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The impact of family stress on children in transition into puberty: The interplay of social and emotional processes

English title The impact of family stress on children in transition into puberty: The interplay of social and emotional processes
Applicant Schwarz Beate
Number 132278
Funding scheme Project funding (Div. I-III)
Research institution Fakultät für Psychologie Universität Basel
Institution of higher education University of Basel - BS
Main discipline Psychology
Start/End 01.02.2011 - 30.09.2014
Approved amount 57'336.00
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Keywords (11)

Family; Stress; Early Adolescence; Peers; Adjustment; Puberty; Development; Personality; Emotion Regulation; Attachment; Emotions

Lay Summary (English)

Lead
Lay summary
Based on a transactional model of children's development under family stress this study investigates: a) family stress caused by dysfunctional family processes such as interparental conflict, inadequate parenting, and low quality of the parent-child-relationship, b) the mediating function of emotion processing (emotion regulation, (in)secure attachment) for the relation between family stress and children's mental and physical health, behavior problems, and well-being, and c) the stress buffering function of the quality of the children's peer relationships. In order to test the dynamic transactional processes predicted by the model, a prospective longitudinal study was conducted between 2008 and 2010 with children, who underwent a specific vulnerable phase for stress: the onset of puberty. At time 1 the mean age of the children was 10.61 years. Data collection was based on standardized interviews for children, mothers, and fathers. At time 1, N = 248 children and mothers and N = 126 fathers participated. At time 2, the respective numbers were 228 and 117, at time 3 208 and 101.
Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 21.02.2013

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Interparental conflict and early adolescents' aggression: Is irregular sleep a vulnerability factor?
Lemola Sakari, Schwarz Beate, Siffert Andrea (2012), Interparental conflict and early adolescents' aggression: Is irregular sleep a vulnerability factor?, in Journal of Adolescence, 35, 97-105.
Marital conflict and early adolescents’ self evaluation: The role of parenting quality and early adolescents’ appraisals
Siffert Andrea, Schwarz Beate, Stutz Melanie (2012), Marital conflict and early adolescents’ self evaluation: The role of parenting quality and early adolescents’ appraisals, in Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 41, 749-763.
Marital conflict and early adolescents’ self-esteem: The role of parenting quality and early adolescents’ appraisals
Siffert Andrea, Schwarz Beate, Stutz Melanie (2012), Marital conflict and early adolescents’ self-esteem: The role of parenting quality and early adolescents’ appraisals, in Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 41, 749-763.
Perceived interparental conflict and early adolescents’ friendships: The role of attachment security and emotion regulation
Schwarz Beate, Stutz Melanie, Ledermann Thomas (2012), Perceived interparental conflict and early adolescents’ friendships: The role of attachment security and emotion regulation, in Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 41, 1240-1252.
Parental conflict resolution styles and early adolescent adjustment: Children’s appraisals and emotion regulation as mediators
Siffert Andrea, Schwarz Beate (2011), Parental conflict resolution styles and early adolescent adjustment: Children’s appraisals and emotion regulation as mediators, in Journal of Genetic Psychology, 171, 21-39.
Spouses’ demand and withdrawal during marital conflict and their well-being
Siffert Andrea, Schwarz Beate (2011), Spouses’ demand and withdrawal during marital conflict and their well-being, in Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 28, 262-277.
Effects of different facets of paternal and maternal control behaviour on the perceived academic competence of early adolescents
Stutz Melanie, Schwarz Beate, Effects of different facets of paternal and maternal control behaviour on the perceived academic competence of early adolescents, in European Journal of Developmental Psychology (online first).

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Prof. Dr. Pavel Boski, Warsaw School of Social Sciences and Humanities, Warsaw Poland (Europe)
- Exchange of personnel
Prof. Dr. Gisela Trommsdorff, University of Konstanz, Dept. of Psychology Germany (Europe)
- Publication

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
16th European Conference of Developmental Psychology Talk given at a conference The Effects of Fathers’ and Mothers’ Parenting on Early Adolescents Self-Esteem 15.09.2013 Lausanne, Switzerland Schwarz Beate; Stutz Melanie;
48. Kongress der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Psychologie Talk given at a conference Das Zusammenwirken von Erziehung und Persönlichkeit des Kindes im frühen Jugendalter: Eine Überprüfung von Belskys Differential Succeptibility-Hypothese 15.09.2012 Bielefeld, Germany Schwarz Beate;
20. Tagung Entwicklungspsychologie der DGPs Talk given at a conference Erziehung, Geschlecht und schulische Motivation im frühen Jugendalter. 15.09.2011 Erfurt, Germany Stutz Melanie; Schwarz Beate;
20. Tagung Entwicklungspsychologie der DGPs Talk given at a conference Familiäre Belastungen und Schlafprobleme beim Übergang in das Jugendalter 15.09.2011 Erfurt, Germany Schwarz Beate;


Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Talks/events/exhibitions Jugendliche und ihre Eltern – Familienleben im Umbruch International 2014
Talks/events/exhibitions Übergänge in der Lebensspanne: Chancen und Risiken für die Entwicklung German-speaking Switzerland 2014
Media relations: print media, online media Wer bin ich und was kann ich? Fritz+Fränzi German-speaking Switzerland 2014
Media relations: print media, online media Der Esstisch fördert die Zufriedenheit St. Galler Tagblatt German-speaking Switzerland 2013
Media relations: print media, online media Die Pubertät ist für die Eltern anstrengender als für die Kinder selbst familienleben.ch German-speaking Switzerland 2013
Talks/events/exhibitions Pubertät – auf dem Weg zum Erwachsenwerden Western Switzerland 2013

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
116500 The impact of family stress on children in transition into puberty: The interplay of social and emotional processes 01.04.2007 Project funding (Div. I-III)

Abstract

This is a follow-on project of the research project The Impact of Family Stress on Children in Transition into Puberty (SNF 10014/115600/1), which will continue the analyses on the three-wave longitudinal data. Based on a transactional model of children’s development under family stress this study investigates: a) family stress caused by dysfunctional family processes such as interparental conflict, inadequate parenting, and low quality of the parent-child-relationship, b) the mediating function of emotion processing (emotion regulation, (in)secure attachment) for the relation between family stress and children’s adjustment, and c) the stress buffering function of the quality of the children’s peer relationships. The prospective longitudinal study refers to children, who undergo a specific vulnerable phase for stress: the onset of puberty. This transition might influence adjustment to family stress. Data collection was based on standardized interviews for children, mothers, and fathers (t1: 246; t2 228; t3: approx. 210).
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