oriented Zone (MFOZ), the first strategic spatial plan in China, is developed to achieve a coordinated regional development, through spatial regulation and zoning of development. The MFOZ he MFOZ divided land into four major function-oriented zones: The development-optimized zone, the development-prioritised zone, the development-restricted zone, and the development-prohibited zone. We used propensity score marching to evaluate the effect of the MFOZ on built-up land expansion in Fujian Province over three time intervals (2013-2015, 2013-2018 and 2013-2020).Data: Data.xlsx contains the variables of 954 towns in Fujian Province. Town_ID is the town unique ID; County_ID is the county unique ID; City_ID is the city unique ID; MFOZ is the the development-prioritised zone and the development-restricted zone (The development-optimized zone and the development-prohibited zone are excluded); Builtup_13_15 is the built-up land expansion from 2013 to 2015; Builtup_13_18 is the built-up land expansion from 2013 to 2018; Builtup_13_20 is the built-up land expansion from 2013 to 2020; Dis2water is the Euclidean distance from the town to the nearest waterbody; Slope is the the average slope within the town; GDP is the average GDP in 2010 within the town; Pop is the average population in 2010 within the town; Road is the average population in 2010 within the town; Dis2city is the Euclidean distance from the town to the nearest prefectural city centre; Nei_Arable, Nei_Forest, and Nei_Built.up are the area of arable land, forest land, and built-up land neighbouring town i in 2010.Method: we used the propensity score matching to compare the changes in the amount of built-up land in the towns of the development-prioritised zone with the matched towns of the development-restricted zone. Additionally, we used three evaluation intervals (2013-2015, 2013-2018 and 2013-2020) to evaluate temporal variation in the causal effect of the MFOZ on built-up land expansion.

Causal effect of LUP

Author He, Zhichao
Publication date 25.01.2022
Persistent Identifier (PID) 10.16904/envidat.287
Repository envidat
Abstract
Title: Does zoning contain built-up land expansion? Causal evidence from Zhangzhou City, China.Research objective: Built-up land zoning is an imporatant policy measure of land use planning (LUP) to contain built-up land expansion in China. We used a difference-indifference model with propensity score matching to estimate the average and annual effect of built-up land zoning on built-up land expansion in Zhangzhou City, China between 2010 and 2020.Data: Data.dbf contains the varibles of 1662 villages in Zhangzhou Cities in 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010, 2013, 2015, 2018, and 2020. XZQDM2 is villages' unique administrative ID; Area is the land area of village i; Dis2water is the Euclidean distance from village i to the nearest waterbody; Dis2coastl is the Euclidean distance from village i to the nearest coastline; Dis2city is the the Euclidean distance from village i to the city center; Dis2county is the the Euclidean distance from village i to the nearest county center; Elevation is the the average elevation within village i; Dis2road is the the Euclidean distance from village i to the nearest road; Nei_Built_ is the the area of built-up land (Nei Built.upit) in the neighboring villages of village i in year t; Treated is a binary variable, Treated = 1 to the villages that were partially or entirely located inside the development-permitted zones, and Treated = 0 to the villages that were entirely located outside the development-permitted zones; Intensity is the percentage of land that was assigned to the development-permitted zones in village i; Year represent the year in 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010, 2013, 2015, 2018, and 2020; BuLE is the dependent variable, representing built-up land expansion in village i in year t; Town is town' unique administrative ID.Method: First, we employed propensity score matching to overcome the selection bias and satisfy the parallel trend assumption. Second, we built four Difference-in-Difference models to estimate the average and annual effect.

Planning intentions Lyon

Author Palka, Gaetan; Gradinaru, Simona; Hersperger, Anna M
Publication date 14.02.2022
Persistent Identifier (PID) 10.16904/envidat.293
Repository envidat
Abstract
The present dataset is the summary of each planning intention (name, type, development pattern, land use, and link with governance and supra regionel conditions), the explanation of interest, and the mapping from plan.

Planning intention in Hannover urban region

Author Palka, Gaetan; Hersperger, Anna; Gradinaru, Simona
Persistent Identifier (PID) 10.16904/envidat.292
Repository envidat
Abstract
The present dataset is the summary of each planning intention (name, type, development pattern, land use, and link with governance and supra regionel conditions), the explanation of interest, and the mapping from plan.

