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Global Change and Mountain Regions: the Mountain Research Initiative Coordination Office

English title Global Change and Mountain Regions: the Mountain Research Initiative Coordination Office
Applicant Weingartner Rolf
Number 132773
Funding scheme Research Infrastructure
Research institution Geographisches Institut Universität Bern
Institution of higher education University of Berne - BE
Main discipline Other disciplines of Environmental Sciences
Start/End 01.10.2010 - 30.09.2013
Approved amount 889'982.00
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All Disciplines (2)

Discipline
Other disciplines of Environmental Sciences
Social geography and ecology

Keywords (15)

Mountain regions; Global change; Sustainable development; Ecology; Hydrology; Process studies; Mathematical modeling; Long-term observations; Research framework; Communications; Research Funding; Institutional analysis; Climatology; Inter- and transdisciplinary studies; Research framework. Communications

Lay Summary (English)

Lead
Lay summary
The Mountain Research Initiative (MRI) Coordination Office is a scientific infrastructure project that promotes and coordinates research on global change in mountain regions. Mountain regions are extremely important to humanity. Half of humanity depends on resources from mountain regions. Outside of the tropics, mountain regions provide 40% of all the freshwater, and in arid and semi-arid regions, this fraction approaches 70-100%. Mountains contain one half of the planet's biodiversity hot spots. Mountain forests and soils are among the major terrestrial carbon pools. Mountain ecosystems are sensitive to change, from climate change to inappropriate management practices. The future ability of mountain regions to provide their many goods and services to highland and lowland residents is seriously threatened by climatic change, pollution, unsustainable management and serious gaps in understanding of mountain systems. MRI fills these gaps in understanding. It works on the four "I's" : initiation, implementation, integration, and information. Initiation focuses on the formation of networks of researchers so that they can better develop interdisciplinary research. Implementation involves support to these networks and maintenance of global change in mountain regions as a key topic. Integration focuses on the synthesis of research results and leads to the publication of new knowledge. Information means the translation of research results into guidance useful for policy makers and practitioners. During the 2010-2013 period MRI will:oconduct three Synthesis Workshops to integrate research results; ogenerate information products from past research useful to practitioners working on sustainable development in mountain regions in Europe via Mountain.TRIP (an FP7 Support Action);oconduct Key Contacts workshops at major international scientific meetings to promote interdisciplinary collaboration;oestablish a Global Commission composed of active and senior researchers from all mountain regions of the world to provide strategic oversight;oinitiate a campaign to shape scientific contributions to the Rio+20 Conference of the United Nation's Commission on Sustainable Development;oengage regional research coordinators for initiation and implementation in Latin America, Africa and Central Asia using third-party funding, while continuing to collaborate with the Austrian Academy of Science on MRI Europe; andoenhance its communication channels and products to promote initiation, describe implementation, integrate results and distribute information, by initiating a true on-line social network of global change researchers in mountain regions.
Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 21.02.2013

