Project

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The Embodied Communication of Memories: Interaction, Evolution and Learning in Social Contexts

Applicant Bietti Lucas M.
Number 154968
Funding scheme Ambizione
Research institution IPTO - Institut de Psychologie du Travail et des Organisations Université de Neuchâtel
Institution of higher education University of Neuchatel - NE
Main discipline Psychology
Start/End 01.08.2015 - 31.07.2018
Approved amount 461'241.00
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All Disciplines (2)

Discipline
Psychology
Other languages and literature

Keywords (8)

Memory; Interaction; Context; Social transmission; Embodied communication ; Coordination; Timescales; Collaboration

Lay Summary (French)

Lead
La communication des souvenirs aux autres est l’une des manières les plus fréquentes de créer et maintenir les relations humaines, ainsi que d’acquérir de nouvelles connaissances et compétences. Contrairement à la mémoire des ordinateurs, la mémoire humaine est malléable et adaptable. La recherche a démontré que le contexte social a une forte influence sur ce dont nous nous souvenons et comment nous le faisons durant les interactions sociales. Néanmoins, jusqu’à maintenant peu d’attention a été porté au rôle que jouent les comportements corporels et à la coordination multimodale durant les interactions sociales en relation avec nos expériences passes.
Lay summary

Contenu et objectifs du travail de recherche

Le objectif principal de ce projet est d’éclaircir la manière dont les gens se souviennent des expériences partagées et comment ces nouvelles connaissances et compétences sont transmises et apprises au fil du temps durant des interactions sociales multimodales. Notre objectif est de répondre aux trois questions suivantes : (i) Comment les comportements multimodaux sont-ils coordonnés quand les gens se rappellent de quelque chose avec d’autres personnes ? (ii) Comment les perspectives individuelles influencent-elles les communications incarnées des souvenirs? Et (iii) comment les chaînes de communication influencent-elles la transmission des mémoires ? Nous étudions ces trois questions dans une étude expérimentale.

Contexte scientifique et social du projet de recherche

Notre projet aidera à former des nouvelles méthodes servant à améliorer les contextes dans lesquels les processus de remémoration et de l’apprentissage se déroulent, que ce soit dans un cadre éducationnel, du travail ou clinique. Ces informations seront aussi pertinentes pour les informaticiens et les ingénieurs qui développent des technologies innovatrices assistées par ordinateur.

 

