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Co-Development in Personality II: Longitudinal Approaches to Personality Development in Close Inter- and Intragenerational Relationships Across the Life Span

English title Co-Development in Personality II: Longitudinal Approaches to Personality Development in Close Inter- and Intragenerational Relationships Across the Life Span
Applicant Grob Alexander
Number 147614
Funding scheme Sinergia
Research institution Fakultät für Psychologie Universität Basel
Institution of higher education University of Basel - BS
Main discipline Psychology
Start/End 01.09.2013 - 31.08.2014
Approved amount 256'564.00
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Keywords (7)

Intragenerational Development ; Life Span; Personality Development ; Longitudinal Study; Archival Data; Intergenerational Development ; Dyad

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Ko-Entwicklung der Persönlichkeit
Lay summary

Menschen stehen in verschiedenen Lebensphasen immer neuen Entwicklungsaufgaben gegenüber. Ein erfolgreiches Meistern von Entwicklungsaufgaben stabilisiert die Persönlichkeit. Zudem geht man heute landläufig davon aus, dass der Mensch Entwicklungsaufgaben eigenverantwortlich löst. Das Individuum ist so mehr denn je aktiver Gestalter seines Glücks. Diese Annahmen der Lebensspannenpsychologie werden auf Perspektiven der Persönlichkeitspsychologie bezogen, die von einer biologischen Basis mit zunehmendem Einfluss des Individuums auf die Persönlichkeitsentwicklung ausgehen.

Der empirische Teil des Sinergia-Projektes fokussiert auf der Frage, wie die individuelle Persönlichkeitsentwicklung mit dem Verlauf von engen intra- und intergenerationalen Beziehungen zusammenhängt. Dazu wird eine Längsschnittstudie mit Teilnehmern aus Drei-Generationen-Familien durchgeführt. Generation 3 setzt sich aus jungen Erwachsenen, deren Geschwistern und feste PartnerInnen zusammen. In Generation 2 sind deren Eltern und in Generation 1 die Grosseltern mit eingeschlossen. Darüber hinaus werden vorhandene nationale und internationale Datensätze zur Beantwortung der Fragestellungen analysiert.


Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 20.08.2013

Lay Summary (English)

Lead
Co-Development in Personality
Lay summary

Human development can be understood as the interaction between biological, socio-historical, and social conditions and individual developmental actions. Successful mastery of the different tasks in biological, societal, and interpersonal domains that people encounter in different life stages leads to maturity and stability of personality on the one hand, but is also dependent of one’s own personality on the other hand. It is especially young adulthood that is not only characterized as a period where important developmental tasks are accomplished (transition to work life, marriage, transition to parenthood), but also as a decisive period for personality development. Furthermore, in post-modern societies individuals can and must responsibly control their own life course and sense of well-being. From this perspective, human beings become more than ever architects of their fortune.

The project investigates how this general premise is linked to current perspectives of personality development, in particular to those that assume a biological basis with an increasing impact of individual actions on personality development across the life span. More specifically, we will study how individual personality development is related to the development of a dyadic partner in inter- and intra-generational relationships. For this purpose the project generates a three-generational multisite multidisciplinary longitudinal data pool covering young adults, their partner, sibling, parents, and grandparents. Moreover, existing international, representative, large scale panel studies that contain data on more than one generation and/or intra-generational dyads are used for secondary analyses on the major research questions. This project structure is able to provide answers to the overarching question whether, to which degree, and by which processes personality development is dependent on dyadic relationships along the life span from an intra- and inter-generational perspective.


Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 20.08.2013

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Discrepancy in personality perceptions is related to relationship satisfaction: Findings from dyadic latent discrepancy analyses
Schaffhuser Kathrin, Allemand Mathias, Werner Christina, Martin Mike (2016), Discrepancy in personality perceptions is related to relationship satisfaction: Findings from dyadic latent discrepancy analyses, in Journal of Personality, 84(5), 658-670.
Long-term correlated change between personality traits and perceived social support in middle adulthood
Allemand Mathias, Schaffhuser Kathrin, Martin Mike (2015), Long-term correlated change between personality traits and perceived social support in middle adulthood, in Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 41(3), 420-432.
Development of self-esteem and relationship satisfaction in couples: Two longitudinal studies.
Erol Ruth Yasemin, Orth Ulrich (2014), Development of self-esteem and relationship satisfaction in couples: Two longitudinal studies., in Developmental Psychology, 50(9), 2291-2303.
Dyadic longitudinal interplay between neuroticism, self-esteem and relationship satisfaction
Schaffhuser Kathrin, Wagner Jenny, Lüdtke Oliver, Allemand Mathias (2014), Dyadic longitudinal interplay between neuroticism, self-esteem and relationship satisfaction, in Journal of Research in Personality, 53, 124-133.
Personality perceptions and relationship satisfaction in couples
Furler Katrin, Gomez Veronica, Grob Alexander (2014), Personality perceptions and relationship satisfaction in couples, in JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN PERSONALITY, 50, 33-41.
Personality traits and relationship satisfaction in intimate couples: Three perspectives on personality
Schaffhuser Kathrin, Allemand Mathias, Martin Mike (2014), Personality traits and relationship satisfaction in intimate couples: Three perspectives on personality, in European Journal of Personality, 28(2), 120-133.
Personality similarity and life satisfaction in couples
Furler Katrin, Gomez Veronica, Grob Alexander (2013), Personality similarity and life satisfaction in couples, in Journal of Research in Personality, 47(4), 369-375.
Personality traits and relationship satisfaction in intimate couples: Three perspectives on personality
Schaffhuser Kathrin, Allemand Mathias, Martín Mike J. (2013), Personality traits and relationship satisfaction in intimate couples: Three perspectives on personality, in European Journal of Personality, 28(2), 120-133.
Stability of personality traits in adulthood: Mechanisms and implications
Allemand Mathias, Steiger Andrea, Hill Patrick (2013), Stability of personality traits in adulthood: Mechanisms and implications, in GeroPsych: The Journal of Gerontopsychology and Geriatric Psychiatry, 23(1), 5-13.
Stability of personality traits in adulthood: Mechanisms and Implications
Allemand Mathias, Steiger Andrea E., Hill Patrick L. (2013), Stability of personality traits in adulthood: Mechanisms and Implications, in GeroPsych: The Journal of Gerontopsychology and Geriatric Psychiatry, 26(1), 5-13.
The adaptive power of the present: Perceptions of past, present, and future life satisfaction across the life span
Gomez Veronica, Grob Alexander, Orth Ulrich (2013), The adaptive power of the present: Perceptions of past, present, and future life satisfaction across the life span, in Journal of Research in Personality, 47(5), 626-633.
Big Five traits and relationship satisfaction: The mediating role of self-esteem
Weidmann Rebekka, Ledermann Thomas, Grob Alexander, Big Five traits and relationship satisfaction: The mediating role of self-esteem, in Journal of Research in Personality.

