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Microresonators based Frequency combs in the visible and infrared

English title Microresonators based Frequency combs in the visible and infrared
Applicant Kippenberg Tobias Jan
Number 146823
Funding scheme Project funding
Research institution Laboratoire de photonique et mesures quantiques EPFL - STI - IEL - LPQM2
Institution of higher education EPF Lausanne - EPFL
Main discipline Other disciplines of Physics
Start/End 01.04.2013 - 31.03.2016
Approved amount 370'500.00
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Keywords (1)

Optical frequency combs

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Frequenzkämme haben sich seit ihrer Entwicklung durch T.W. Hänsch und J. Hall (Nobelpreis 2005) zu einem unverzichtbaren Werkzeug in verschiedenen Gebieten entwickelt u.a. in der Metrology (optische Uhren), Physik (exakte Messung von optischen Frequenzen) und Chemie (Spektroskopie von Gasen). Bisher werden Frequenzkämme ausschließlich von modengelockten, gepulsten Lasern generiert, welche je nach Anwendung gravierende Nachteile haben können.
Lay summary

Inhalte und Ziele des Forschungsprojekts

Aufbauend auf der Entdeckung von Mikroresonator-basierenden Frequenzkämmen, welche derzeit im infraroten Spektralbereich (primär 1.5 μm) arbeiten, sollen Möglichkeiten und Anwendungen für den mittleren-infraroten und sichtbaren Spektralbereich (>2000 nm bzw. < 700 nm) erkundet und entwickelt werden. Als Plattform dafür dienen integrierte Mikroresonatoren, welche unter kontrollierten Bedingungen im Reinraum gefertigt werden können.

Neben einer Ausweitung der möglichen Anwendungen durch den breiteren verfügbaren Spektralbereich sollen die grundlegenden Vorteile der Frequenzkämme aus Mikroresonatoren voll zum Einsatz gebracht werden. Ein essentieller Vorteil ist der sehr weite Bereich von möglichen Repetitionraten (etwa 10 GHz bis 1 THz), die für klassische Frequenzkämme praktisch nicht erreichbar sind.

 Wissenschaftlicher und gesellschaftlicher Kontext des Forschungsprojekts

Die vorgestellt Arbeit wird die Technik aus dem Labor näher an die Anwendungen bringen. Weg von den Laborwellenlängen um 1.5 um hin zu Wellenlängen, die für viele praktische Anwendungen  wirklich interessant sind. Anwendungen wie die Kalibrierung von astronomischen Spektrometern im sichtbaren Spektrum zur Suche erdähnlicher Planeten oder die schnelle Detektion von Molekülen in Chemie und Life Science.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 03.05.2013

