Project

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Integrating (trans)national migrants in transition states (IMIG)

English title Integrating (trans)national migrants in transition states (IMIG)
Applicant Wastl-Walter Doris
Number 128097
Funding scheme SCOPES
Research institution Geographisches Institut Universität Bern
Institution of higher education University of Berne - BE
Main discipline Social geography and ecology
Start/End 01.01.2010 - 28.02.2013
Approved amount 195'000.00
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All Disciplines (2)

Discipline
Social geography and ecology
Sociology

Keywords (6)

migration; refugee and integration policies; interethnic relations; transnational networks; conflict prevention; social cohesion

Lay Summary (English)

Lead
Lay summary
The wars in former Yugoslavia have resulted in thousands of refugees and migrants, who left in several waves to Hungary and other parts of Europe, and other parts of Serbia. This project is designed to provide an analysis of the long-term effects of this migration in Vojvodina, Serbia, and in Hungary. The case of Vojvodina is special, since it has traditionally been a multiethnic region. The appearance of refugees, however, has changed its ethnic pattern, generated complex socio-economic problems and affected the everyday life of people.The research has three main objectives. First, it looks at migrant/refugee policies and public discourse. The role of state discourses in the construction of migrants as 'foreigners' and of 'refugees' as ethnically 'the same' or 'different' has become a major issue in this time of increasing migration flows and restrictive immigration policies. The project thus examines the different representations of Hungarians from Vojvodina within Hungarian state discourses and of Serbs from other parts of former Yugoslavia within Vojvodina. It then considers the effects of these representations on the integration of the immigrants.Second, the project investigates the relations between different groups in an ethnically mixed environment. In the last two decades, the ethnic structure in Vojvodina has changed in favour of the Serbs, due to the wave of refugees from Kosovo, Bosnia and Croatia. Their integration in the new environment and the attitudes of the 'indigenous' inhabitants, both Serbs and Hungarians and other minorities, is crucial to maintaining the local social cohesion. The project looks at coexistence strategies, everyday practise and best practices of conflict mitigation.Third, the project examines not only the transnational networks of migrants, the ways the networks function and what they offer, but also their key actors and social and demographic characteristics. This will provide a better understanding of the informal and sometimes hidden social structures, which can be a powerful means of survival and integration. The project then investigates how these networks contribute to the political and social participation of the newcomers.The multinational and multidisciplinary (sociology, geography) character of the project offers a great opportunity to reveal parallels and contrasts between individuals and networks, state policies and civic actions in Switzerland, Serbia and Hungary. The results will be mainly generated from interviews, questionnaires and statistical data. The project intends to contribute to a better understanding of integration processes and thereby better public policy in Hungary and Serbia.
Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 21.02.2013

