Project

Back to overview

Climate Change Extremes and Adaptation Strategies considering Uncertainty and Federalism (CCAdapt)

English title Climate Change Extremes and Adaptation Strategies considering Uncertainty and Federalism (CCAdapt)
Applicant Stephan Gunter
Number 154404
Funding scheme Sinergia
Research institution Departement Volkswirtschaftslehre Universität Bern
Institution of higher education University of Berne - BE
Main discipline Economics
Start/End 01.08.2014 - 30.04.2018
Approved amount 974'925.00
Show all

All Disciplines (6)

Discipline
Economics
Meteorology
Other disciplines of Physics
Climatology. Atmospherical Chemistry, Aeronomy
Hydrology, Limnology, Glaciology
Political science

Keywords (4)

Climate Change Extremes; Federal Setting; Adaptation; Uncertainty

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Obschon der Reduktion von Treibhausgasemission die zentrale Antwort auf die Bedrohung durch den Klimawandel ist, kommt angesichts sich jetzt schon abzeichnender Auswirkungen und auf-grund der Trägheit des globalen Klimasystems der Anpassung an den Klimawandel zunehmend Bedeutung zu. Aus mehreren Gründen ist dabei eine genaue Beurteilung von Anpassungsstrategien erforderlich; denn (1) sind die zukünftige Auswirkungen des Klimawandels unsicher; (2) gibt es eine Vielzahl von Anpassungsmöglichkeiten, die sich in ihrer zeitlichen wie räumlichen Effektivität unterschieden; und müssen (3) Anpassungsmassnahmen in einem föderalistischen System umgesetzt werden.
Lay summary

Inhalt und Ziel

Gegenstand des Projektes ist, Instrumente und Methoden zu entwickeln, die es erlauben, die Anpassung an den Klimawandel aus einer wirtschaftlichen, naturwissenschaftlichen und politischen Perspektive zu analysieren. Dabei kommen den drei, oben genannten Aspekten: Unsicherheit, Heterogenität, politische Umsetzung, besondere Aufmerksamkeit zu. Konkretisiert und angewendet die Erkenntnisse in einer Untersuchung der Frage, wie sich die Schweiz an eine veränderte Wahrscheinlichkeit und Ausmass von Hochwasserereignissen anpassen kann. Offensichtlich erfordert dies einen interdisziplinären Ansatz, der Umweltökonomie, Hydrologie, Meteorologie und Politikwissenschaften integriert. In vier Arbeitsgruppen werden deshalb nicht nur optimale Anpassungsstrategien an Klimaextremereignisse entwickeln, sondern auch die Rolle von politischen Barrieren diskutiert, welche die Anpassung in Folge von strategischer Interaktion zwischen verschiedenen Ebenen der föderalistischen Struktur der Schweiz beeinflussen.

Wissenschaftlicher und gesellschaftlicher Kontext

Insgesamt erwarten wir neben einer verfeinerte Theorie der Anpassung an den Klimawandel, verbesserte Instrumente zur Quantifizierung von Anpassungsstrategien und ein besseres Verständnis von Effizienz-Verteilungseffekten von klimapolitischen Eingriffen und den dabei zu überwindenden politischen Barrieren.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 21.07.2014

