Evolutionary economic geography; Entrepreneurship; Entrepreneurial heritage; Peripheral areas; Social embeddedness
Habersetzer Antoine, Grèzes-Bürcher Sandra, Boschma Ron, Mayer Heike (2019), Enterprise-related social capital as a driver of firm growth in the periphery?, in Journal of Rural Studies
, 65, 143-151.
Bürcher Sandra (2017), Regional engagement of locally anchored firms and its influence on socio-economic development in two peripheral regions over time, in Entrepreneurship & Regional Development
Bürcher Sandra, Mayer Heike (2017), Are there differences in social capital related to coporate regional engagement in dynamic and less dynamic non-core regions?, in European Planning Studies
Habersetzer Antoine, Eriksson Rikard, Mayer Heike (2017), Entrepreneurship in the periphery: The role of pre-entry experience and home advantage for newly founded firms, in CRED Research Paper
, (14), 1.
Habersetzer Antoine (2017), The Role of Pre-Entry Experience of Firm Founders in Peripheral Regions: Routines, Business Contacts, and Local Starting Conditions, in Growth and Change
Mayer Heike, Habersetzer Antoine, Meili Rahel (2016), Rural–Urban Linkages and Sustainable Regional Development: The Role of Entrepreneurs in Linking Peripheries and Centers, in Sustainability
, 2016(8), 745.
Bürcher Sandra, Habersetzer Antoine, Mayer Heike (2016), Entrepreneurship in peripheral regions: a relational perspective, in Mack Elizabeth (ed.), Routledge, Milton Park, 143-164.
Habersetzer Antoine (2016), Spinoff dynamics beyond clusters: pre-entry experience and firm survival in peripheral regions, in Entrepreneurship & Regional Development
, 28(9-10), 791-812.
Regions outside the main metropolitan areas of a nation are often characterized as periphery not only in a geographical sense: lower labor productivity, higher factor cost not only for labor, but also for capital and knowledge, lower shares of innovative activities, fragmented or 'thin' institutions and dense networks of mutual social control make them to 'entrepreneurial laggards' compared to urban growth centers (Tödtling & Trippl 2005; Karlsen et al. 2011; Lagendijk & Lorenzten 2007). Yet, some non-metropolitan areas can be very dynamic and entrepreneurial. Some areas in the periphery even host highly entrepreneurial firms, often referred to as hidden champions (Domhardt et al. 2009), which substantially contribute to a region`s successful economic evolution despite its peripheral location. Such dynamic examples are of high relevance for regional policy in most Western countries (OECD 2009) including Switzerland (OECD 2011) which favor growth-oriented approaches and aim to tap endogenous entrepreneurial potential. Yet, research in economic geography is unclear about the factors that contribute to long-term growth of a peripheral region. Is it the entrepreneur who makes the periphery successful? Or is it the particular social and economic environment, which fosters the growth of entrepreneurship? Why do peripheral regions differ and why are some regions with rich industrial histories lagging behind other regions? By answering these questions, we aim to (i) advance our understanding of the particular role of entrepreneurship in the economic evolution of peripheral areas from a long-term historical perspective and (ii) provide a comprehensive analysis of the factors of success for fostering entrepreneurship in peripheral areas. Entrepreneurship and its role in the development of peripheral areas will be studied from an evolutionary economic geography perspective (Boschma & Martin 2010). Within evolutionary economic geography, en-trepreneurship - like other economic activities - is not analyzed as a ubiquitous and abstract concept which might be associated with innovation, opportunity recognition and -exploitation (Shane 2003). Instead, entre-preneurship is conceptualized as a spatially and temporally path-dependent activity. The specific attributes and determinants of a region`s entrepreneurial capacity and activities are expected to vary between places and over time (Baumol 1990). Analyses in evolutionary economic geography not only require a long-term perspective but also one that focuses on the interplay between social and entrepreneurial factors. In adopting these two approaches to the peripheral context we will fill a gap in the field of evolutionary economic geog-raphy because research to date has mainly focused on pioneering industries in urban growth centers.For conceptualizing the role of entrepreneurship for economic evolution of non-metropolitan areas, two ap-proaches are discussed: the embeddedness and the heritage approach. Under the former, entrepreneurship is seen as an outcome (effect) of economic vitality of a region (Porter 1990, 1998). Thus, entrepreneurship may be a consequence of a social environment which favored entrepreneurial initiatives over time and eventually created a conducive climate for new firm creation and entrepreneurial business activity in the present. Under the heritage approach, in contrast, entrepreneurship is conceptualized as a direct driver (cause) of economic evolution over time. Sources of entrepreneurship are rooted in the professional and biographical traits of particular entrepreneurs and their organizations (Klepper 2001; Klepper & Buenstorf 2010). To address the role of entrepreneurial embeddedness and heritage, we will adopt a multiple embedded case study methodology (Yin 1994), which will encompass three peripheral areas in Switzerland: case study area EAST (Rhine Valley and Toggenburg), case study NORTH (Schaffhausen/Diessenhofen and Klettgau) and case study area CENTRAL (Obwalden/Uri or Emmental and Entlebuch/Oberhasli). Each area is characterized by outperforming districts (Rhine valley, Schaffhausen/Diessenhofen, Obwalden/Uri) and underperforming districts (Toggenburg, Klettgau, Entlebuch/Oberhasli). These contrasting dynamics are often in close geographic proximity and suggest that factors other than geographic location play an important role in determining a peripheral region`s success. We employ mixed methods that utilize extensive qualitative and historical data to be followed up by a quantitative analysis of factors responsible for the development of pe-ripheral areas. The originality of this project lies in the evolutionary economic geography perspective adapted to the peripheral context and in the unique historical analysis of peripheral regional economies in Switzerland.