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From Morphology to Functionality - Development and application of a Bivalve Burrowing Simulation

English title From Morphology to Functionality - Development and application of a Bivalve Burrowing Simulation
Applicant Eggenberger Hotz Peter
Number 129900
Funding scheme Project funding (Div. I-III)
Research institution Institut für Informatik Universität Zürich
Institution of higher education University of Zurich - ZH
Main discipline Information Technology
Start/End 01.04.2010 - 31.03.2012
Approved amount 146'785.00
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Keywords (12)

paleontology; sedimentology; evolutionary computat; evolutionary computation; development and application of a bivalve; interdisciplinarity; morphology; Bivalves; from morphology to functionality; neontology; functionality; burrowing simulation

Lay Summary (English)

Lead
Lay summary
Natural evolution is a creative designer of sophisticated organisms, which can be witnessed in rich variety in Nature. Since a long time scientists are occupied to understand the process of evolution. Much more recently scientist try to simulate evolution on their computers. In this interdisciplinary project with scientists from paleontology and computer science, one tries to deepen the understanding of evolution of bivalves using computer simulated evolution. These animals live in different habitats, where they hide in different soils. The differences of these habitats, let them develop different digging behaviors and different shells to hide from predators. In order to understand the different selection pressures leading to different shell shapes as well as digging behavior, we simulate different bivalves in simulation and try to evolve different kinds of bivalves. These evolved results are then produced in a 3D-printer and also tried out with a digging robot consisting of the shells and an actuating mechanisms. The obtained results are then compared with living bivalves as well as with fossils. The project aims towards two different goals: In Paleontology we hope to discern in simulation the effects of the selection pressure for "good* digging on the shape of the shells and the digging behavior. In computer science we hope to deepen our understanding of evolution in order to construct better artificial evolutionary systems.
Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 21.02.2013

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Name Institute

Publications

Publication
Artificial Bivalves -- The Biomimetics of Underwater Burrowing
Germann Daniel P., Schatz Wolfgang (2011), Artificial Bivalves -- The Biomimetics of Underwater Burrowing, in Eggenberger Hotz, Peter.
Bivalve Burrowing Robots -- Correlating Shell Morphology and Movement Pattern with Burrowing Efficiency
Germann Daniel P., Schatz Wolfgang (2010), Bivalve Burrowing Robots -- Correlating Shell Morphology and Movement Pattern with Burrowing Efficiency, in Eggenberger Hotz, Peter.
Actuated Bivalve Robot: Study of the Burrowing Locomotion in Sediment
Koller-Hodac Agathe, Germann Daniel P., Gilgen Alexander, Dietrich Katja, Hadorn Maik, Schatz Wolfgang (2010), Actuated Bivalve Robot: Study of the Burrowing Locomotion in Sediment, in Eggenberger Hotz, Peter, IEEE.
Correlation between morphology, behaviour and habitat -- bivalve burrowing in simulation and robotics
Germann Daniel, Schatz Wolfgang, Hadorn Maik, Fischer Andreas (2008), Correlation between morphology, behaviour and habitat -- bivalve burrowing in simulation and robotics, in Eggenberger Hotz, Peter.

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
Swiss Geoscience Meeting 21.11.2008 Lugano, Schweiz


Knowledge transfer events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Date Place Persons involved


Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Talks/events/exhibitions Lab Tour am AILab, Universität Zürich German-speaking Switzerland 18.04.2012
Media relations: print media, online media Zoobotics The Economist International 09.07.2011
Media relations: print media, online media Muschelroboter als Versuchstier hsr magazin German-speaking Switzerland 01.07.2010

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
113934 From Morphology to Functionality - Development and application of a Bivalve Burrowing Simulation 01.04.2008 Project funding (Div. I-III)
113934 From Morphology to Functionality - Development and application of a Bivalve Burrowing Simulation 01.04.2008 Project funding (Div. I-III)

Abstract

Natural evolution is a creative designer of sophisticated organisms, which can be witnessed in rich variety in Nature. Since a long time scientists are occupied to understand the process of evolution. Much more recently scientist try to simulate evolution on their computers. In this interdisciplinary project with scientists from paleontology and computer science, one tries to deepen the understanding of evolution of bivalves using computer simulated evolution. These animals live in different habitats, where they hide in different soils. The differences of these habitats, let them develop different digging behaviors and different shells to hide from predators. In order to understand the different selection pressures leading to different shell shapes as well as digging behavior, we simulate different bivalves in simulation and try to evolve different kinds of bivalves. These evolved results are then produced in a 3D-printer and also tried out with a digging robot consisting of the shells and an actuating mechanisms. The obtained results are then compared with living bivalves as well as with fossils. The project aims towards two different goals: In Paleontology we hope to discern in simulation the effects of the selection pressure for "good* digging on the shape of the shells and the digging behavior. In computer science we hope to deepen our understanding of evolution in order to construct better artificial evolutionary systems.
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