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
4th Biennial Conference of the Association for Research in Personality Poster The Well-Being of Romantic Partners is Interdependent: Five Longitudinal Studies 11.06.2015 St Louis, Missouri, United States of America Erol Ruth Yasemin; Grob Alexander; Orth Ulrich;
17th European Conference on Personality Talk given at a conference The well-being of couples is interdependent: Five longitudinal studies 15.07.2014 Lausanne, Switzerland Erol Ruth Yasemin; Grob Alexander; Orth Ulrich;
17th European Conference on Personality Individual talk Co-development in personality in close relationships across the life-span 15.07.2014 Lausanne, Switzerland Grob Alexander;
17th European Conference on Personality Poster Longitudinal effects of positive illusions and relationship satisfaction in couples 15.07.2014 Lausanne, Switzerland Grob Alexander; Furler Katrin;
17th European Conference on Personality Talk given at a conference Transactions between Personality Traits, Relationship Satisfaction, and Relationship Climate: A Focus on Neuroticism and Self-Esteem 15.07.2014 Lausanne, Switzerland Schaffhuser Kathrin;
17th European Conference on Personality Poster A dyadic examination of the mediating role of self-esteem in the association between the Big Five traits and relationship satisfaction in couples 15.07.2014 Lausanne, Switzerland Grob Alexander;
17th European Conference of Personality Talk given at a conference Work and family goal importance and well-being in couples: What makes him happy, makes her happy? 15.07.2014 Lausanne, Switzerland Steiner Rebekka; Krings Franciska;
European Association of Social Psychology (EASP) Talk given at a conference Think of the children, honey. Effects of parents’ traditional gender-role attitudes on working mothers’ work-to-family conflict 09.07.2014 Amsterdam, Netherlands Krings Franciska; Steiner Rebekka;
26th Annual Convention of the Association for Psychological Science Talk given at a conference The mediating role of self-esteem in the association between big five traits and relationship satisfaction in couples 22.05.2014 San Francisco, United States of America Grob Alexander;
26th Annual Convention of the Association for Psychological Science Talk given at a conference Development of self-esteem and relationship satisfaction in couples: Two longitudinal studies 22.05.2014 San Francisco, United States of America Orth Ulrich; Erol Ruth Yasemin;
Small Group Meeting of the European Association of Work and Organizational Psychology Individual talk Work and family goal importance and well-being in couples: What makes him happy, makes her happy? 09.10.2013 Frakfurt, Germany Krings Franciska; Steiner Rebekka;
12. Arbeitstagung der Fachgruppe Differentielle Psychologie, Persönlichkeitspsychologie und Psychologische Diagnostik (DPPD) Talk given at a conference Wechselspiel zwischen Persönlichkeit und Beziehungszufriedenheit: Ein Fokus auf Neurotizismus und Selbstwert 23.09.2013 Greifswald, Germany Schaffhuser Kathrin;
13th Congress of the Swiss Psychological Society Talk given at a conference Self-esteem and relationship satisfaction: The mediating role of perceived regard and perception of partner 11.09.2013 Basel, Switzerland Grob Alexander;
13th Congress of the Swiss Psychological Society Poster Work and family goal importance and well-being in couples: What makes him happy, makes her happy? 11.09.2013 Basel, Switzerland Steiner Rebekka; Krings Franciska;
13th Congress of the Swiss Psychological Society Poster Personality perception and relationship satisfaction in couples 11.09.2013 Basel, Switzerland Furler Katrin; Grob Alexander;
13th Congress of the Swiss Psychological Society Talk given at a conference Development of self-esteem and relationship satisfaction in couples: Two longitudinal studies 11.09.2013 Basel, Switzerland Erol Ruth Yasemin; Orth Ulrich;
13th Congress of the Swiss Psychological Society Poster Narrating the Past: A Life Story Approach to Negative Life Experiences, Personal Growth, and Social Relationships in Young and Middle Adulthood 11.09.2013 Basel, Switzerland Grob Alexander;


Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
130432 Co-Development in Personality: Longitudinal Approaches to Personality Development in Dyads across the Life Span 01.04.2010 Sinergia
120625 Personality Development in Middle Adulthood: A Longitudinal Individual Differences Perspective 01.11.2008 Project funding (Div. I-III)
47766 Selbstverwirklichung als postmoderne Entwicklungsaufgabe: Konsequenzen für Lebenslauf und Lebensentwurf 01.03.1997 Swiss Priority Programmes (SPPs)

Abstract

We investigate how individual personality development is related to the development of a close dyadic partner in inter- and intragenerational relationships across the life span. The project is unique in combining multiple longitudinal perspectives on intra- and intergenerational co-development of personality within individuals, within dyads, across domains, and across the life span. The research groups involved share a common language on all levels of qualification in the advanced longitudinal methods, but the profile of each group remains distinguishable and complementary by focusing on different time spans from micro- to macro-development of personality and on different units of analysis from individuals to inter- and intragenerational dyads. The project is organized in three content-driven modules and one overarching service module.Module 1 generates a comprehensive three-generational longitudinal data pool and includes family members in young, middle-aged, and older adulthood. The concepts under study are personality traits, characteristic adaptations, and life stories on structure and process level, and how they spill over into different spheres of life. Module 2 complements the long-term co-development in personality study with a short-term longitudinal process approach by means of daily life methods (daily ESM) focusing on processes, i.e., personality states and self-regulatory processes as complementary process variables to traits and personal action constructs. Module 3 uses archival longitudinal studies to examine intergenerational, intragenerational, and intra-individual co-development in personality, with a focus on self-esteem and affect. The overarching service module provides overall coordination of the Sinergia project and methodological expertise to assure ideal handling with dependent data structures inherent in intra- and intergenerational familial relationships. In addition, it contains education and training facilities for young scientists, providing unique career development opportunities through international collaborations and short research stays.Overall, the project structure is able to provide answers to the question of whether, to which degree, and by which processes personality development is intertwined with dyadic relationships along the life span from an intergenerational, intragenerational and intraindividual life span perspective.One sentence summary. The project provides answers to the question whether, to which degree, and by which processes personality development is dependent on dyadic relationships across the life span from intergenerational, intragenerational, and intraindividual perspectives with self-generated macro- and micro-level data as well as archival data.
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