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Touristic reinvestment in (former) Jewish areas: An institutional resource regime perspective applied to the analysis of Jewish heritage regulation in Berlin, Krakow, and Paris.

Applicant Sandri Olivia
Number 155432
Funding scheme Doc.CH
Research institution
Institution of higher education University of Lausanne - LA
Main discipline Political science
Start/End 01.10.2014 - 30.09.2015
Approved amount 58'216.00
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All Disciplines (2)

Discipline
Political science
Social geography and ecology

Keywords (7)

Heritage policy; Property rights; Jewish heritage; Sustainability; Heritage resource; IRR; Tourism policy

Lay Summary (French)

Lead
Depuis les années 1990, la culture et le patrimoine juifs font l’objet d’un intérêt croissant. Des processus de renouvellement urbain, de patrimonialisation et de touristification ont pu être observés dans divers anciens quartiers juifs en Europe. Le réinvestissement de ces quartiers - qui contiennent une charge symbolique très forte étant donné l'histoire des juifs européens - engendre souvent des problèmes spécifiques et sensibles.Différents acteurs investissent ces quartiers en poursuivant des objectifs - politiques, identitaires, mémoriels, patrimoniaux, touristiques, d’aménagement urbain, etc. - très différents, ce qui engendre des rivalités et des conflits entre les divers usages et groupes d’usagers.Ce projet s’intéresse ainsi au processus de transformation de ces quartiers en des espaces patrimoniaux et touristiques ainsi qu’aux rivalités et conflits créés par les usages différenciés de ces espaces réinvestis.
Lay summary

Objectifs du travail de recherche

Ce travail vise à comprendre comment le patrimoine juif est devenu une ressource  territoriale urbaine et comment celle-ci est gérée. Pour ce faire, trois cas vont être étudiés en détail: Berlin, Cracovie et Paris.

Dans un premier temps, ce travail examinera le processus de transformation du patrimoine juif en ressource touristique, urbaine, patrimoniale ou encore identitaire et politique et, dans un deuxième temps, les régulations mises en place pour gérer les rivalités et les conflits d’usages engendrés par leurs divers usages. Ceci permettra d’analyser la durabilité du  ‘tourisme à thème juif’ dans divers contextes nationaux européens.

Contexte scientifique et social du projet

Ce projet de recherche interdisciplinaire (utilisant des méthodes de sciences politiques, d’économie institutionnelle, d’économie territoriale, d’études juives, d’histoire) apportera des nouvelles connaissances sur la gestion du patrimoine juif à travers l’Europe - sujet peu recherché malgré le fait qu’il s’agisse d’un phénomène touristique grandissant.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 24.09.2014

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
Resource Lab Talk given at a conference An institutional resource regime perspective applied to Jewish heritage 10.02.2015 1070 Puidoux, Switzerland Sandri Olivia;


Abstract

After decades of "collective amnesia" (Clark, 1999), Jewish heritage and culture has fostered an increasing popular interest since the 1990s. Thus numerous (former) Jewish quarters around Europe (and beyond) have experienced urban renewal, heritagization and touristification processes. The reinvestment of those urban areas - which contain a strong symbolic charge because of the history of European Jews - often generates various specific, significant and very sensitive city planning, political, identity, memory, as well as touristic issues. Different actors - such as town-planners, property owners, cultural organizations, public authorities, the UNESCO, tourists, inhabitants, etc. - use those areas for different purposes (economic, political, identity-building, touristic, religious, etc.). Hence this research project focuses on the transformation process of those quarters into heritage and touristic spaces and on the rivalries and conflicts created by the different uses of those reinvested spaces. More particularly, the goals are (1) to analyze the transformation process of the objects of Jewish heritage (such as synagogues and prayer houses, but also Klezmer music or 'traditional' recipes) into touristic, political, urban, cultural heritage resources, (2) to systematically identify all the various heterogeneous uses actually made by the different actors of this (material and immaterial) cultural heritage and reconstitute the specific structure of the most significant rivalries and conflicts between these uses and users-groups, (3) to analyze (evaluating their scope and coherence) the formal and informal regulatory arrangements, which have been set up for managing those spaces, and finally (4) to assess the impacts of these regulatory arrangements on the (sustainability of the) resource use patterns.Resources will be considered, following Kebir (2010), as a relational process between an object and a production system - or more exactly the actors of this system - mobilizing this object in order to provide various specific goods and services. The goods and services produced and provided by the Jewish heritage resources are regulated by property rights, public policies and local arrangement. Thus the institutional resource regime (IRR) framework (Gerber et al., 2009) will be used in order to analyze these regulatory arrangements. This should allow characterizing the sustainability of the present uses of the Jewish heritage.The proposed interdisciplinary research project aims for answering the following main research questions:•How, why, under what conditions and under which circumstances are (former) Jewish areas transformed into cultural-religious-identity, heritage and touristic resources? More precisely, how, why, under what conditions and under which circumstances a configuration of objects, both tangible and intangible, already used as urban and/or religious resources, is established as heritage resources, touristic resources, as well as cultural-identity resources?•What are the relationships and the eventual conflicts between the actors of the different systems of production (urban, heritage, tourism, and cultural-religious-identity) using the same sets of objects?•What are the existing regulatory regimes implemented (or not) to regulate those conflicts?•And what are the effects of these regulations on the sustainability of the Jewish heritage objects?In order to answer those questions, three different cases located in various national contexts will be studied in detail: Berlin, Krakow, and Paris. In each case, a historical approach will be combined with the IRR framework approach to explain the creation process of Jewish heritage resources, to individualize the conflicts of definition and uses of these, and to explain their regulations. This will allow one to question the sustainability of the present uses of the Jewish heritage resources and thus of the Jewish-themed tourism in various national European contexts. Moreover, the role tourism can play in the heritagization processes at work in Jewish quarters, and vice-versa (ie. the role heritagization plays in tourism development), will be pointed out.
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