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Upper Triassic - Lower Jurassic reef and carbonate build-up development as recorders of biotic, environmental and climatic changes (REEFCADE - continuation)

English title Upper Triassic - Lower Jurassic reef and carbonate build-up development as recorders of biotic, environmental and climatic changes (REEFCADE - continuation)
Applicant Martini Rossana
Number 156422
Funding scheme Project funding (Div. I-III)
Research institution Section des Sciences de la Terre et de l'environnement Université de Genève
Institution of higher education University of Geneva - GE
Main discipline Palaeontology
Start/End 01.12.2014 - 31.03.2018
Approved amount 419'488.00
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All Disciplines (2)

Discipline
Palaeontology
Geology

Keywords (12)

Tethys; Foraminifers; Sedimentology; Shallow water reefal carbonates; Panthalassa; Lower Jurassic; Biostratigraphy; Upper Triassic; Micropaleontology; Palaeoecology; Palaeobiogeography; Corals

Lay Summary (French)

Lead
Depuis un demi-siècle de recherches approfondies, les études sédimentologique et stratigraphique du Trias de l’est de la Pangée, et en particulier de la Téthys, représentent une contribution majeure à l'effort général pour évaluer le mode et l'ampleur de la «révolution» biologique et écologique globale qui a affecté notre planète à la limite Trias-Jurassique (T-J), il y a environ 200 millions d’années. Il s’agit de l’une des crises les plus importantes de l’histoire de la Terre, au cours de laquelle des changements biotiques et environnementaux profonds se sont produits. Ces recherches n’ont cependant pas permis d’’identifier des tendances évolutives globales étant donné que les études précédentes se sont concentrées sur des localités et des groupes de fossiles distincts.Des études comparatives entre des localités éloignées dans le domaine Téthysien ont rarement été conduites, et des comparaisons entre Téthys et Panthalassa, à haute résolution stratigraphique, sont pour dire absentes.
Lay summary

Contenu et objectifs du travail de recherche

L’objectif principal de ce projet à long terme, qui a débuté en 2007, est de comparer les calcaires récifaux des océans Téthys et Panthalassa au Trias supérieur-Jurassique inférieur, en utilisant une approche multidisciplinaire (sédimentologie, micropaléontologie et géochimie). A cet effet, trois sites, où ces calcaires affleurent extensivement, ont été retenus: (1) le Complexe d’Accrétion de Sambosan (Japon), (2) les terranes Antimonio et Vizcaino (Mexique) pour le Trias supérieur ; et (3) les carbonates de la Téthys Alpine pour le Jurassique inférieur.

 

Contexte scientifique et social du projet de recherche

Le programme de recherche a pour but :

  • Analyser la composition et la paléoécologie des microfossiles (foraminifères) et des organismes bâtisseurs de récifs (coraux).
  • Evaluer les conditions écologiques du passé.
  • Proposer des modèles sédimentologiques pour les divers contextes dépositionnels.
  • Comprendre si l'apparition/disparition des organismes après la limite T-J peut être liée à des variations des écosystèmes ou à la durée de la dispersion des organismes à travers l'immense océan Panthalassa.
  • Effectuer des révisions taxonomique et systématique des foraminifères et des coraux.
Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 06.01.2015

