Project

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Towards a more sustainable management of soil resources by redistribution of economic and ecological added and reduced values

English title Towards a more sustainable management of soil resources by redistribution of economic and ecological added and reduced values
Applicant Nahrath Stéphane
Number 143057
Funding scheme NRP 68 Sustainable Use of Soil as a Resource
Research institution Institut de hautes études en administration publique (IDHEAP) Université de Lausanne
Institution of higher education University of Lausanne - LA
Main discipline Political science
Start/End 01.06.2013 - 31.03.2017
Approved amount 496'334.00
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All Disciplines (4)

Discipline
Political science
Other disciplines of Environmental Sciences
Economics
Social geography and ecology

Keywords (10)

land property; added and reduced values redistribution; agglomeration; tourist area; periurban area; ecosystem services; densification; policy instruments; land use planning; burden balancing

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Der fehlende Ausgleich von Mehr- und Minderwerten erschwert sowohl in der Raumplanung als auch im Bodenschutz oft sinnvolle Lösungen. Stéphane Nahrath analysiert mit seinem Team die Mechanismen, die zu wirtschaftlichen und ökologischen Mehr- oder Minderwerten führen. Das Team untersucht verschiedene Ausgleichsinstrumente auf ihre Leistungsfähigkeit, vergleicht sie und testet sie in drei Fallstudiengebieten.
Lay summary

Massnahmen der Raumplanung und des Bodenschutzes schaffen oft wirtschaftliche und ökologische Mehr- und Minderwerte, beispielsweise durch Ein- und Auszonung von Gebieten oder durch Nutzungsbeschränkungen belasteter Böden. Mittels Kompensationsmechanismen, also durch den Ausgleich dieser Mehr- und Minderwerte, kann eine nachhaltigere Bewirtschaftung des Bodens erreicht werden. Dies gilt sowohl in quantitativer Hinsicht (Zersiedelung versus Verdichtung) als auch in qualitativer Hinsicht (Erhaltung der Bodenfunktionen).

Das Projekt analysiert die Mechanismen, die zur Schaffung von Mehr- und Minderwerten des Bodens führen, und in welchem Verhältnis Mehr- und Minderwerte zueinander stehen – beispielsweise, ob mit einer Massnahme mehr Mehr- als Minderwerte geschaffen werden. Als Untersuchungsregionen dienen die Agglomerationen, die touristischen Zentren und die ländlich geprägten (periurbanen) Gebiete der Schweiz, mithin jene Gebiete, die bezüglich des nachhaltigen Umgangs mit dem Boden am stärksten unter Druck stehen. Zudem soll eine möglichst umfassende Zusammenstellung derjenigen ökonomischen und fiskalischen Instrumente erstellt werden, die einen Ausgleich der wirtschaftlichen und ökologischen Mehr- und Minderwerte erlauben. Die Eignung dieser Instrumente wird in verschiedenen Szenarien in drei Fallstudiengebieten – Lausanne (Agglomeration), Gstaad-Pays-d’Enhaut (Tourismusregion) und Glarus (periurban) – getestet und verglichen.

Aufgrund der Fallstudien lassen sich Empfehlungen zum Einsatz der Instrumente im Bereich der Raumplanung und im Bodenschutz, aber auch für die Gestaltung des Bodenmarktes formulieren.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 04.06.2013

Lay Summary (French)

Lead
L’absence ou la faiblesse de compensation des plus-values et moins-values, constituent souvent un obstacle à l’adoption de solutions tant dans le domaine de l’aménagement du territoire que de la protection qualitative des sols. Avec son équipe, Stéphane Nahrath analyse les mécanismes de formation des plus-values et moins-values économiques et écologiques. L’équipe étudie l’efficacité des différents instruments de compensation des charges, les compare et les expérimente dans trois zones d’étude.
Lay summary

Les mesures d’aménagement du territoire et de protection des sols créent généralement des plus-values et moins-values économiques et écologiques, par exemple en cas de classement et de déclassement de zones ou de restrictions d’utilisation des sols pollués. Le projet analyse dans quelle mesure et à quelles conditions les mécanismes de compensation permettent la mise en place d’une gestion plus durable du sol, tant sur le plan quantitatif (mitage et densification) que qualitatif (préservation des fonctions du sol).

