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Emotions and the Understanding of Values

English title Emotions and the Understanding of Values
Applicant Deonna Julien Amos
Number 152883
Funding scheme SNSF Professorships
Research institution Département de Philosophie Université de Genève
Institution of higher education University of Geneva - GE
Main discipline Philosophy
Start/End 01.10.2014 - 31.08.2018
Approved amount 396'237.00
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All Disciplines (2)

Discipline
Philosophy
Psychology

Keywords (6)

Emotion; Value; Well-being; Attention; Being moved; Epistemology of Value

Lay Summary (French)

Lead
Il existe des liens évidents entre l’amusement et le comique, la honte et la dégradation de soi, la peur et le danger. Ces binômes sont constitués d’une émotion et de la valeur qui semble lui correspondre. L’objet de la présente recherche s’inscrit dans le cadre d’un questionnement général sur le type de relations -logique, épistémique, ou causal- qui existent entre les émotions et leurs valeurs associées.
Lay summary

Plus spécifiquement, l’hypothèse du présent projet est que notre engagement émotionnel avec le monde joue un rôle privilégié dans notre compréhension des valeurs. Sans qu’aucune des quatre parties de ce projet ne défende directement cette idée, toutes illustrent les diverses manières dont les émotions contribuent à cette compréhension des valeurs.

1. « L’épistémologie des valeurs ». Les émotions causent des jugements de valeur ; par exemple, mon admiration cause mon jugement que tel tableau est somptueux. Est-ce à dire pourtant que ces émotions donnent des raisons en faveur de ces jugements de valeur ? Nous faisons l’hypothèse que dans la mesure où nous faisons l’expérience des valeurs à travers les émotions, celles-ci contribuent aussi à donner des raisons en faveur des jugements de valeur qu’elles causent.

2. « Émotion, attention et valeur ». L’attention joue un rôle primordial dans les phénomènes émotionnels. Dans cette partie, la recherche se focalise sur la compétition pour l’usage des ressources attentionnelles que se mènent, d’une part, le corps ressenti et, d’autre part, l’objet dans l’environnement causant l’émotion.

3. « Émotion et bien-être » explore le rôle des émotions pour le bonheur humain. Nous faisons ici l’hypothèse que les émotions contribuent de manière significative aux trois aspects de l’existence que l’on a traditionnellement vus comme nécessaires au bonheur : le plaisir, la satisfaction des désirs et la réalisation de soi dans certaines valeurs.

4. « Être ému » élabore la thèse selon laquelle le phénomène de s’émouvoir constitue une émotion distincte, typiquement causée par l’occurrence de valeurs positives fondamentales comme les mariages, les naissances, les démonstrations d’amitié, les manifestations de solidarité, etc.

Enfin, l’objectif global du projet est de comprendre le rôle des émotions dans la poursuite des valeurs fondamentales qui constituent in fine le ciment du lien social et du vivre ensemble.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 19.01.2015