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Detuning-dependent properties and dispersion-induced instabilities of temporal dissipative Kerr solitons in optical microresonators
Lucas Erwan, Guo Hairun, Jost John D., Karpov M., Kippenberg Tobias J. (2017), Detuning-dependent properties and dispersion-induced instabilities of temporal dissipative Kerr solitons in optical microresonators, in Physical Review A, 95(4), 043822.
Self-referenced photonic chip soliton Kerr frequency comb
Brasch Victor, Lucas Erwan, Jost John D., Geiselmann Michael, Kippenberg Tobias J. (2017), Self-referenced photonic chip soliton Kerr frequency comb, in Light: Science & Applications, 6(1), e16202.
Frequency Comb Assisted Broadband Precision Spectroscopy with Cascaded Diode Lasers",
Liu Junqiu, Brasch Victor, Pfeiffer Martin H. P., Kordts Arne, Kamel Ayman N., Guo Hairun, Geiselmann Michael, Kippenberg Tobias J. (2016), Frequency Comb Assisted Broadband Precision Spectroscopy with Cascaded Diode Lasers",, in Optics Letters, 41(13), 3134-3137.
Higher order mode suppression in high-Q anomalous dispersion SiN microresonators for temporal dissipative Kerr soliton formation
Kordts Arne, Pfeiffer Martin H. P., Guo Hairun, Brasch Victor, Kippenberg Tobias J. (2016), Higher order mode suppression in high-Q anomalous dispersion SiN microresonators for temporal dissipative Kerr soliton formation, in Optics Letters, 41(3), 452.
Mid-Infrared ultra-high-Q resonators based on fluoride crystalline materials
Lecaplain Caroline, Javerzac-Galy Clement, Gorodetsky Michail L., Kippenberg Tobias J. (2016), Mid-Infrared ultra-high-Q resonators based on fluoride crystalline materials, in Nature Communications, 7, 13383.
Photonic chip-based optical frequency comb using soliton Cherenkov radiation
Brasch Victor, Geiselmann Victor, Herr Tobias, Lihachev Grigoriy, Pfeiffer Martin H. P., Gorodetsky Michail L., Kippenberg Tobias J. (2016), Photonic chip-based optical frequency comb using soliton Cherenkov radiation, in Science, 357.
Photonic Damascene process for integrated high-Q microresonator based nonlinear photonics
Pfeiffer Martin H. P., Kordts Arne, Brasch Victor, Zervas Michael, Geiselmann Michael, Jost John D., Kippenberg Tobias J. (2016), Photonic Damascene process for integrated high-Q microresonator based nonlinear photonics, in Optica, 3(1), 20.
Raman Self-Frequency Shift of Dissipative Kerr Solitons in an Optical Microresonator
Karpov Maxim, Guo Hairun, Kordts Arne, Brasch Victor, Pfeiffer Martin H. P., Zervas Michail, Geiselmann Michael, Kippenberg Tobias J. (2016), Raman Self-Frequency Shift of Dissipative Kerr Solitons in an Optical Microresonator, in Physical Review Letters, 116(10), 103902.
Universal dynamics and controlled switching of dissipative Kerr solitons in optical microresonators
Karpov Maxim, Guo Hairun, Kordts Arne, Pfeiffer Martin H. P., Lichachev Grigoriy, Lobanov Victor E., Gorodetsky Michail L., Kippenberg Tobias J., Lucas Erwan, Brasch Victor (2016), Universal dynamics and controlled switching of dissipative Kerr solitons in optical microresonators, in Nature Physics, 13, 94-102.
All-optical stabilization of a soliton frequency comb in a crystalline microresonator
Jost John D., Lucas Erwan, Herr Tobias, Lecaplain Caroline, Brasch Victor, Pfeiffer Martin H. P., Kippenberg Tobias J. (2015), All-optical stabilization of a soliton frequency comb in a crystalline microresonator, in Optics Letters, 40(20), 4723.
Counting the cycles of light using a self-referenced optical microresonator
Jost John D., Herr Tobias, Lecaplain Caroline, Brasch Victor, Pfeiffer Martin H. P., Kippenberg Tobias J. (2015), Counting the cycles of light using a self-referenced optical microresonator, in Optica, 2(8), 706.
Coherent terabit communications with microresonator Kerr frequency combs