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Science for the Carpathians: Using Regional Capacity to Cope with Global Change
Gurung Astrid Björnsen (2013), Science for the Carpathians: Using Regional Capacity to Cope with Global Change, Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Communities Constructing Their Own Alternatives in the Face of Crisis
Barkin David (2012), Communities Constructing Their Own Alternatives in the Face of Crisis, in Mountain Research and Development, 32(S1), S12-S22.
Global Change and the World's Mountains
Messerli Bruno (2012), Global Change and the World's Mountains, in Mountain Research and Development, 32(S1), S55-S63.
Global Change and the World's Mountains— Research Needs and Emerging Themes for Sustainable Development
Gurung Astrid Björnsen, von Dach Susanne Wymann, Price Martin F., Aspinall Richard, Balsiger Jörg, Baron Jill S., Sharma Eklabya, Greenwood Greg, Kohler Thomas (2012), Global Change and the World's Mountains— Research Needs and Emerging Themes for Sustainable Development, in Mountain Research and Development, 32(S1), S47-S54.
Introduction: Global Change and the World's Mountains—Perth 2010
Price Martin F., Weingartner Rolf (2012), Introduction: Global Change and the World's Mountains—Perth 2010, in Mountain Research and Development, 32(S1), S3-S6.
Mountain Ecosystem Services: Who Cares?
Grêt-Regamey Adrienne, Brunner Sibyl Hanna, Kienast Felix (2012), Mountain Ecosystem Services: Who Cares?, in Mountain Research and Development, 32(S1), S23-S34.
Mountain Regions: A Global Common Good?
Debarbieux Bernard, Price Martin F. (2012), Mountain Regions: A Global Common Good?, in Mountain Research and Development, 32(S1), S7-S11.
Natural and socio-economic factors affecting food security in the Himalayas
Tiwari Prakash C, Joshi Baghwati (2012), Natural and socio-economic factors affecting food security in the Himalayas, in Food Security, 1-15.
Perspectives on Climate Change, Mountain Hydrology, and Water Resources in the Oregon Cascades, USA
Nolin Anne W. (2012), Perspectives on Climate Change, Mountain Hydrology, and Water Resources in the Oregon Cascades, USA, in Mountain Research and Development, 32(S1), S35-S46.
Promoting Sustainable Mountain Development at the Global Level
Maselli Daniel (2012), Promoting Sustainable Mountain Development at the Global Level, in Mountain Research and Development, 32(S1), S64-S70.
Assessing water resources adaptive capacity to climate change impacts in the Pacific Northwest Region of North America
Hamlet AF (2011), Assessing water resources adaptive capacity to climate change impacts in the Pacific Northwest Region of North America, in HYDROLOGY AND EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCES, 15(5), 1427-1443.
Climate change and mountain water resources: overview and recommendations for research, management and policy
Viviroli D, Archer DR, Buytaert W, Fowler HJ, Greenwood GB, Hamlet AF, Huang Y, Koboltschnig G, Litaor MI, Lopez-Moreno JI, Lorentz S, Schadler B, Schreier H, Schwaiger K, Vuille M, Woods R (2011), Climate change and mountain water resources: overview and recommendations for research, management and policy, in HYDROLOGY AND EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCES, 15(2), 471-504.
Food security in high mountain regions: agricultural production and the impact of food subsidies in Ladakh, Northern India
Dame J, Nusser M (2011), Food security in high mountain regions: agricultural production and the impact of food subsidies in Ladakh, Northern India, in FOOD SECURITY, 3(2), 179-194.
Impact of climate evolution and land use changes on water yield in the ebro basin
Lopez-Moreno JI, Vicente-Serrano SM, Moran-Tejeda E, Zabalza J, Lorenzo-Lacruz J, Garcia-Ruiz JM (2011), Impact of climate evolution and land use changes on water yield in the ebro basin, in HYDROLOGY AND EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCES, 15(1), 311-322.
The relevance of glacier melt in the water cycle of the Alps: the example of Austria
Koboltschnig GR, Schoner W (2011), The relevance of glacier melt in the water cycle of the Alps: the example of Austria, in HYDROLOGY AND EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCES, 15(6), 2039-2048.
Sustainability of water resources management in the Indus Basin under changing climatic and socio economic conditions
Archer DR, Forsythe N, Fowler HJ, Shah SM (2010), Sustainability of water resources management in the Indus Basin under changing climatic and socio economic conditions, in HYDROLOGY AND EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCES, 14(8), 1669-1680.
Uncertainties in climate change projections and regional downscaling in the tropical Andes: implications for water resources management
Buytaert W, Vuille M, Dewulf A, Urrutia R, Karmalkar A, Celleri R (2010), Uncertainties in climate change projections and regional downscaling in the tropical Andes: implications for water resources management, in HYDROLOGY AND EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCES, 14(7), 1247-1258.
Response of high-mountain Altai thermal regime to climate global warming of recent decades
Bezuglova N., Zinchenko G., Malygina N., Papina T., Barlyaeva T., Response of high-mountain Altai thermal regime to climate global warming of recent decades, in Theoretical and Applied Climatology.
125 years of high-mountain research at Sonnblick Observatory (Austrian Alps)—from “the house above the clouds” to a unique research platform
Schöner Wolfgang, Böhm Reinhard, Auer Ingeborg, 125 years of high-mountain research at Sonnblick Observatory (Austrian Alps)—from “the house above the clouds” to a unique research platform, in Theoretical and Applied Climatology.
A century of apparent atmospheric transmission over Davos, Switzerland
Lachat D., Wehrli C., A century of apparent atmospheric transmission over Davos, Switzerland, in Theoretical and Applied Climatology.
Bulgarian mountains air temperatures and precipitation—statistical downscaling of global climate models and some projections
Nojarov Peter, Bulgarian mountains air temperatures and precipitation—statistical downscaling of global climate models and some projections, in Theoretical and Applied Climatology.
