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4D-DIAGENESIS@MOUND: Understanding the temporal and spatial variability of early diagenesis in carbonate mounds

English title 4D-DIAGENESIS@MOUND: Understanding the temporal and spatial variability of early diagenesis in carbonate mounds
Applicant Foubert Anneleen
Number 149247
Funding scheme Project funding
Research institution Département des Géosciences Université de Fribourg
Institution of higher education University of Fribourg - FR
Main discipline Geology
Start/End 01.01.2014 - 31.08.2018
Approved amount 481'815.00
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All Disciplines (3)

Discipline
Geology
Other disciplines of Earth Sciences
Geochemistry

Keywords (5)

Carbonate Sedimentology; Carbonate Mounds; Cold-water corals; Diagenesis; Biogeochemistry

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Carbonate Mounds agieren als biogeochemische Reaktoren und sind Hotspot Zonen für frühdiagenetische Prozesse. Allein die Studie ihres Verhaltens in zeitlicher und räumlicher Variabilität kann die Wichtigkeit diagenetischer Prozesse und der assoziierten petro-physikalischen Veränderung im geologischen Mound-Rekord enthüllen.
Lay summary

Carbonate Mounds sind wichtige, bislang unterschätzte Karbonatproduzenten am mittleren bis tieferen Kontinentalhang. Die primäre Architektur dieser Carbonate Mounds besteht aus Kaltwasserkorallenskeletten eingebettet in hemipelagischer Sedimentmatrix. Jedoch überprägen die Aragonitlösung und die Ausfällung von stabilen, sekundären Mineralphasen das primäre Umweltsignal. Des weiteren sind die räumlichen und zeitlichen Veränderungen der Frühdiagenese sowie die biogeochemischen Prozesse, die den finalen, petro-physikalischen Charakter der Carbonate Mounds ihre endgültige Form geben, bislang nicht vollständig verstanden. Dieses Verständnis der Funktionsweise der Carbonate Mounds als biogeochemische Reaktoren ist nötig, um eine verlässliche Prognose potentieller, spätdiagenetischer Prozesse machen zu können, aber auch um fossile Mud Mound Systeme besser zu erfassen.

Das Projekt 4D-DIAGENESIS@MOUND möchte die zeitliche und räumliche Variabilität der (mikrobiell-herbeigeführten) Frühdiagenese in Sedimenten der Carbonate Mounds, die von einer flachen SMTZ beeinflusst sind, verstehen. Um dieses Ziel zu erreichen, sollen folgende Punkte umgesetzt werden: 1) Charakterisierung und Quantifizierung der (mikrobiell-herbeigeführten) Frühdiagenese in Sedimentkernen von Kaltwasserkorallen-Mounds sowie der einhergehenden, petro-physikalischen Modifizierung zum Verständnis der räumlichen Veränderung der Mound-Diagenese, und 2) Durchführung von in-vitro fluid flow Laborexperimenten an ausgewählten Kernsektionen zur Identifizierung diagenetischer Veränderungen in Carbonate Mound Sedimenten über die Zeit.

Vor dem Hintergrund einer großen Vielfalt an Untersuchungen, wurden Carbonate Mounds vom Pen Duick Escarpment im Golf von Cadiz vor Marokko und vom Melilla Mound Field in der Alboran See ausgewählt, um den Einfluss der Diagenese und potentiell einhergehender petro-physikalischer Veränderungen durch Zeit und Raum zu verstehen.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 18.12.2013

Lay Summary (English)

Lead
Carbonate mounds act as real biogeochemical reactors and are hotspot zones of early diagenetic processes. Only the study of their temporal and spatial variability behaviour will help to unveil the real importance of diagenetic processes and associated petrophysical alteration in the ancient geological mound record. Especially in carbonate mound sediments influenced by a shallow sulfate-methane transition zone, complex biogeochemical interactions have been never monitored and quantified.
Lay summary

Carbonate mounds are important, yet often underestimated, carbonate factories in mid- to deeper slope environments. The primary (palaeo)-environmental architecture of such carbonate mounds, composed of cold-water corals embedded in hemipelagic matrix sediments, is well-characterized. However, despite proven evidences of aragonite dissolution and the precipitation of secondary solid mineral phases overprinting the primary environmental record, the spatial and temporal variability of early diagenetic and biogeochemical processes shaping the final nature and petrophysical character of mounds is until now not yet fully understood. Understanding the functioning of a carbonate mound as biogeochemical reactor, triggering early diagenetic processes in space and through time is necessary (vital) for the reliable prediction of potential late diagenetic processes and the better understanding of ancient mud mound systems.

