Project

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Developing a functioning-based job matching tool for persons with spinal cord injury: Integrating return to work and person-job fit research approaches

Applicant Trezzini Bruno
Number 153033
Funding scheme Project funding (Div. I-III)
Research institution Schweizer Paraplegiker-Forschung AG
Institution of higher education Swiss Paraplegic Research - SPF
Main discipline Psychology
Start/End 01.08.2014 - 31.03.2018
Approved amount 179'418.00
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All Disciplines (2)

Discipline
Psychology
Rehabilitation

Keywords (5)

Job matching; ICF; Return to work; Spinal cord injury; Biopsychosocial model

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Das Ziel von Job Matching-Programmen ist die Passung zwischen den arbeitsbezogenen Fähigkeiten und Charakteristika einer Person auf der einen Seite und den Anforderungen und Charakteristika ihres Jobs auf der anderen Seite. Sie stellen somit eine vielversprechende Strategien in der Arbeitsreintegration von Personen mit Behinderungen dar. Die aktuell verwendeten Job Matching-Instrumente sind jedoch insofern unzureichend, als dass sie keinen umfassenden Blick auf die Passung zwischen berufsbezogenen und individuellen Eigenschaften ermöglichen und weder auf spezifische Berufe noch auf spezifische Gesundheitsstörungen ausgerichtet sind.
Lay summary

Inhalt und Ziel des Forschungsprojektes

Das Projekt befasst sich mit der Entwicklung eines umfassenden berufs- und störungsspezifischen Dokumentations- und Assessmentinstruments für Job Matching in der Arbeitsreintegration von Personen mit Querschnittlähmung. Ziel ist die Entwicklung eines multidimensionalen Instruments, das Jobanforderungen und -charakteristika genauso berücksichtigt wie arbeitsbezogene Fähigkeiten und Charakteristika von Personen mit Querschnittlähmung. Zudem werden auch deren arbeitsbezogenen störungsspezifischen Bedürfnisse und Einschränkungen sowie fördernde und hinderliche Umweltfaktoren bei der Arbeitsreintegration einbezogen.

Wissenschaftlicher und gesellschaftlicher Kontext

Das Projekt integriert Ansätze aus der Arbeitsreintegrations- und Organisationsforschung, die grösstenteils unabhängig voneinander entwickelt wurden und schliesst so eine substantielle Lücke in der Arbeitsreintegration von Personen mit Behinderungen. Durch eine standardisierte und transparente Erfassung und Dokumentation der Person-Job-Passung soll die interdisziplinäre Zusammenarbeit in der Berufsrehabilitation gefördert und die Planung, Durchführung und Evaluation von Interventionen verbessert werden.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 24.06.2014

