Project

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Constructing identity: visual, spatial, and literary cultures in Lombardy, 14th to 16th centuries

English title Constructing identity: visual, spatial, and literary cultures in Lombardy, 14th to 16th centuries
Applicant Romano Serena
Number 132488
Funding scheme Sinergia
Research institution Section d'Histoire de l'Art Faculté des Lettres Université de Lausanne
Institution of higher education University of Lausanne - LA
Main discipline Visual arts and Art history
Start/End 01.12.2010 - 30.11.2013
Approved amount 1'008'829.00
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All Disciplines (3)

Discipline
Visual arts and Art history
Architecture and Social urban science
Romance languages and literature

Keywords (29)

identity; Lombardy; Milano; Visconti; Sforza; patronage; courts; painting; sculpture; architecture; historiography; poetry; Middle Ages; Humanism; Renaissance; manuscripts; iconography; France; Tuscany; castles; palaces; decoratives arts; chivalry romances; text's tradition; diplomatics; history of art; literature; historical writings; chivalric romances

Lay Summary (English)

Lead
Lay summary
1 - The scope of the projectThe project positions itself within the conceptual framework of research on cultural identity in modern Europe, a dense aggregation of discrete cultures in constant dialogue between autochthonous and intercultural identities. It aims to analyse a precise period of the history of Lombardy, one of the most important European regions, from the 14th to the beginning of the 16th century, which saw the establishment of the region as a distinct political and cultural entity. Focussing on this particular geographical area, the project will study an exemplary case of the construction of a cultural identity, whose cultural repercussions still resonate in present-day Italy. As a part of a potent political project, it has been sustained by complex mechanisms of self-representation and the imposition of a prestige taste. The investigation proposes both an archaeological examination of cultural identities and an investigation of cultural signifiers, objects, and expressive forms of the past; it also interrogates the objective status of interpretations transmitted from the past. Far from seeking to consolidate the historical and mythic bases of the identity of this powerful European region, it aims rather to taxonomize the temporal and stylistic phases of the historical process, deconstructing indeed the historiographic trajectories which have sustained this vision of the past until the present day. 2- Context and methodologyThe project develops from the study of the court, the primordial crucible of culture and political power at the dawn of the modern age. Language, space, architecture and imagery form the fields of enquiry. The focus is on new city structures and their realization, new public building-types and their symbolically charged decorative programmes, laudatory descriptions, elite proto-humanist Latinity and the vernacular, French chivalric romances with their illustration of a vanished mythical past, lavish court costumes and jewellery, and the natural sciences and books cultures. This constituted the intricate world of the court and its surroundings in fourteenth- and fifteenth-century Lombardy, until the French invasions brought the sudden collapse of Lombard political and dynastic polity. The research project thus respects a temporal and geographic unity. It is interdisciplinary, founded on the conviction of unitary guiding principles and strategies of communication, in a desired continuum between the Visconti and Sforza dynasties, and involving the history of Italian language and literature, history of art and architecture.
Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 21.02.2013

