Project

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General Principles of Transnational Criminal Law

English title General Principles of Transnational Criminal Law
Applicant Gless Sabine
Number 138384
Funding scheme Project funding
Research institution Juristische Fakultät Universität Basel
Institution of higher education University of Basel - BS
Main discipline Legal sciences
Start/End 01.01.2012 - 30.04.2014
Approved amount 205'243.00
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Keywords (5)

International Criminal Law; Criminal Procedure; General Principles of Criminal Law; Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters; European Criminal Law

Lay Summary (English)

Lead
Lay summary

A variety of criminal conduct increasingly features an extraterritorial element. Penal actions therefore are no longer confined to one state’s territory, but rather involve a variety of jurisdictions and trigger a transnational enforcement of criminal law. This leads to an enhanced interaction between various criminal justice systems and consequently requires a raised awareness not only of different national rules allowing for cross-border prosecution, but even more an understanding of general principles governing transnational criminal law enforcement.

The project’s goal is to establish general principles for transnational criminal law, which can be engaged to guide decision makers in the process of resolving conflicts of interests arising in instances of cross-border law enforcement.

Such principles are inter alia, the principle of legality, the principle of guilt as a prerequisite of criminal liability, fair trial rights and procedural safeguards, an internationalized ne bis in idem principle, judicial control and the right to an effective remedy. They can be deduced from the different fields of transnational criminal law, namely the rules on the applicability of domestic criminal law, the law of mutual legal assistance in criminal matters, European Criminal Law and International Criminal Law stricto sensu, and must also include safeguards based on fundamental and human rights.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 21.02.2013

