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Selbst- und Persönlichkeitsentwicklung der Adoleszenz in langfristiger Perspektive

English title Adolescent self and personality development: Long-term risks and life outcomes
Applicant Grünenfelder-Steiger Andrea Edith
Number 148980
Funding scheme Doc.CH
Research institution Psychologisches Institut Universität Zürich
Institution of higher education University of Zurich - ZH
Main discipline Psychology
Start/End 01.10.2013 - 31.12.2014
Approved amount 125'370.00
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Keywords (5)

life outcomes; adolescence; personality; development; self

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Die Jugend ist eine Lebensphase des Wandels. Neben inneren Prozessen wie starkem Wachstum und Hormonveränderungen, lösen sich Jugendliche zunehmend vom Elternhaus ab, werden selbständiger und gehen neue Beziehungen ein. Damit findet ein Prozess des Identitätsaufbaus statt. Bislang gibt es aber kaum Studien darüber, welche langfristigen Folgen ein mehr oder weniger erfolgreicher Entwicklungsprozess in der Jugend auf die spätere Lebensbewältigung im Erwachsenenalter hat.
Lay summary

Inhalt und Ziel des Forschungsprojektes

Wie Jugendliche altersspezifische Herausforderungen bewältigen und wie sie am Ende dieses Entwicklungsprozesses zu sich selbst stehen, stand im Zentrum dieses Forschungsprojektes. Von besonderem Interesse sind die Konsequenzen dieses Prozesses: Wie bedeutsam ist die Lebensphase Jugend für das Erwachsenenalter? Werden hier Weichen für den späteren Lebensverlauf gestellt? Anhand eines grossen Datensatzes von 1350 Personen, welche vom 12. bis ins 45. Lebensjahr begleitet wurden, und 580 derer Kinder, werden Lebensverläufe nachzuzeichnen versucht. Fragen der Konsequenzen der jugendlichen Persönlichkeitsentwicklung werden ebenso untersucht wie die Prädiktoren der Entwicklung in der Jugend. Schliesslich wird der Frage nachgegangen, ob Eltern gewisse Persönlichkeitsmuster auf ihre Kinder übertragen.

Wissenschaftlicher und gesellschaftlicher Kontext

Das Projekt untersucht mittels einmaliger Daten von zwei Generationen und über 33 Jahre hinweg die Persönlichkeitsentwicklung in der Jugend und dessen Konsequenzen. Damit leistet es einen wichtigen Beitrag zum besseren Verständnis der menschlichen Entwicklung von der Adoleszenz bis ins mittlere Erwachsenenalter.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 06.06.2015

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Low and decreasing self-esteem during adolescence predict adult depression two decades later
Steiger Andrea E., Allemand Mathias, Robins Richard W., Fend Helmut A. (2014), Low and decreasing self-esteem during adolescence predict adult depression two decades later, in Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 106, 325-338.
Do Parents Foster Self-Esteem? Testing the Prospective Impact of Parent Closeness on Adolescent Self-Esteem
Harris Michelle A., et al., Grünenfelder-Steiger Andrea E., Ferrer Emilio, Donnellan M. Brent, Allemand Mathias, Fend Helmut A., Conger Rand D., Trzesniewski Kali H., Do Parents Foster Self-Esteem? Testing the Prospective Impact of Parent Closeness on Adolescent Self-Esteem, in Child Development.
Empathy Development in Adolescence Predicts Social Competencies in Adulthood
Allemand Mathias, Steiger Andrea E., Fend Helmut A., Empathy Development in Adolescence Predicts Social Competencies in Adulthood, in Journal of Personality, 1.
Testing the vulnerability and scar models of self-esteem and depressive symptoms from adolescence to middle adulthood and across generations
Steiger Andrea E., Fend Helmut A., Allemand Mathias, Testing the vulnerability and scar models of self-esteem and depressive symptoms from adolescence to middle adulthood and across generations, in Developmental Psychology.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
University of Teacher Education (PHSG) Switzerland (Europe)
- Publication
University of California, Davis United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Universität Potsdam Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Universität Konstanz Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
European Conference on Personality Talk given at a conference The Impact of Change in Self-Esteem on Depression from Adolescence to Middle Adulthood 15.07.2014 Lausanne, Switzerland Grünenfelder-Steiger Andrea Edith;
26th Annual APS Convention. Association for Psychological Science Poster Longitudinal Associations of Self-Esteem and Depression Across Two Generations 20.05.2014 San Francisco, United States of America Grünenfelder-Steiger Andrea Edith;
Youth and Young Adulthood: Transitions in the 2nd and 3rd Decade of Life Talk given at a conference Level and change in adolescent achievement motivation as predictors of job motivation in adulthood 28.10.2013 Basel, Switzerland Grünenfelder-Steiger Andrea Edith;


Abstract

Adolescence is a sensitive time frame during which individuals have to cope with numerous social, physical and psychological changes. For the adolescent, this period of dramatic challenge requires adjustment to changes in the self, in the family and in the peer group. It is thus assumed that during adolescence the self and personality are especially malleable. Hence, adolescence is a period of the lifespan that offers a unique window into developmental processes that may have long-term consequences for the individual well beyond the adolescent years. Although a great number of studies have investigated life consequences of individual’s level in the self and personality, almost no long-term research exists on the consequences of adolescent self and personality change/development. However, because adolescence is theoretically conceptualized as a transitional time period in which an enormous amount of change has to be processed, examining adolescent development and interindividual differences in the intraindividual development as predictors of long-term life outcomes is especially crucial. Furthermore, not only have developmental aspects of the self and personality largely been under-investigated but most longitudinal studies also only cover a short time period. Hence, further longitudinal analysis has to be conducted on consequences of the self and personality development over decades rather than years, namely across different age groups (adolescence, early and middle adulthood) and different generations (main cohort: 45 years, children: 12-17 years). Therefore, my research aims at extending the knowledge of adolescent development and its long-term consequences over three decades and at investigating transmission effects from one generation to the next within self and personality development. In line with these goals, unique features of the planned PhD thesis will be the consideration of change as a predictor of life outcomes, the long time span (over three decades) as well as the intergenerational approach to my analysis. To pursue my research goals I will use the existing data set of the LifE-study (Pathways from late childhood to middle adulthood ). This project was initiated in 1979 with well over 2,000 German pupils by Prof. Dr. Dr. h. c. Helmut Fend with a seventh assessment wave completed in 2012 during which I was part of the project team. The LifE-study is a 33-year longitudinal study covering sociological, psychological and educational topics in an interdisciplinary approach and offers a unique chance to study interindividual and intraindividual development across the lifespan.
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