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
The tangled web of agency
Pe-Curto Alain, Deonna Julien A., Sander David (2018), The tangled web of agency, in Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 41, e57-e57.
Petit traité des valeurs
Tieffenbach Emma, Deonna Julien (ed.) (2018), Petit traité des valeurs, Ithaque, France.
The emotion of being moved
DeonnaJulien (2018), The emotion of being moved, Routledge, London, 60-68.
“That’s Deep!”: The Role of Being Moved and Feelings of Profundity in the Appreciation of Serious Narratives
Cova Florian, Deonna Julien, Sander David (2017), “That’s Deep!”: The Role of Being Moved and Feelings of Profundity in the Appreciation of Serious Narratives, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 347-369.
Two kinds of respect for two kinds of contempt: Why contempt can be both a sentiment and an emotion
Cova Florian, Deonna Julien, Sander David, Teroni Fabrice (2017), Two kinds of respect for two kinds of contempt: Why contempt can be both a sentiment and an emotion, in Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 40, e234-e234.
Emotion
JulienDeonna, Fabrice Teroni, ChristineTappolet (2017), Emotion, in L'encylopédie Philosophique, 0-0.
Getting bodily feeling into emotional experience in the right way
Julien Deonna, Fabrice Teroni (2017), Getting bodily feeling into emotional experience in the right way, in Emotion Review, 55-63.
Reconsidering some Dogmas about Desire
JulienDeonna, LauriaFederico (2017), Reconsidering some Dogmas about Desire, OUP, New York, 10-30.
Comprendre les émotions : enquêtes sur les motivations affectives
Julien Deonna (2016), Comprendre les émotions : enquêtes sur les motivations affectives, in Revue philosophique de la France et de l'étranger , 141(2), 147-160.
Les attitudes appropriées verbatim
Teroni Fabrice, Deonna Julien (2016), Les attitudes appropriées verbatim, in Les ateliers de l'éthique, 11(2-3), 151-151.
Emotion and Value
Deonna Julien (2015), Emotion and Value, in Sander David (ed.), Oxford University Press, Oxford, 155-174.
Emotion, philosophical issues about
Deonna J., Tappolet C., Teroni F. (2015), Emotion, philosophical issues about, in Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Cognitive Science, 6(3), 193-207.
Emotions as Attitudes
Deonna J.A., Teroni F. (2015), Emotions as Attitudes, in Dialectica, 69(3), 293-311.
Introduction: Moral Emotions
Cova F., Deonna J., Sander D. (2015), Introduction: Moral Emotions, in Topoi, 34(2), 397-400.
Being moved
Cova Florian, Deonna Julien A. (2014), Being moved, in Philosophical Studies, 169(3), 447-466.
Two Faces of Group-Based Shame: Moral Shame and Image Shame Differentially Predict Positive and Negative Orientations to Ingroup Wrongdoing
Allpress J.A., Brown R., Giner-Sorolla R., Deonna J.A., Teroni F. (2014), Two Faces of Group-Based Shame: Moral Shame and Image Shame Differentially Predict Positive and Negative Orientations to Ingroup Wrongdoing, in Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 40(10), 1270-1284.
What role for emotions in well-being?
Deonna J.A., Teroni F. (2014), What role for emotions in well-being?, in Philosophical Topics, 41(1), 123-142.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
University of Glasgow, The Pain Project, Prof. M. Brady Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Franklin & Marshall College, Prof. Bennett Helm United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Université de Fribourg, Department of Philosophy, Prof. Gianfranco Soldati Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Exchange of personnel
Emotion and Value, A DFG Project at Tübingen Philosophy Department, Prof. Sabine Doering Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Knowldge of Emotion Center: Manchester University, Department of Philosophy, Dr Joel Smith Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Exchange of personnel
University of Lausanne, ISCommunication de Masse, Prof. Laurence Kaufmann Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Centre de Recherche en Ethique de L'université de Montréal, Prof Christine Tappolet Canada (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
Science and Ethics Talk given at a conference Emotion and Value 25.05.2018 Geneva, Switzerland Deonna Julien Amos;
Phasing Out NCCR Affective Sciences Talk given at a conference Emotions and their objects 18.05.2018 Switzerland, Switzerland Deonna Julien Amos;
Emotions, Imagination and Time Conference Talk given at a conference Shame and Empathy 21.12.2017 Gargnano, Italy Deonna Julien Amos;
Séminaire de Recherche Individual talk Emotion et justification 07.11.2017 Neuchâtel, Switzerland Deonna Julien Amos;
Cycle de Conférence "Normes et Affect" Individual talk Les émotions sont-elles à la source de notre connaissance des valeurs? 14.03.2017 Lille, France Deonna Julien Amos;
Aesthetics of Emotions: Arts and cognitive science Talk given at a conference Being Moved by Art 27.10.2016 Milan, Italy Deonna Julien Amos;
Archives Jean Piaget – Séminaire Interdisciplinaire Individual talk “L'affectivité: "source énergétique" ou facteur "structurant" de l'intelligence” 17.05.2016 Genève, Switzerland Deonna Julien Amos;
Groupe Genevois de Philosophie Individual talk Honte et Sphère Privée 02.05.2016 Genève, Switzerland Deonna Julien Amos;
Quodlibet Individual talk Phenomenological Worries for the Attitudinal Theory of Emotion 07.04.2016 Genève, Switzerland Deonna Julien Amos;
Séminaire du Master de Science Cognitives de Neuchâtel Individual talk What is an emotion? 17.03.2016 Neuchâtel, Switzerland Deonna Julien Amos;
Attachment, Virtue and the Regulation of Emotion Conference Talk given at a conference Being Attached and Being Moved 25.02.2016 Munich, Germany Deonna Julien Amos;
Emotion and Experience workshop Talk given at a conference Phenomenological Worries for the Attitudianl Theory of Emotions 17.02.2016 Coventry, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Deonna Julien Amos;
ISRE Pre-conference on Emotional Crying Talk given at a conference Happiness and being moved 07.07.2015 Geneva, Switzerland Deonna Julien Amos;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
Emotions, Valeurs, Bonheur 22.02.2018 Geneva, Switzerland
Negative Emotions: The Good, the Bad and the Ugly 30.05.2017 Geneva, Switzerland
Phasing Out NCCR Affective Sciences 18.05.2017 Geneva, Switzerland
Experience, Value and Justification 02.06.2016 Geneva, Switzerland
ISRE 2015 08.07.2015 Geneva, Switzerland
International colloquium: Indignation 20.03.2015 Geneva, Switzerland

Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Talks/events/exhibitions Douleur et Souffrance Western Switzerland 2014

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
104897 NCCR Affective Sciences: Emotion in Individual Behavior and Social Processes (phase I) 01.09.2005 National Centres of Competence in Research (NCCRs)
128588 Desire, Emotion and the Mind 01.10.2010 SNSF Professorships
150265 Sensing as Activity: Its Impact on the Structure of Perceptual and Emotional Experience 01.08.2014 Project funding (Div. I-III)
176364 Feel bad, live well! The value of negative emotions for well-being 01.09.2018 Project funding (Div. I-III)

Abstract

What are the relations between amusement and the comical, shame and the degrading, fear and danger? The emotions just listed seem not only to be typically triggered by the values that I have mentioned in connection with them, it also looks like these emotions might provide special understanding of these values. Adequately articulating the relations - causal, epistemic, logical, etc. - between emotions and values has been at the centre of my career up to now. It has led to the production of numerous articles and culminated in a monograph on the emotions (co-authored with F. Teroni) recently published with Routledge. This monograph introduces the reader to the philosophy of emotions and also develops an original conception of the relation between emotions and value properties - one which we advertise under the name of the Attitudinal Theory of Emotions. Additionally, the book touches on a number of connected topics, including the metaphysics of values, the epistemic standing of our access to values through emotions, the relation between character traits, emotions and values, etc. A significant part of the present project pursues questions concerning the relation between emotion and value that were either left pending in the book, that have arisen since its publication in the light of the comments and criticisms it has received, or that were simply neglected. All of them, to be addressed in the four distinctive subprojects, are unified by the underlying thought that our emotional engagement with the world plays a privileged role in our understanding of value. Although none of the subprojects argue directly for this claim, they all illustrate different facets of how emotions may be said to contribute to this understanding.Subproject 1, “Emotional attitudes and the epistemology of value” asks whether the attitudinal theory of emotion has the resources to account for the widespread idea that emotions are sometimes enough to justify our judgments of value. According to the attitudinal theory that we have put forward, emotions do not represent values. If that is the case, it should be wondered how emotions could endow the relevant value judgements with even prima facie justification. Developing the account in such a way that it can meet this challenge is thus at the centre of this subproject. Subproject 2, “Emotion, Attention and value” focuses on three questions: first, on the role affective dispositions play in providing objects of (dis)value to our attention. Second, on the way in which the active body on the one hand and the emotional object on the other hand may compete for attention in emotion. Third, in connection with subproject 1, on the role of emotions in providing justification for targeted and sustained attention to be exercised on particular aspects of one’s environment. Subproject 3, “Emotions, well-being and value”, explores the role of emotion in well-being. It makes the hypothesis that human emotions -on the assumption that they are felt evaluative attitudes- are constitutively linked to well-being in a sense that satisfies the three central intuitions that have characterised the philosophical literature on well-being since its inception (pleasure, desire satisfaction, objective value). Subproject 4, “Being Moved”, empirically investigates the ramifications of a claim I have been defending in print, according to which the expression ‘being moved’ designates a distinct emotion-type which is typically triggered by instances of positive core values. One aspect of this investigation will focus on the hypothesis that the emotion known as ‘elevation’ in the psychological literature is just a species of ‘being moved’, while another will focus on the nature of core values and the way these relate to other values, in particular moral values, in subjects’ overall pattern of value attachments.
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