Le projet analyse les mécanismes de formation des plus-values et moins-values du sol, ainsi que leur rapport réciproque: une mesure d’aménagement crée-t-elle plus de plus-values ou de moins-values qu’une autre ? Les régions étudiées sont les agglomérations, les centres touristiques et les régions à caractère rural (périurbaines) de Suisse, c’est-à-dire les régions dans lesquelles la pression en faveur d’une gestion durable du sol est la plus forte. Par ailleurs, le projet doit dresser une liste aussi complète que possible des instruments économiques et fiscaux qui permettent une compensation des charges entre les plus-values et les moins-values économiques et écologiques. L’efficacité de ces instruments est expérimentée et comparée dans trois zones d’étude – Lausanne (agglomération), Gstaad-Pays-d’Enhaut (région touristique) et Glaris (zone périurbaine) – à travers différents scénarios.

Des recommandations concernant l’utilisation des instruments dans le domaine de l’aménagement du territoire et de la protection des sols, mais aussi de l’organisation du marché foncier, sont formulées à partir des études de cas.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 04.06.2013

Lay Summary (English)

Lead
The lack of a balance between gains and losses makes it difficult to reach sensible solutions both for development planning and for soil protection. Stéphane Nahrath and his team are analysing the mechanisms that lead to economic and ecological gains and losses. The team will be testing various burden balancing instruments for effectiveness, and will compare and test them in three case study areas.
Lay summary

Development planning measures often create economic gains and losses, for example through zoning and out-zoning of areas or through use restrictions on soils under stress. More sustainable management of the soil can be achieved by way of compensation mechanisms, that is to say through the balancing of these gains and losses. This applies both in terms of quantity (urban sprawl versus urban concentration) and of quality (maintaining soil functions).

The project will analyse the mechanisms that lead to the creation of gains and losses, as well as the relationship between gains and losses, for example, whether the gains are greater than losses for a given measure. Conurbations, tourist centres and periurban areas in Switzerland will be the areas studied. The areas included will therefore be those that are under greatest pressure with regard to sustainable soil management. In addition, as comprehensive as possible a record of the economic and fiscal instruments that will redistribute the economic and ecological gains and losses will be drawn up. The effectiveness of these instruments is to be tested and compared via various scenarios in three case study areas – Lausanne (conurbation), Gstaad-Pays-d’Enhaut (tourist region) and Glarus (periurban area).

Based on these case studies, recommendations will be drawn up for the use of the instruments in the field of development planning and in soil protection, as well as for the structuring of the soil market.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 04.06.2013