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 20.02.2015

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Storytelling as Adaptive Collective Sensemaking
Bietti Lucas M., Tilston Ottilie, Bangerter Adrian (2018), Storytelling as Adaptive Collective Sensemaking, in Topics in Cognitive Science, 1-23.
Memorias Adaptables para la Construcción de Identidades Colectivas
Bietti Lucas (2018), Memorias Adaptables para la Construcción de Identidades Colectivas, in Social and Education History, 7(2), 125-125.
Proceedings of the Young Researchers Conference of the Center for Research on Social Interactions
Gonzalez Sylvia, Skogmyr MarianKlara, VolpinLetizia, GfellerFabienne, BiettiLucas, BangerterAdrian (2018), Proceedings of the Young Researchers Conference of the Center for Research on Social Interactions, in Proceedings of the Young Researchers Conference of the Center for Research on Social Interactions, TRavaux NEuchâtelois de Linguistique (TRANEL), Neuchâtel.
Memory bias toward emotional information in burnout and depression
Bianchi Renzo, Laurent Eric, Schonfeld Irvin, Bietti Lucas, Mayor Eric (2018), Memory bias toward emotional information in burnout and depression, in Journal of Health Psychology, 1-9.
Multimodal processes of joint remembering in complex collaborative activities.
Bietti Lucas, Baker Michael (2017), Multimodal processes of joint remembering in complex collaborative activities., in Barnier Amanda, van Bergen Penny, Meade Michelle, Sutton John, Harris Celia (ed.), Oxford University Press, New York , 177-196.
The interactive shaping of social learning in transmission chains
Bietti Lucas M., Bangerter Adrian, Eric Mayor (2017), The interactive shaping of social learning in transmission chains, in Proceedings of the 39th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, London, UKCognitive Science Society , Austin, TX.
Ethnomethodogical studies of nurse-patient and nurse relative interactions. A scoping review.
Mayor Eric, Bietti Lucas M. (2017), Ethnomethodogical studies of nurse-patient and nurse relative interactions. A scoping review., in International Journal of Nursing Studies., 70, 46-57.
Collaborating to remember collaborative creativity: An exploratory study.
Bietti Lucas M., Baker Michael J. (2016), Collaborating to remember collaborative creativity: An exploratory study., in Memory Studies, 1-19.
Interacting to remember at multiple timescales: Coordination, collaboration, cooperation and culture in joint remembering
Bietti Lucas M., Sutton John (2015), Interacting to remember at multiple timescales: Coordination, collaboration, cooperation and culture in joint remembering, in Interaction Studies, 16(3), 419-450.
Collaborative remembering at work
Bietti Lucas, Baker Michael, Collaborative remembering at work, in Interaction Studies, 1-35.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Department of Psychology/John Jay College of Criminal Justice, CUNY United States of America (North America)
- Publication
Memory Studies Group/New School for Social Research United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology Germany (Europe)
- Publication
Collaborative Memory Research Group/Macquarie University Australia (Oceania)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
28th Annual Meeting of the Society for Text & Discourse Poster Emulation, teaching and storytelling in cultural transmission 17.07.2018 Brighton , Great Britain and Northern Ireland Bietti Lucas M.;
Observing Discourse Participants: Experiences and Questions. Talk given at a conference How to Analyse Embodied and Distributed Processes of Collaborative Remembering in Social Interaction (Keynote speaker) 22.05.2018 Modena, Italy Bietti Lucas M.;
Invited talk at the Department of Psychology, University of Portsmouth Individual talk The Social Transmission of Memories and Skills in Interactive and Non-interactive Contexts 22.02.2018 Portsmouth, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Bietti Lucas M.;
Inaugural Conference of the Cultural Evolution Society Talk given at a conference The cultural transmission of manual skills: Collaborative ravioli-making. 13.09.2017 Jena, Germany Bietti Lucas M.;
GAL Research School: How do we know? Gesprächsanalytische Methoden zur Analyse von Wissen in der Interaktion. Individual talk Interacting to remember: Coordination and distribution in memory collaboration 04.09.2017 Freiburg, Germany Bietti Lucas M.;
GAL Research School: How do we know? Gesprächsanalytische Methoden zur Analyse von Wissen in der Interaktion. Talk given at a conference Collaborative remembering sequences: Identification and analysis (Invited workshop) 04.09.2017 Freiburg, Germany Bietti Lucas M.;
39th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society Poster The interactive shaping of social learning in transmission chains 27.07.2017 London, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Bietti Lucas M.;
Systemic Cognition Symposium Talk given at a conference Social transmission of memories and skills. 25.07.2017 Kingston-Upon-Thames, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Bietti Lucas M.;
7th Joint Action Meeting (JAM) Poster Coordinating handshakes: An eyetracking study 22.07.2017 London, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Bietti Lucas M.;
Invited talk at the Leipzig Research Center for Early Child Development (LFE), University of Leipzig Individual talk Cultural transmission of manual skills in the lab 08.05.2017 Leipzig, Germany Bietti Lucas M.;
ICOM 6: 6th International Conference on Memory Talk given at a conference The transmission of embodied memories and skills as effect of social interaction 17.07.2016 Budapest, Hungary Bietti Lucas M.;
3rd International Conference on Interactivity, Language and Cognition (CILC 3) Talk given at a conference The embodied transmission cultural skills in the laboratory 29.06.2016 Kingston University, London, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Bietti Lucas M.;
Formation doctorale du CRIS: Phenomenes multimodaux en interaction: methodes et outils d'analyses. Centre de recherche sur les interactions sociales (CRIS). Individual talk Multimodality in complex collaborative activities (Keynote speaker) 18.05.2016 Neuchatel, Switzerland Bietti Lucas M.;
International Meeting of the Psychonomics Society Talk given at a conference The evolution of embodied memories as effect of social interaction 05.05.2016 Granada, Spain Bietti Lucas M.;


