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Envisioning Bodies. From Vesalius up to now. A half Millennium of Knowledge, Practices and Culture

English title Envisioning Bodies. From Vesalius up to now. A half Millennium of Knowledge, Practices and Culture
Applicant Hornung Jean-Pierre
Number 145642
Funding scheme Agora
Research institution Département des neurosciences fondamentales Faculté de Biologie et de Médecine Université de Lausanne
Institution of higher education University of Lausanne - LA
Main discipline Structural Research
Start/End 01.04.2013 - 31.03.2016
Approved amount 280'000.00
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All Disciplines (7)

Discipline
Structural Research
Physiology : other topics
Biomedical Engineering
Neurophysiology and Brain Research
Visual arts and Art history
General history (without pre-and early history)
Health Education

Keywords (6)

Imaging technology; Anatomy; History; Public understanding of medicine; Medical culture; Medical education

Lay Summary (French)

Lead
En 2014, nous fêterons le 500ème anniversaire de la naissance d’André Vésale (1514-1564). Médecin et anatomiste hors pair, son œuvre majeure De humani corporis fabrica, publiée en 1543 à Bâle, marque un tournant dans l’histoire de la médecine. Son intuition, sa méthode et son ambition conduiront ses successeurs à repenser, et à reconstruire les bases de l'anatomie. Les technologies contemporaines d’imagerie médicale ont ainsi leurs racines dans la pratique de l’observation du corps humain.
Lay summary

Contenu et objectifs de l’exposition

Décrire l’être humain n’est jamais un acte anodin. La multiplication des techniques d’imagerie nous montre que chaque représentation propose une perspective différente et une interprétation particulière du corps. Voir l’intérieur du corps sans avoir à l’ouvrir fait incontestablement partie des avancées majeures de la médecine. Scanner, échographie, imagerie par résonance magnétique (IRM), tomographie par émission de positrons (TEP) font désormais partie de l’arsenal usuel des médecins : ces outils leur permettent de diagnostiquer, suivre, prédire et même soigner différentes lésions. L’imagerie, d’abord anatomique, a un franchi un nouveau seuil. Elle est devenue fonctionnelle, mettant en évidence l’activité même des organes. Toutefois, l’objectivité de ces techniques doit être relativisée. L’imagerie contemporaine livre de nouvelles images du corps, qui doivent ensuite être traduites et décodées pour être comprises et lues.

Dans un parcours immersif et interactif, le visiteur traverse une histoire visuelle de la connaissance du corps humain, de la dissection renaissante à l’imagerie diagnostique contemporaine. Petits et grands seront séduits, interpellés et divertis par le spectacle du corps que nous partageons toutes et tous.

 

Contexte scientifique et social de l’exposition

Avec une approche interdisciplinaire et ludique, l’exposition itinérante Le corps exploré permettra au grand public de pénétrer l’œuvre de Vésale et de découvrir l’imagerie médicale contemporaine ainsi que les nouveaux questionnements qui en découlent.

Les animations pour les scolaires, les enfants ou le grand public ainsi que les conférences et débats permettront d’appréhender d’une manière vivante et interactive les techniques d’imagerie.
Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 08.03.2013

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Musée de la Main Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
Swiss Network of Gross Anatomy (SNGA) Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Swiss Academy of Sciences Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Exchange of personnel

Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Media relations: radio, television A corps ouvert RTS Espace 2, Babylone Western Switzerland 2014
Media relations: print media, online media A la découverte de l'anatomie au Musée de la main 24Heures - Culture - Autres arts Western Switzerland 2014
Media relations: radio, television Anatomie RTS Grand Angle Western Switzerland 2014
Print (books, brochures, leaflets) Anatomies. De Vésale au virtuel Western Switzerland German-speaking Switzerland 2014
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Anatomies. Musée de la main Facebook Ecole La Source Western Switzerland 2014
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Anatomies. Musée de la Main Facebook du musée Western Switzerland 2014
Media relations: print media, online media Au cœur de l'anatomie IN VIVO magazine, CHUV, n°2 Western Switzerland 2014
Media relations: print media, online media Au cœur du corps Femina Western Switzerland 2014
Media relations: print media, online media Corps humain dans tous ses états 20 Minutes, Votre week-end Western Switzerland 2014
Media relations: print media, online media Entre effroi et fascination Gauchebdo n°20 Western Switzerland 2014
Media relations: print media, online media Events-exhibitions: Anatomies International Western Switzerland German-speaking Switzerland Italian-speaking Switzerland Rhaeto-Romanic Switzerland 2014
Media relations: print media, online media Génie méconnu de l'anatomie Le Temps, Sciences&Environnement Western Switzerland 2014
Media relations: radio, television Interview C. Liebling RSI, Rete 2, Foglio Volante Italian-speaking Switzerland 2014
Media relations: print media, online media Le corps s'explore en univers bien découpé 24Heures Western Switzerland 2014
Media relations: print media, online media Le corps toujours Le Temps, Sortir Western Switzerland 2014
Media relations: radio, television Le don de corps à la science augmente RTS La Première, Corpus Western Switzerland 2014
Media relations: radio, television Le Musée de la main (VD) dissèque le corps humain RTS Couleurs locales, Décrochage Western Switzerland 2014
Media relations: radio, television Les recommandations de Jihane et Malick. Culture La Télé, S'il nous plaît Western Switzerland 2014
Media relations: print media, online media Ouvre-moi ton cœur… L'auditoire, FAE, n°219 Western Switzerland 2014
Media relations: print media, online media Sous la peau, des merveilles Le Temps - Samedi Culturel Western Switzerland 2014
Media relations: print media, online media Sous la peau, images du corps La Liberté Western Switzerland 2014
Media relations: print media, online media Sous la peau, toutes les images du corps Courrier, Le Mag Western Switzerland 2014
Media relations: print media, online media Transe anatomique Edelweiss Western Switzerland 2014
Media relations: print media, online media Un regard ancien vers l'intérieur VSAO Journal ASMAC Western Switzerland 2014
Media relations: radio, television Viaggio nella rappresentazione del corpo umano RSI Rete Uno, Squadra Estena Italian-speaking Switzerland 2014
Media relations: print media, online media Viaggio nell'anatomia umana dal'500 ai nostri giorni Azione (journal de la Migros / TI) Italian-speaking Switzerland 2014
Media relations: radio, television Voyage au cœur des conceptions et des représentations du corps humain RTS La Première, CQFD International Western Switzerland Italian-speaking Switzerland German-speaking Switzerland Rhaeto-Romanic Switzerland 2014

Abstract

The famous Flemish anatomist Andreas Vesalius had studied and taught medicine almost all over Europe when he deliberately came to Basel in 1543 to publish his enormously influential, thoroughly innovative and lavishly illustrated treatise De Humani Corporis Fabrica. Vesalius’ view of the human body is based on direct and systematic dissections and observations of cadavers and thus establishes what was to become the fundamental method of modern human anatomy. This publication instigated a radical shift from the era of ancient knowledge on natural sciences to the era of modern medicine. As Vesalius was born in 1514, 2014 will be the 500th anniversary of his birth. This is a unique opportunity to raise public awareness of this major scientific revolution that took place in Switzerland half a millennium ago and to give a visual history to the technological development in human imaging over the past several decades. Currently, medicine is undergoing a revolution in terms of visualizing the human body of living persons, even visualizing its functional properties, for the advancement of our knowledge and our therapeutic capacities, as well as forensic investigations.A team of eight research groups from Lausanne and Basel will collaborate with a Science Museum in Lausanne to build an exhibition with a modular structure, allowing a presentation in several locations across Switzerland during 2014-2015. This exhibition is divided into six parts, including historical, cultural and societal perspectives of the work of Vesalius. It will also include a demonstration of modern research and the latest advances in morphological research, in particular with the support of the medical imaging applied in diagnostic, therapeutic and even in forensic medicine. The exhibition will favour presentations with maximal interactivity, to allow the public to ride into the discovery of the body. It is designed to inform the general public about the impact of the morphological sciences in the advancement in medicine and to generate interest for this field research in the young generation. Guided tours for groups and classes will further focus the message. This exhibition will be associated with workshops and public lectures provided by scientists in all the cities where the exhibition will be held.The field of the biomedical science already has a high impact and interest in the general public, as testified by the audience of television series in this domain and the public attending former exhibitions dealing with the discovery of the human body. Rapid advances in morphological sciences open numerous questions dealing with ethical, societal, cultural and scientific issues which could be illustrated during this large event happening in the major cities in Switzerland where active research in this domain is taking place.
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