In order to end civil wars governments sometimes offer rebel elites government positions. Does this practice of power-sharing motivate observing would-be rebels to take up arms in order to also gain government positions?
Investigating this question brought about two interesting answers:
1. No, power-sharing practices do not, on average, lead to additional civil wars?
2. However, governments that do not yield to rebels earlier appear to be weak by not being able to defeat the rebellion, and thereby invite additional insurrections.
However, one previous concern, namely, that granting regional autonomy would result in additional conflict, could be confirmed.
One question not yet answered is how the practice of power-sharing influences democratic rights of citizens. While a number of civil and political rights indicators turned out positive, the evidence is not conclusive enough to come to a more certain conclusion. Among the problems in answering this question are data quality concerns, deciding when a civil war is big enough to influence democracy, and finally, whether elites that choose democracy are not already more inclined to choose democratic options.