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
“The Intricacy of Adapting to Climate Change: Flood Protection as a Local Public Goods Game”(https://papers
A. Bondarev B. Hintermann F.C. Krysiak and R. Winkler (2017), “The Intricacy of Adapting to Climate Change: Flood Protection as a Local Public Goods Game”(https://papers, , CESifo Working paper 6382, münchen.
“Public Provision and Local Income Tax Competition”, (https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2760254).
F. Kuhlmey and B. Hintermann (2016), “Public Provision and Local Income Tax Competition”, (https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2760254)., CESifo working paper 5789, München.
“Sharing a River with Asymmetric Information”.
S. Steinmann and R. Winkler (2016), “Sharing a River with Asymmetric Information”., in working paper.
“Sharing a River with Downstream Externalities”.
S. Steinmann and R. Winkler (2015). (2015), “Sharing a River with Downstream Externalities”., working paper, bern.
Exceptional or Just Well Connected? Political En- trepreneurs and Brokers in Policy Making
Christopoulos D Ingold K (2015), Exceptional or Just Well Connected? Political En- trepreneurs and Brokers in Policy Making, in European Political Science Review, 475-498.
The Networks of Political Entrepreneurs: A Case Study of Swiss Climate Policy
Christopoulos D Ingold K (2015), The Networks of Political Entrepreneurs: A Case Study of Swiss Climate Policy, in Narbutaité Aflaki I Petridou E Miles L (ed.), Ashgate, Farnham, 17-30.
Climate Change in Switzerland: A Review of Physical, Institutional and Political Aspects
Bronimann S Appenzeller C Croci M Fuhrer J Grosjean M Hohmann R Ingold K Knutti R Liniger M, Raible C Röthlisberger R Schär C Scherrer S Strassmann K Thalmann P (2014), Climate Change in Switzerland: A Review of Physical, Institutional and Political Aspects, in WIREs Climate Change , 461-481.
“A Second-Best Optimal Solution for Pollution Abatement in Multi-Polluter Networks”.
S. Steinmann and R. Winkler, “A Second-Best Optimal Solution for Pollution Abatement in Multi-Polluter Networks”., in working paper.
«The effects of flood events on land and housing value: Evidence from the Swiss real estate market”.
S. Armbruster B. Hintermann and A. Zischg, «The effects of flood events on land and housing value: Evidence from the Swiss real estate market”., working paper, Basel.
“Adaptation to catastrophic events with two layers uncertainty: Central planner perspective”,.
A. Bondarev and F. C. Krysiak, “Adaptation to catastrophic events with two layers uncertainty: Central planner perspective”,., in WWZ Working paper No. 2018/10 (https://edoc.unibas.ch/61489/).
Regional Flood Impacts and Adaptation in a Federal Setting: A spatial computable general equilibrium analysis for Switzerland
Hoffmann Christin Stephan Gunter, Regional Flood Impacts and Adaptation in a Federal Setting: A spatial computable general equilibrium analysis for Switzerland, in Climate change economics, 9 (2018).

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Prof. Stefanie Engel, Universität Münster Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Dr. Oliver Schenker, ZEW (Mannheim); Prof. Müller-Fürstenberger, Uni Trier Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Prof. Gunter Stephan, Uni Bern; Prof. Thomas Cottier, Uni Bern Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Prof. Lucas Bretschger, ETH Zurich; Prof. Alexander Wokaun, PSI Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Prof. Frédéric Varone, University of Geneva Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Prof. Stefan Baumgärtner, Universität Freiburg Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Prof. Renate Schubert, Prof. Volker Hoffmann; ETH Zurich Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
Paper presentation at the Swiss Political Science Annual Meeting 2018, January, Geneva, Switzerland. Talk given at a conference public provision of protection measures in a federal setting 05.01.2018 Genf, Switzerland Ingold Karin; Glaus Anik;
Zürich Initiative on Computational Economics (ZICE17), Individual talk climate, risk and uncertainty 07.05.2017 zürich, Switzerland Usui Takafumi;
Swiss political science meeting Individual talk Paper presentation at the Swiss Political Science Annual Meeting 2016, January, Basel, Switzerland. 01.05.2016 basel, Switzerland Ingold Karin; Gavilano Alexandra;
EGU General Assembly Poster Quantification and classification of hydro-meteorological flood controls in northeast Switzerland as a basis for robust impact modelling 19.04.2016 Wien, Austria Keller Luise; Weingartner Rolf;
14th international Swiss Climate Summer School: Individual talk Extreme events and climate, 07.05.2015 ticino, Switzerland Usui Takafumi;


Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Talks/events/exhibitions Symposium "Anpassung an den Klimawandel" German-speaking Switzerland 2015

Abstract

Mitigation is the most important response to the threat of climate change, but due to the inertia of the global climate system there is also increasing need for adaptation. This calls for an accurate assessment of adaptation strategies, in particular since most of the existing studies abstract from three important characteristics of adaptation: (1) Future impacts of climate change are uncertain; (2) there exist several options for adapting to a particular impact, which exhibit different temporal and spatial characteristics; (3) adaptation can take place in a federalist setting, where actors differ with respect to information, financial resources and legislative power.The present project aims for developing tools and methods that facilitate a more detailed characterization of climate change adaptation from an economic and policy analysis perspective. These tools and methods are then applied to the specific case of adaptation to a changed probability and magnitude of flood events in Switzerland. Obviously this re-quires an interdisciplinary approach, which integrates environmental economics, hydrology, meteorology, and political sciences. In four research groups, we develop a theoretical basis of adaptation that takes into account the three aforementioned characteristics, which are then used in Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) models of Switzerland for evaluating feasible adaptation strategies. Both theory development and application will be based on a prediction of climate impacts on hydrological extremes in Switzerland and take into account political barriers to adaptation due to strategic interaction between different levels of Switzerland’s federalist structure. Overall we expect to deliver a refined theory of adaptation, improved tools for quantification of adaptation strategies and a better understanding of efficiency-equity tradeoffs as well as political barriers to adaptation.
-