Planning efficacy - questionnaire and interviews

Author Palka, Gaetan; Gradinaru, Simona; Oliveira, Eduardo; Pagliarin, Sofia; Hersperger, Anna
Publication date 14.02.2022
Persistent Identifier (PID) 10.16904/envidat.295
Repository envidat
Abstract
The present content is part of the published paper Palka, G., Oliveira, E., Pagliarin, S., & Hersperger, A. M. (2021). Strategic spatial planning and efficacy: an analytic hierarchy process (AHP) approach in Lyon and Copenhagen. European planning studies, 29(6), 1174-1192. It contains the interviews, the survey, the report explaining survey and a xlxs table to save results.

Planning efficacy computation based on AHP

Author Palka, Gaetan; Gradinaru, Simona; Oliveira, Eduardo; Pagliarin, Sofia; Hersperger, Anna
Persistent Identifier (PID) 10.16904/envidat.294
Repository envidat
Abstract
The present content is part of the published paper Palka, G., Oliveira, E., Pagliarin, S., & Hersperger, A. M. (2021). Strategic spatial planning and efficacy: an analytic hierarchy process (AHP) approach in Lyon and Copenhagen. European planning studies, 29(6), 1174-1192. It contains the jupyter notebook and sample data to compute Analytical Hierarchy Process, and a report on its use.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Lasse Gerrits, Faculty of Social Sciences, Economics, and Business Admin., Bamberg University Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Thomas Weith, Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Jörg Knieling, Chair of Urban Planning and Regional Development, HafenCity University Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Peter Schmitt, Department of Human Geography, Stockholm Univeristy Sweden (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Eva Semancíková, Faculty of Science, University of South Bohemia Czech Republic (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Alister Scott, Geography and Environmental Sciences, Northumbria University Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Stefan Siedentop/ILS – Institut für Landes- und Stadtentwicklungsforschung Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Exchange of personnel
Gian Claudia Sciara/The University Texas at Austin United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Jasper Van Vliet, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam Netherlands (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Exchange of personnel
Professor Christine Fürst/Martin-Luther Universität Halle Germany (Europe)
- Publication
- Exchange of personnel
Frank Moulaert, Catholic University of Leuven Belgium (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Raoul Beunen, Faculty of Management, Science & Technology, Open University Netherlands (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Luis Inostroza/Ruhr UNiversität Bochum Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Exchange of personnel
Peter Verburg/Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam Netherlands (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Gertrud Jørgensen, Section for Landscape Architecture and Planning, University of Copenhagen Denmark (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research WSL Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Wolfgang Wende/Technische Universität Dresden Germany (Europe)
- Publication
Salvatore La Mendola, Qualitative methods for the Social Sciences, Padua University Italy (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Isabel Loupa Ramos, University of Lisbon Portugal (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Lorenz Hurni, Department of Civil, Environmental and Geomatic Engineering, ETH Zürich Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Centre for Environmental Research and Impact Studies (CCMESI)/Universty of Bucharest Romania (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Exchange of personnel
Kristof Van Assche, Faculty of Extension, University of Alberta Canada (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Benoît Rihoux, Comparatiev Political Sciences, Catholic University of Leuven Belgium (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Peter Van den Broeck, Department of Civil Engineering, Catholic University of Leuven Belgium (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Christian Fertner/University of Copenhagen Denmark (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Stephan Pauleit, Technical University of Munich Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Peilei Fan/Michigan State University United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
Landscape 2021 - Diversification for Sustainable and Resilient Agriculture Talk given at a conference Drivers of land change and the role of traditional communities on forest conservation 20.09.2021 Berlin, Germany Pierri-Daunt Ana Beatriz;
The 3rd World Conference of the Society for Urban Ecology SURE Talk given at a conference The role of spatial planning in fostering urban development and nature conservation 06.07.2021 Poznań , Poland Pierri-Daunt Ana Beatriz;
Open Dissertation Defense, ETH Zurich Individual talk Multi-​level spatial planning and its influence in shaping urban landscapes: Status and future scenarios for Bucharest 01.07.2021 Zurich, Switzerland Bacau Simona;
The GLP Integration of Rural and Urban Land Systems Working Group, Young Speakers Series webinar Individual talk Effect of zoning plans on urban land-use change: A multi-scenario simulation for supporting sustainable urban growth 17.06.2021 online, Netherlands Domingo Dario;
Large-scale behavioural models virtual meeting Talk given at a conference Clarifying the deviation between land use planning objectives and outcomes: a novel quantitative method. 26.05.2021 Hannover/online, Germany Pierri-Daunt Ana Beatriz;
