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Turning functionalised ionic liquids into functional materials for catalysis and other applications

English title Turning functionalised ionic liquids into functional materials for catalysis and other applications
Applicant Dyson Paul
Number 152783
Funding scheme Project funding
Research institution Laboratoire de chimie organométallique et médicinale EPFL - SB - ISIC - LCOM
Institution of higher education EPF Lausanne - EPFL
Main discipline Inorganic Chemistry
Start/End 01.04.2014 - 31.03.2017
Approved amount 419'233.00
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Keywords (5)

Ionic liquids; Catalysis; Polymers; Nanoparticles; Synthesis

Lay Summary (French)

Lead
Les liquides ioniques (IL) sont des sels avec un point de fusion inférieur à 100°C. Les IL avec des groupes polymérisables tels que vinyles ou styrènes peuvent être polymérisés en IL polymériques (PIL). Ces PIL gardent plusieurs propriétés de leurs précurseurs, sont stables à haute température et peuvent être utilisés pour absorber et séparer des gaz, stabiliser des nanoparticules en catalyse, ou dans des dispositifs électrochimiques comme des cellules solaires à colorant. Dans les précédents projets SNF, nous nous sommes concentré sur des IL monomères avec des usages surtout catalytiques. Nous avons développé de nombreux IL polymérisables et plusieurs exemples de PIL, mais sans étudier systématiquement de PIL. Partant de l’expertise acquise auparavant, nous nous concentrerons dans ce projet sur des PIL. Nous développerons des synthèses simples et étudierons les applications des nouveaux PIL pour créer des matériaux et catalyseurs supérieurs ou différents de ceux actuellement utilisés.
Lay summary

Dans ce projet, nous proposons de développer de nouveaux liquides ioniques (ILs) comportant des unités polymérisables et de les convertir en liquides ioniques polymériques (PILs). Les propriétés physiques et chimiques de ces nouveaux matériaux seront étudiées et les PILs possédant des caractéristiques intéressantes seront évaluées pour diverses applications. Les objectifs principaux de ce projet sont les suivants :

  1. La préparation d’une série d’ILs comprenant des groupes fonctionnels vinyles et styrènes liés aux cations et/ou aux anions, qui peuvent être utilisés comme monomères pour synthétiser des PILs.
  2. La préparation d’une série de PILs comprenant des groupements spécifiques comme des groupes fonctionnels hydroxyles (-OH), acides (-SO3H) ou fluoré (-CH2CH2C4F9). Les propriétés structurelles et physiques de ces PILs seront étudiées à l’aide de techniques diverses.
  3. L’étude l’utilisation des PILs synthétisés dans divers domaines, tels que l’absorption de petites molécules (membranes), la catalyse, la stabilisation de nanoparticules (et par la suite la nanocatalyse) ou comme adsorbant de gaz ou agents de fluorination.
  4. Dans le cadre de collaborations avec d’autres groupes de recherches, l’étude de ces PILs en tant que composants de cellules solaires à colorants ou de piles à combustibles.

Ces recherches ont une nature exploratoire et fondamentale, mais l’on peut penser que certains de ces nouveaux matériaux peuvent présenter des propriétés utiles.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 20.05.2014

Lay Summary (English)

Lead
We intend to develop new ionic liquids (ILs) with polymerizable units and convert these ILs into polymeric ionic liquids (PILs). The physical and chemical properties of these new materials will be studied and relevant PILs will be evaluated in various applications. The objectives are to:1. Prepare a series of ILs with vinyl and styrene groups tethered to the cations and/or the anions which can be used as monomers for synthesis of PILs. 2. Prepare a series of PILs with specific groups and study the structural features and physical properties of the PILs will be studied using a range of techniques. 3. Study the applications of the resulting PILs in various areas including, absorption of small molecules (membranes), as catalysts, as nanoparticle stabilizers (and subsequently in nanocatalysis), and as gas carriers or fluorination agents.4. Evaluate the PILs as components in dye-sensitized solar cells and in fuel cells.
Lay summary

Dans ce projet, nous proposons de développer de nouveaux liquides ioniques (ILs) comportant des unités polymérisables et de les convertir en liquides ioniques polymériques (PILs). Les propriétés physiques et chimiques de ces nouveaux matériaux seront étudiées et les PILs possédant des caractéristiques intéressantes seront évaluées pour diverses applications. Les objectifs principaux de ce projet sont les suivants :

  1. La préparation d’une série d’ILs comprenant des groupes fonctionnels vinyles et styrènes liés aux cations et/ou aux anions, qui peuvent être utilisés comme monomères pour synthétiser des PILs.
  2. La préparation d’une série de PILs comprenant des groupements spécifiques comme des groupes fonctionnels hydroxyles (-OH), acides (-SO3H) ou fluoré (-CH2CH2C4F9). Les propriétés structurelles et physiques de ces PILs seront étudiées à l’aide de techniques diverses.
  3. L’étude l’utilisation des PILs synthétisés dans divers domaines, tels que l’absorption de petites molécules (membranes), la catalyse, la stabilisation de nanoparticules (et par la suite la nanocatalyse) ou comme adsorbant de gaz ou agents de fluorination.
  4. Dans le cadre de collaborations avec d’autres groupes de recherches, l’étude de ces PILs en tant que composants de cellules solaires à colorants ou de piles à combustibles.

