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Examining the Effect of Well-being on Work Stressors

Applicant Meier Laurenz Linus
Number 142393
Funding scheme Ambizione
Research institution Departement für Psychologie Universität Freiburg
Institution of higher education University of Neuchatel - NE
Main discipline Psychology
Start/End 01.04.2013 - 31.07.2016
Approved amount 498'979.00
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Keywords (6)

work-related stress; diary study; longitudinal research; work stressors; reciprocal effects; occupational well-being

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Das Ziel dieses Forschungsprojektes ist das reziproke Zusammenspiel von belastenden Arbeitsbedingungen und Befindensbeeinträchtigungen besser zu verstehen. Dabei werden mögliche Mechanismen überprüft und sowohl langfristige als auch kurzfristige Auswirkungen untersucht.
Lay summary

Chronischer Stress hat negative Effekte auf die Leistung sowie das Befinden der Betroffenen aus. Unterdessen verstehen wir relativ gut, wie sich Arbeitsbedingungen auf das psychische und körperliche Befinden auswirken können, wenig ist aber darüber bekannt, ob und wie sich beeinträchtigtes Befinden auf die Arbeitsbedingungen auswirkt. Das Ziel dieses Forschungsprojektes ist deshalb das reziproke Zusammenspiel von Arbeitsbedingungen und Befinden im Detail zu untersuchen. Dabei werden mögliche Mechanismen und sowohl langfristige als auch kurzfristige Auswirkungen überprüft.

Die Ergebnisse dieser Studien vertiefen die Kenntnisse über die bedeutsamen Folgen von arbeitsbezogenem Stress. Detailliertes Wissen über das Wechselspiel von Arbeitsbedingungen und Befinden sind nicht nur von theoretischer Bedeutung, sondern dient auch der Planung von Interventionen, welche einer Teufelsspirale entgegenwirken können.

 

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 29.04.2014

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
The effect of positive work reflection during leisure time on affective well-being: Results from three diary studies.
Meier Laurenz L., Cho Eunae, Dumani Soner (2016), The effect of positive work reflection during leisure time on affective well-being: Results from three diary studies., in Journal of Organizational Behavior, 37, 255-278.
The interplay between teamwork, clinician burnout, and patient safety: A longitudinal study.
Welp Annalena, Meier Laurenz L., Manser Tanja (2016), The interplay between teamwork, clinician burnout, and patient safety: A longitudinal study., in Critical Care, 20, 110.
You want me to do what? Two daily diary studies of illegitimate tasks and employee well-being.
Eatough Erin, Meier Laurenz L., Igic Ivana, Elfering Achim, Spector Paul E., Semmer Norbert K. (2016), You want me to do what? Two daily diary studies of illegitimate tasks and employee well-being., in Journal of Organizational Behavior, 37, 108-127.
Effect of workplace incivility on end-of-work negative affect: Examining individual and organizational moderators in a daily diary study
Zhou Zhiqing E., Yan Yu, Che Xin Xuan, Meier Laurenz L. (2015), Effect of workplace incivility on end-of-work negative affect: Examining individual and organizational moderators in a daily diary study, in Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 20, 117-130.
Episodes of incivility between subordinates and supervisors: Examining the role of self-control and time with an interaction-record diary study
Meier Laurenz L., Gross Sven (2015), Episodes of incivility between subordinates and supervisors: Examining the role of self-control and time with an interaction-record diary study, in Journal of Organizational Behavior, 36, 1096-1113.
The chicken or the egg? A meta-analysis of panel studies of the relationship between work-family conflict and strain
Nohe Christoph, Meier Laurenz L, Sonntag Karlheinz, Michel Alexandra (2015), The chicken or the egg? A meta-analysis of panel studies of the relationship between work-family conflict and strain, in Journal of Applied Psychology, 100, 522-536.
When general practitioners don’t feel appreciated by their patients: prospective effects on well-being and work–family conflict in a Swiss Longitudinal Study
Meier Laurenz L., Tschudi Peter, Meier Cornelia A, Dvorak Charles, Zeller Andreas (2015), When general practitioners don’t feel appreciated by their patients: prospective effects on well-being and work–family conflict in a Swiss Longitudinal Study, in Family Practice, 32, 181-186.
Daily burnout experiences: Critical events and measurement challenges.
Xanthopoulou D., Meier Laurenz L. (2014), Daily burnout experiences: Critical events and measurement challenges., in Leiter M. P. (ed.), Taylor & Francis, London, 80-97.
The effect of conflict at work on well-being: Depressive symptoms as a vulnerability factor
Meier Laurenz L., Semmer Norbert K., Gross Sven (2014), The effect of conflict at work on well-being: Depressive symptoms as a vulnerability factor, in Work and Stress, 28(1), 31-48.
The role of personality and job stressors in predicting counterproductive work behavior: A three-way interaction
Zhiqing Zhou E., Meier Laurenz L., Spector Paul E. (2014), The role of personality and job stressors in predicting counterproductive work behavior: A three-way interaction, in International Journal of Selection and Assessment, 9, 286-296.
Emotional exhaustion and workload predict clinician-rated and objective patient safety
Welp Annalena, Meier Laurenz L., Manser Tanja, Emotional exhaustion and workload predict clinician-rated and objective patient safety, in Frontiers in Psychology.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Norbert Semmer, University of Bern Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Erin Eatough, The City University of New York, Baruch College, NY United States of America (North America)
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Tanja Manser, Universitätsklinikum Bonn Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Myriam Bechtoldt, Frankfurt School of Finance & Management Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Zhiqing Zhou, Florida Institute of Technology, FL United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Eunae Cho, Nanyang Technological University Singapore (Asia)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Paul Spector, University of South Florida, FL United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Anita Keller, Michigan State University, East Lansing United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Christoph Nohe, University of Muenster Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
12th Conference of the European Academy of Occupational Health Psychology Talk given at a conference Do deteriorations in work conditions have stronger effects than equivalent improvements? Results from three longitudinal studies. 11.04.2016 Athen, Greece Meier Laurenz Linus;
14th Congress of the Swiss Psychological Society Talk given at a conference Lack of psychological detachment as linking mechanism between job demands and social undermining: Results from three studies. 08.09.2015 Genf, Switzerland Meier Laurenz Linus;
17th Conference of the European Association of Work and Organizational Psychology Talk given at a conference Lack of psychological detachment as linking mechanism between job demands and social undermining: Results from three studies. 19.05.2015 Oslo, Norway Meier Laurenz Linus;
17th Conference of the European Association of Work and Organizational Psychology Talk given at a conference The effect of positive work reflection during leisure time on affective well-being: Results from three diary studies 19.05.2015 Oslo, Norway Meier Laurenz Linus;
49th Conference of the German Psychological Society Talk given at a conference Positive arbeitsbezogene Gedanken am Feierabend und psychisches Befinden – Eine Tagebuch-Interventionsstudie [Positive work reflection during leisure time and psychological well-being – A diary intervention study] 22.09.2014 Bochum, Germany Meier Laurenz Linus;
11th Conference of the European Academy of Occupational Health Psychology Talk given at a conference The chicken or the egg? A meta-analysis of panel studies of the relationship between work-family conflict and strain. 14.04.2014 London, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Meier Laurenz Linus;
11th Conference of the European Academy of Occupational Health Psychology Talk given at a conference Incivility episodes between supervisors and subordinates: Examining duration and boundary conditions with an interaction-record diary study 14.04.2014 London, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Meier Laurenz Linus;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
Work-family conflict and well-being: Diary and longitudinal studies. Symposium at the 11th Conference of the European Academy of Occupational Health Psychology 15.04.2014 London, Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Awards