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Middle Triassic foraminifers from northern Laos and their paleobiogeographic significance
Miyahigashi Akira, Hara Hidetoshi, Hisada Ken-ichiro, Nakano Nobuhiko, Charoentitirat Thasinee, Charusiri Punya, Khamphavong Keo, Martini Rossana, Ueno Katsumi (2017), Middle Triassic foraminifers from northern Laos and their paleobiogeographic significance, in Geobios, 50(5-6), 441-451.
Onset, development, and cessation of basal Early Triassic microbialites (BETM) in the Nanpanjiang pull-apart Basin, South China Block
Bagherpour Borhan, Bucher Hugo, Baud Aymon, Brosse Morgane, Vennemann Torsten, Martini Rossana, Guodun Kuang (2017), Onset, development, and cessation of basal Early Triassic microbialites (BETM) in the Nanpanjiang pull-apart Basin, South China Block, in Gondwana Research, 44, 178-204.
Carnian reefal blocks in the Slovenian Basin, eastern Southern Alps
Gale Luka, Skaberne Dragomir, Peybernes Camille, Martini Rossana, Čar Jože, Rožič Boštjan (2016), Carnian reefal blocks in the Slovenian Basin, eastern Southern Alps, in Facies, 62(4), 23-23.
Mid-oceanic shallow-water carbonates of the Panthalassa domain: new microfacies data from the Sambosan Accretionary Complex, Shikoku Island, Japan
Peybernes C., Chablais J., Onoue T., Martini R. (2016), Mid-oceanic shallow-water carbonates of the Panthalassa domain: new microfacies data from the Sambosan Accretionary Complex, Shikoku Island, Japan, in Facies, 62(4), 24-24.
Paleoecology, biogeography, and evolution of reef ecosystems in the Panthalassa Ocean during the Late Triassic: Insights from reef limestone of the Sambosan Accretionary Complex, Shikoku, Japan
Peybernes Camille, Chablais Jérôme, Onoue Tetsuji, Escarguel Gilles, Martini Rossana (2016), Paleoecology, biogeography, and evolution of reef ecosystems in the Panthalassa Ocean during the Late Triassic: Insights from reef limestone of the Sambosan Accretionary Complex, Shikoku, Japan, in Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 457, 31-51.
Agglutinated or porcelaneous tests: where to draw the line?
Rigaud Sylvain, Martini Rossana (2016), Agglutinated or porcelaneous tests: where to draw the line?, in Journal of Foraminiferal Research, 46(3), 333-344.
Stratigraphy and conodont and ammonoid ages of Upper Triassic Nakijin Formation in Hedomisaki area, Okinawa-jima, Japan沖縄県辺戸岬,上部三畳系今帰仁層の岩相層序とコノドントおよびアンモナイト化石年代
Yamashita Daisuke, Yasuda Chika, Ishibashi Takeshi, Martini Rossana, Onoue Tetsuji (2016), Stratigraphy and conodont and ammonoid ages of Upper Triassic Nakijin Formation in Hedomisaki area, Okinawa-jima, Japan沖縄県辺戸岬,上部三畳系今帰仁層の岩相層序とコノドントおよびアンモナイト化石年代, in The Journal of the Geological Society of Japan, 122(9), 477-493.
New lineage of Triassic aragonitic Foraminifera and reassessment of the class Nodosariata
Rigaud Sylvain, Vachard Daniel, Schlagintweit Felix, Martini Rossana (2015), New lineage of Triassic aragonitic Foraminifera and reassessment of the class Nodosariata, in Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 14(11), 919-938.
Upper Triassic (Ladinian?-Carnian) reef biota from the Sambosan Accretionary Complex, Shikoku, Japan
Peybernes Camille, Chablais Jérôme, Martini Rossana (2015), Upper Triassic (Ladinian?-Carnian) reef biota from the Sambosan Accretionary Complex, Shikoku, Japan, in Facies, 61(4), 20-20.
Agglutinated versus microgranular foraminifers: end of a paradigm?
Rigaud Sylvain, Vachard Daniel, Martini Rossana (2015), Agglutinated versus microgranular foraminifers: end of a paradigm?, in Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 13(2), 75-95.
EARLY EVOLUTION AND NEW CLASSIFICATION OF THE ORDER ROBERTINIDA (FORAMINIFERA)
Rigaud S., Martini R., Vachard D. (2015), EARLY EVOLUTION AND NEW CLASSIFICATION OF THE ORDER ROBERTINIDA (FORAMINIFERA), in The Journal of Foraminiferal Research, 45(1), 3-28.
A new coral with simplified morphology from the oldest known Hettangian (Early Jurassic) reef in southern France
Gretz Mélanie, Lathuilière Bernard, Martini Rossana (2015), A new coral with simplified morphology from the oldest known Hettangian (Early Jurassic) reef in southern France, in Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 60(2), 277-286.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Prof. B. Lathuilière - Université de Lorraine - Département Géosciences France (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Prof. H. Sano - Department of Earth & Planetary Sciences Faculty of Science Kyushu University Japan (Asia)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Dr T. Punina - Russian Academy of Sciences, Vladivostok Russia (Europe)
- Publication
Dr S. Rigaud - Nanyang Technological University Singapore (Asia)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Prof. C. Gonzales-Leon - Instituto de Geología Estación Regional del Noroeste Mexico (North America)
- Research Infrastructure
Prof. H. Ueda - Niigata University, Honshu Japan (Asia)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Prof. I. Kemkin - Russian Academy of Sciences, Vladivostok Russia (Europe)
- Publication