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
« Introduction » et « Épilogue : quelques remarques sur la réception de Léonard en France »
Frédéric Elsig (2013), « Introduction » et « Épilogue : quelques remarques sur la réception de Léonard en France », in Le duché de Milan etles commanditaires françaises, Rome.
Appunti sulla cultura letteraria a Milano dalla prima dominazione francese al 1560
Albonico Simone (2013), Appunti sulla cultura letteraria a Milano dalla prima dominazione francese al 1560, in Prima di Carlo Borromeo. Lettere e arti a Milano nel primo Cinquecento, Milan.
Arte di corte in Italia del Nord. Programmi, modelli, artisti (1330-1402 ca.)
Zaru Denise, Romano Serena (ed.) (2013), Arte di corte in Italia del Nord. Programmi, modelli, artisti (1330-1402 ca.), Viella, Rome.
I Funerali di Gian Galeazzo Visconti di Pietro Cantarino da Siena
Pagliari Barbara (2013), I Funerali di Gian Galeazzo Visconti di Pietro Cantarino da Siena, in Arte di corte in Italia del Nord, Rome.
Il Maestro di Montiglio dal Monferrato a Quart
Novelli Santina (2013), Il Maestro di Montiglio dal Monferrato a Quart, in Arte di corte in Italia del Nord, Rome.
Le duché de Milan et les commanditaires françaises 1499-1521
Elsig Frédéric, Natale Mauro (ed.) (2013), Le duché de Milan et les commanditaires françaises 1499-1521, Viella, Rome.
Le mécénat des Français en Lombardie: le cas de Florimond Robertet
Gaggetta Claudia (2013), Le mécénat des Français en Lombardie: le cas de Florimond Robertet, in Péristyle, 1-9.
Lignage noble et dévotion familiale. Les systèmes décoratifs des oratoires lombards dans l'entourage des Visconti
Zaru Denise (2013), Lignage noble et dévotion familiale. Les systèmes décoratifs des oratoires lombards dans l'entourage des Visconti, in Arte di corte in Italia del Nord, Rome.
Louis II d'Amboise et les fresques de Sainte-Cécile d'Albi
Gaggetta Claudia (2013), Louis II d'Amboise et les fresques de Sainte-Cécile d'Albi, in le duché de Milan et les commanditaires françaises, Rome.
Palazzi e castelli dipinti. Nuovi dati sulla pittura lombarda attorno alla metà del Trecento
Romano Serena (2013), Palazzi e castelli dipinti. Nuovi dati sulla pittura lombarda attorno alla metà del Trecento, in Arte di corte in Italia del Nord, Rome.
Pietro da Siena: un canterino a servizio della Repubblica
Pagliari Barbara (2013), Pietro da Siena: un canterino a servizio della Repubblica, in Studi di Erudizione e Filologia, 7-51.
Azzone Visconti:qualche idea per il programma della magna salla e una precisazione sulla Crocifissione di San Gottardo
Romano Serena (2012), Azzone Visconti:qualche idea per il programma della magna salla e una precisazione sulla Crocifissione di San Gottardo, in L'artista girovago, Roma.
Constructing Space and Shaping Identity: the painted architectures of Giusto de' Menabuoi and Altichiero in Padua
Scholz Peter (2012), Constructing Space and Shaping Identity: the painted architectures of Giusto de' Menabuoi and Altichiero in Padua, in L'artista girovago, Roma.
L'artista girovago
Serena Romano (éd), Damien Cerutti (éd) (2012), L'artista girovago, in L'artista girovago, RomaViella, Rome.
Il modello visconteo: il caso di Bernabò
Romano Serena (2011), Il modello visconteo: il caso di Bernabò, in Medioevo: i committenti, parma, septembre 2010Electa, Milan.
Écrire et représenter la parole: le manuscrit BnF n.a.f. 5243
Ilaria Molteni et Barbara Wahlen, Écrire et représenter la parole: le manuscrit BnF n.a.f. 5243, in Narration et stratégies de l’illustration. Codex et romans chevaleresques dans l’Italie du Nord (XIV, Rome.
Louis II d’Amboise et les fresques de la cathédrale Sainte-Cécile d’Albi : enjeux politiques et identitaires
Gaggetta Claudia, Louis II d’Amboise et les fresques de la cathédrale Sainte-Cécile d’Albi : enjeux politiques et identitaires, in Il Ducato di Milano e i committenti francesi, Roma.
Modernamente antichi, anticamente moderni? Modelli, identità, tradizioni nella Lombardia viscontea e sforzesca
