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The Gender Dimensions of Social Conflicts, Armed Violence and Peacebuilding

Applicant Prügl Elisabeth
Number 146777
Funding scheme r4d (Swiss Programme for Research on Global Issues for Development)
Research institution Institut de Hautes Etudes Internationales et du Développement
Institution of higher education Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies - IHEID
Main discipline Political science
Start/End 01.02.2014 - 31.01.2017
Approved amount 1'480'089.00
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Keywords (4)

Social Conflict; Armed Violence; Peacebuilding; Gender

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Quantitative Forschungsergebnisse bestätigen eine starke Korrelation zwischen Geschlechterungleichheit und dem Gewaltniveau in sozialen Konflikten. Dies legt die Vermutung nahe, dass bewaffnete Gewalt in Ländern mit einer gravierenden sozialen Benachteiligung von Frauen wahrscheinlicher ist als in Gesellschaften, in denen Frauen politische, wirtschaftliche und soziale Teilhabe genießen.
Lay summary

Das Forschungsprojekt verbindet Ansätze aus der Geschlechter- und der Konfliktforschung um den Zusammenhang von Gewaltniveau und gesellschaftlicher Stellung von Frauen und Männern in sozialen Konflikten zu untersuchen. Basierend auf vergleichender Feldforschung in verschiedene Konfliktregionen Indonesiens (Aceh, Ost-Java, Maluku) und Nigerias (Niger Delta, Enugu, Plateau State) analysieren wir welche Rolle Geschlechterverhältnisse in Prozessen gewaltsamer Eskalierung, De-eskalierung, und Nicht-Eskalierung spielen. Unsere Forschungsteams in Indonesien und Nigeria werden statistisches Material sammeln, Zeitungsartikel durchkämmen, und Interviews durchführen, um zu erforschen ob gewaltreiche und gewaltarme Konfliktregionen von unterschiedlichen Geschlechterverhältnissen geprägt sind.

Das Projekt untersucht auch Bemühungen von internationalen und zivilgesellschaftlichen Organisationen zur Stärkung des lokalen Konfliktmanagements von Frauen und Männern im Rahmen friedensschaffender Initiativen. Eine enge Zusammenarbeit mit lokalen und internationalen Nichtregierungsorganisationen und öffentliche Institutionen integriert Praktikerwissen und Erfahrungen in den Forschungsprozess und erleichtert eine Übersetzung der Forschungsergebnisse in die Politik. In der Kommunikation und Anwendung der Erkenntnisse arbeiten wir zusammen mit dem Small Arms Survey und der Genfer Erklärung über bewaffnete Gewalt und Entwicklung.

 

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 20.12.2013

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Windows of Opportunity, Trojan horses and Waves of Women on the Move: De/colonising the circulaon of feminist knowledges through metaphors
Kunz Rahel (2016), Windows of Opportunity, Trojan horses and Waves of Women on the Move: De/colonising the circulaon of feminist knowledges through metaphors, in Bustelo M. (ed.), Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, 99-117.
A wealth of expertise and lived experience
Krause Jana, Enloe Cynthia (2015), A wealth of expertise and lived experience, in International Feminist Journal of Politics, 17(2), 328-338.
Gender and Security Sector Reform: A First Step in the Right Direction, or Gender Mainstreaming Gone Wrong?’
Gosewinkel M. and Kunz R. (2015), Gender and Security Sector Reform: A First Step in the Right Direction, or Gender Mainstreaming Gone Wrong?’, Women Peacemaker Program, The Hague.
Gender and Security Sector Reform: Gendering Differently?
Kunz Rahel (2015), Gender and Security Sector Reform: Gendering Differently?, in International Peacekeeping, 21(5), 604-622.
Gender Equality and Post-Conflict Reconstruction: Revisiting Gender Mainstreaming in Research and Policy
Krause Jana (2015), Gender Equality and Post-Conflict Reconstruction: Revisiting Gender Mainstreaming in Research and Policy, in Gizelis Theodora-Ismene (ed.), Routledge Studies in Peace and Conflict Resolution Series, UK, 165.
Revisiting Protection from Conflict-Related Sexual Violence: Actors, Victims, and Power
Krause Jana (2015), Revisiting Protection from Conflict-Related Sexual Violence: Actors, Victims, and Power, in Gizelis Théodora-Ismène (ed.), Routledge Studies in Peace and Conflict Resolution Series, UK, 99-115.
Reliable Professionals, Sensitive Dads and Tough Fighters. A Critical Look At Performances And Discourses Of Finnish Peacekeeper Masculinities
Mäki-Rahkola Anne, Myrttinen Henri (2014), Reliable Professionals, Sensitive Dads and Tough Fighters. A Critical Look At Performances And Discourses Of Finnish Peacekeeper Masculinities, in International Feminist Journal of Politics, 16(3), 470-489.
Gender, Natural Resources, and Peacebuilding in Kenya and Nepal
Myrttinen Henri, Naujoks Jana, Schilling Janpeter, Gender, Natural Resources, and Peacebuilding in Kenya and Nepal, in Peace Review, 1.
Monster Myths, Selfies And Grand Declarations: A Conversation On The Global Summit To End Sexual Violence In Conflict
Myrttinen Henri, Swaine Aisling, Monster Myths, Selfies And Grand Declarations: A Conversation On The Global Summit To End Sexual Violence In Conflict, in International Feminist Journal of Politics, 1.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Technical Working Groups on Gender and Safe Cities, UN Habitat and Geneva Peacebuilding Network Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
International Alert Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
Feminist Peace Research Network Talk given at a conference Gender and everyday forms of peacebuilding 28.06.2016 Tempere, Finland Kunz Rahel;
ISA 2016 Annual Conference Talk given at a conference Legacies of Command Socialization Among Female Ex-combatant in Aceh 17.03.2016 Atlanta, United States of America Krause Jana;
Swiss Political Science Association Conference Talk given at a conference The Circulation of Gender Mainstreaming Norms in Post‐Conflict Liberia 21.01.2016 Basel, Switzerland Kunz Rahel;
Gender Experts Conference Talk given at a conference Feminist/women's knowledge production and circulation 19.11.2015 Geneva, Switzerland Kunz Rahel;
LSE Institute of Global Affairs, Centre for Women, Peace and Security Talk given at a conference Women, Peace and Security and Conflict Prevention 09.11.2015 London, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Krause Jana;
Folke Bernadotte Academy Workshop at OSCE Talk given at a conference Gender, Peace and Security: Implementing UNSCR 1325 07.10.2015 Vienna, Austria Krause Jana;
Folke Bernadotte Academy, Annual Workshop of the Research Working Group on UNSCR 1325 Talk given at a conference The Price of Exclusion: Women’s Participation in Peace Processes and the Survival of Peace Agreements 08.06.2015 Stockholm, Sweden Krause Jana;
International Studies Association Annual Conference Talk given at a conference Women's Participation in Peace Processes 18.02.2015 New Orleans, United States of America Krause Jana;
Postcolonial governmentality workshop Talk given at a conference Governing through gender mainstreaming in the post-conflict intervention in Liberia 25.09.2014 Bristol University, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Kunz Rahel;
Global Consultation on "Gender and Militarism. Analyzing the Links to Strategize for Peace" Talk given at a conference Gender and Security Sector Reform 02.07.2014 Cape Town, South Africa Kunz Rahel;
British International Studies Association conference Talk given at a conference The sticky engagements of gender in the post-conflict intervention in Liberia 18.06.2014 Dublin, Ireland Kunz Rahel;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
Site Visit Workshop 16.09.2015 Geneva, Switzerland
Kick-off workshop 23.04.2014 Geneva, Switzerland