Pfeifle Joerg, Brasch Victor, Lauermann Matthias, Yu Yimin, Wegner Daniel, Herr Tobias, Hartinger Klaus, Schindler Philipp, Li Jingshi, Hillerkuss David, Schmogrow Rene, Weimann Claudius, Holzwarth Ronald, Freude Wolfgang, Leuthold Juerg, Kippenberg Tobias J., Koos Christian (2014), Coherent terabit communications with microresonator Kerr frequency combs, in NATURE PHOTONICS, 8(5), 375-380.
Temporal solitons in optical microresonators
Herr Tobias, Brasch Victor, Jost John D., Wang Christine Y., Kondratiev Nikita M., Gorodetsky Michail L., Kippenberg Tobias J. (2014), Temporal solitons in optical microresonators, in Nature Photonics, 8, 145.
Mode spectrum and temporal soliton formation in optical microresonators
Herr T, Brasch V, Jost JD, Mirgorodskiy I, Lihachev G, Gorodetsky ML, Kippenberg TJ, Mode spectrum and temporal soliton formation in optical microresonators, in Physical Review Letters, 113, 123901.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Menlo Systems GmbH Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
Univesity of Geneva Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
DARPA DODOS review meeting Talk given at a conference DARPA DODOS review meeting 11.05.2016 New Orleans, United States of America Kippenberg Tobias Jan;
Photonics Europe Talk given at a conference Chipscale optical frequency combs: from soliton physics to coherent communication 04.04.2016 Brussels, Belgium Pfeiffer Martin; Herr Tobias; Kippenberg Tobias Jan;
DARPA PULSE review meeting Talk given at a conference Pure Microwave Radiation Extraction from Frequency Combs 21.03.2016 Orlando, United States of America Kippenberg Tobias Jan;
MICS 2016 Talk given at a conference Chipscale microresonator-based frequency combs using soliton Cherenkov radiation 20.03.2016 Long Beach, United States of America Pfeiffer Martin; Herr Tobias; Kippenberg Tobias Jan;
EPFL Photonics Chapter POB seminar Talk given at a conference Kerr frequency combs from on-chip, integrated microresonators 09.03.2016 Lausanne, Switzerland Pfeiffer Martin; Kippenberg Tobias Jan;
SPIE Photonics West Talk given at a conference Soliton induced Cherenkov radiation based chipscale frequency combs 13.02.2016 San Francisco, United States of America Pfeiffer Martin; Kippenberg Tobias Jan; Lucas Erwan;
DARPA SCOUT review meeting Talk given at a conference DARPA SCOUT review meeting 16.01.2016 Boston, United States of America Kippenberg Tobias Jan;
PQE Conference Talk given at a conference Photonic chip based optical frequency comb using soliton induced Cherenkov radiation 04.01.2016 Snowbird, United States of America Kippenberg Tobias Jan; Herr Tobias; Pfeiffer Martin;
Nonlinear phenomena in optics theory and experiments Talk given at a conference Microresonator Optical Frequency Combs 04.11.2015 Besancon, France Kippenberg Tobias Jan; Lucas Erwan; Herr Tobias;
Optical Frequency Combs for Space applications Talk given at a conference Optical Frequency Combs for Space applications 02.11.2015 Pasadena, United States of America Kippenberg Tobias Jan;
Frontiers in Optics Talk given at a conference Broadband Frequency Combs on a Photonic Chip Using Soliton Induced Cherenkov Radiation 18.10.2015 San Jose, United States of America Pfeiffer Martin; Kippenberg Tobias Jan; Herr Tobias;
ECOC conference Poster Photonic Chip Broadband Frequency Comb for Coherent Telecommunication 01.10.2015 Valencia, Spain Herr Tobias; Kippenberg Tobias Jan; Pfeiffer Martin;
DARPA PULSE program review Talk given at a conference Low Noise Microwaves with Microresonator Soliton Frequency Combs 28.09.2015 Boulder, United States of America Lucas Erwan; Kippenberg Tobias Jan;
ITQW workshop Talk given at a conference The Science of Optical Microresonators: Chipscale Optical Frequency Combs 06.09.2015 Vienna, Austria Kippenberg Tobias Jan;