From plans to land change: dynamics of urban regions Talk given at a conference Spatiotemporal analysis of the underlying factors in urban transformation: quantifying the importance of urban planning in central Texas 20.04.2021 Birmensdorf, online, Switzerland Chunhong Zhao;
From plans to land change: dynamics of urban regions Talk given at a conference Spatial planning and its influence in shaping urban landscapes. Insights from Bucharest urban region 20.04.2021 Birmensdorf, online, Switzerland Bacau Simona;
From plans to land change: dynamics of urban regions Talk given at a conference Quantifying the deviation between land use planning objectives and outcomes 20.04.2021 Birmensdorf/online, Switzerland Pierri-Daunt Ana Beatriz;
From plans to land change: dynamics of urban regions Talk given at a conference Effectof zoning plans on land-use change: a multi-scenario simulation for Spanish urban regions 20.04.2021 Birmensdorf, online, Switzerland Domingo Dario;
Land Change Science Research Unit Meeting Talk given at a conference Drivers of land change and the role of spatial planning for nature conservation and urban development 25.03.2021 Birmensdorf, Switzerland Pierri-Daunt Ana Beatriz;
World Biodiversity Forum 2020 Poster The role of political drivers on forest conservation. World Biodiversity Forum 24.02.2020 Davos, Switzerland Pierri-Daunt Ana Beatriz;
7th International QCA Expert Workshop Talk given at a conference Accounting for case-based time dynamics in qualitative comparative analysis (TJ-QCA) 11.12.2019 Zurich, Switzerland Pagliarin Sofia;
Ecosmart Conference Talk given at a conference Keynote Presentation 05.09.2019 Bucharest, Romania Hersperger Anna M.;
International Conference Environment at a CrossrOads: SMART approaches for a sustainable future Talk given at a conference Consistency of multi-level spatial plans to support transformations of land systems: the case of Bucharest 05.09.2019 Bucharest, Romania Bacau Simona; Hersperger Anna M.;
Association of European Schools of Planning Annual Congress Poster The intertwined dimension of plans' quality and consistency: a focus on Bucharest's planning instruments 09.07.2019 Venice, Italy Hersperger Anna M.; Bacau Simona;
Association of European Schools of Planning Annual Congress Poster Coexisting opposite? Environmental aspects of airport expansion in Europe: a comparative analysis 09.07.2019 Venice, Italy Pagliarin Sofia;
Association of European Schools of Planning Annual Congress Talk given at a conference Assessing strategic spatial planning by decomposing the process into its key components: a comparative analysis of Lyon and Copenhagen 09.07.2019 Venice, Italy Hersperger Anna M.; Palka Gaetan;
Association of European Schools of Planning Annual Congress Talk given at a conference Evaluating the influence of strategic spatial planning on land use planning - the case of Zurich, Switzerland 09.07.2019 Venice, Italy Hersperger Anna M.; Schmid Franziska;
International Association for Landscape Ecology World Congress Talk given at a conference Changing visions: the impact of regional and county planning on land changes in Bucharest urban region 01.07.2019 Milano, Italy Hersperger Anna M.; Gradinaru Simona Raluca;
International Association for Landscape Ecology World Congress Talk given at a conference Deriving more generally applicable knowledge from multiple cases data: an example from strategic spatial planning processes 01.07.2019 Milano, Italy Palka Gaetan; Pagliarin Sofia; Gradinaru Simona Raluca; Hersperger Anna M.;
International Association of Landscape Ecology World Congress Talk given at a conference The role of land-use and environmental policies in a landscape of forest persistence and tourism-induced urban growth. 01.07.2019 Milano, Italy Pierri-Daunt Ana Beatriz;
International Association for Landscape Ecology World Congress Talk given at a conference Characterizing and understanding the transformation of urban morphology 01.07.2019 Milano, Italy Chunhong Zhao;
International Association for Landscape Ecology World Congress Talk given at a conference Potential of abandoned agricultural land for food provision in urban settings 01.07.2019 Milano, Italy Gradinaru Simona Raluca;
Global Land Program 4th Open Science Meeting Individual talk Quantifying the transformative capacity of strategic planning: a novel method and evidence from two European urban regions 24.04.2019 Bern, Switzerland Palka Gaetan; Hersperger Anna M.;
Global Land Program 4th Open Science Meeting Poster Transformative potential of strategic spatial planning - the case of Zurich, Switzerland 24.04.2019 Bern, Switzerland Schmid Franziska;
Global Land Program 4th Open Science Meeting Poster Consistency of multi-level spatial plans to support transformation and land systems. The case of Bucharest 24.04.2019 Bern, Switzerland Bacau Simona;
Global Land Program 4th Open Science Meeting Talk given at a conference Planning for urban built-up development at national level: linking policy and patterns in Romania 24.04.2019 Bern, Switzerland Hersperger Anna M.; Gradinaru Simona Raluca;
Global Land Program 4th Open Science Meeting Talk given at a conference The role of strategic spatial plans in managing urban-rural relationships 24.04.2019 Bern, Switzerland Oliveira Eduardo;
Global Land Program 4th Open Science Meeting Individual talk Characterizing the urban morphology and understanding of urbanization process: a case study of Austin, Texas, USA 24.04.2019 Bern, Switzerland Chunhong Zhao;
Cooperative Mobility for Competitive Megaregions CM2 Individual talk From plans to land change: Quantifying the transformative capacity of strategic spatial planning 17.04.2019 Austin, United States of America Hersperger Anna M.;