Martinis Roberta, Pagliara Piernicola, Romano Serena (ed.), Modernamente antichi, anticamente moderni? Modelli, identità, tradizioni nella Lombardia viscontea e sforzesca, Viella, Rome.
Narration et stratégies de l’illustration. Codex et romans chevaleresques dans l’Italie du Nord (XIVe-XVe siècle)
Izzo Annalisa, Molteni Ilaria (ed.), Narration et stratégies de l’illustration. Codex et romans chevaleresques dans l’Italie du Nord (XIVe-XVe siècle), Viella, Rome.
Palazzi e castelli dipinti. Nuovi dati sulla pittura lombarda attorno alla metà del Trecento.
Romano Serena, Palazzi e castelli dipinti. Nuovi dati sulla pittura lombarda attorno alla metà del Trecento., in Arte di corte in Italia del Nord (1330-1402 ca.), Roma.
Palazzo Raimondi a Cremona: abitare all’antica tra Venezia e Milano
Roberta Martinis, Palazzo Raimondi a Cremona: abitare all’antica tra Venezia e Milano, in Modernamente antichi, anticamente moderni? Modelli, identità, tradizioni nella Lombardia viscontea e, Rome.
Per il testo dei «Funerali» di Pietro Canterino da Siena
Pagliari Barbara, Per il testo dei «Funerali» di Pietro Canterino da Siena, in in press in the proceedings of the Arte di corte in Italia del Nord, 1330-1402, Roma.
Poesia volgare attorno ai Visconti tra fine Trecento e primo Quattrocento
Pagliari Barbara, Limongelli Marco, Albonico Simone (ed.), Poesia volgare attorno ai Visconti tra fine Trecento e primo Quattrocento, Viella, Roma.
Poeti e istrioni tra Bernabò e Gian Galeazzo Visconti
Limongelli Marco, Poeti e istrioni tra Bernabò e Gian Galeazzo Visconti, in Poesia volgare attorno ai Visconti tra fine Trecento e primo Quattrocento, Roma.
Storia di X. Un testimone recuperato del “Guiron” in Italia
Ilaria Molteni, Storia di X. Un testimone recuperato del “Guiron” in Italia, in Narration et stratégies de l’illustration. Codex et romans chevaleresques dans l’Italie du Nord (XIV, Rome.
Sui rapporti tra la cultura letteraria e la Francia tra Quattro e Cinquecento
Albonico Simone, Sui rapporti tra la cultura letteraria e la Francia tra Quattro e Cinquecento, in Le Duché de Milan et le commanditaires Français (1499-1521), Roma.
Sulla committenza e il contesto del monumento funebre per Gastone della Torre di Tino di Camaino
Santina Novelli, Sulla committenza e il contesto del monumento funebre per Gastone della Torre di Tino di Camaino, in Prospettiva.
Un testo pavese
Albonico Simone, Un testo pavese, in Poesia volgare attorno ai Visconti tra fine Trecento e primo Quattrocento, Roma.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Fondazione Ezio Franceschini. Istituto di ricerca sulla cultura testuale dell'Europa medievale Italy (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
University of Cambridge Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Europe)
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
Soprintendenza di Milano, Pinacoteca di Brera Italy (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Exchange of personnel
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
L'art au service du prince Talk given at a conference 18.10.2013 Université de la Sorbonne, Paris, France Romano Serena;
Herbert Kessler Tribute Individual talk 06.09.2013 Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, United States of America Romano Serena;
Prima di Carlo Borromeo. Lettere e arti a Milano nel primo Cinquecento Talk given at a conference 30.11.2012 Milan, Biblioteca Ambrosiana, Italy Albonico Simone;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
Présences septentrionales en Lombardie au temps des Sforza (1450-1535) 12.04.2013 Université de Genève, Switzerland
Poesia volgare attorno ai Visconti tra fine Trecento e primo Quattrocento 22.06.2012 Université de Lausanne, Switzerland
Le Duché de Milan et le commanditaires français (1499-1521) 30.03.2012 Université de Genève, Switzerland
Table Ronde Sinergia SNF Project "Constructing Lombard Identity" 24.05.2011 University of Lausanne, Switzerland