Ces recherches ont une nature exploratoire et fondamentale, mais l’on peut penser que certains de ces nouveaux matériaux peuvent présenter des propriétés utiles.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 20.05.2014

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Extending the Lifetime of Perovskite Solar Cells using a Perfluorinated Dopant.
Salado Manuel, Ramos F Javier, Manzanares Valentin M, Gao Peng, Nazeeruddin Mohammad Khaja, Dyson Paul J, Ahmad Shahzada (2016), Extending the Lifetime of Perovskite Solar Cells using a Perfluorinated Dopant., in ChemSusChem, 9(18), 2708-2714.
Alcohol-Induced C-N Bond Cleavage of Cyclometalated N-Heterocyclic Carbene Ligands with a Methylene-Linked Pendant Imidazolium Ring
Zhong Wei, Fei Zhaofu, Scopelliti Rosario, Dyson Paul J. (2016), Alcohol-Induced C-N Bond Cleavage of Cyclometalated N-Heterocyclic Carbene Ligands with a Methylene-Linked Pendant Imidazolium Ring, in CHEMISTRY-A EUROPEAN JOURNAL, 22(34), 12138-12144.
New Insights Into the Role of Imidazolium-Based Promoters for the Electroreduction of CO2 on a Silver Electrode.
Lau Genevieve P S, Schreier Marcel, Vasilyev Dmitry, Scopelliti Rosario, Grätzel Michael, Dyson Paul J (2016), New Insights Into the Role of Imidazolium-Based Promoters for the Electroreduction of CO2 on a Silver Electrode., in Journal of the American Chemical Society, 138(25), 7820-3.
A Rhodium Nanoparticle-Lewis Acidic Ionic Liquid Catalyst for the Chemoselective Reduction of Heteroarenes
Karakulina Alena, Gopakumar Aswin, Akcok Ismail, Roulier Bastien L., LaGrange Thomas, Katsyuba Sergey A., Das Shoubhik, Dyson Paul J. (2016), A Rhodium Nanoparticle-Lewis Acidic Ionic Liquid Catalyst for the Chemoselective Reduction of Heteroarenes, in ANGEWANDTE CHEMIE-INTERNATIONAL EDITION, 55(1), 292-296.
Robust High-performance Dye-sensitized Solar Cells Based on Ionic Liquid-sulfolane Composite Electrolytes.
Lau Genevieve P S, Décoppet Jean-David, Moehl Thomas, Zakeeruddin Shaik M, Grätzel Michael, Dyson Paul J (2015), Robust High-performance Dye-sensitized Solar Cells Based on Ionic Liquid-sulfolane Composite Electrolytes., in Scientific reports, 5, 18158-18158.
Influence of Elemental Iodine on Imidazolium-Based Ionic Liquids: Solution and Solid-State Effects.
Fei Zhaofu, Bobbink Félix D, Păunescu Emilia, Scopelliti Rosario, Dyson Paul J (2015), Influence of Elemental Iodine on Imidazolium-Based Ionic Liquids: Solution and Solid-State Effects., in Inorganic chemistry, 54(21), 10504-12.
Enhancing the Stability of Porphyrin Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells by Manipulation of Electrolyte Additives
Lau Genevieve P. S., Tsao Hoi Nok, Yi Chenyi, Zakeeruddin Shaik M., Graetzel Michael, Dyson Paul J. (2015), Enhancing the Stability of Porphyrin Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells by Manipulation of Electrolyte Additives, in CHEMSUSCHEM, 8(2), 255-259.
Highly Stable Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells Based on Novel 1,2,3-Triazolium Ionic Liquids
Lau Genevieve P. S., Tsao Hoi Nok, Zakeeruddin Shaik M., Graetzel Michael, Dyson Paul J. (2014), Highly Stable Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells Based on Novel 1,2,3-Triazolium Ionic Liquids, in ACS APPLIED MATERIALS & INTERFACES, 6(16), 13571-13577.

