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Transnational Mobility of Academics in the Early Stages of their Careers: Transforming or Reproducing Gender Regimes?

English title Transnational Mobility of Academics in the Early Stages of their Careers: Transforming or Reproducing Gender Regimes?
Applicant Dahinden Janine
Number 143179
Funding scheme Project funding
Research institution Maison d'analyse des processus sociaux MAPS Université de Neuchâtel
Institution of higher education University of Neuchatel - NE
Main discipline Ethnology
Start/End 01.02.2013 - 31.07.2016
Approved amount 533'952.00
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All Disciplines (2)

Discipline
Ethnology
Sociology

Keywords (5)

Young academic researchers; Social networks; Highly skilled migration; Transnationalism; Gender

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Transnationale Mobilität von jungen AkademikerInnen: Transformation oder Reproduktion von Gender Regimes?
Lay summary
Transnationale Mobilität wird heute häufig als Voraussetzung für eine akademische Karriere betrachtet. Gleichzeitig zeigen vorhandene Studien, dass eine solche Mobilität in hohem Masse von Geschlechteraspekten mitbestimmt wird. Im Fokus des Projektes stehen deshalb Mobilitätsmuster von jungen AkademikerInnen unter einer Geschlechterperspektive. Methodologisch folgt das Projekt einem mixed-methods approach: Ein on-line survey wird an drei Universitäten durchgeführt. Anschliessend ist ein qualitativ-interpretatives Vorgehen mit verschiedenen Interviewformen geplant. Das Projekt hat sich zum Ziel gesetzt zu zeigen, inwiefern Genderregimes unter der Bedingung einer Transnationalisierung stabil sind oder allenfalls von Akteuren modifiziert werden. Zudem verstehen wir die Mobilität von Hochqualifizierten als eine spezifische Form von Migration und verbinden in diesem Sinne zwei Forschungsfelder – internationale Migration und Mobilität von Hochqualifizierten – was neue theoretische Einsichten verspricht.
Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 04.02.2013

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Family Configurations and Arrangements in the Transnational Mobility of Early-Career Academics: Does Gender Make Twice the Difference?
Toader Alina, Dahinden Janine (2018), Family Configurations and Arrangements in the Transnational Mobility of Early-Career Academics: Does Gender Make Twice the Difference?, in Migration Letters, 15(1), 67-84.
Transnational mobility among early-career academics: gendered aspects of negotiations and arrangements within heterosexual couples
Schaer Martine, Dahinden Janine, Toader Alina (2017), Transnational mobility among early-career academics: gendered aspects of negotiations and arrangements within heterosexual couples, in Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 43(8), 1292-1307.
Jeunes chercheurs académiques: la mobilité comme mode de vie
Schaer Martine, Dahinden Janine (2017), Jeunes chercheurs académiques: la mobilité comme mode de vie, in Terra cognita: revue de l'intégration et de la migration, 31, 28-30.
Locality and Transnational Mobility in the Early Stages of Academic Careers: The Importance of Family and Professional Networks
Schaer Martine, Toader Alina, Dahinden Janine (2016), Locality and Transnational Mobility in the Early Stages of Academic Careers: The Importance of Family and Professional Networks, MAPS Working Papers, University of Neuchâtel.
Transnational Mobility Among Early-Career Academics: Gendered Aspects of Negotiations and Arrangements within Heterosexual Couples
Schaer Martine, Dahinden Janine, Toader Alina (2016), Transnational Mobility Among Early-Career Academics: Gendered Aspects of Negotiations and Arrangements within Heterosexual Couples.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Prof. MAJA POVRZANOVIC FRYKMAN Sweden (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Prof. Dr. Eleonore Kofman Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Prof. Dr. Nicky LeFeuvre Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Karina Prasad, Office of Postdoctoral Affairs, University of Cambridge Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Europe)
- Research Infrastructure
Programme doctoral CUSO « Etudes Genre »/ Netzwerk Gender Studies CH Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
IMISCOE Netherlands (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Research Infrastructure