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Using multi-objective optimization to secure fertile soils across municipalities
Schwaab Jonas, Deb Kalyanmoy, Goodman Erik, Kool Sander, Lautenbach Sven, Ryffel Andrea, van Strien Maarten J., Grêt-Regamey Adrienne (2018), Using multi-objective optimization to secure fertile soils across municipalities, in Applied Geography, 97, 75-84.
Added value capturing in Switzerland: how much is enough?
Viallon François-Xavier (2018), Added value capturing in Switzerland: how much is enough?, in Gerber Jean-David, Hartmann Thomas, Hengstermann Andreas (ed.), Routledge, Londres et New York, 57-70.
Land policy: how to deal with scarcity of land
Gerber Jean-David, Hengstermann Andreas, Viallon François-Xavier (2018), Land policy: how to deal with scarcity of land, in Hengstermann Andreas, Hartmann Thomas, Gerber Jean-David (ed.), Routledge, Londres et New York, 8-26.
Improving the performance of genetic algorithms for land-use allocation problems
Schwaab Jonas, Deb Kalyanmoy, Goodman Erik, Lautenbach Sven, van Strien Maarten J., Grêt-Regamey Adrienne (2017), Improving the performance of genetic algorithms for land-use allocation problems, in International Journal of Geographical Information Science, 1-24.
Des syndicats fonciers pour déplacer les droits à bâtir
Viallon François-Xavier, Bombenger Pierre-Henri, Leroy Denis, Nahrath Stéphane (2017), Des syndicats fonciers pour déplacer les droits à bâtir, in La revue foncière, (19), 22-25.
Reducing the Loss of Agricultural Productivity due to Compact Urban Development in Municipalities of Switzerland
Schwaab Jonas, Deb Kalyanmoy, Goodman Erik, Lautenbach Sven, van Strien Maarten, Grêt-Regamey Adrienne (2017), Reducing the Loss of Agricultural Productivity due to Compact Urban Development in Municipalities of Switzerland, in Computers, Environment and Urban Systems, 65, 162-177.
How to choose the right planning horizon? Using multi- objective optimization to support urban planning
Schwaab Jonas, Deb Kolyanmoy, Goodman Erik, Lautenbach Sven, van Strien Maarten, Grêt-Regamey Adrienne (2017), How to choose the right planning horizon? Using multi- objective optimization to support urban planning, in 22nd International Congress on Modelling and Simulation, MODSIM/MSSANZ, Canberra.
Short versus long-term urban planning using multi-objective optimization
Schwaab Jonas, Deb Kalyanmoy, Goodman Erik, Lautenbach Sven, van Strien Maarten, Grêt-Regamey Adrienne (2017), Short versus long-term urban planning using multi-objective optimization, in GECCO '17 Proceedings of the Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference Companion, ACM, New York.
How to choose the right planning horizon? Using multi-objective optimization to support urban planning
Schwaab Jonas, Deb Kalyanmoy, Goodman Erik, Lautenbach Sven, van Strien Maarten (2016), How to choose the right planning horizon? Using multi-objective optimization to support urban planning, in International Congress on Environmental Modelling and Software, BYU ScholarsArchive, Brigham.
La rareté foncière, un débat international
Guelton Sonia, Viallon François-Xavier (2016), La rareté foncière, un débat international, in La revue foncière, (10), 5-6.
La taxe sur la plus-value: l'outil manquant de l'aménagement du territoire?
Viallon François-Xavier, NahrathStéphane (2016), La taxe sur la plus-value: l'outil manquant de l'aménagement du territoire?, in Collage, (3), 5-9.
Maisetti, Nicolas : Opération culturelle et pouvoirs urbains. Instrumentalisation économique de la culture et luttes autour de Marseille-Provence Capitale européenne de la culture 2013
Viallon François-Xavier (2016), Maisetti, Nicolas : Opération culturelle et pouvoirs urbains. Instrumentalisation économique de la culture et luttes autour de Marseille-Provence Capitale européenne de la culture 2013, in Métropoles, en ligne.
Taxer les plus-values issues des travaux d’aménagement et du zonage
Viallon Francois-Xavier (2016), Taxer les plus-values issues des travaux d’aménagement et du zonage, in La revue foncière, (10), 34-36.
Carbon storage versus albedo change: radiative forcing of forest expansion in temperate mountainous regions of Switzerland
Schwaab J., Bavay M., Davin E., Hagedorn F., Hüsler F., Lehning M., Schneebeli M., Thürig E., Bebi P. (2015), Carbon storage versus albedo change: radiative forcing of forest expansion in temperate mountainous regions of Switzerland, in Biogeosciences, 12(2), 467-487.
Implementation of redistributive land policy instruments in peri-urban spaces: the case of Oberaargau (1990-2014)
Viallon Francois-Xavier, Implementation of redistributive land policy instruments in peri-urban spaces: the case of Oberaargau (1990-2014), Idheap, Lausanne.
Implementation of redistributive land policy instruments in urban spaces. The case of the land improvement syndicate in Cheseaux-sur-Lausanne
Viallon François-Xavier, Implementation of redistributive land policy instruments in urban spaces. The case of the land improvement syndicate in Cheseaux-sur-Lausanne, Idheap, Lausanne.
Implementation of redistributive land use planning policy instruments in periurban spaces. The case of Oberaargau from 1990 to 2014
Viallon Francois-Xavier, Implementation of redistributive land use planning policy instruments in periurban spaces. The case of Oberaargau from 1990 to 2014, Idheap, Lausanne.
Implementation of redistributive land use planning policy instruments in urban spaces. The case of the land improvement syndicate in Cheseaux-sur-Lausanne
Viallon François-Xavier, Implementation of redistributive land use planning policy instruments in urban spaces. The case of the land improvement syndicate in Cheseaux-sur-Lausanne, Idheap, Lausanne.
Implementation of redistributive land use planning policy instruments in urban spaces. The case of the urban reconversion of Malley (Lausanne)
Viallon Francois-Xavier, Implementation of redistributive land use planning policy instruments in urban spaces. The case of the urban reconversion of Malley (Lausanne), Idheap, Lausanne.
Maisetti, Nicolas (2014) : Opération culturelle et pouvoirs urbains. Instrumentalisation économique de la culture et luttes autour de Marseille-Provence Capitale européenne de la culture 2013
Viallon François-Xavier, Maisetti, Nicolas (2014) : Opération culturelle et pouvoirs urbains. Instrumentalisation économique de la culture et luttes autour de Marseille-Provence Capitale européenne de la culture 2013, in Métropoles.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Service du développement territorial, Canton of Vaud Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
sanu durabilitas Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
Plannning, law and property rights conference 2016 Talk given at a conference How to redistribute development rights: actors’ dynamics in a land improvement syndicate (Vaud, CH) and perspectives 17.02.2016 Bern, Switzerland Viallon François-Xavier; Nahrath Stéphane; Tillemans Leah;
Séminaire Valeurs foncières et politiques publiques Talk given at a conference La reconversion du site de Malley: mise en oeuvre de la contribution aux équipements communautaires Résultats d’une étude de cas empirique 12.10.2015 Lyon, France Viallon François-Xavier;
Resource lab 1 Talk given at a conference Land use planning in Oberaargau: how can new institutional economics contribute to explain implementation gaps? Empirical results from a periurban case study 10.02.2015 Cret-Berard, Switzerland Pflieger Géraldine; Viallon François-Xavier; Nahrath Stéphane;
Global Land Project Conference Poster Towards a sustainable use of soil in peri-urban areas 19.03.2014 Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany Schwaab Jonas;
ProDoc seminar Talk given at a conference La redistribution des plus- et moins-values économiques et écologiques en aménagement du territoire. Etude comparée des instruments fonciers, économiques et fiscaux dans la perspective d’une gestion durable des sols. 12.12.2013 Murten, Switzerland Nahrath Stéphane; Viallon François-Xavier; Pflieger Géraldine;
Assises du foncier Poster Towards a more sustainable use of soil resources through the redistribution of added and reduced economic and ecological values 17.10.2013 Bordeaux, France Viallon François-Xavier;
Planning, law and property rights Talk given at a conference