Colloquium 4/17 Department of Geography and the Environment University of Texas Individual talk From Plans to Land Change: the role of policies and planning in the transformation of metropolitan regions 17.04.2019 Austin, United States of America Hersperger Anna M.;
Landscape Dynamics Research Unit Meeting Individual talk Planning and plans of Bucharest. Can we talk about quality? 15.11.2018 Birmensdorf, Switzerland Bacau Simona;
GLP-working group meeting on “Beyond the urban-rural dichotomy” Individual talk Planning the periurban landscape 15.10.2018 Leuven, Belgium Hersperger Anna M.;
Landscape Dynamics Research Unit Meeting Individual talk Transformative Potential of Strategic Spatial Planning. The Case of Zurich, Switzerland 27.09.2018 Birmensdorf, Switzerland Schmid Franziska;
Landschaftskongress Poster Transformatives Potential strategischer Raumplanung. Fallstudie zum Kanton Zürich 23.08.2018 Luzern, Switzerland Schmid Franziska;
Landschaftskongress Talk given at a conference "Gemeinden bekämpfen Zersiedelung: Massnahmen und Akteure" 23.08.2018 Luzern, Switzerland Hersperger Anna M.;
Association of European Schools of Planning Annual Congress Talk given at a conference The SPIaMI framework: Key components of strategic spatial plan -making and plan- implementation in European urban regions 10.07.2018 Gothenburg, Sweden Palka Gaetan; Pagliarin Sofia; Hersperger Anna M.; Oliveira Eduardo; Gradinaru Simona Raluca;
Association of European Schools of Planning Annual Congress Talk given at a conference From heterogeneous planning information to maps. Visualizing planning intentions to model the development of urban regions 10.07.2018 Gothenborg, Sweden Hersperger Anna M.; Gradinaru Simona Raluca; Palka Gaetan;
Association of European Schools of Planning Annual Congress Talk given at a conference Making sense of planning intentions: applying grounded theory methods to understand the spatial impact of strategic spatial plans of urban regions 10.07.2018 Gothenborg, Sweden Hersperger Anna M.; Gradinaru Simona Raluca;
ERSA Summer School ‘Regional Policy Analysis and Planning’ Talk given at a conference Transformative Potential of Strategic Spatial Planning. The Case of Zurich, Switzerland 01.07.2018 Bratislava, Slovakia Schmid Franziska;
ERSA Summer School ‘Regional Policy Analysis and Planning’ Talk given at a conference Multi-scale assessment of plans’ consistency: a focus on Bucharest, Romania 01.07.2018 Bratislava, Slovakia Bacau Simona;
Regional Studies Association Annual Conference Special Sessions 2018 Talk given at a conference Key components of strategic spatial plan-making and -implementation in European urban regions: The SPIaMI framework 03.06.2018 Lugano, Switzerland Oliveira Eduardo; Palka Gaetan; Pagliarin Sofia; Gradinaru Simona Raluca; Hersperger Anna M.;
Regional Studies Association Annual Conference Special Sessions 2018 Talk given at a conference The Role of Strategic Spatial Plans in Reducing Land Degradation in Urban Regions 03.06.2018 Lugano, Switzerland Hersperger Anna M.; Oliveira Eduardo;
Landscape Dynamics Research Unit Meeting Individual talk Land degradation in strategic spatial plans - What is there and what is still needed for counteracting this phenomenon in an era of exponential urbanization 24.05.2018 Birmensdorf, Switzerland Hersperger Anna M.; Oliveira Eduardo;
Geographical Sciences and Future of Earth Talk given at a conference Spatial planning and its influence in shaping urban landscapes. Bucharest as a case study Spatial planning and its influence in shaping urban landscapes. Bucharest as a case study 18.12.2017 Bucharest, Romania Bacau Simona; Hersperger Anna M.;
Landscape Dynamics Research Unit Meeting Individual talk Concur Project: From plans to land change - How strategic spatial planning contributes to the development of urban regions 16.11.2017 Birmensdorf, Switzerland Pagliarin Sofia; Hersperger Anna M.; Oliveira Eduardo;
CONCUR Expert Workshop Individual talk The Impact of Strategic Spatial Plans on Land Change in Urban Regions: Debating Plan-Making and Plan-Implementation 09.11.2017 Birmensdorf, Switzerland Bacau Simona; Pagliarin Sofia; Oliveira Eduardo; Palka Gaetan; Schmid Franziska; Gradinaru Simona Raluca; Hersperger Anna M.;
Spatial Analysis and Geomatics: Modelling and Simulating spatial information Poster Combinatorial optimisation of the internal allocation of the population of Nice to shelters in earthquake 06.11.2017 Rouen, France Palka Gaetan;
WSL interner Tag der Landschaftsforschung Poster Various presentations and poster on the CONCUR Project: From plans to land change - How strategic spatial planning contributes to the development of urban regions 30.10.2017 Birmensdorf, Switzerland Bacau Simona; Gradinaru Simona Raluca; Hersperger Anna M.; Oliveira Eduardo; Schmid Franziska; Pagliarin Sofia; Palka Gaetan;
Qualitative Comparative Analysis Empirical Applications Workshop Talk given at a conference Multi-scalar forces of urban restructuring in large-scale urban projects as devices to implement strategic spatial planning: A qualitative comparative analysis in European urban regions 12.10.2017 Leuven, Belgium Pagliarin Sofia; Hersperger Anna M.;
International Association for Landscape Ecology Congress: From Pattern and Process to People and Action Talk given at a conference Green infrastructure in European strategic spatial plans: conceptualization and representation 12.09.2017 Ghent, Belgium Gradinaru Simona Raluca; Hersperger Anna M.;
International Association for Landscape Ecology Congress: From Pattern and Process to People and Action Talk given at a conference Landscape issues in strategic spatial plans of European urban regions: current state and future options 12.09.2017 Ghent, Belgium Hersperger Anna M.; Gradinaru Simona Raluca; Oliveira Eduardo;