The project 4D-DIAGENESIS@MOUND aims to study and understand the temporal and spatial variability of (microbial-mediated) early diagenesis in carbonate mound sediments influenced by a shallow SMTZ. To reach this goal, the following objectives are put forward: (1) Characterize and quantify (microbially-mediated) diagenesis on core transects in cold-water coral mounds, as well as their associated petrophysical modification, to understand the spatial variation of mound diagenesis, and (2) Perform in-vitro fluid flow experiments in the lab on specific core sections to identify and understand diagenetic changes in carbonate mound sediments through time.

Against the background of a wide variety of studies, carbonate mounds on the Pen Duick Escarpment in the Gulf of Cadiz at the Moroccan margin and the Melilla Mound field in the Alboran Sea has been selected to study the impact of diagenesis and potential associated petrophysical changes through time and space.


Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 18.12.2013

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Cold-water corals and mud volcanoes – life on a dynamic substrate.
Rueggeberg Andres, Foubert Anneleen (2019), Cold-water corals and mud volcanoes – life on a dynamic substrate., in Jimenez Carlos, Orejas Covadonga (ed.), Springer, Springer International Publishing.
Benthic foraminifera in a deep-sea high-energy environment: the Moira Mounds (Porcupine Seabight, SW of Ireland)
Fentimen Robin, Rüggeberg Andres, Lim Aaron, Kateb Akram El, Foubert Anneleen, Wheeler Andrew J., Spezzaferri Silvia (2018), Benthic foraminifera in a deep-sea high-energy environment: the Moira Mounds (Porcupine Seabight, SW of Ireland), in Swiss Journal of Geosciences, 111(3), 561-572.
Mechanisms of biogenic gas migration revealed by seep carbonate paragenesis, Panoche Hills, California
Blouet Jean-Philippe, Imbert Patrice, Foubert Anneleen (2017), Mechanisms of biogenic gas migration revealed by seep carbonate paragenesis, Panoche Hills, California, in AAPG Bulletin, 101(08), 1309-1340.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Dr. I. Hajdas/ETH Zürich, Switzerland Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Prof. Dr. F. Anselmetti/University of Bern, Switzerland Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Dr. Andres Rüggeberg/GEOMAR, Kiel, Germany - Ghent University, Belgium Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Dr. L. Wehrmann/University of California, UC Riverside, US United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Prof. Dr. D. Van Rooij/Renard Centre of Marine Geology, Ghent University, Gent, Belgium Belgium (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Prof. Dr. R. Swennen/Research Group Sedimentology, KU Leuven, Belgium Leuven Belgium (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
Prof. Dr. J. Peckmann/Dr. D. Birgel, University of Hamburg, Germany Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
SICHH Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Research Infrastructure
COCARDE Network Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Exchange of personnel
Prof. Dr. N. Frank, University of Heidelberg Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Prof. Dr. B. Grobety/Research Group Mineralogy, University of Fribourg, Switzerland Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
20th International Sedimentological Congress Poster Growth history of cold-water coral carbonate build-ups at Brittlestar ridge I, Melilla mound field, eastern Alboran Sea 13.08.2018 Quebec City, Canada Feenstra Eline Juliette; Foubert Anneleen; Jaramillo-Vogel David;
FORAMS 2018 Talk given at a conference Foraminiferal multi-species stable isotopes for palaeo-water mass reconstruction in the western Mediterranean Sea 22.06.2018 Edinburgh, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Spezzaferri Silvia; Foubert Anneleen;
FORAMS 2018 Poster Comparison between living and dead benthic foraminiferal assemblages in a cold-water coral environment: the Moira Mounds (North-east Atlantic) 22.06.2018 Edinburgh, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Foubert Anneleen; Spezzaferri Silvia;
EGU Meeting 2018 Talk given at a conference The hidden message of early diagenesis in cold-water coral carbonate mounds 08.04.2018 Vienna, Austria Foubert Anneleen; Feenstra Eline Juliette;
EGU Meeting 2018 Poster Paleo-environmental reconstruction of the cold-water coral Melilla Mounds (Eastern Alboran Sea) 08.04.2018 Vienna, Austria Feenstra Eline Juliette; Spezzaferri Silvia; Foubert Anneleen;
26th SwissSed Meeting Poster Paleoenvironmental reconstruction of cold‐water coral Melilla Mounds (Eastern Alboran Sea) 24.02.2018 Fribourg, Switzerland Feenstra Eline Juliette; Foubert Anneleen;