Knowledge transfer events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Date Place Persons involved
AMAN (Asian Moslem Action Network) 25th Anniversary Assembly Workshop 05.06.2015 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Udasmoro Wening;
Women and Armed Violence: Peace and Gender Equality Talk 01.06.2015 Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva, Switzerland Kunz Rahel;
Joy Onyesoh: Women’s Power to Stop Wars’ WILPF Anniversary Conference Talk 27.04.2015 The Hague, Netherlands Prügl Elisabeth;
Mimidoo Achakpa: Impact of Violent Conflict on women and girls in Northern Nigeria: Space for Women to be involved in peace building and conflict management, at the Commission on the Status of Women 59 Talk 11.03.2015 New York, United States of America Prügl Elisabeth;
Mimidoo Achakpa: Including Nigerian Women in Peace Building Processes, at the DFID Brown Bag Lunch session: Impact of the conflict on women and girls in Northern Nigeria Talk 04.12.2014 Abuja, Nigeria Prügl Elisabeth;
Mimidoo Achakpa: Women, Peace and Security and Small Arms, at the Geneva Declaration Regional Review Conference: Ending Armed Violence for Peace and Development Talk 26.11.2014 Nairobi, Kenya Prügl Elisabeth;
Mimidoo Achakpa: Leveraging Women's Action For Peace Workshop 20.11.2014 Abuja, Nigeria, Nigeria Prügl Elisabeth;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
1325 Workshop 25.01.2016 Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Nigeria Project Kick-Off Workshop 06.07.2015 Abuja, Nigeria
Indonesia Project Kick-Off Workshop 03.11.2014 Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Talks/events/exhibitions Gender Perspectives in Preventing Violent Extremism International Western Switzerland 2016
Talks/events/exhibitions Women's Empowerment and Building Resilience in Humanitarian Settings Western Switzerland 2016
Media relations: print media, online media Gender Dimensions of Armed Violence and Peacebuilding YouTube; project website International 2015
Video/Film Women's Situation Rooms in Africa International 2015
Media relations: print media, online media Gender Dimensions of Conflict Project Website International 2014
Print (books, brochures, leaflets) Prevention of War Rape: Changing Perceptions around Acceptability of War Rape International 2014

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
171176 The Gender Dimensions of Social Conflict, Armed Violence and Peacebuilding -- Prolongation 01.02.2017 r4d (Swiss Programme for Research on Global Issues for Development)

Abstract

The gender dimensions of social conflict, armed violence and peacebuilding are multifaceted and complex. Quantitative research has demonstrated a strong correlation between levels of gender inequality and violent conflict, suggesting that women’s subordination and vulnerability is a significant predictor of armed violence. These findings are significant and warrant further case-study based analysis. However, the current state of research is frustrating for both feminist and conflict researchers. Feminists criticize the general lack of engagement with their research and tendencies to look at biological causes (i.e. sex) instead of gender for explanation. For conflict researchers, the correlation between gender inequality and civil war onset needs specification as to the mechanisms at work. Due to the limitations of econometric studies, recent conflict research has made a profound turn toward micro-level analysis, analytically distinguishing between macro-level factors causally relevant for the onset of armed conflict, and causes of (micro-level) violence within armed conflict. Although gender inequality has been found to be statistically significant for the onset of civil war, we know little about how gender relations interlink with the micro-level dynamics of social conflicts and peacebuilding. We regard such knowledge as crucial for fine-tuning gender-sensitive peacebuilding, which has become imperative with the passage of Security Council Resolution 1325 . We assemble feminist and conflict researchers from the North and South for a micro-level analysis of gender relations and dynamics of violence and peacebuilding Indonesia/Southeast Asia and Nigeria/West Africa.
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