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Ein gemeinsamer menschenrechtlicher Standard – EMRK, IPBR und grenzüberschreitende Strafverfolgung
Gless Sabine (2014), Ein gemeinsamer menschenrechtlicher Standard – EMRK, IPBR und grenzüberschreitende Strafverfolgung, in Taiwan Law Review, 224, 1.
Private Sicherheitsunternehmen: Die Schweiz verleiht dem Internationalen Verhaltenskodex grössere Durchsetzbarkeit auf nationaler und internationaler Ebene
Petrig Anna (2014), Private Sicherheitsunternehmen: Die Schweiz verleiht dem Internationalen Verhaltenskodex grössere Durchsetzbarkeit auf nationaler und internationaler Ebene, in Jusletter, (20. Januar), 1-8.
Arrest and Detention of Piracy Suspects at Sea in Light of the Right to Liberty - A Critical Appraisal of the German Courier Decision
Petrig Anna (2013), Arrest and Detention of Piracy Suspects at Sea in Light of the Right to Liberty - A Critical Appraisal of the German Courier Decision, in Cataldi Giuseppe, Andreone Gemma, Cinelli Claudia, Bevilacqua Giorgia (ed.), Giannini Editore, Naples, 153-171.
Chronique de droit pénal suisse dans le domaine international (2012) / Schweizerische Praxis zum Strafrecht im internationalen Umfeld (2012)
Cassani Ursula, Gless Sabine, Echle Regula, Garibian Sévane, Sager Christian (2013), Chronique de droit pénal suisse dans le domaine international (2012) / Schweizerische Praxis zum Strafrecht im internationalen Umfeld (2012), in Schweizerische Zeitschrift für internationales und europäisches Recht (SZIER) , (3), 467-503.
Die strafprozessuale Stellung von Opfern bei Massenverletzungen - Eine Rechtsvergleichung anhand des norwegischen Falls Breivik
Husabø Erling Johannes, Gerber Samuel, Echle Regula (2013), Die strafprozessuale Stellung von Opfern bei Massenverletzungen - Eine Rechtsvergleichung anhand des norwegischen Falls Breivik, in Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Strafrecht, 131, 337-359.
Grenzüberschreitende Beweissammlung
Gless Sabine (2013), Grenzüberschreitende Beweissammlung, in Zeitschrift für die gesamte Strafrechtswissenschaft, 125, 573-608.
Human Rights and Counter-Piracy Operations - No Legal Vacuum but Legal Uncertainty
Petrig Anna (2013), Human Rights and Counter-Piracy Operations - No Legal Vacuum but Legal Uncertainty, in Mejia Maximo, Kojima Chie, Sawyer Mark (ed.), 31-45.
Law Should Govern - Aspiring General Principles for Transnational Criminal Justice
Gless Sabine, Vervaele John (2013), Law Should Govern - Aspiring General Principles for Transnational Criminal Justice, in Utrecht Law Review, 9(4), 1-10.
The Expansion of Swiss Criminal Jurisdiction in Light of International Law
Petrig Anna (2013), The Expansion of Swiss Criminal Jurisdiction in Light of International Law, in Utrecht Law Review , 9(4), 34-55.
The Passive Personality Principle and the General Principle of Ne Bis In Idem
Echle Regula (2013), The Passive Personality Principle and the General Principle of Ne Bis In Idem, in Utrecht Law Review, 9(4), 56-67.
The Use of Force and Firearms by Private Maritime Security Companies Against Suspected Pirates
Petrig Anna (2013), The Use of Force and Firearms by Private Maritime Security Companies Against Suspected Pirates, in International and Comparative Law Quarterly, 62, 667-701.
Transnational Cooperation in Criminal Matters and the Guarantee of a Fair Trial – Approaches to a General Principle
Gless Sabine (2013), Transnational Cooperation in Criminal Matters and the Guarantee of a Fair Trial – Approaches to a General Principle, in Utrecht Law Review, 9(4), 90-109.
Victims and Consensual Proceedings – Do Victims have a Right to tell their Stories in Criminal Proceedings?
Echle Regula (2013), Victims and Consensual Proceedings – Do Victims have a Right to tell their Stories in Criminal Proceedings?, in University of Warwick School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper Series, (2013-16), 1-12.
涉外刑事案件之證據禁止, translation of «Beweisverbote in Fällen mit Auslandsbezug»
Gless Sabine (2013), 涉外刑事案件之證據禁止, translation of «Beweisverbote in Fällen mit Auslandsbezug», in Special edition of the Taiwan Judicial, Weekly No. 1647, 1.
Opferansprüche mit Konfliktpotential. Hierarchisierung von Jurisdiktionen im Strafrecht
Gless Sabine, Echle Regula (2012), Opferansprüche mit Konfliktpotential. Hierarchisierung von Jurisdiktionen im Strafrecht, in Niggli Marcel Alexander, Riedo Christof , Queloz Nicolas (ed.), 219-242.
Water always finds its way – Discretion and the Concept of Exclusionary Rules in the Swiss Criminal Procedure Code
Gless Sabine, Water always finds its way – Discretion and the Concept of Exclusionary Rules in the Swiss Criminal Procedure Code, in Caianello Michele, Hodgson Jackie, Corrado Michael (ed.), Carolina Academic Press, Durham N.C., n/a.
Equality of Arms as a General Principle of Fair Trial
Gless Sabine, Equality of Arms as a General Principle of Fair Trial, in Cheng Kung Law Review , n/a.
Human Rights and Law Enforcement at Sea: Arrest, Detention and Transfers of Piracy Suspects – A Human Rights Analysis
Petrig Anna, Human Rights and Law Enforcement at Sea: Arrest, Detention and Transfers of Piracy Suspects – A Human Rights Analysis, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, Leiden/Boston.
Transfers of Piracy Suspects - A Crucial Element of the Regional Prosecution Strategy in Light of Human Rights Law
Petrig Anna, Transfers of Piracy Suspects - A Crucial Element of the Regional Prosecution Strategy in Light of Human Rights Law, in Cinelli Claudia, Vázquez Gómez Eva (ed.), n/a.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
University of Utrecht Netherlands (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Law School of University of North Carolina at Chapel United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
University of Bologna Italy (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
4th ECLAN Ph.D. Seminar Talk given at a conference "General Principles of EU Criminal law" - Chair 08.05.2014 Queen Mary University London, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Gless Sabine;
6th Conference on the Future of Adversial Systems - Juvenile Criminal Justice and Human Rights Talk given at a conference "Juvenile Justice" - Chair 11.04.2014 Chapel Hill, United States of America Gless Sabine;
Pre-Conference for Young Scholars, Sixth Conference on the Future of Adversarial Systems - Juvenile Criminal Justice and Human Rights: Comparative and International Perspectives Talk given at a conference Sentences and Measures for Juvenile Crimes from a Comparative Perspective 10.04.2014 Chapel Hill, United States of America Echle Regula;
Joint seminar of the NUS Law Faculty and the Center for International Law Talk given at a conference General Principle of a Fair Trial - Prohibition of Torture and Exclusionary Rules 12.03.2014 National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore Gless Sabine;
Diskussion zur menschenrechtlichen Verantwortlichkeit privater Militär- und Sicherheitsfirmen, Schweizerisches Kompetenzzentrum für Menschenrechte Talk given at a conference Private Sicherheitsunternehmen gegen Piraterie: rechtsfreier Raum oder Regelungsdickicht?, Sicherheit auf Kosten der Menschenrechte? 09.12.2013 Zürich, Switzerland Petrig Anna;
Meeting of Working Group 3 "International Maritime Security and Border Surveillances" of MARSAFENET - COST Action IS1105 Talk given at a conference The legality of transfers for prosecution of piracy suspects: an international and domestic law perspective 26.11.2013 Cordoba, Spain Petrig Anna;
Gesprächsrunde der MitarbeiterInnen des Öffentlichen Rechts der Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg Talk given at a conference Vorführung vor den Richter bei international-arbeitsteiliger Vebrechensbekämpfung: Ist das Recht auf Freiheit teilbar? Gedanken im Vorfeld der Courier Entscheidung des Oberverwaltungsgerichts Münster (DE) 15.10.2013 Freiburg, Germany Petrig Anna;
International Law Association Regional Conference 2013: Imperium Juris - Governance, Trade, Resources Talk given at a conference Private Prevention Against Piracy 29.08.2013 Athens, Greece Petrig Anna;
Presentation at Constitutional Court Individual talk Beweisverwertbarkeit eines Auslandsbelastungszeugen aus europäischer Perspektive 06.06.2013 Taipei, Taiwan Gless Sabine;
Presentation at Ministry of Justice Individual talk Judicial Assistance 05.06.2013 Taipei, Taiwan Gless Sabine;
Presentation at National Taiwan University and National Cheng Kung University Individual talk Das Prinzip des fairen Verfahren im Strafprozess 04.06.2013 Tainan, Taiwan Gless Sabine;
Conference on The Future of Adversarial and Inquisitorial Systems - Criminal Justice and Discretionary Justice Talk given at a conference Water always finds its way – Discretion and the Concept of Exclusionary Rules in the new Swiss Criminal Procedural Code 17.05.2013 Ravenna, Italy Gless Sabine;
Plea Bargaining in Comparative Perspective - Pre-Session for Young Scholars to the Conference Criminal Justice and Discretionary Justice Talk given at a conference Victims and Consensual Proceedings – Does the Victim have a Right to Tell his Story in Consensual Proceedings? 16.05.2013 Ravenna, Italy Echle Regula;
Workshop on Insecurity at Sea: Piracy and Other Risks to Navigation, organized by MARSAFENET (network of experts on the legal aspects of maritime safety and security), COST Action IS1105 Talk given at a conference Maritime Piracy and Violence at Sea in International Law 12.10.2012 Naples, Italy Petrig Anna;
Workshop General Principles of Transnational Criminal Law Talk given at a conference Unilateral Extension of Domestic Penal Power – the Swiss Example: Time for an International Law Approach Towards Criminal Jurisdiction 07.06.2012 Basel, Switzerland Petrig Anna;
Workshop General Principles of Transnational Criminal Law Talk given at a conference Internationalised ne-bis-in-idem-Principle and the Passive Personality Principle 07.06.2012 Basel, Switzerland Echle Regula;
Roundtable on "Countering Piracy: What Are the Rights and Obligations of States and Private Security Providers?" Talk given at a conference International Law and the Use of Force by Private Security Service Providers against Suspected Pirates 31.01.2012 Steyning, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Petrig Anna;


Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
141862 General Principles - Transnational Criminal Law 01.06.2012 Scientific Conferences

Abstract

During the last few decades important shifts have taken place in the realm of criminal law, broadening its relevance on an international level. A variety of criminal conduct increasingly features an extraterritorial element. Penal actions are thus in many instances no longer confined to one State’s territory, but rather involve a variety of jurisdictions and trigger a transnational enforcement of criminal law. These developments have led to an enhanced interaction between various criminal justice systems and consequently require a raised awareness and understanding of different national rules allowing for cross-border prosecution by national agencies and of the international frameworks for cooperation in criminal matters. Furthermore, and even more important, the shift in approach calls for new solutions regarding the conflicts of interests between those seeking to prevent and repress crime, the individuals alleged to have committed the offenses and the victims of crime.Up to now, public authorities as well as lawmakers have generally reacted on a case-by-case basis. This approach, however, does not allow for more general considerations relating to the good administration of justice and legal certainty. It seems thus necessary to establish guidelines, which solve these conflicts of interests and which strike a balance between public concerns and legitimate individual interests. The project’s goal is to establish general principles for transnational criminal law, which can be engaged to guide decision makers in the process of resolving conflicts of interests arising in instances of cross-border law enforcement. These principles should encompass, inter alia, the principle of legality, the principle of guilt as a prerequisite of criminal liability, fair trial rights and procedural safeguards, an internationalized ne bis in idem principle, judicial control and the right to an effective remedy. They can be deduced from the different fields of transnational criminal law, namely the rules on the applicability of domestic criminal law, the law of mutual legal assistance in criminal matters, European Criminal Law and International Criminal Law stricto sensu, and must also include safeguards based on fundamental and human rights. For the purpose of establishing such general principles for transnational criminal law, Swiss law provides an excellent starting point. Swiss law is an intermixture of different legal traditions. Swiss authorities quite often encounter the challenges of transnational prosecutions, especially in the area of recovery of illegally obtained assets. Moreover, Swiss law also traditionally pays regard to the rights of individuals affected by cross-border law enforcement, for instance, when taking the human rights situation in a foreign country into account before executing a letter rogatory and granting legal remedies to individuals during the process. However, Swiss legislation - like other legal systems - still lacks a coherent doctrine for solving conflicts of interests in the emerging system of international criminal justice. Over time, more jurisdictions can be gradually included into the project in order to establish principles, which reflect a minimum common standard valid transnationally. It is envisaged that these will be drawn from the Western legal hemisphere, from States that share basic common values regarding the administration of criminal justice.
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