33rd IAS Meeting 2017 Poster Insights in the spatial and temporal heterogeneity of biofilm lithification through multi-scaled X-ray CT 10.10.2017 Toulouse, France Jaramillo-Vogel David; Feenstra Eline Juliette; Foubert Anneleen;
33rd IAS Meeting Poster Lipid biomarker data reveal paleo-dynamics of methane flux in Recent CWC carbonate mound sediments 10.10.2017 Paris, France Jaramillo-Vogel David; Foubert Anneleen; Feenstra Eline Juliette;
Goldschmidt Conference 2017 Talk given at a conference Foraminiferal multi-species stable isotope plots for paleo-water mass reconstruction: examples from the Gulf of Cadiz and Alboran Sea 13.08.2017 Paris, France Foubert Anneleen;
Goldschmidt Conference 2017 Talk given at a conference Carbonate matrix formation resulting from nitrogen remineralization and enzyme activity 13.08.2017 Paris, France Foubert Anneleen;
Micropaleontological Society Meeting 2017 Talk given at a conference Recent benthic foraminiferal assemblages from a specific Cold-water coral environment: the Moira Mounds 19.06.2017 Birmingham, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Foubert Anneleen; Spezzaferri Silvia;
Lyell Meeting, Geological Society - Sticking Together: Microbes and their role in Sediments Talk given at a conference Insights in the spatial and temporal heterogeneity of microbial and early diagenetic lithification 07.03.2017 London, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Foubert Anneleen; Jaramillo-Vogel David;
25th SwissSed Meeting Talk given at a conference Early diagenesis of CWC carbonate mounds in the Gulf of Cadiz: the interplay between methane seepage and bottom water hydrodynamics 25.02.2017 Fribourg, Switzerland Foubert Anneleen; Feenstra Eline Juliette;
25th SwissSed Meeting Poster cold-water corals and mud volcanoes in the Mediterranean Sea – accidental life on a dynamic substrate 25.02.2017 Fribourg, Switzerland Foubert Anneleen;
25th SwissSed Meeting Poster Paleo-environmental characterisation of cold-water coral carbonate mounds (Melilla Mound Field, Alboran Sea) 25.02.2017 Fribourg, Switzerland Feenstra Eline Juliette; Foubert Anneleen;
14th Swiss Geosciences Meeting 2016 Poster Paleo-environmental characterization of cold-water coral carbonate mounds (Melilla Mound Field, Alboran Sea) 19.11.2016 Geneva, Switzerland Feenstra Eline Juliette; Foubert Anneleen;
Goldschmidt conference 2016 Talk given at a conference In-vitro simulation of AOM mediated diagenesis in cold-water coral carbonate mounds 26.06.2016 Yokohama, Japan Foubert Anneleen; Feenstra Eline Juliette;
24th SwissSed Meeting Poster In-vitro simulation of AOM mediated diagenesis in cold-water coral carbonate mounds 27.02.2016 Fribourg, Switzerland Foubert Anneleen; Feenstra Eline Juliette;
1st International Carbonate Mound Conference Poster Of mounds and water masses – oceanic controls on carbonate mound settings along the NE Atlantic margin 01.11.2015 Monte Verita, Ticino, Switzerland Foubert Anneleen;
1st International Carbonate Mound Conference Talk given at a conference Temporal and spatial variability of the SMTZ in cold-water carbonate mounds in the Gulf of Cadiz, Morocco 01.11.2015 Monte Verita, Ticino, Switzerland Feenstra Eline Juliette; Foubert Anneleen; Jaramillo-Vogel David;
1st International Carbonate Mound Conference Talk given at a conference Origin and significance of carbonate mounds from the Callovian of the Vocontian basin (SE France) : Bioconstruction or seep carbonates ? 01.11.2015 Monte Verita, Ticino, Switzerland Foubert Anneleen;
1st International Carbonate Mound Conference Poster The functional role of early diagenesis in carbonate mounds: from observation to experimentation 01.11.2015 Monte Verita, Ticino, Switzerland Foubert Anneleen; Feenstra Eline Juliette;
Goldschmidt Conference 2015 Poster Understanding the temporal and spatial variability of early diagenesis in carbonate mounds 16.08.2015 Prague, Czech Republic Foubert Anneleen; Feenstra Eline Juliette; Jaramillo-Vogel David;
RCMNS Interim Colloquium 2015 – Mediterranean-Atlantic Gateways (Neogene to present) Talk given at a conference Understanding the temporal and spatial variability of early diagenesis in cold-water coral carbonate mounds 05.05.2015 Rabat, Morocco Foubert Anneleen; Feenstra Eline Juliette; Jaramillo-Vogel David;
23rd SwissSed Meeting 2015 Poster Understanding the temporal and spatial variability of early diagenesis in cold-water coral carbonate mounds 28.02.2015 Fribourg, Switzerland Foubert Anneleen; Feenstra Eline Juliette; Jaramillo-Vogel David;
19th International Sedimentological Congress Poster 4D-DIAGENESIS@MOUND: Understanding the temporal and spatial variability of early diagenesis in carbonate mounds 18.08.2014 Geneva, Switzerland Foubert Anneleen; Jaramillo-Vogel David; Feenstra Eline Juliette;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
1st International Carbonate Mound Conference 01.11.2015 Monte Verita, Ticino, Switzerland, Switzerland