Self-organised

Title Date Place
Séminaire praticiens – chercheurs Le démembrement de la propriété et les activités économiques : retours d’expériences de la région lémanique 15.04.2016 Vuilly-Pelloux, France
Economic instruments for managing biovidersity compensation 22.09.2015 Lausanne, Switzerland

Knowledge transfer events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Date Place Persons involved


Abstract

Our research project is dealing with the question of the role of economic and ecological added and reduced values and how its redistribution improves the sustainability of qualitative and quantitative soil management policies. It focuses on the following four objectives: 1) Understanding how various types of added/reduced economic and ecological values of land/soil are created and how they interact within three of the most problematical types of (functional) spaces in Switzerland: agglomerations, tourist areas, and rural periurban areas.2) Comparing, in a theoretical and a methodological perspective, existing and innovative new policy instruments dealing with the question of land/soil added and reduced value redistribution under the aspect of their capacity to achieve the objective of a more ecological land use.3) Testing - through three quasi experimental/scenarios based case studies - various (sets of) existing or new policy instruments that could strengthen the redistribution of land and soil property and use rights as well as of land/soil ecological and economic added/reduced values in a more sustainable way and at a functional space scale.4) Formulating specific, innovative and applicable policy recommendations, based on the three quasi-experimental and scenario based case studies, concerning the way of developing new redistributive institutional and policy designs, compatible with the existing federal land, soil, and subsoil property rights regimes.
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