Title Year
1st place of Andre Bussing Memorial Prize of the European Academy of Occupational Health Psychology 2016
Finalist (top five papers) for the Rosabeth Moss Kanter Award for Excellence in Work-Family Research (co-author) 2016

Abstract

Work-related stress is harmful to employees, it has negative impact on the organizations, and it is linked to high health care cost. For a long time, research focused almost exclusively on the unidirectional effect of work stressors on well-being and neglected that impaired well-being may also cause more work stressors. More recently, studies showed that well-being also predicts stressors, which points to a vicious circle with reciprocal effects that may cause chronic psychological and physical health impairments. Very little, however, is known about the mechanisms that may explain the effects of impaired well-being on work stressors. Moreover, previous research only focused on long-term effects of chronic well-being but neglected short-term effects. However, understanding how impaired well-being may lead to further work stressors in detail is crucial for planning interventions to prevent a negative spiral between work stressors and well-being. The aim of this research program is therefore to better understand the effect of impaired well-being on work stressors and includes three sub goals: First, this research will test whether impaired well-being will mainly alter the perception of work stressors or whether it will actually change the work conditions. If changes in work stressors are mainly due to perception, interventions are best suited at the individual level; however, if actual changes in the environment is the mechanism, interventions are required at both the structural and individual level. Second, this research will test potential mediators of the association between well-being and work stressors. I will examine whether impaired well-being is linked to conflict management, job performance, and self-efficacy beliefs, which are assumed to affect the frequency and intensity of work stressors. Third, short-term effects of fluctuations in well-being on work stressors will be examined. Short-term effects have been widely ignored in previous research, however, a better understanding of these processes will provide insights into a potential vicious circle and hence cumulative reciprocal effects of work stressors and well-being in the long run. In the present research, I will focus on two indicators of well-being that have been widely studied in occupational health research, namely depressive symptoms and exhaustion. Regarding work stressors, I will focus on workload, a classical work stressors, and on work conflict, a stressors that has been rather neglected in occupational stress research for long time. I will address the research gaps with two studies: (i) A longitudinal study, including four repeated multi-source assessments (principal participant, coworker, supervisor) of well-being, work stressors, and potential mediators. Additionally, principal participants will respond to hypothetical scenarios (vignette study). (ii) A diary study over two weeks with daily event-contingent assessments of work conflicts and multiple interval-based assessments of well-being, workload, and potential mediators. As the effects of well-being on stressors have received little attention in previous research, I will focus on them in this proposal. It should be noted, however, that a reciprocal influence seems likely and that the data I intend to collect will offer the opportunity to analyze such reciprocal effects.I am applying for a Swiss National Science Foundation Ambizione fellowship for three years. I plan to use the requested funds to conduct the research program at the Department of Psychology at the University of Fribourg.
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