School of Spatiotemporal complexity in nonlinear optics Poster Raman self-frequency shift of dissipative Kerr solitons in an optical microresonator 31.08.2015 Como, Italy Pfeiffer Martin; Kippenberg Tobias Jan; Lucas Erwan;
CLEO Pacific Rim Talk given at a conference Counting the Cycles of Light with an Optical Microresonator 28.08.2015 Bussan, Korean Republic (South Korea) Kippenberg Tobias Jan; Herr Tobias; Lucas Erwan;
Integrated Photonics Research Talk given at a conference Photonic Chip Based Optical Frequency Comb Using Soliton Induced Cherenkov Radiation 27.07.2015 Boston, United States of America Kippenberg Tobias Jan; Pfeiffer Martin; Herr Tobias;
Nonlinear Optics (NLO) Talk given at a conference Photonic Chip Based Optical Frequency Comb Using Soliton Induced Cherenkov Radiation 26.07.2015 Kauai, United States of America Kippenberg Tobias Jan; Herr Tobias; Pfeiffer Martin;
CLEO/Europe-EQEC Talk given at a conference Photonic Damascence Process for high-Q SiN Microresonator Fabrication for Nonlinear Photonics 21.06.2015 Munich, Germany Kippenberg Tobias Jan; Lucas Erwan; Pfeiffer Martin;
AFOSR review meeting Talk given at a conference Exploring Temporal Soliton Physics in Micro-resonator Frequency Combs 26.05.2015 Arlington, United States of America Kippenberg Tobias Jan;
CLEO Conference Talk given at a conference Photonic Damascene Process for high-Q SiN Microresonator Fabrication for Nonlinear Photonics 10.05.2015 San Jose, United States of America Pfeiffer Martin; Lucas Erwan; Kippenberg Tobias Jan;
DARPA DODOS kickoff meeting Talk given at a conference THz comb Generation 01.04.2015 San Diego, United States of America Kippenberg Tobias Jan;
SMYLE workshop Talk given at a conference Microwave to Optical Link Using a Microresonator 25.03.2015 Neuchatel, Switzerland Lucas Erwan; Kippenberg Tobias Jan; Herr Tobias;
DARPA QUASAR review meeting Talk given at a conference Optical-transition clocks with micro-fabricated frequency combs for performace beyond the standard quantum limit 24.03.2015 Cambridge, United States of America Kippenberg Tobias Jan;
SPIE Photonics West Talk given at a conference Mid-IR frequency comb generation based on crystalline microresonators 06.02.2015 San Francisco, United States of America Kippenberg Tobias Jan; Lucas Erwan;
PQE Conference Talk given at a conference Photonic Chip Based Optical Frequency Comb Using Soliton Induced Cherenkov Radiation 02.01.2015 Snowbird, United States of America Herr Tobias; Kippenberg Tobias Jan;
DARPA PULSE review meeting Talk given at a conference DARPA PULSE review meeting 04.11.2014 Ithaca, United States of America Kippenberg Tobias Jan;
IEEE Annual symposium Talk given at a conference Photonic Chip Based Optical Frequency Comb Using Soliton Induced Cherenkov Radiation 03.11.2014 Enschede, Netherlands Kippenberg Tobias Jan;
DARPA SCOUT proposer day Talk given at a conference Spectral Combs from UV to THz (SCOUT) 03.10.2014 Arlington, United States of America Kippenberg Tobias Jan;
NOEKS conference Talk given at a conference Soliton and frequency comb generation in optical microresonators 22.09.2014 Bremen, Germany Kippenberg Tobias Jan;
MNE 2014 Poster Dielectric Damascene process for high-Q silicon nitride resonator fabrication. 22.09.2014 Lausanne, Switzerland Kippenberg Tobias Jan; Pfeiffer Martin;
DARPA ORCHID QUASAR review meeting Talk given at a conference Optical-transition clocks with micro-fabricated frequency combs for performance beyond the standard quantum limit I 09.09.2014 Boulder, United States of America Kippenberg Tobias Jan;
EPS-QEOD Europhoton Talk given at a conference Temporal Soliton Generation in Chip-based Silicion Nitride Microresonators 29.08.2014 Neuchatel, Switzerland Pfeiffer Martin; Herr Tobias; Kippenberg Tobias Jan;