International Sociological Association (ISA) RC21 Research Committee in Urban and Regional Development Conference 2017: Rethinking Global Urban Justice Talk given at a conference Implementation paths of large-scale strategic urban projects (LSSUP) in European urban regions: A qualitative comparative analysis (QCA) 11.09.2017 Leeds, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Pagliarin Sofia; Hersperger Anna M.;
Urban Ecology Symposium Talk given at a conference Green infrastructure: from plans to ecological support systems 26.08.2017 Zürich, Switzerland Hersperger Anna M.;
Landscape Dynamics Research Unit Meeting Individual talk Overcoming Resource Scarcity by Implementing Strategic Regional Plans Through Projects in European Urban Regions 24.08.2017 Birmensdorf, Switzerland Oliveira Eduardo;
Association of European Schools of Planning Annual Congress Talk given at a conference Green Infrastructure in strategic spatial planning of European urban regions: a landscape ecological perspective on spatial concepts 12.07.2017 Lisbon, Portugal Hersperger Anna M.; Gradinaru Simona Raluca;
Association of European Schools of Planning Annual Congress Talk given at a conference Overcoming Resource Scarcity by Implementing Strategic Regional Plans Through Projects in European Urban Regions 12.07.2017 Lisbon, Portugal Oliveira Eduardo; Hersperger Anna M.;
Association of European Schools of Planning Annual Congress Talk given at a conference Planning and Implementing Green Infrastructure: Framing the Discussion 12.07.2017 Lisbon, Portugal Hersperger Anna M.;
Lunch Seminars of the Department of Human Geography, Stockholm University Individual talk How strategic spatial planning contributes to the development of urban regions 13.06.2017 Stockholm, Sweden Oliveira Eduardo;
Workshop for the presentation of the CONCUR project at the University of Bucharest Individual talk Making sense of planning intentions: Spatial information contained in strategic spatial plans 05.06.2017 Bucharest, Romania Gradinaru Simona Raluca;
Landscape Ecology Group Meeting Individual talk Green Infrastructure in strategic spatial planning of European urban regions: a landscape ecological perspective on spatial concepts 08.05.2017 Birmensdorf, Switzerland Gradinaru Simona Raluca;
15th meeting Association of European Schools of Planning Planning & Complexity Workgroup Individual talk Real vs. simulated agents in complex urban trajectories: Knowledge hubs as an illustration 14.04.2017 Ghent, Belgium Pagliarin Sofia;
Introduction course to Qualitative Comparative Analysis Individual talk Between city and port:a qualitative comparative analysis (QCA) of port development in five European cities 14.02.2017 Moscow, Russia Pagliarin Sofia;
Introduction course to Qualitative Comparative Analysis Individual talk Qualitative Comparative Analysis 13.02.2017 Moscow, Russia Pagliarin Sofia;
Landscape Ecology Group Meeting Individual talk CONCUR project 12.01.2017 Birmensdorf, Switzerland Pagliarin Sofia; Hersperger Anna M.;
Landscape Ecology Group Meeting Individual talk The impacts of strategic spatial planning on land change in European urban regions 03.11.2016 Birmensdorf, Switzerland Hersperger Anna M.; Oliveira Eduardo;
Global Land Programme 3rd Open Science Meeting Talk given at a conference The impacts of strategic spatial planning on land change in European urban regions 23.10.2016 Beijing, China Oliveira Eduardo; Hersperger Anna M.;
Global Land Programme 3rd Open Science Meeting Talk given at a conference Measuring spatial information contained in strategic spatial plans 23.10.2016 Beijing, China Hersperger Anna M.; Gradinaru Simona Raluca;
Global Land Programme 3rd Open Science Meeting Talk given at a conference The emergence of metropolitan institutions in Barcelona and Milan and their influence on urban land change 23.10.2016 Beijing, China Hersperger Anna M.; Pagliarin Sofia;
2nd World Congress of the Society for Urban Ecology: Challenges for Urban Ecology by Rapid Urbanization and Global Environmental Change Talk given at a conference Using seasonal Landsat imagery to monitor agricultural land abandonment in areas affected by urban sprawl 08.07.2016 Shanghai, China Gradinaru Simona Raluca;
Science day at WSL Poster The CONCUR Project 23.06.2016 Birmensdorf, Switzerland Hersperger Anna M.; Gradinaru Simona Raluca; Pagliarin Sofia; Oliveira Eduardo;
Regional Studies Association Annual Conference 2016: Building Bridges: Cities and Regions in a Transnational World Talk given at a conference From plans to land change in urban regions: a regional governance approach to the strategic spatial plans of Barcelona, Hannover and Stockholm 03.04.2016 Graz, Austria Pagliarin Sofia; Oliveira Eduardo; Gradinaru Simona Raluca; Hersperger Anna M.;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
From plans to land change: dynamics of urban regions 20.04.2021 Birmensdorf, online, Switzerland
Special session on "The role of policy and planning in urban land change science", Global Land Program 4th Open Science Meeting 24.04.2019 Bern, Switzerland
Workshop Advancing computational processes to translate multifaceted aspects of spatial planning intro land change models 18.11.2018 Birmensdorf, Switzerland
CONCUR Expert Workshop 09.11.2017 Birmensdorf, Switzerland
Expert Workshop: Complexity and the urban environment: cities as complex socio-ecological systems. Invited guests: David Byrne, Juval Portguali, Lasse Gerrits 12.07.2017 Birmensdorf, Switzerland
The 4th International QCA Expert Workshop  07.12.2016 Zürich, Switzerland
Seminar on narrative interviews with Prof. S. La Mendola, Univ. of Padua at WSL 23.05.2016 Birmensdorf, Switzerland
WSL Colloquium about the CONCUR Project 19.05.2016 Birmensdorf, Switzerland