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Publications

Publication
A Magyarországra érkező külföldi hallgatók területi jellegzetességei
Takács Zoltán and Áron Kincses (2013), A Magyarországra érkező külföldi hallgatók területi jellegzetességei, in Területi Statisztika, 53(1), 38-53.
The intertwining of linguistic identity and ideology among Hungarian minority commuters from Vojvodina to Hungary
Gábrity Eszter (2012), The intertwining of linguistic identity and ideology among Hungarian minority commuters from Vojvodina to Hungary, in Jezikoslovlje, 13(2), 625-643.
“But ever since so to say I have taken over the proper words … so to say I have no problems”: language ideologies of Vojvodina Hungarian migrants and commuters from Serbia to Hungary
Gábrity Eszter (2012), “But ever since so to say I have taken over the proper words … so to say I have no problems”: language ideologies of Vojvodina Hungarian migrants and commuters from Serbia to Hungary, in Zbornik za jezike i književnosti Filozofskog fakulteta u Novom Sadu , 2(2), 193-206.
Cultural identity as a specific dimension of the socio-cultural dynamics: refugees in Temerin
Ristić Dušan, Nagy Imre and Saša Kicošev (2012), Cultural identity as a specific dimension of the socio-cultural dynamics: refugees in Temerin, in Journal of Identity and Migration Studies, 6(2), 55-70.
Regionális és határon átívelő felsőoktatási intézménykapcsolatok és együttműködések Észak-Vajdaságban
Takács Zoltán (2012), Regionális és határon átívelő felsőoktatási intézménykapcsolatok és együttműködések Észak-Vajdaságban, in Educatio, 2012(1), 104-122.
Az interetnikus konfliktusokról Vajdaságban 10 évvel a délszláv háború után
Gábrity Molnár Irén (2011), Az interetnikus konfliktusokról Vajdaságban 10 évvel a délszláv háború után, in Kupa László (ed.), 162-176.
Characteristics of Serbian-Hungarian international migrations before Schengen
Takács Zoltán and Áron Kincses (2011), Characteristics of Serbian-Hungarian international migrations before Schengen, in Statisztikai Szemle (Hungarian Statistical Review), 90(15), 96-108.
Development of higher education networking in the multi-ethnic border region of North Vojvodina
Takač Zoltán and Ester Gábrity (2011), Development of higher education networking in the multi-ethnic border region of North Vojvodina, in Glasnik, 16(7), 103-104.
Die Vojvodina und ihre Nachbarn – zwischen Kooperation und Konfrontation
Filep Béla and Doris Wastl-Walter (2011), Die Vojvodina und ihre Nachbarn – zwischen Kooperation und Konfrontation, in Haselsteiner Horst and Doris Wastl-Walter (ed.), Peter Lang Verlag, Wien, 175-204.
Embracing or preserving? Continuous dilemmas in the Hungarian nation politics
Erőss Ágnes and Patrik Tátrai (2011), Embracing or preserving? Continuous dilemmas in the Hungarian nation politics, in Glasnik, 16(7), 49-50.
Felsőoktatási intézménykapcsolatok egy határral szabdalt régióban
Takács Zoltán (2011), Felsőoktatási intézménykapcsolatok egy határral szabdalt régióban, in Gábrity Molnár Irén (ed.), 128-150.
Menni vagy maradni? Esélylatolgatás szerbiai és magyarországi diplomával a Vajdaságban
Szügyi Éva and Zoltán Takács (2011), Menni vagy maradni? Esélylatolgatás szerbiai és magyarországi diplomával a Vajdaságban, in Páger Balázs (ed.), 283-301.
Migrációs karrierkövetési vizsgálatok a vajdasági magyar fiatal közgazdászok és mérnökök körében
Szügyi Éva and Zoltán Takács (2011), Migrációs karrierkövetési vizsgálatok a vajdasági magyar fiatal közgazdászok és mérnökök körében, in Deturope. The Central European Journal of Regional Development and Tourism, 3(3), 66-84.
Mosaik Europas – die Vojvodina
Haselsteiner Horst and Doris Wastl-Walter (2011), Mosaik Europas – die Vojvodina, Peter Lang Verlag, Wien.
Ökonomische Transformation in der Vojvodina
Filep Béla (2011), Ökonomische Transformation in der Vojvodina, in Haselsteiner Horst and Doris Wastl-Walter (ed.), Peter Lang Verlag, Wien, 147-174.
On Linkages and Barriers: The Dynamics of Neighbourhood along the State Borders of Hungary since EU Enlargement.
Erőss Ágnes, Filep Béla, Kocsis Károly and Patrik Tátrai (2011), On Linkages and Barriers: The Dynamics of Neighbourhood along the State Borders of Hungary since EU Enlargement., in Armbruster Heidi and Ulrike H. Meinhof (ed.), Palgrave Macmillan, Hampshire, 69-93.
Stratégie éducative ou stratégie migratoire? Les étudiants de Voïvodine en Hongrie
Erőss Ágnes, Filep Béla, Tátrai Patrik, Váradi Monika and Doris Wastl-Walter (2011), Stratégie éducative ou stratégie migratoire? Les étudiants de Voïvodine en Hongrie, in Géo-Regards, (4), 169-186.
Tanulmányi célú migráció, migráns élethelyzetek: vajdasági diákok Magyarországon
Erőss Ágnes, Filep Béla, Rácz Katalin, Tátrai Patrik, Váradi Monika and Doris Wastl-Walter (2011), Tanulmányi célú migráció, migráns élethelyzetek: vajdasági diákok Magyarországon, in Tér és Társadalom, 25(4), 3-19.
The motives for emigration of Hungarians in Vojvodina
Gábrity Molnár Irén (2011), The motives for emigration of Hungarians in Vojvodina, in Gerner Zsuzsanna and László Kupa (ed.), 103-114.
Transnationale Migration und grenzüberschreitende Mobilität als Einflussgrößen der Regionalentwicklung im ungarisch-serbischen Grenzraum
Wastl-Walter Doris, Cvetanović Milan, Erőss Ágnes, Filep Béla, Gábrity Eszter, Gábrity-Molnár (2011), Transnationale Migration und grenzüberschreitende Mobilität als Einflussgrößen der Regionalentwicklung im ungarisch-serbischen Grenzraum, in Grazer Schriften der Geographie und Raumforschung , (46), 247-262.
Vajdaság népességének háború okozta attitűdjei
Gábrity-Molnár Irén (2011), Vajdaság népességének háború okozta attitűdjei, in Gábrity-Molnár Irén (ed.), 34-87.
A Vajdaság régiókapcsolatai a Dél-Alfölddel
Ricz András and Irén Gábrity Molnár (2010), A Vajdaság régiókapcsolatai a Dél-Alfölddel, in Soós Edit and Zsuzsanna Fejes (ed.), 76-93.
A vajdasági magyarok emigrációs motívumai
Gábrity Molnár Irén (2010), A vajdasági magyarok emigrációs motívumai, in Kupa László (ed.), 117-126.
Migracija stanovništva iz Republike Srbije u susednu Mađarsku u razdoblju pre Šengenskog sporazuma
Takač Zoltan and Aron Kinčes (2010), Migracija stanovništva iz Republike Srbije u susednu Mađarsku u razdoblju pre Šengenskog sporazuma, in Anali Ekonomskog fakulteta u Subotici, 46(24), 69-82.
Schengent megelőző szerb népességmozgás és a szomszédos Magyarország szerepe
Kincses Áron and Zoltán Takács (2010), Schengent megelőző szerb népességmozgás és a szomszédos Magyarország szerepe, in Deturope. The Central European Journal of Regional Development and Tourism, 2(1), 66-82.
Szerb állampolgárok Magyarországon
Kincses Áron and Zoltán Takács (2010), Szerb állampolgárok Magyarországon, in Területi Statisztika, 50(20), 182-197.

