Project

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Reconciling Islamic values with reconstruction efforts: the role of the Sharia in population administration in Aceh, Indonesia

Applicant Schenk Christine Giulia
Number 145537
Funding scheme Marie Heim-Voegtlin grants
Research institution Département de géographie et environnement Université de Genève
Institution of higher education University of Geneva - GE
Main discipline Social geography and ecology
Start/End 01.03.2013 - 31.08.2014
Approved amount 93'976.33
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Keywords (6)

Biopolitics; Reconstruction; Gender; Situated ethics; Islamic law; Cross-cultural collaboration

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Internationale Organisationen unterstützen Wiederaufbaumassnahmen bis hin zu Staatsaufbau in unterschiedlichsten kulturellen und religiösen Kontexten. Dabei treffen westliche und lokale Wertvorstellungen aufeinander, u.a. im Kontext der Förderung individueller Rechte in einer muslimischen, auf Einheit bedachten (ummah) Gesellschaftsordnung.
Lay summary

Inhalt und Ziel des Forschungsprojekts

Das vorliegende Dissertationsprojekt untersucht, wie unterschiedliche soziale und religiöse Wertvorstellungen zwischen den beteiligten Akteuren in Wiederaufbauprogrammen in Aceh, Indonesien nach dem grossen Tsunami von 2004 ausgehandelt wurden. Unterschiedliche Wertvorstellungen zeigen sich zum Beispiel bei der rechtlichen Regelung der Registrierung von Heiraten und Scheidungen, da hier westlich-liberale Rechtsvorstellungen denen der Sharia gegenüberstehen. Die Dissertation zeichnet dazu die unterschiedlichen Positionen und ihre Begründungen nach, die von Aktivistinnen für Frauenrechte, Verwaltungsangestellte in Aceh sowie Personal internationaler Organisationen und Vertreter des islamischen Klerus hinsichtlich Frauenrechten, Heirats- und Scheidungsrecht vertreten werden. Anhand eines konkreten Projektes wird aufgezeigt, wie diese verschiedenen Positionen in der Umsetzung von Projektmassnahmen im Einwohnerwesen ausgehandelt werden.

Wissenschaftlicher und gesellschaftlicher Kontext

Das Projekt stützt sich auf qualitative Experteninterviews, Auswertung von Berichten und einer Parlamentsdebatte. Dabei stellt es exemplarisch Handlungsansätze für die Konzeption von Hilfsmassnahmen vor. Das Projekt leistet einen Diskussionsbeitrag zum Umgang mit Krisen, Konflikten und Katastrophen in Aussenpolitik und Entwicklungszusammenarbeit im Kontext islamisch geprägter Gesellschaften.
Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 11.02.2013

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Navigating an inconvenient difference in antagonistic contexts: Doing fieldwork in Aceh, Indonesia
Schenk Christine G. (2013), Navigating an inconvenient difference in antagonistic contexts: Doing fieldwork in Aceh, Indonesia, in Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography, 34(3), 342-356.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
London School of Economics and Political Science Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
Royal Geographical Society with the Institute of British Geographers, (RGS-IBG), Annual International Conference, Panel: Spaces of Active, Activist and Insurgent Citizenship Talk given at a conference ‘Citizenship and Sharia–the case of Aceh, Indonesia’ 26.08.2014 London, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Schenk Christine Giulia;
Association of American Geographers (AAG), Annual Meeting, Panel: Critical geographies of religion Talk given at a conference ‘Negotiating justifications for governing vis-à-vis religious agency and state building: the case of Aceh, Indonesia’ 08.04.2014 Tampa, Florida, United States of America Schenk Christine Giulia;
Asia Research Institute, National University of Singapore, Workshop: Religion and the Politics of Development: Priests, Potentates and “Progress”, Panel: Humanitarians & religions Talk given at a conference ‘Beyond contact-anxiety: engaging with Ulama in Aceh, Indonesia for ‘building back better’ 28.08.2013 Singpore, Singapore Schenk Christine Giulia;
School of Global Studies, University of Sussex and the Institute for Development Studies (IDS): Critical Debates With(in) Development. Panel: Religion, relationships and development Talk given at a conference ‘Building an Islamic province in the secular state of Indonesia’ 13.06.2013 Brighton, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Schenk Christine Giulia;


Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
155916 Biopolitics in Aceh, Indonesia: Sharia, state-building and the negotiation of public authority 01.09.2014 Marie Heim-Voegtlin grants

Abstract

The proposed research project analyses the conflicting rationalities for governing societies in the context of reconstruction efforts after natural disasters and violent conflict. The tension of these rationalities arises between liberal ideas of governing and the governing rationale of the Sharia. This causes points of contention in policy making among local and international actors in the context of reconstruction efforts notably statebuilding. The proposed project explores those conflicting rationalities through a case study of gender rights in Aceh, Indonesia. The Indonesian province of Aceh was one of the regions most affected by the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami and subsequently experienced an unprecedented inflow of international aid. It had also suffered from violent conflict between the Indonesian central government and the Acehnese independence movement. The particular conflation of reconstruction efforts with local conflict is located in a context where problematic encounters between Western and Islamic value systems need to be negotiated, especially in the working of foreign funded reconstruction programmes. To analyse these conflicting rationalities and their negotiations, the project draws on semi-structured interviews with Islamic clergy, civil society activists and project managers as well as on project documents and a parliamentary debate on the bylaw on population administration.
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