Awards

Title Year
Alexander von Humboldt Foundation Grant for Renewed Collaboration with German Scholars 2017

Abstract

The communication of memories with others is one of the most common ways of creating, maintaining and negotiating human relationships, as well as acquiring new knowledge and skills. Research has shown how the social context strongly influences what and how we remember in conversations. Despite the fact that experimental research on conversational remembering has revealed much about the malleability of human memory in conversations, little attention has been paid to the role played by embodied behaviors and how these are multimodally aligned during conversations about past experiences. An important underlying presumption in memory research is that human memory is reconstructive and malleable, unlike computer memory. Malleable and adaptable memories play a central role in the formation of mnemonic communities, and thus help develop enduring social identities. Face-to-face conversations afford visual information. However, so far, little attention has been paid to the ways in which communication and repeated reproduction may affect the embodied features of individual memories over time, in the sense that embodied remembering may become more abstract. In order to tackle some of these issues that create the conditions for the spreading of memories across different individuals and social groups during face-to-face social interactions, the first research question that this project seeks to answer is i) How do transmission chains affect the embodied communication of memories? Episodic memory is the ability to reconstruct autobiographical events that have occurred throughout the course of our lives. It includes features about settings (time and place), associated emotions, and people we were with during those events. Experimental research has investigated the ways in which episodic memories can be recalled from either observer or field perspectives depending on the specific types of activities being recalled (e.g. memories of swimming - field perspective vs. memories of running away from something - observer perspective). However, so far, little attention has been paid to how adopting either field or observer perspectives during episodic memory recall affects the embodied communication of those events. Hence, the second research question that this project sets out to answer is: (ii) How does the adoption of either field or observer perspectives influence embodied communication during episodic memory recall? Studies on alignment and coordination have shown that people tend to match different types ofmultimodal behaviors in synchronized fashion in semi-structured communication tasks. The alignment and coordination of verbal and co-verbal behaviors may be a mode for reducing the cognitive complexity presented by the tasks. Empirical evidence shows that multimodal alignment may play an important role in such situations. Nonetheless, up-to-date, there has not been any empirical study exploring how the alignment of multiple behavioral channels may affect collaborative recall in conversations. Thus, the third research question that this project strives to answer is: (iii) How are multimodal behaviors aligned when people remember with other people?Research questions (ii) and (iii) will be investigated in the first phase through an experimental study where sixty pairs of participants administer cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) to a CPR mannequin within specific time constraints, while being videotaped with multiple video-cameras. Each member of the pairs will be assigned a specific role (e.g. chest compression vs. artificial respiration). Straight afterwards, forty pairs will perform the conversational remembering task of the joint CPR task under two conditions. I will divide the remaining 20 pairs into two groups of individual participants, e.g. depending on whether they perform chest compression or artificial respiration during the CPR. Individually, participants will communicate the memories of the joint CPR task to a listener. I will compare conditions (C1), (C2), (C3), and (C4) by measuring the degree of group memory accuracy, the extent to which pairs use embodied behaviors to describe manual tasks and their functions during collaborative and individual recall. Moreover, I will examine to what degree higher or lower alignment rates within pairs (e.g. lag length of behavioral resonance) affect memory recall in C1 and C2. Four conditions will be recorded with three video cameras. Research question (i) will be investigated in the second phase of the experimental study. This will consist of a study of the serial reproduction of memories collected under conditions C1, C2, C3 and C4. Participants who were listeners in conditions (1), (3) and (4) as well as new participants who had watched the video recordings of condition (2) will be organized into eighty 4-people transmission chains. Within transmission chains, information transfer will talk place face-to-face. I will measure participants’ performances in relation to how transmission affects memory accuracy, field and observer perspectives during recall, and embodied communication. I will use video recording to examine how memories become conventionalized (e.g. gradual loss of embodied features) as they move away from the original event within the communication chain.The project will significantly extend previous research on conversational remembering by filling important gaps in our understanding about the role of multimodal behaviors during face-to-face conversations about past experiences. It will provide new empirical evidence regarding whether people need to be behaviorally aligned in order to remember better as well as showing how memories based on personal experiences evolve and are learnt throughout series of transmissions over time.
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