Prof. T. Onoue - Kumamoto University Department of Earth & Environmental Sciences Japan (Asia)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Prof. S. Cirilli - University of Perugia Department of Physics and Geology Italy (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Prof. G. Stanley Jr. - The University of Montana Paleontology Center Department of Geosciences United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Prof. C. Durlet - Université de Bourgogne France (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Dr V. Vuks - Karpinsky Russian Geological Research Institute, St. Petersburg Russia (Europe)
- Publication
Prof. I. Lazar - University of Bucharest Romania (Europe)
- Publication
Prof. A. Bartolini - Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle Département Histoire de la Terre France (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Prof. R. Rettori - University of Perugia, Department of Physics and Geology Italy (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Dr L. Gale - Faculty of Natural Sciences and Engineering, Department of Geology, Ljubljana Slovenia (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
33rd International Meeting of Sedimentology & 16th Association des Sédimentologues Français joint Meeting Talk given at a conference Upper Triassic limestones from the north end of Japan: new insights on the Panthalassa Ocean and Hokkaido Island 10.10.2017 Toulouse, France Martini Rossana; Peyrotty Giovan;
33rd International Meeting of Sedimentology & 16th Association des Sédimentologues Français joint Meeting Talk given at a conference Late Permian to Late Triassic paleogeographic evolution of the South China and Indochina Blocks, South East Asia 10.10.2017 Toulouse, France Martini Rossana;
11th Romanian Symposium Paleontology Talk given at a conference A little walk between Liassic sponges and corals 27.09.2017 Bucharest, Romania Boivin Simon;
EGU General Assembly Talk given at a conference Upper Triassic limestones from the northern part of Japan: new insights on the Panthalassa Ocean and Hokkaido Island 23.04.2017 Vienna, Austria Peyrotty Giovan; Martini Rossana;
EGU General Assembly Poster The South China – Indochina collision: a perspective from sedimentary basins analysis 23.04.2017 Vienna, Austria Martini Rossana;
25th Meeting of Swiss Sedimentologists Poster Hettangian‐Sinemurian coral association of Amellago area (High Atlas, Morocco): first results. 25.02.2017 Fribourg, Switzerland Martini Rossana; Boivin Simon;
14th Swiss Geoscience Meeting. Poster Cluster analysis and Multi-dimensional scaling – A combined approach to discriminate carbonate microfacies. 18.11.2016 Geneva, Switzerland Martini Rossana;
14th Swiss Geoscience Meeting Poster Hettangian-Sinemurian coral association of Amellago area (High Atlas, Morocco): first results. 18.11.2016 Geneva, Switzerland Martini Rossana; Boivin Simon;
14th Swiss Geoscience Meeting Poster Upper Triassic limestones from central and SW Hokkaido, Japan: a new insight on the Panthalassa Ocean. 18.11.2016 Geneva, Switzerland Martini Rossana; Peyrotty Giovan;
25e Réunion des sciences de la Terre Poster Les bassins sédimentaires permo-triasiques Nord vietnamiens : archives de la collision Indochine-Chine du Sud (orogenèse Indosinienne). 24.10.2016 Caen, France Martini Rossana;
Dolomieu Conference on Carbonate Platforms and Dolomite. Talk given at a conference Early Carnian carbonate olistoliths from the Slovenian Basin (Southern Alps, Slovenia). 04.10.2016 Selva di Valgardena, Italy Martini Rossana;
The Batsheva de Rothschild Workshop. Talk given at a conference Correlation between shell calcification intensity and geochemical composition in planktonic Foraminifera. 10.09.2016 Eilat, Israel Martini Rossana;
13th Swiss Geoscience Meeting Poster Evolution and paleobiogeography of reef biota in the Panthalassa domain during the Late Triassic: insights from reef limestone of the Sambosan Accretionary Complex, Japan. 20.11.2015 Basel, Switzerland Martini Rossana; Peybernes Camille;
15ème Congrès français de sédimentologie Poster Evolutionary recovery of reefal and coral associations after the Triassic-Jurassic boundary. 13.10.2015 Chambéry, France Boivin Simon; Martini Rossana;
2nd International Congress on Stratigraphy –STRATI 2015 Talk given at a conference Reef evolution in the Panthalassa domain: new data from Upper Triassic reef limestone of the Sambosan Accretionary Complex, Japan. 19.07.2015 Gratz, Austria Peybernes Camille;
31st IAS Meeting of Sedimentology. Poster Geochemical provenance study on detrital zircon – An attempt to decipher the paleoposition of Mexican terranes. 22.06.2015 Krakow, Poland Martini Rossana;
23rd Swiss Sedimentologists Meeting Poster New insights into the paleogeographic relationship of the Antimonio-, Vizcaino terranes, and the North American craton. 28.02.2015 Fribourg, Switzerland Martini Rossana;
5th Arabian Plate Geology Workshop, Kuwait Talk given at a conference Towards a refined Arabian Plate Triassic stratigraphy: insights from the Musandam Peninsula (UAE & Oman). 08.02.2015 Kowait city, Kuwait Martini Rossana;


Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Other activities Journée d'Info - Université de Genève Western Switzerland 2017
Other activities Visite personnalisée élève du cycle Western Switzerland 2017
Other activities Visite scolaire - élèves de 2ème année du Collège Mme de Staël, Genève Western Switzerland 2017
Other activities Visite scolaire - élèves de 6P Harmos Ecole du Belvédère, Chêne-Bougeries, Genève Western Switzerland 2017
Talks/events/exhibitions 6ème Convention Carrières Institut International Lancy (IIT) - Genève Western Switzerland 2016
Talks/events/exhibitions My Science Career Day - Forum carrière scientifiques UNIGE Western Switzerland 2016
Other activities Futur en tous genres Western Switzerland 2015
Talks/events/exhibitions Geneva Sciences Jobs Lab 2015 - forum emploi scientifique Western Switzerland 2015
Media relations: print media, online media Le métier au quotidien GeoPanorama Rhaeto-Romanic Switzerland Western Switzerland German-speaking Switzerland Italian-speaking Switzerland 2015

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
178908 Upper Triassic - Lower Jurassic reef and carbonate build-up development as recorders of biotic, environmental and climatic changes (REEFCADE - project completion) 01.04.2018 Project funding (Div. I-III)
137661 Evolution of microfaunas and sediments in the Upper Triassic: palaeogeographic and tectonic assessment as a result of reef and carbonate buildup development (REEFCADE-continuation) 01.12.2011 Project funding (Div. I-III)
130238 Biotic, environmental and climatic changes across the Triassic-Jurassic boundary: causes and effects highlighted via the coral reef associations (TJCORA). 01.04.2010 Project funding (Div. I-III)
137661 Evolution of microfaunas and sediments in the Upper Triassic: palaeogeographic and tectonic assessment as a result of reef and carbonate buildup development (REEFCADE-continuation) 01.12.2011 Project funding (Div. I-III)

Abstract

Sedimentological and biostratigraphic investigations in the Triassic and Jurassic of Eastern Pangaea, especially of the Tethys, provide a major contribution to the general effort to evaluate the mode and magnitude of the global biological and ecological “revolution” that occurred at the Triassic-Jurassic (T-J) boundary, a critical juncture in Earth’s history, during which profound biotic and environmental changes occurred. However, these investigations have failed to identify global evolution trends because previous studies dealt with individual localities and single fossil groups. Comparative studies between distant localities within the Tethys realm have rarely been conducted, and comparisons between Tethyan and Panthalassan provinces at high stratigraphic resolution are almost absent.This proposal is part of a long-term research effort that started in 2007 and is supported by the SNSF. It aims to compare Tethyan and Panthalassan Upper Triassic-Lower Jurassic shallow water reefal limestone using sedimentology, micropaleontology and geochemistry points of view. In this context, and based on the very promising results already obtained during the past projects (# 200020_124402 / 200020_137661 / 200021_130238), three sites have been carefully chosen: (1) mid-oceanic atoll-type carbonates from the Sambosan Accretionary Complex (SAC) (Japan); (2) mid-oceanic shallow water carbonates from western North America terranes (i.e., Antimonio and Vizcaino in Mexico), with regard to Upper Triassic (Carnian-Rhaetian); and (3) Alpine Tethyan shallow water reefal carbonates of the Lower Jurassic (Hettangian-Sinemurian).The research program seeks to accomplish the following:•Study the reefs and reefal facies because, considering their high sensitivity to ecological factors, they will supply new insights into the depositional environments allowing assessment of past ecological conditions.•Analyse the composition and palaeoecology of microfossils and reef-building organisms, in particular foraminifer and coral associations.•Propose sedimentological models for mid-oceanic atoll-type build-up upon a seamount in a subduction-generated accretionary terrane as well as for volcanic island-arc carbonate platforms and reefs.•Compare and correlate Tethyan and Panthalassan foraminifer and coral associations, and use them to understand if the occurrence and disappearance of the taxa after the T-J boundary can be linked to the ecosystem variations (e.g., nature of the seaway connections between the polar waters and the westernmost Tethys) or to the time needed for organism dispersal (e.g., across the huge Panthalassa Ocean).•In addition, this type of research has been and will always provide unique opportunities for taxonomic and systematic revisions, specifically in the systematics of foraminifers and corals.Establishing a correlation between Japanese and Western North American localities with the better-studied counterparts in the Alpine Tethyan domain would be highly significant for the discrimination of the biological (e.g., lineages, endemism of fauna) and environmental factors (e.g., role of oceanic circulation, possible influence of seawater composition) leading to the Triassic/Jurassic evolutionary turnover.
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