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
MAPS - Work in Progress Session (WiPS) Talk given at a conference Academic Social Capital embedded in Early-Career Academics' networks: A Qualitative Approach 17.05.2018 Neuchâtel, Switzerland Schaer Martine;
CUSO Gender Studies Doctoral Program – Module ‘Mobilities, Migration & Gender' Talk given at a conference Left-behind, Up-front, Sideways? Appropriate Terminology for Discussing Gendered Mobility Experiences of Early-Career Academics 19.10.2017 Neuchâtel, Switzerland Schaer Martine;
Workshop on Highly-Skilled Migration, Diasporas and Digital Technologies Talk given at a conference Transnational Mobility and Social Capital of Early-career Academics: A Network Approach”, Workshop on Highly-Skilled Migration, Diasporas and Digital Technologies, 10 November 2016 – EPFL, Lausanne, Switzerland. 10.11.2016 Lausanne, Switzerland Schaer Martine;
Workshop: Highly skilled migrants: A future research agenda. Organised by Maja Povrzanović Frykman (MIM/GPS, Malmö University) on behalf of TRANSMIG Talk given at a conference « International migration and highly skilled mobility? Two arguments in view of a future research agenda”. 02.07.2016 Prag, Czech Republic Dahinden Janine;
Researchers Crossing Borders: Transnational Scientific Mobility Talk given at a conference Early-Career Academics and their Spouses/Partners: Gender Arrangements in a Context of Transnational Mobility 10.09.2015 Lisbon, Portugal Schaer Martine;
12th Annual IMISCOE Conference Talk given at a conference Gendered Couple and Family Arrangements during the Transnational Mobility of Early-Career Academics 25.06.2015 Geneva, Switzerland Toader Alina;
LIVES-IP206 – Journée d'étude 'Familles transnationales' Talk given at a conference Mobilité transnationale des jeunes chercheur.e.s académiques: Aspects genrés des négociations et arrangements au sein des couples 19.06.2015 Université de Lausanne, Switzerland Schaer Martine;
Workshop on Skilled and Qualified Migration Talk given at a conference Gender and the Mobility of Early-Career Academics 15.06.2015 Middlesex University, London, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Dahinden Janine;
MAPS - Work in Progress Session (WiPS) Talk given at a conference Methodological Issues in the Biographical Analysis of Transnationally Mobile Early-Career Academics 23.04.2015 Neuchâtel, Switzerland Schaer Martine;
Transnational Academic Spaces – International Conference Talk given at a conference Transnational Mobility of Early-Career Academics: Gendered Aspects of Negotiations and Arrangements within Couples 27.03.2015 Bielefeld University, Germany Schaer Martine;
11th Annual IMISCOE Conference Talk given at a conference Transnational Mobility of Early-Career Academics: Transformation or Reproduction of Gender Regimes? 27.08.2014 Madrid, Spain Toader Alina;
1st European Conference on Social Networks (EUSN) Talk given at a conference Transnational Mobility of Early-Career-Academics: Transformation or Reproduction of Gender Regimes? A Network Perspective 01.07.2014 Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Spain Dahinden Janine; Schaer Martine;
OPdA 1st Research Day Talk given at a conference Transnational Mobility of Early Academics: Motivations, Practices, Effects 29.04.2014 University of Cambridge, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Toader Alina;
CUSO Doctoral Program in Sociology - Module 'Social Network Analysis: What for?' Talk given at a conference Qualitative Ego-Centered Networks of Early-Career Academics: Transnational Mobility within a Gender Perspective 31.10.2013 Charmey, Switzerland Schaer Martine;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
IMISCOE 11th Annual conference, Panel Session "Gender Relations and Highly Skilled MIration/Mobility: Theoretical, Empirical and Methodological issues" 27.08.2014 Madrid, Spain

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
119462 Pratiques et perspectives de genre: les paradoxes de l'égalité 01.10.2008 ProDoc
107844 Soziale Netzwerke von MigrantInnen und die Konstruktion von Zugehörigkeit 01.05.2005 Project funding (special)
119463 Mobilité et genre: représentations, pratiques et transformation des rapports de genre 01.10.2008 ProDoc
124045 Uncovering Gender 01.11.2008 NRP 58 Religions, the State and Society

Abstract

In the context of global social transformations, increased migration and mobility worldwide and enhanced transnationalization of social realities, new issues emerge that pose new challenges to equality between men and women and for which we do not possess the scientific knowledge to fully understand the gendered mechanisms at work. One of these emerging issues is the growing transnational mobility of early career researchers and their gendered effects regarding academic career paths. Mobility is often presented as an indispensable element in the career trajectories: A stay - or multiple stays - abroad at other universities or research institutes is today often considered as a normative requirement of a successful academic career, in Switzerland or beyond. In other words, transnational mobility is an important pre-condition of career progression, and many young scientists do not just do a ‘stint’ abroad, but make several moves that take them into their late thirties. Once primarily associated with areas such as physics and biology, recent trends suggest that the demand of mobility is becoming a more generalized dimension of academic careers. At the same time, a set of studies brought to light that this institutionalization of mobility of young academics has important effects on (re)producing gender inequalities and overall that mobility has a highly gendered character. Constraints on mobility are gendered and research has notably shown that parenting hinders the mobility of women to a greater extent than it does men, further impeding their career progression. However, little is known to this day of how we can fully understand the mechanisms by which these gender regimes are (re)produced, contested or transformed in daily practices, social networks, partnerships and family relations, and within universities. This lack of understanding is due to different research gaps: First, research on highly skilled migration - young academics comprise category - often render families and social networks invisible (problem of ‘methodological individualism’) and therefore remains highly undertheorized. Second, the diversity of practices among women and men is not sufficiently taken into account, thereby not eliciting practices which move away from hegemonic normative conceptions of masculinity and femininity. Finally, there is an overall lack of a gender approach which would focus on the mechanisms of gender differentiation and not reduce the differences between men and women to terms of mere variables. The proposed research aims at tackling these gaps while asking: In which ways is gender articulated with mobility patterns of young academics (men and women) and, conversely, how does this specific type of mobility reinforce or transform gender regimes? We follow a gender approach that understands gender as a relational and analytical category: Gender and gender regimes are actively reproduced in social practices and interactions (‘doing’ and ‘undoing’ gender) and are therefore open to change. Furthermore, we argue that we can best understand the gendered mobility patterns of young scientists by mobilizing three interrelated theoretical perspectives: A life-story approach, a social network approach, and a ‘social field’ approach to academia. Methodologically, we follow a mixed-method approach conducting research in three universities from different countries. We intend first to conduct an online survey with young academics from the selected universities. Second, we will conduct biographic-narrative and network interviews with young academics experiencing a transnational mobility and, when they are coupled, we will interview their partners as well. The scientific originality of our project is twofold: First, we contribute to the ongoing debate within gender studies showing the mechanisms by which gender regimes under conditions of transnationalization are at the same time stable but also modified by actors. Second, by understanding the mobility of highly skilled young researchers as a specific form of migration, we aim at linking two different fields of investigation - international migration and highly skilled mobility - which are only rarely articulated.
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