Enhanced temperature variability in high-altitude climate change
Ohmura Atsumu, Enhanced temperature variability in high-altitude climate change, in Theoretical and Applied Climatology.
Long-term snow and weather observations at Weissfluhjoch and its relation to other high-altitude observatories in the Alps
Marty Christoph, Meister Roland, Long-term snow and weather observations at Weissfluhjoch and its relation to other high-altitude observatories in the Alps, in Theoretical and Applied Climatology.
Monsoon circulation interaction with Western Ghats orography under changing climate
Rajendran K., Kitoh A., Srinivasan J., Mizuta R., Krishnan R., Monsoon circulation interaction with Western Ghats orography under changing climate, in Theoretical and Applied Climatology.
Recent advances in mountain climate research
Barry Roger, Recent advances in mountain climate research, in Theoretical and Applied Climatology.
Snow-albedo feedback and Swiss spring temperature trends
Scherrer S., Ceppi P., Croci-Maspoli M., Appenzeller C., Snow-albedo feedback and Swiss spring temperature trends, in Theoretical and Applied Climatology.
The climate tourism potential of Alpine destinations using the example of Sonnblick, Rauris and Salzburg
Matzarakis Andreas, Hämmerle Martin, Koch Elisabeth, Rudel Ernest, The climate tourism potential of Alpine destinations using the example of Sonnblick, Rauris and Salzburg, in Theoretical and Applied Climatology.
The Mountain Research Initiative (MRI): What Comes Next?
Greenwood Gregory, The Mountain Research Initiative (MRI): What Comes Next?, in Mountain Research and Development, 32(4), 1-5.
The potential impact of climate change on seasonal snow in New Zealand: part I—an analysis using 12 GCMs
Hendrikx J., Hreinsson E., Clark M., Mullan A., The potential impact of climate change on seasonal snow in New Zealand: part I—an analysis using 12 GCMs, in Theoretical and Applied Climatology.
The potential impact of climate change on seasonal snow in New Zealand: part II—industry vulnerability and future snowmaking potential
Hendrikx J., Hreinsson E., The potential impact of climate change on seasonal snow in New Zealand: part II—industry vulnerability and future snowmaking potential, in Theoretical and Applied Climatology.
The snowline climate of the Alps 1961–2010
Hantel M., Maurer C., Mayer D., The snowline climate of the Alps 1961–2010, in Theoretical and Applied Climatology.
Trends in spectral UV radiation from long-term measurements at Hoher Sonnblick, Austria
Fitzka M., Simic S., Hadzimustafic J., Trends in spectral UV radiation from long-term measurements at Hoher Sonnblick, Austria, in Theoretical and Applied Climatology.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Institute of Geography, Russian Academy of Science Russia (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
University of Central Asia Kyrgyzstan (Asia)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
CONDESAN Peru (South America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
University of Pretoria South Africa (Africa)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Centre for Develeopment and Environment Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
Mountain Social-Ecological Observating Network Research Coordination Network Individual talk 19.08.2013 Flathead Lake, MT, United States of America Greenwood Gregory;
Ecological Society of America Meeting 2013 Individual talk 04.08.2013 Minneapolis, MN, United States of America Drexler Claudia;
Third Pole Environment, Fourth Workshop Individual talk 01.04.2013 Dehradun (IN), India Greenwood Gregory;
Alpine LTER Individual talk 22.02.2013 Bard (IT), Italy Greenwood Gregory;
Mountains Under Watch 2013 Individual talk 20.02.2013 Bard (IT), Italy Greenwood Gregory;
AGU Fall Meeting 2012 Individual talk 03.12.2012 San Francisco, CA (USA), United States of America Greenwood Gregory;
Second International Conference on Mountain Environment and Development Talk given at a conference 15.10.2012 Chengdu, Sichuan, China, China Greenwood Gregory;
Ecological Society of America, Annual Meeting, 2012 Individual talk 05.08.2012 Portland, Oregon, USA, United States of America Greenwood Gregory;
IGBP Congress: Planet Under Pressure Individual talk 26.03.2012 London, UK, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Greenwood Gregory;
AGU Fall Meeting 2011 Individual talk 05.12.2011 San Francisco, USA, United States of America Greenwood Gregory;
Climate Change in High Mountain Regions Individual talk 28.09.2011 Salzburg AT, Austria Ritter Christoph; Greenwood Gregory;
Long-Term Ecological Research Sites in European Mountains Individual talk 14.09.2011 Col de Lauteret, France Greenwood Gregory;
IGBP Workshop on Global Observing Systems Individual talk 06.09.2011 Oxford, England, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Greenwood Gregory;
Third Pole Environment, Third Workshop Individual talk 29.08.2011 Reykjavik, Iceland Greenwood Gregory;
Scientific Steering Committee, Science for the Carpathians Individual talk 26.05.2011 Bratislava, Slovakia, Slovakia Björnsen Gurung Astrid;
CIRCLE MOUNTain Kick-off meeting Talk given at a conference 02.02.2011 Chambèry, France, France Greenwood Gregory;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
MRI Key Contact Workshop, ESA 2013 03.08.2013 Minneapolis, MN, United States of America
MRI Key Contacts Workshop, EGU 2013 06.04.2013 Vienna (AT), Austria
MRI Key Contact Workshop , AGU 2012 02.12.2012 Berkeley, CA (USA), United States of America
MRI Key Contact Workshop, ESA 2012 04.08.2012 Portland, Oregon, USA, United States of America
MRI Key Contact Workshop, EGU 2012 21.04.2012 Vienna, Austria, Austria
MRI Global Commission 30.03.2012 London, UK, Great Britain and Northern Ireland
MRI Key Contact Workshop: AGU 2011 04.12.2011 Berkeley (CA) USA, United States of America
MRI Synthesis Workshop: Urban Growth in High Mountains 01.11.2011 Nainital, India, India
AGU Fall Meeting 2010 13.12.2010 San Francisco, CA, USA, United States of America
MRI Key Contact Workshop: AGU 2010 04.12.2010 Berkeley, CA, USA, United States of America