Microresonator frequency combs and their applications Talk given at a conference Dielectric Damascene Process for SiN microresonators 17.08.2014 Ascona, Switzerland Herr Tobias; Lucas Erwan; Kippenberg Tobias Jan; Pfeiffer Martin;
IEEE Summer topical meeting Talk given at a conference Mid-IR frequency comb generation based on crystalline microresonators 14.07.2014 Montreal, Canada Lucas Erwan; Kippenberg Tobias Jan;
Quantum Seminar Individual talk Frequency Comb Generation in Optical Microresonators via Soliton Formation 10.07.2014 Mainz, Germany Kippenberg Tobias Jan; Herr Tobias;
CLEO Conference Talk given at a conference Temporal Soliton Generation in Chip-based Silicion Nitride Microresonators 08.06.2014 San Jose, United States of America Pfeiffer Martin; Kippenberg Tobias Jan; Herr Tobias;
DARPA DODOS proposer day Talk given at a conference Direct On-chip Digital Optical Synthetizer 28.04.2014 Arlington, United States of America Kippenberg Tobias Jan;
DARPA PULSE QUASAR review meeting Talk given at a conference Pure Microwave Radiation Extraction from Frequency Combs – Pure Comb 10.02.2014 Austin, United States of America Kippenberg Tobias Jan;
DARPA PULSE review meeting Talk given at a conference Microcomb Formation dynamics and Dispersion Regimes 14.01.2014 Arlington, United States of America Kippenberg Tobias Jan;
DARPA DODOS meeting Talk given at a conference Chip-scale optical frequency combs 10.12.2013 Denver, United States of America Kippenberg Tobias Jan;
Swiss Kyoto Symposium Talk given at a conference Chip-scale optical frequency combs 21.11.2013 Zurich, Switzerland Kippenberg Tobias Jan;
2013 Advanced Solid State Lasers Congress Talk given at a conference Femtosecond pulse generation in high Q micro‐resonators via soliton formation 27.10.2013 Paris, France Herr Tobias; Kippenberg Tobias Jan;
Seminar at the Graphen Centre Cambridge Talk given at a conference Microresonator Frequency Combs 25.10.2013 Cambridge, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Kippenberg Tobias Jan;
Frontiers in Optics 2013 Talk given at a conference Frequency Combs and Ultrashort Laser Pulses Generation via Temporal Solitons in Optical Micro-resonators 06.10.2013 Orlando, United States of America Kippenberg Tobias Jan;
DARPA PULSE kick off meeting Talk given at a conference Mid-Infrared Frequency Combs based on Microresonators 08.08.2013 Arlington, United States of America Kippenberg Tobias Jan;
Nonlinear Optics Conference (NLO) Talk given at a conference Mode-locking via soliton formation in optical microresonators 26.06.2013 Kohala Coast, United States of America Herr Tobias; Kippenberg Tobias Jan;
International Frequency Control Symposium (IFCS) and European Frequency and Time Forum (EFTF) Talk given at a conference Mode-locking via soliton formation in optical microresonators 22.06.2013 Prague, Czech Republic Kippenberg Tobias Jan; Herr Tobias;
Cavity Enhanced Spectroscopy Meeting (CES2013) Talk given at a conference Microresonator frequency combs and soliton generation 13.06.2013 Naples, Italy Kippenberg Tobias Jan; Herr Tobias;
International conference on laser spectroscopy (ICOLS) Poster Spectral broadening of microresonator combs for self-referencing 10.06.2013 Berkeley, United States of America Kippenberg Tobias Jan;
CLEO US 2013 Talk given at a conference Spectral broadening of microresonator combs for self-referencing 09.06.2013 San Jose, United States of America Kippenberg Tobias Jan;
Space Optical Clocks Meeting (SOC2) Talk given at a conference Phase noise in microresonator based combs 28.05.2013 Birmingham, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Herr Tobias; Kippenberg Tobias Jan;
CLEO/Europe-IQEC Poster Phase Noise and Spectral Bandwidth of SiN Microresonator Frequency Combs 12.05.2013 Munich, Germany Herr Tobias; Pfeiffer Martin; Kippenberg Tobias Jan;


Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
150740 Mid Infrared spectral analysis instrumentation 01.12.2013 R'EQUIP
130047 Microresonators based Frequency combs in the visible and infrared 01.06.2010 Project funding
165933 Microresonators based Frequency combs: exploring temporal solitons 01.03.2017 Project funding
133830 Optical parametric oscillator for frequency comb generation in the mid-IR 01.08.2011 R'EQUIP
140649 Exploring exoplanets with cutting-edge spectroscopy 01.09.2012 Project funding
128709 Monolithic optical frequency comb generators 01.11.2010 R'EQUIP
164014 Customized ultra low roughness and nanoscale profile control reactive ion cluster tool (MRIE-ICP) for fabrication of high Q integrated photonic resonators for on chip photonics, nonlinear optics and quantum optomechanics 01.12.2015 R'EQUIP
163864 Exploring Temporal Solitons in Optical Micro-resonators for Visible and Mid IR based Optical Frequency combs 01.11.2016 Russia

Abstract

Optical frequency combs are a revolutionary tool for Metrology and allow unprecedented accuracy for determining optical frequencies. For their discovery its inventors Haensch and Hall have received the 2005 Nobel Prize in Physics. Frequency combs provide the optical clockwork for optical atomic clocks based on long lived atomic transitions, which will eventually replace Cs standard. Optical frequency combs have moreover proved powerful research tools enabling advances ranging from broadband gas sensing, Fourier transform spectroscopy to calibration of astrophysical spectrometers. Frequency combs have over the past decade been generated relying exclusively on mode locked lasers. In 2007, the applicant (TJ Kippenberg) demonstrated with his research group (while working at the MPI of Quantum Optics) a novel frequency comb generator based on the use of nonlinear parametric wave mixing in microresonators. This comb generator offers unprecedented form factor and moreover allows attaining a full octave without the need for any external broadening. In addition, due to the very small microresonators optical path length, repetition rates in the range exceeding 10 GHz have become possible with this new technology. These repetition rate are unavailable in conventional mode locked laser approaches, since the required cavity pathlength only equates to <4 mm. While early work of the PI using microresonators has made significant advances, culminating in fully phase stabilized and octave spanning (1000-2000 nm) combs from a single CW laser, new wavelength ranges have so far never been explored. This is precisely at the core of the research program described here.This research plan will extend this promising microresonator comb technology into new wavelength ranges: Notably, we will seek to enter the Intermediate and Mid-IR (>2000 nm) and visible (<700 nm) range with optical microresonators made from crystals and silica respectively. Both these frequency ranges could immensely profit from the availability of combs with high repetition rates, in particular since presently GHz mode spacing combs do not exist in the visible nor mid-Infrared portion of the spectrum. Pertaining to the broader context of the research, it is aimed at fully exploiting monolithic comb generators and allow this technology to mature and access new wavelength ranges. The benefits of this research could be far reaching. Not only that this type of comb generator is ideally suited for space applications - due to the compact form factor - , but moreover it holds promise in a variety of disciplines outside of Metrology. A particulary promising application in this context for visible combs is the calibration of astrophysical spectrometers for the search of exo-planets. Pioneering work from Geneva has used Thorium lambs as calibration tools, but with the emergence of frequency combs as sources of calibration, the need for visible combs with large mode spacing has become of major interest in astronomy in the race to search for the first-earth like planet. New calibration tools are and will be indispensible assets in this context and a frequency comb with large mode spacing in the visible has been proposed as an ideal tool. Moreover, combs in the mid and intermediate infrared are of benefit to chemist studying fundamental absorption lines in the molecular fingerprinting region, which to date is difficult to access. Quantum cascade laser sources exist, but presently lack the bandwidth phase stabilization.
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