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
The Institute for Technical and Macromolecular Chemistry, RWTH Aachen University Individual talk From Swiss alpine forests to Zika control: the role of green chemistry 07.03.2017 Aachen, Germany Dyson Paul;
University of York Individual talk From Swiss alpine forests to Zika control: the role of green chemistry 25.10.2016 York, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Dyson Paul;
SCS Fall Meeting 2016 Poster Triazolium Ionic Liquids For Electrochemical Reduction of CO2 15.09.2016 Zürich, Switzerland Vasilyev Dmitry;
SCS Fall Meeting 2016 Poster Synthesis and characterization of novel cross-linked ionic polymers and their application for carbon dioxide cycloaddition to epoxides. 15.09.2016 Zurich, Switzerland Van Muyden Antoine Philippe;
18th Hála Lecture Individual talk Enhancing Sustainable Catalytic Processes with Ionic Liquids 08.09.2016 Prag, Czech Republic Dyson Paul;
International Summer School on CO2 Conversion Talk given at a conference Ionic liquids: properties and applications in CO2 capture and valorisation 29.08.2016 Villars-sur-Ollon, Switzerland Dyson Paul;
21st International Congress of Chemical and Process Engineering CHISA Talk given at a conference Engineering the environment of dispersed nanoparticle catalysts for enhanced activities at a molecular level 22.04.2016 Zurich, Switzerland Dyson Paul;
Process Intensification Individual talk Designing ionic liquids for specific applications 08.09.2015 Hightech Zentrum Aargau, Switzerland Dyson Paul;
SCS Fall Metting 2015 Poster Screening of Lewis Acidic Chlorometallate Ionic Liquids Combined with Nanoparticle Catalysts for Aromatic Hydrogenation Activity 04.09.2015 Lausanne, Switzerland Karakulina Alena;
31st PSI Electrochemical Symposium “Electrochemical Energy Storage: A Key for Future Energy Systems” Poster Ionic Liquid-Mediated Electrochemical Reduction of CO2 05.05.2015 Villigen, Switzerland Lau Pui Shan Genevieve;
2015 Materials Research Society Spring Meeting Poster Novel Ionic Liquids for the Electrochemical Reduction of CO2 06.04.2015 San Francisco, United States of America Lau Pui Shan Genevieve;
ETH Zurich Individual talk Enhancing catalysis using ionic liquids 07.03.2015 Zurich, Switzerland Dyson Paul;
Hydropole meeting, University of Bern Individual talk Enhancing catalysis using ionic liquids 26.02.2015 Bern, Switzerland Dyson Paul;
SCCER heat and electricity storage Talk given at a conference Catalytic and electrocatalytic CO2 reduction: the genesis of working group 4 in the SCCER heat and electricity storage 05.11.2014 PSI Villigen, Switzerland Dyson Paul;
Screen School 2014 SUSTAINABLE CHEMISTRY & CHEMICAL ENGINEERING Talk given at a conference Ionic liquids: properties and applications 22.10.2014 Anglet, France Dyson Paul;
SCS Fall Meeting 2014 Poster Hydrogenation of Arenes by Metal Nanoparticles Combined with Lewis Acidic Ionic Liquids 11.09.2014 Zurich, Switzerland Karakulina Alena;
5th EuCheMs Chemistry Congress Poster Novel 1,2,3-Triazolium Ionic Liquids for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells 31.08.2014 Istanbul, Turkey Lau Pui Shan Genevieve;
21st International Congress of Chemical and Process Engineering CHISA Talk given at a conference Engineering the environment of dispersed nanoparticle catalysts for enhanced activities at a molecular level 26.08.2014 Prague, Czech Republic Dyson Paul;
Université de Strasbourg Individual talk Are ionic liquids good solvents for catalysis 06.06.2014 Strasbourg, France Dyson Paul;


Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
172523 Development of sustainable catalytic processes enhanced by ionic liquids 01.04.2017 Project funding
172523 Development of sustainable catalytic processes enhanced by ionic liquids 01.04.2017 Project funding
134687 Functionalised ionic liquids for catalysis and other applications 01.04.2011 Project funding

Abstract

In this project we intend to develop new ionic liquids (ILs) with polymerizable units and convert these ILs into polymeric ionic liquids (PILs). The physical and chemical properties of these new materials will be studied and relevant PILs will be evaluated in various applications. The main objectives of the project are to:1. Prepare a series of ILs with vinyl and styrene groups tethered to the cations and/or the anions which can be used as monomers for synthesis of PILs. 2. Prepare a series of PILs with specific groups such as hydroxyl (-OH), acidic (-SO3H) or fluorous (-CH2CH2C4F9) groups. The structural features and physical properties of the PILs will be studied using a range of techniques. 3. Study the applications of the resulting PILs in various areas including, absorption of small molecules (membranes), as catalysts, as nanoparticle stabilizers (and subsequently in nanocatalysis), and as gas carriers or fluorination agents.4. In collaboration, evaluate the PILs as components in dye-sensitized solar cells and in fuel cells. This work is exploratory and fundamental in nature although we anticipate that some of the new PIL materials discovered may have highly useful properties.
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