Knowledge transfer events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Date Place Persons involved
Verbier Green Pioneering Summit 09.12.2011 Verbier (CH), Switzerland Greenwood Gregory;
Managing Alpine Futures II 21.11.2011 Innsbruck, Austria, Austria Björnsen Gurung Astrid; Weingartner Rolf;
S4C Side Event, Carpathian Convention COP3 21.05.2011 Bratislava, Slovakia, Slovakia Björnsen Gurung Astrid;


Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Print (books, brochures, leaflets) Catalogue of Research Summaries, MRI EGU KCW 2013 International 2013
Print (books, brochures, leaflets) Catalogue of Research Summaries, MRI ESA KCW 2013 International 2013
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Avila MRI Key Contact Workshop webcast International 2012
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Building Resilience of Mountain Social-Ecological Systems to Global Change webcasts International 2012
Print (books, brochures, leaflets) Catalogue of Research Summaries, MRI AGU KCW 2012 International 2012
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Climate Change in High Mountain Regions: Sonnblick Conference webcast International 2012
Talks/events/exhibitions Current Directions of The International Mountain Research Initiative International 2012
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Managing Alpine Futures II webcast International 2012
Print (books, brochures, leaflets) MOUNTAIN ECOSYSTEMS MRI-GMBA Key Contact Workshop prior to the 2012 Ecological Society of America An International 2012
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Mountains as Arenas for Adaptation to Climate Change webcast International 2012
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) MtnClim 2012 webcast International 2012
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Urban Growth in High Mountains:Synthesis Workshop webcast International 2012
Print (books, brochures, leaflets) Catalogue of Research Summaries, MRI AGU Workshop 2011 International 2011
Print (books, brochures, leaflets) Catalogue of Research Summaries, MRI EEF Workshop International 2011
Print (books, brochures, leaflets) Catalogue of Research Summaries, MRI EGU Workshop International 2011
Print (books, brochures, leaflets) Newsletter of the MRI , MRI News N° 5 International 2011
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Perth Conference Plenary Sessions webcasts International 2011
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) The Director's Blog International 2011
Print (books, brochures, leaflets) Alpine knowledge gardening-research networks for the advancement of science and development International 2010
Print (books, brochures, leaflets) Catalogue of Research Summaries, MRI AGU Workshop International 2010
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Global Change and the World's Mountains webcast International 2010
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Global Flash electronic bulletin International 2010
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) News Flash for Global Change Research Network for African Mountains electronic bulletin International 2010
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) News Flash for South Eastern Europe electronic bulletin International 2010
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) News Flash for the American Cordillera Transect electronic bulletin International 2010
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) News Flash for the Carpathians electronic bulletin International 2010
Print (books, brochures, leaflets) Research Agenda for the Carpathians International 2010