Knowledge transfer events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Date Place Persons involved
Arte a Milano nella prima metà del Quattrocento - ciclo di conferenze organizzato presso la Pinacoteca di Brera a Milano, in collaborazione fra il SNF Sinergia Project e la Soprintendenza di Milano, novembre 2013-giugno 2014 25.11.2013 Milan, Italy Romano Serena; Elsig Frédéric;
Arte a Milano nel Trecento - ciclo di conferenze organizzato presso la Pinacoteca di Brera a Milano, in collaborazione fra il SNF Sinergia Project e la Soprintendenza di Milano, novembre 2012-giugno 2013 19.11.2012 Milan, Italy Albonico Simone; Romano Serena;
Présentation du volume Leonardo a Milano Problemi di Leonardismo milanese, par S.Albonico 15.11.2012 Pinacoteca di Brera, Milan, Italy Albonico Simone;
Conférence: S.Romano, Arte di corte in Italia del Nord 06.11.2012 Verona, Museo di Castelvecchio, Italy Romano Serena;


Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) : www2.unil.ch/lombardy/project.html Website German-speaking Switzerland Italian-speaking Switzerland International Western Switzerland Rhaeto-Romanic Switzerland 2011

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
147657 «Modernamente antichi, anticamente moderni». Style and Politics in Renaissance Milan (1395-1535) 01.12.2013 Sinergia
143177 Il racconto di secondo grado nell'Orlando Furioso e nella tradizione cavalleresca 01.10.2012 Ambizione
151010 Poesia e letteratura in volgare attorno ai Visconti 01.11.2013 Publication grants
198599 "Anticamente moderni": palazzi rinascimentali di Lombardia in età sforzesca 01.09.2020 Open Access Books

Abstract

The project positions itself within the conceptual framework of research on cultural identity in modern Europe, a dense aggregation of discrete cultures in constant dialogue between autochthonous and intercultural identities. The project aims to analyse a precise period of the history of Lombardy, one of the most important European regions, from the14th to the beginning of the16th century, which saw the establishment of the region as a distinct political and cultural entity. Focussing on this particular geographical area, the project will study an exemplary case of the construction of a cultural identity, whose cultural repercussions still resonate in present-day Italy. As a part of a potent political project, it has been sustained by complex mechanisms of self-representation and the imposition of a prestige taste. The project proposes both an "archaeological" examination of cultural identities and an investigation of cultural signifiers, objects, and expressive forms of the past; it also interrogates the objective status of interpretations transmitted from the past. Far from seeking to consolidate the historical and mythic bases of the identity of this powerful European region, it aims rather to taxonomize the temporal and stylistic phases of the historical process, deconstructing indeed the historiographic trajectories which have sustained this vision of the past until the present day. From this historical viewpoint, the project develops from the study of the court, the primordial crucible of culture and political power at the dawn of the modern age. Language, space, architecture and imagery form the fields of enquiry. The focus is on new city structures and their realization, new public building-types and their symbolically charged decorative programmes, laudatory descriptions, elite proto-humanist Latinity and the vernacular, French chivalric romances with their illustration of a vanished mythical past, lavish court costumes and jewellery, and the natural sciences and books cultures. This constituted the intricate world of the court and its surroundings in fourteenth- and fifteenth-century Lombardy, until the French invasions brought the sudden collapse of Lombard political and dynastic polity. The research project thus respects a temporal and geographic unity. It is interdisciplinary, founded on the conviction of unitary guiding principles and strategies of communication, in a desired continuum between the Visconti and Sforza dynasties, and involving the history of Italian language and literature, history of art and architectural history. The research project explicitly aims at bridging the different academic cultures of linguistic regions which risk limiting mobility and interchange within a ‘knowledge economy’ of international importance in Switzerland, and to combine Swiss theoretical approaches and practice with methodologies from French, Italian and German-speaking scholarship. In contrast to those research trends that tend to concentrate on themes transcending epochs and cultures, it wishes to restate the vital importance of specific temporal and geographic investigation for cultural and social history in the contemporary academic and political field. At a time, when in many European countries and in the United States, Medieval and Renaissance studies are regarded as remote and divorced from current needs, this project intends to promote a renewal of the field, rendering it more attractive to future academic generations of teachers and researchers, in a conviction that historical studies can help in understanding an increasingly complex present. The interdisciplinary and “multicultural” qualification of the young researcher is at the centre of each individual project.
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