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Violence and Mobilization in Intra-State Armed Conflict

English title Violence and Mobilization in Intra-State Armed Conflict
Applicant Schubiger Livia
Number 133450
Funding scheme Fellowships for prospective researchers
Research institution Department of Political Science Yale University
Institution of higher education Institution abroad - IACH
Main discipline Political science
Start/End 01.01.2011 - 30.06.2011
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Keywords (13)

Intra-State Conflict; Violent Repression; Mobilization; Civilian Targeting; intra-state armed conflict; civil war; counterinsurgent mobilization; political violence; recruitment; collective action; Peru; conflict termination; counterinsurgency

Lay Summary (English)

Lay summary
This project analyzes the effect of civil war violence on the mobilization processes in intra-state armed conflicts. It explores the strategies of violence utilized by both state and non-state armed groups against civilian populations and analyzes the manner in which these efforts affect the mobilization capacities of social actors. The argument put forward in this study explains variations in the effects of civil war violence by theorizing the mechanisms that link pre-war institutions and social structures with different types of pro- and counterinsurgent mobilization. Empirically, the project systematically explores how different strategies of violence armed groups adopt towards the civilian population affect subsequent dynamics of both pro-and counterinsurgent mobilization and processes of conflict termination.

This project aims at contributing to a better understanding of the interactions between armed actors and civilian populations and the way in which local political institutions are transformed by violent conflict. It will also help to improve the understanding of the factors that drive and sustain local communities' strategies of adaption and resistance to civil war violence. An improved understanding of the interactions between armed actors and civilian populations will enhance the ability to explain conflict duration, and to get a better grasp of the sources of post-conflict instability. It will also help to refine the policy-relevant knowledge of the prospects and limits of international interventions that are intended to shorten armed conflicts, to mitigate war-related human rights violations, and to sustain stability in the aftermath of civil wars.

Empirically, this project combines large-N cross-case analysis with in-depth case-study evidence. The empirical analysis is based, first, on a dyad-year dataset covering armed actors involved in intra-state conflict between 1989 and 2007. This dataset will provide the foundation to draw comparative inferences across and within conflicts, as well as over time. Secondly, this study relies on fine-grained quantitative and qualitative data that capture the dynamics of political violence and counterinsurgent mobilization within one particular conflict (the Peruvian civil war). In this second part of the project, the study relies on subnational data on patterns of violence against civilians and counterinsurgent peasant mobilization (rondas campesinas, comités de autodefensa) during the Peruvian civil war. The data on the Peruvian civil war is based on archival research and expert interviews conducted in Peru as well as on data collected by the Peruvian Truth and Reconciliation Commission.
Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 21.02.2013

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