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
117630 Global Change and Mountain Regions: The Mountain Research Initiative Coordination Office 01.10.2007 Research Infrastructure
127647 Climate Change and Water Resources Management in Mountains 01.09.2009 Scientific Conferences
130997 Key drivers of food security in mountains areas 01.01.2010 Scientific Conferences
125801 Towards sustainable fine resolution hydro-ecological observatories in Southern African mountains 01.11.2009 International Exploratory Workshops
149873 Global Change and Mountain Regions: the Mountain Research Initiative Coordination Office 01.10.2013 Research Infrastructure
149873 Global Change and Mountain Regions: the Mountain Research Initiative Coordination Office 01.10.2013 Research Infrastructure

Abstract

Global Change and Mountain Regions: the Mountain Research Initiative (MRI) Coordination Office is a scientific infrastructure project that promotes and coordinates research on global change in mountain regions (Becker and Bugmann 2001). MRI organizes its work around four "I's" : initiation, implementation, integration, and information. Initiation focuses on the formation of networks of researchers so that they can better develop interdisciplinary research activities and proposals. Implementation involves both support to these networks and maintenance of the profile of global change in mountain regions as a key topic. Integration focuses on the synthesis of research results and leads to the publication of new knowledge. Information means the translation of research results into guidance useful for policy makers and practitioners. MRI will expand these successful activities during the 2010-2013 period.•MRI will increase from three to five the number of Synthesis Workshops to integrate research results .•As part of Mountain.TRIP (an FP7 funded Support Action), MRI will integrate research results and generate information products useful to practitioners working on sustainable development in mountain regions in Europe.•MRI will implement 13 Key Contacts workshops to initiate and to guide implementation of interdisciplinary research. •MRI will promote and guide implementation through the Earth System Science Partnership and international organizations.MRI will launch these new initiatives and profound revisions of existing efforts in the 2010-2013 period.•MRI will establish a Global Commission by combining its existing Science Advisory Board with a group of active and senior researchers from all mountain regions of the world to provide strategic oversight and advance implementation of the global change research agenda for mountains.•MRI and its Global Commission will initiate a campaign to shape scientific contributions to the United Nation's Commission on Sustainable Development in 2012 on the occasion of the 20th anniversary of Agenda 21, of which Chapter 13 on mountains has been historically a focus of Swiss scientific and policy attention.•MRI will partner with the Mountain Invasives Research Network to integrate research results and to create information for stakeholders world-wide on invasive species, an increasingly important global change driver in mountain regions. •If funded by the EU, MRI will launch a major integration and information project (FINESSE) in Africa, and another research integration project (CC.AWARE) in Europe.•MRI will engage regional research coordinators for initiation and implementation in Latin America, Africa and Central Asia using Swiss Development and Cooperation Agency funds, while continuing to using Austrian Academy of Science and SNF funding for support of the coordinator of MRI Europe. •MRI will profoundly enhance its communication channels and products to promote initiation, describe implementation, integrate results and distribute information, by initiating a true on-line social network of global change researchers in mountain regions. The total budget of MRI for all activities, including FINESSE, CC.AWARE and the SDC-funded regional networks is 2'218'710 chf. Given external funding of 1'121'104 chf, the request of MRI to SNF is for 1'097'607 chf. During this 2007-2010 grant period, MRI received a total of 906'798.52 chf from SNF.
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