Speleothems; Holocene; Late Pleistocene; Switzerland; Turkey; Oman; Yemen; India; Precipitation; Temperature; Environment; Stalagmites; Vegetation
Affolter Stéphane, Häuselmann Anamaria, Fleitmann Dominik, Edwards R. Lawrence, Cheng Hai, Leuenberger Markus (2019), Central Europe temperature constrained by speleothem fluid inclusion water isotopes over the past 14,000 years, in Science Advances
, 5(6), eaav3809-eaav3809.
Fankhauser Adelheid, McDermott Frank, Fleitmann Dominik (2016), Episodic speleothem deposition tracks the terrestrial impact of millennial-scale last glacial climate variability in SW Ireland, in Quaternary Science Reviews
, 152, 104-117.
Affolter Stéphane, Häuselmann Anamaria D., Fleitmann Dominik, Häuselmann Philipp, Leuenberger Markus (2015), Triple isotope (δD, δ17O, δ18O) study on precipitation, drip water and speleothem fluid inclusions for a Western Central European cave (NW Switzerland), in Quaternary Science Reviews
, 127, 73-89.
Krüger Yves, Hiltbrunner Beat, Luder Andres, Fleitmann Dominik, Frenz Martin (2014), Novel heating/cooling stage designed for fluid inclusion microthermometry of large stalagmite sections, in Chemical Geology
, 386, 59-65.
Ohata (2014), Comparison of 795 nm and 265 nm femtosecond and 193 nm nanosecond laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry for the quantitative multi-element analysis of glass materials, in J. Anal. At. Spectrom.
, 29, 1345-1353.
Borovinskaya (2014), Element Analysis of Small and even Smaller Objects by ICPMS and LA-ICPMS, in CHIMIA
, 68(3), 112-118.
Affolter (2014), New on-line method for water isotope analysis of speleothem fluid inclusions using laser absorption spectroscopy (WS-CRDS), in Climate of the Past
, 10, 429-446.
Donges (2014), Nonlinear regime shifts in Holocene Asian monsoon variability: potential impacts on cultural change and migratory patterns, in Climate of the Past Discussions
, 10,, 895 -975.
Vogel (2013), A combined vacuum crushing and sieving (CVCS) system designed to determine noble gas paleotemperatures from stalagmite samples, in Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst.
, 14, 2432-2444.
Tabersky (2013), Aerosol entrainment and a large-capacity gas exchange device (Q-GED) for laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry in atmospheric pressure air, in J. Anal. At. Spectrom.
, 28, 831-842.
Bernasconi (2013), Background effects on Faraday collectors in gas-source mass spectrometry and implications for clumped isotopemeasurements, in Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom
, 27, 603-612.
Ernst (2013), Biomarkers record environmental changes along an altitudinal transect in the wettest place on Earth, in Organic Geochemistry
, 60, 93-99.
Rehfeld (2013), Late Holocene Asian summer monsoon dynamics from small but complex networks of paleoclimate data, in Climate Dynamics
, 41, 3-19.
van Rampelbergh (2013), Mid- to late Holocene Indian Ocean Monsoon variability recorded in four speleothems from Socotra Island, Yemen, in Quaternary Science Reviews
, 65, 129-142.
Vogel (2013), Stalagmite water content as a proxy for drip water supply in tropical and subtropical areas, in Climate of the Past
, 9, 1-12.
Breitenbach (2012), COnstructing Proxy Records from Age models (COPRA), in Climate of the Past
, 8, 1765-1779.
Kennett DJ, Breitenbach SFM, Aquino VV, Asmerom Y, Awe J, Baldini JUL, Bartlein P, Culleton BJ, Ebert C, Jazwa C, Macri MJ, Marwan N, Polyak V, Prufer KM, Ridley HE, Sodemann H, Winterhalder B, Haug GH (2012), Development and Disintegration of Maya Political Systems in Response to Climate Change, in SCIENCE
, 338(6108), 788-791.
Marti D, Kruger Y, Fleitmann D, Frenz M, Ricka J (2012), The effect of surface tension on liquid-gas equilibria in isochoric systems and its application to fluid inclusions, in FLUID PHASE EQUILIBRIA
, 314, 13-21.
Breitenbach SFM, Bernasconi SM (2011), Carbon and oxygen isotope analysis of small carbonate samples (20 to 100 mu g) with a GasBench II preparation device, in RAPID COMMUNICATIONS IN MASS SPECTROMETRY
, 25(13), 1910-1914.
Fleitmann D, Burns SJ, Pekala M, Mangini A, Al-Subbary A, Al-Aowah M, Kramers J, Matter A (2011), Holocene and Pleistocene pluvial periods in Yemen, southern Arabia, in QUATERNARY SCIENCE REVIEWS
, 30(7-8), 783-787.
Kruger Y, Marti D, Staub RH, Fleitmann D, Frenz M (2011), Liquid-vapour homogenisation of fluid inclusions in stalagmites: Evaluation of a new thermometer for palaeoclimate research, in CHEMICAL GEOLOGY
, 289(1-2), 39-47.
Badertscher S, Fleitmann D, Cheng H, Edwards RL, Gokturk OM, Zumbuhl A, Leuenberger M, Tuysuz O (2011), Pleistocene water intrusions from the Mediterranean and Caspian seas into the Black Sea, in NATURE GEOSCIENCE
, 4(4), 236-239.
Near-instrumental proxy records of precipitation and temperature play a key role for benchmarking climate models that are also used for climate predictions. As high-quality climate proxy records are required for a meaningful data-model comparison, there is now an increasing demand for well-dated, highly-resolved and continuous terrestrial time series of temperature and precipitation. To date, tree rings and lakes sediments represent the most frequently used terrestrial climate records. However, both archives have weaknesses, such that tree ring records are short and seasonally biased and lake records often lack dating accuracy and temporal resolution. It is thus evident that other potential sources for paleoclimate information must be explored in order to fill methodological and also spatial and temporal gaps of paleoclimate records. Such records can be potentially delivered from speleothems (stalagmites, stalactites, flowstones). However, research on speleothems is still in its infancy, particularly if compared to other climate archives, such as trees or lake sediments. Thus the full potential of speleothems for delivering near-instrumental records of precipitation and temperature is still not fully explored yet. To further establish speleothems as a key-climate archive and to provide true multi-proxy records of climatic and environmental changes during the Holocene and Pleistocene, we request funds for coordinated research on speleothems from Switzerland, Turkey, Oman/Yemen and India.