Knowledge transfer events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Date Place Persons involved
Landschaftskongress 2020 Poster 19.10.2020 online (Lausanne), Switzerland Hersperger Anna M.; Gradinaru Simona Raluca;
Presentation at the WSL-ETH-Rat Dialog meeting Talk 06.04.2016 Zürich, Switzerland Hersperger Anna M.;


Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Print (books, brochures, leaflets) Planerinnen und Planer europäischer Städte sollten Wissen aus der Forschung besser einbeziehen German-speaking Switzerland 2021
Print (books, brochures, leaflets) Kommunale Steuerungsansätze zur Bekämpfung der Zersiedelung: Empirische Daten zu Verbreitung German-speaking Switzerland 2018
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Strategic spatial planning as the key to guiding the development of urban areas in Europe? WSL International 2018
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Blog post on CONCUR Expert Workshop Envisioning Better Futures blog International 2017
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Blog post on CONCUR Expert Workshop - Public lectures Envisioning Better Futures blog International 2017
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Blog post on CONCUR project Envisioning Better Futures blog International 2017
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Contributing Project for Global Land Programme Global Land Programme International 2017
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Facebook post on the participation of the CONCUR project team in the AESOP Conference 2017, Lisbon Facebook International 2017
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) CONCUR project main webpage, regular updates WSL webpage International 2016
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) LinkedIn activity throughout 2016-2021 LinkedIn International 2016
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Research Gate Project page: regular updates Research Gate International 2016
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Twitter activity about project activities and projecct publications 2016-2021 Twitter International 2016

