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The impact of mineral governance on miners' property rights: a comparative case study from the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)

English title The impact of mineral governance on miners' property rights: a comparative case study from the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)
Applicant Raeymaekers Timothy
Number 146486
Funding scheme Project funding
Research institution Geographisches Institut Universität Zürich
Institution of higher education University of Zurich - ZH
Main discipline Social geography and ecology
Start/End 01.09.2013 - 30.09.2017
Approved amount 193'900.00
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Keywords (4)

Democratic Republic of Congo; conflict resolution; natural resource management; political ecology

Lay Summary (French)

Lead
Ce projet examine de manière critique l'impact de la gouvernance transnationale sur les droits et les pratiques minières en République démocratique du Congo de (RDC )
Lay summary

Ce projet examine de manière critique la paradigme de la « malédiction des ressources» , qui suppose que les conflits armés se produira probablement dans les endroits où il existe une possibilité - ou la faisabilité - pour piller . En analysent l'impact de la gouvernance transnationale sur les droits et les pratiques minières en République démocratique du Congo de (RDC ), ce projet permettra d'analyser comment la propriété , l'accès et l'utilisation de ces ressources peuvent être modifiés par la classification, la normalisation et la formalisation de ce secteur. En regardant les sites sélectionnés dans le Sud-Kivu , et Nord-Kivu, la mise au point du projet sera focalisé sur le tantalite , l'étain et le tungstène (les ‘3T’). L'impact empirique de la régulation et de la gouvernance des régimes émergents transnationaux tels que iTSCi (international Tin Research Institute Supply Chain initiative) et d'autres initiatives doit être évaluée de manière comparative en observant les sites à la fois iTSCi et non iTSCi .

Le projet évaluera la manière dont les processus de réforme influent sur la nature et la performance des marchés des minéraux dans les domaines mentionnés, ensemble avec les ramifications de ce processus de réforme sur les travailleurs miniers.


Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 28.02.2014

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
A Miner’s Canary in Eastern Congo. Formalisation of Artisanal 3T Mining and precarious livelihoods in South Kivu
Vogel Christoph, Musamba Josaphat, Radley Ben (2017), A Miner’s Canary in Eastern Congo. Formalisation of Artisanal 3T Mining and precarious livelihoods in South Kivu, in The Extractive Industries and Society, xx-xx.
Between Tags & Guns: Fragmentations of public authority around eastern Congo's artisanal 3T mines
Vogel Christoph (2017), Between Tags & Guns: Fragmentations of public authority around eastern Congo's artisanal 3T mines, in Political Geography, 1-10.
Rapprochements ethnolinguistiques aux zones minières artisanales à l’est de la RD Congo
Vogel Christoph, Musamba Josaphat (2016), Rapprochements ethnolinguistiques aux zones minières artisanales à l’est de la RD Congo, in Annuaire des Grands Lacs, 207-231.
Terr(it)or(ies) of Peace? The Congolese Mining Frontier and the fight against ‘conflict minerals’
Vogel Christoph, Raeymaekers Timothy (2016), Terr(it)or(ies) of Peace? The Congolese Mining Frontier and the fight against ‘conflict minerals’, in Antipode, 48(4), 1-20.
Fighting Windmills? The ambiguous impact of the ‘conflict minerals’ movement
Vogel Christoph, Radley Ben (2015), Fighting Windmills? The ambiguous impact of the ‘conflict minerals’ movement, in The Extractive Industries and Society, 2(3), 406-410.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
University of Ghent Belgium (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Exchange of personnel
Department of Society and globalisation, Roskilde University Denmark (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
University of Ghent Belgium (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Environmental science, policy and management, University of California at Berkeley United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Department of Resource Economics and Food Policy, University of Copenhagen Denmark (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
International Studies Association Talk given at a conference Power & Political Order in Kivu’s mining sector: Clientelism, Neopatrimonialism & (In-)formality 16.03.2016 Atlanta, United States of America Vogel Christoph;
European Conference on African Studies Talk given at a conference How militias ‘mine’ and ‘produce’ the state in eastern DRC 08.07.2015 Sorbonne, France Vogel Christoph;
Political Geography workshop on subnational conflict and governance Talk given at a conference Eastern DRC’s mining sector and the sandwich state 22.05.2015 University of Sussex, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Vogel Christoph;
OECD-UN-ICGLR Forum on Responsible Sourcing Talk given at a conference On the ground impacts of ‘conflict minerals’ initiatives in eastern Congo 05.05.2015 OECD Paris, France Vogel Christoph;
Open Society roundtable on conflict minerals Individual talk Current trends in artisanal mining in eastern Congo 04.03.2015 Egmont Institute, Belgium Vogel Christoph;
ASAUK biannual conference Talk given at a conference Commodity networks between the state and the non-state 09.09.2014 University of Sussex, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Vogel Christoph;
Governance at the Edge of the State Talk given at a conference Transnational regulation, and governance practice in eastern Congo’s conflicts 08.09.2014 University of Gent, Belgium Vogel Christoph;
CAS annual conference Talk given at a conference From Casino Capitalism to Closed Pipeline? Mining, Governance, and Stateness in the Kivus 24.04.2014 University of Edinburgh, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Vogel Christoph;
Swiss Geoscience Meeting Talk given at a conference The geography of property: a case study from the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) 15.11.2013 University of Lausanne, Switzerland Vogel Christoph;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
Beyond Obama's law: conflict-free minerals and the road to peace in Central Africa 13.12.2013 Zurich, Switzerland

Knowledge transfer events



Self-organised

Title Date Place
Beyond Obama's law: PUBLIC ROUNDTABLE 13.12.2013 Zurich, Switzerland

Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Media relations: radio, television Peut-on fabriquer un téléphone équitable ? monde diplomatique International 2016
Media relations: radio, television “We Will Win Peace,” skillfully debunks many myths behind conflict minerals in the Congo africa as a country International 2015
Media relations: radio, television Les minerais du sang ou les avatars de la bonne conscience revue nouvelle International 2015
Media relations: radio, television Beyond greed or grievance: understanding conflict in resource-rich states African Arguments International 2014
Media relations: radio, television Conflict minerals law starts working despite poor industry response reuters International 2014
Media relations: radio, television DRC: Conflict minerals movement at a crossroads al jazeera International 2014
Media relations: radio, television Eastern DRC - Stop Fixating On Conflict Minerals Allafrica International 2014
Media relations: radio, television In Eastern Congo, economic colonialism in the guise of ethical consumption? washington post International 2014
Media relations: radio, television Les impacts positifs de la loi Dodd Frank sont presqu’invisibles radio okapi International 2014
Media relations: radio, television The human cost of conflict-free mashable International 2014

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
169820 Governing Conflict Minerals in Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo 01.10.2016 Project funding

Abstract

The present project aims to test the validity of the ‘resource curse’ paradigm through a comparative case study analysis of transnational mineral governance in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). It specifically concentrates on the transformation of the rights of use and access to natural resources enacted through the classification, standardization and formalization of these rights in selected mining enclaves in Katanga and South Kivu (Eastern DRC). The focus of the project will be on one specific set of minerals (tantalite, tin ore and tungsten - the three T’s) and their regulation through the ITRI Tin Supply Chain Initiative (iTSCi). In doing so it assesses the way this reform process impacts on the performance of mineral markets in both mining areas, and what impact this has on the institutional choice patterns of mine workers. In sum the study aims to provide more insights into the political ecology of natural resource markets in countries emerging from protracted armed conflict, specifically detailing (1) the transnational dimension of economic regulation and (2) its impact on the institutional choice patterns of direct natural users of natural resources in the specific case of the DRC.
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