Memory; Interaction; Context; Social transmission; Embodied communication ; Coordination; Timescales; Collaboration
Bietti Lucas M., Tilston Ottilie, Bangerter Adrian (2018), Storytelling as Adaptive Collective Sensemaking, in Topics in Cognitive Science
Bietti Lucas (2018), Memorias Adaptables para la Construcción de Identidades Colectivas, in Social and Education History
, 7(2), 125-125.
Gonzalez Sylvia, Skogmyr MarianKlara, VolpinLetizia, GfellerFabienne, BiettiLucas, BangerterAdrian (2018), Proceedings of the Young Researchers Conference of the Center for Research on Social Interactions, in Proceedings of the Young Researchers Conference of the Center for Research on Social Interactions
, TRavaux NEuchâtelois de Linguistique (TRANEL), Neuchâtel.
Bianchi Renzo, Laurent Eric, Schonfeld Irvin, Bietti Lucas, Mayor Eric (2018), Memory bias toward emotional information in burnout and depression, in Journal of Health Psychology
Bietti Lucas, Baker Michael (2017), Multimodal processes of joint remembering in complex collaborative activities., in Barnier Amanda, van Bergen Penny, Meade Michelle, Sutton John, Harris Celia (ed.), Oxford University Press, New York , 177-196.
Bietti Lucas M., Bangerter Adrian, Eric Mayor (2017), The interactive shaping of social learning in transmission chains, in Proceedings of the 39th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society
, London, UKCognitive Science Society , Austin, TX.
Mayor Eric, Bietti Lucas M. (2017), Ethnomethodogical studies of nurse-patient and nurse relative interactions. A scoping review., in International Journal of Nursing Studies.
, 70, 46-57.
Bietti Lucas M., Baker Michael J. (2016), Collaborating to remember collaborative creativity: An exploratory study., in Memory Studies
Bietti Lucas M., Sutton John (2015), Interacting to remember at multiple timescales: Coordination, collaboration, cooperation and culture in joint remembering, in Interaction Studies
, 16(3), 419-450.
Bietti Lucas, Baker Michael, Collaborative remembering at work, in Interaction Studies
The communication of memories with others is one of the most common ways of creating, maintaining and negotiating human relationships, as well as acquiring new knowledge and skills. Research has shown how the social context strongly influences what and how we remember in conversations. Despite the fact that experimental research on conversational remembering has revealed much about the malleability of human memory in conversations, little attention has been paid to the role played by embodied behaviors and how these are multimodally aligned during conversations about past experiences. An important underlying presumption in memory research is that human memory is reconstructive and malleable, unlike computer memory. Malleable and adaptable memories play a central role in the formation of mnemonic communities, and thus help develop enduring social identities. Face-to-face conversations afford visual information. However, so far, little attention has been paid to the ways in which communication and repeated reproduction may affect the embodied features of individual memories over time, in the sense that embodied remembering may become more abstract. In order to tackle some of these issues that create the conditions for the spreading of memories across different individuals and social groups during face-to-face social interactions, the first research question that this project seeks to answer is i) How do transmission chains affect the embodied communication of memories? Episodic memory is the ability to reconstruct autobiographical events that have occurred throughout the course of our lives. It includes features about settings (time and place), associated emotions, and people we were with during those events. Experimental research has investigated the ways in which episodic memories can be recalled from either observer or field perspectives depending on the specific types of activities being recalled (e.g. memories of swimming - field perspective vs. memories of running away from something - observer perspective). However, so far, little attention has been paid to how adopting either field or observer perspectives during episodic memory recall affects the embodied communication of those events. Hence, the second research question that this project sets out to answer is: (ii) How does the adoption of either field or observer perspectives influence embodied communication during episodic memory recall? Studies on alignment and coordination have shown that people tend to match different types ofmultimodal behaviors in synchronized fashion in semi-structured communication tasks. The alignment and coordination of verbal and co-verbal behaviors may be a mode for reducing the cognitive complexity presented by the tasks. Empirical evidence shows that multimodal alignment may play an important role in such situations. Nonetheless, up-to-date, there has not been any empirical study exploring how the alignment of multiple behavioral channels may affect collaborative recall in conversations. Thus, the third research question that this project strives to answer is: (iii) How are multimodal behaviors aligned when people remember with other people?Research questions (ii) and (iii) will be investigated in the first phase through an experimental study where sixty pairs of participants administer cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) to a CPR mannequin within specific time constraints, while being videotaped with multiple video-cameras. Each member of the pairs will be assigned a specific role (e.g. chest compression vs. artificial respiration). Straight afterwards, forty pairs will perform the conversational remembering task of the joint CPR task under two conditions. I will divide the remaining 20 pairs into two groups of individual participants, e.g. depending on whether they perform chest compression or artificial respiration during the CPR. Individually, participants will communicate the memories of the joint CPR task to a listener. I will compare conditions (C1), (C2), (C3), and (C4) by measuring the degree of group memory accuracy, the extent to which pairs use embodied behaviors to describe manual tasks and their functions during collaborative and individual recall. Moreover, I will examine to what degree higher or lower alignment rates within pairs (e.g. lag length of behavioral resonance) affect memory recall in C1 and C2. Four conditions will be recorded with three video cameras. Research question (i) will be investigated in the second phase of the experimental study. This will consist of a study of the serial reproduction of memories collected under conditions C1, C2, C3 and C4. Participants who were listeners in conditions (1), (3) and (4) as well as new participants who had watched the video recordings of condition (2) will be organized into eighty 4-people transmission chains. Within transmission chains, information transfer will talk place face-to-face. I will measure participants’ performances in relation to how transmission affects memory accuracy, field and observer perspectives during recall, and embodied communication. I will use video recording to examine how memories become conventionalized (e.g. gradual loss of embodied features) as they move away from the original event within the communication chain.The project will significantly extend previous research on conversational remembering by filling important gaps in our understanding about the role of multimodal behaviors during face-to-face conversations about past experiences. It will provide new empirical evidence regarding whether people need to be behaviorally aligned in order to remember better as well as showing how memories based on personal experiences evolve and are learnt throughout series of transmissions over time.