Awards

Title Year
Maria Zambrano Grant 2021
SNF Postdoc.Mobility grant 2021
Global Land Programme 4th Open Science Meeting 2019, Best Poster Award 2019
Honorary Professor of the University of Bucharest 2019
Postdoctoral grant: Conceptualizing urbanization as driver of agricultural land abandonment 2018
Appointed Editor in Chief of the Regional Studies Association Regions Magazine 2017
German Research Foundation (DFG, German Excellence Initiative), Bamberg Graduate School of Social Sciences (BAGSS) Otto-Friedrich-Universität Bamberg, Germany 2017
Swiss National Science Foundation International Short Visit Fellowship Pagliarin Sofia 2017
Swiss National Science Foundation International Short Visit of Jasper van Vliet (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam) 2017
Elected Secretary General of the European Association for Landscape Ecology (IALE Europe) 2016

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
143440 Determinants of Local Growth Management Regulation and Its Relation to Urban Sprawl. A Spatial Econometric Analysis at the Municipal Level 01.03.2013 Project funding (Div. I-III)
142996 Controlling urban sprawl to limit soil consumption (SPROIL) 01.06.2013 NRP 68 Sustainable Use of Soil as a Resource
175523 Advanced applications of Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) to urban transformations 01.06.2017 International short research visits

Abstract

Urban regions are undergoing a highly dynamic global process of land change. Planning and governance have a long tradition in urban areas as a means to guiding spatial development. However, a realistic model of the contribution of planning and policy to land change is still lacking, and planning is therefore only rudimentarily considered in land-change science. The project “From plans to land change: Linking paradigms to establish and test a theoretical model of how planning contributes to the development of urban regions” (CONCUR) thus aimed at developing a scientific basis for adequately integrating regional spatial policies into land-change modelling. The CONCUR projects spots four main research outcomes. First, the conceptualization of the impact of spatial planning on land change based on three interrelated components (i.e. land-change intentions as expressed in plans, territorial governance, and external conditions). Second, the development of the empirically-based SPlaMI framework that explains how, in European urban regions, strategic spatial plans and their handling can influence change in urban regions. Third, to develop procedures and tools to operationalize the SPlaMI framework for plan evaluation studies and for integrating spatial planning and policy into land change models. Forth, comprehensive testing of the framework or parts of it in urban regions in Europe, North America, South America and China.Through its publications and research activities, the CONCUR project has contributed significantly to the emergence in recent years of a community of scholars around the globe who seek to understand and model the contribution of planning to land-use change. Overall, the CONCUR enabled a step forward at the interface of planning science and land-system science towards models that can truly help planners and policy makers in their efforts to steer change in a sustainable direction.
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