Knowledge transfer events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Date Place Persons involved
Women In Sciences - Diving in the Deep Blue Performances, exhibitions (e.g. for education institutions) 15.03.2016 Fribourg, Switzerland Feenstra Eline Juliette; Foubert Anneleen;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
Printing micro-organisms from the deep ocean for educative purpose 01.01.2019 Fribourg, Switzerland

Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Media relations: print media, online media Micro-organisms Art and Print Project 3D-printed models of micro-organisms International 2019
Talks/events/exhibitions EXPLORA Day German-speaking Switzerland Western Switzerland 2018
Talks/events/exhibitions Women In Science Days Western Switzerland German-speaking Switzerland 2018
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Blog Carbonate Sedimentology Lab blog International 2016
Talks/events/exhibitions Diving at the end of the world International 2016
Talks/events/exhibitions Exhibition on Life in the Ocean (Vincent Mock) International 2016
Talks/events/exhibitions Marine Geology for Kids Western Switzerland 2016

Awards

Title Year
Conference grant awarded by the ERN - COCARDE for the participation of young scientists to the international sedimentological congress in Geneva (2014) 2014

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
150731 Laboratory multi-scale nano-CT scanner for 3D visualization and 4D experimentation in Earth and Material Sciences 01.05.2014 R'EQUIP
169911 Swiss membership in the International Scientific Continental Drilling Program ICDP 01.01.2017 Research Infrastructure
131829 Foraminifera from cold-water coral ecosystems: The Mediterranean connections 01.04.2011 Project funding
175587 Unconventional carbonate factories in the Eastern Mediterranean: cold water coral ecosystems and seeps 01.04.2018 Project funding
153125 Faunal assemblages from active, declining and buried cold-water coral ecosystems. 01.04.2014 Project funding
164032 CLUMPING LAUSANNE: A REQUEST FOR A REGIONAL FACILITY TO MEASURE CLUMPING IN CARBONATES 01.01.2016 R'EQUIP
182090 Swiss membership in the International Scientific Continental Drilling Program ICDP 01.01.2019 Research Infrastructure
166180 PaleoMOUNDBase: towards a new COST Action to fill the gap in understanding carbonate mound dynamics 01.01.2016 International Exploratory Workshops
154810 QuantiCarb@Spring - processes and quantification of CaCO3 fabric-specific layering at hot springs and its environmental implications 01.07.2015 Ambizione

Abstract

The 4D-DIAGENESIS@MOUND project aims to decipher the temporal and spatial variability of diagenesis in carbonate mounds influenced by a shallow sulphate-methane transition zone (SMTZ). In first instance the spatial variation will be deciphered through the detailed study of gravity cores taken along a core transect on one specific carbonate mound on Pen Duick Escarpment in the Gulf of Cadiz. Additional core sections on the top of carbonate mounds in the Melilla Mound Field in the Alboran Sea will be targeted for the quantification of diagenetic imprints (especially coral dissolution and authigenic microbial-induced carbonate precipitation). The cores will become available within the framework of the EuroFLEETS campaign ‘The Mediterranean-Atlantic Gateway Code: The Late Pleistocene Carbonate Mound Record’ which will take place in June 2013 aboard the R/V Marion Dufresne. During a second phase of the project, carbonate mound sediments will be brought within a bioreactor to monitor dissolution and precipitation of mineral phases through time under constrained lab-conditions. Special attention will be paid to the development of an in-house bioreactor simulating the environment wherein carbonate mound systems thrive, as well as to the 3D visualization of the diagenetic phases within mound sediments by means of multi-scaled nanotomography.
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