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Job matching: An interdisciplinary scoping study with implications for vocational rehabilitation counseling
Nützi Marina, Schwegler Urban, Medici Lorenzo, Trezzini Bruno (2017), Job matching: An interdisciplinary scoping study with implications for vocational rehabilitation counseling, in Rehabilitation Psychology, 62(1), 45-68.
Key demands and characteristics of occupations performed by individuals with spinal cord injury living in Switzerland
Nützi Marina, Trezzini Bruno, Ronca Elias, Schwegler Urban (2017), Key demands and characteristics of occupations performed by individuals with spinal cord injury living in Switzerland, in Spinal Cord, 55, 1051-1060.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Urban Schwegler Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
ParaWork/Institute for Vocational Guidance Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
Fachhochschule Nordwestschweiz (FHNW) Internationale Konferenz "Arbeit, Beschäftigung und Eingliederungsmanagement" Talk given at a conference Job matching: A key factor for sustainable return to work and employment of persons with disabilities 25.01.2018 Olten, Switzerland Marina Nützi;
BRIG (Berufliche Rehabilitation Interessengemeinschaft) Fachtreffen Talk given at a conference Vorstellung eines Job Matching Tool Prototyps für die berufliche Rehabilitation von Personen mit Querschnittlähmung 21.11.2017 Basel, Switzerland Marina Nützi;
EFRR (European Forum for Research in Rehabilitation) Congress Talk given at a conference Job Matching: An interdisciplinary scoping study with implications for vocational rehabilitation counselling 24.05.2017 Glasgow, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Marina Nützi;
WDPI (Work Disability Prevention and Integration) Conference Talk given at a conference Promoting sustainable return to work: Towards a comprehensive job matching tool for vocational rehabilitation of persons with spinal cord injury 25.09.2016 Amsterdam, Netherlands Schwegler Urban;
ISCoS (International Spinal Cord Society ) Conference Poster Post-injury occupations of persons with SCI living in Switzerland: Key demands and characteristics 14.09.2016 Vienna, Austria Marina Nützi;
EUMASS (European Union of Medicine in Assurance and Social Security) Congress Poster Promoting sustainable return to work: Towards a job matching tool for vocational rehabilitation of persons with spinal cord injury 10.06.2016 Ljubliana, Slovenia Schwegler Urban;
EUMASS (European Union of Medicine in Assurance and Social Security) Congress Talk given at a conference Job matching research in the context of return to work and organizational psychology - A scoping study 09.06.2016 Ljubljana, Slovenia Marina Nützi;
ISPRM (International Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine) World Congress Talk given at a conference A review on job matching approaches in return to work and organizational research 19.06.2015 Berlin, Germany Marina Nützi;
EUMASS (European Union of Medicine in Assurance and Social Security) Congress Talk given at a conference Job matching in vocational rehabilitation - integrating approaches from return to work and organisational research 12.09.2014 Stockholm, Sweden Schwegler Urban;
ISCoS (International Spinal Cord Society ) Conference Poster Job matching in vocational rehabilitation of persons with spinal cord injury: approaches from return to work and organizational research 02.09.2014 Maastricht, Netherlands Schwegler Urban;


Abstract

Return to work (RTW) programs are crucial for reintegrating people with disabilities into the labor market. Successful and permanent RTW requires that a person’s work-related capabilities and characteristics be compatible with the demands and characteristics of his or her job. Therefore, job placement approaches in vocational rehabilitation (VR) aim at matching person and job. However, while job matching has been extensively studied in organizational research with different types of person-job fit having been investigated, job matching has been studied to a much lesser extent in the RTW context and without systematically integrating person-job fit approaches from organizational research.Available generic job matching tools in the RTW context have shortcomings with regard to three essential requirements: (1) They are not occupation-specific and do not include the demands and characteristics of particular occupations; (2) they are not health condition-specific and do not capture work-related limitations and needs of persons with a particular health condition; and (3) they do not comprehensively address the fit between occupational and individual attributes and environmental factors influencing RTW. Persons with spinal cord injury (SCI) are a case in point of the need to develop job matching tools that comprehensively address occupation- and health condition-specific aspects in RTW. Affected people suffer from multiple health condition-specific limitations and are faced with various environmental barriers to work, leading to them being able to perform a limited spectrum of occupations. Therefore, the objective of this project is to develop a standardized documentation and assessment tool for job matching of persons with SCI. More specifically, this project aims to: (1) identify occupations performed by persons with SCI; (2) determine the occupations’ characteristics, demands and contextual factors; (3) establish (a) the work-related and health condition-specific needs and limitations of persons with SCI and (b) the environmental facilitators and barriers for RTW; (4) develop a multidimensional job matching profile for VR of persons with SCI; (5) operationalize and devise a rating scale for the established variables; and (6) examine the content validity of the developed tool.Conceptually, this project is based on the World Health Organization’s (WHO) model of functioning, disability and health (ICF), on biopsychosocial RTW models and on person-job fit approaches from organizational research. To address the study aims, a qualitative research design is applied that involves a multipronged data collection strategy consisting of database analyses, literature reviews, content analyses, focus-group interviews and expert interviews at various stages of the project. The Occupational Information Network (O*NET) is used for categorizing occupational demands and characteristics.The project integrates approaches from RTW and organizational research which have largely been developed independently so far and thus fills a crucial gap in the work reintegration of persons with disabilities. In addition, the project aims at a standardized and transparent assessment and documentation of person-job match, which will facilitate interdisciplinary teamwork in VR and improve the planning, carrying out and evaluation of interventions. Ultimately, the project strives to contribute to the successful and permanent RTW of persons with disabilities in general and with SCI in particular.
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