causality; philosophy of science; history of embryology; history of infectious diseases; history of science; mechanisms
Scholl Raphael, Nickelsen Kärin (2015), Discovery of causal mechanisms: Oxidative phosphorylation and the Calvin-Benson cycle, in History and philosophy of the life sciences
, 37(2), 180-209.
Scholl Raphael (2015), Peptische Ulzera und Helicobacter pylori: Wie wir wissen, was wir wissen, in Therapeutische Umschau
, 72(7), 475-480.
Scholl Raphael, Spot the difference: Causal contrasts in scientific diagrams, in Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences
, The philosophy of historical case studies
, Boston Studies in Philosophy and History of Science, Dordrecht Heidelberg New York London.
Scholl Raphael, Räz Tim, Towards a methodology for integrated history and philosophy of science, in Sauer Tilman (ed.), Boston Studies in Philosophy and History of Science, Dordrecht Heidelberg New York London.
In the past 15 years or so, a "new mechanistic" approach has gained considerable traction in history and philosophy of science. Its promise is a descriptively adequate and philosophically insightful meta-theory especially of the life sciences. The proposed project examines the implications of the new mechanistic approach for a number of issues in general philosophy of science: confirmation, discovery, modeling, scientific realism and long-term theory change. Each of these issues is examined on the basis of carefully chosen, thoroughly researched historical case studies. Significant new insights can be expected particularly into the issues of scientific realism and long-term theory change, which have not previously been examined in the context of new mechanisms.