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
4th PhD Conference 15.11.2012 Budapest, Hungary
Társadalomtudományi, kultúratörténeti, kulturális antropológiai kutatások a XXI. század elején 27.10.2012 Novi Sad, Serbia
Regionális együttműködés lehetőségei (Vajdaság - Dél-Alföld) 25.10.2012 Szeged, Hungary
Borders and Borderlands: Today's Challenges and Tomorrow'a Prospects 13.09.2012 Lisbon, Portugal
32nd International Geographical Congress (IGC) 26.08.2012 Cologne, Germany
20 Years of Minority Research 17.12.2011 Subotica, Serbia
Mentoring Lectures Series - Empowering Women to Develop Academic Careers 15.12.2011 Vienna, Austria
Az 1944-45-ös délvidéki magyar tragédia, a magyar-szerb történelmi kapcsolatok tükrében 25.11.2011 Budapest, Hungary
11th Conference of the Hungarian Regoinal Science Association 25.11.2011 Komárno, Slovakia
Annual Conference of the Hungarian Sociological Association 12.11.2011 Miskolc, Hungary
Határon innen, határon túl 21.10.2011 Szeged, Hungary
(Re)integration and Development Issues in Multicultural and Border Regions 23.09.2011 Portoroz, Slovenia
Aspects of Central European Identity / Aspekte mitteleuropäischer Identität 14.09.2011 Zadar, Croatia
The Mobile Borders: XI. BRIT (Border Regions in Transition) 06.09.2011 Geneva, Switzerland and Grenoble, France
International Conference on Critical Geography (ICCG) 17.08.2011 Franfurt am Main, Germany
Languages in a Network of European Excellence (LINEE) Training Institute 21.06.2011 Prague, Czech Republic
Concepts and Consequences of Multilingualism in Europe 3 10.06.2011 Pécs, Hungary and Osijek, Croatia
6th Faculty PhD Conference 01.06.2011 Szeged, Hungary
Annual Meeting of the Association of American Geographers (AAG) 15.04.2011 Seattle, USA
LISD Lunch Seminar Series at Princeton University 24.03.2011 Princeton, USA
PHD Conference of the Márton Áron Szakkollégium 29.11.2010 Budapest, Hungary
Interetnikus konfliktusok Közép-Európában - a múltban és a jelenben 12.11.2010 Pécs, Hungary


Self-organised

Title Date Place
TransMig Final Conference 03.12.2012 Szeged, Hungary and Subotica, Serbia

Knowledge transfer events



Self-organised

Title Date Place
TransMig Final Conference 03.12.2012 Szeged, Hungary and Subotica, Serbia

Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) A gazdasági migráció vált meghatározóvá a Vajdaságban Galamus.hu news site International 03.12.2012
Media relations: print media, online media A gazdasági migráció vált meghatározóvá Vajdaságban Magyar Szó (Serbia) International 04.12.2012
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Cirkulisanje umesto nastanjivanja Magyar Szó (Serbian version) International 05.12.2012
Media relations: print media, online media Integracija migranata na relaciji Vojvodina-Madarska Dnevnik (Serbia) International 25.03.2012
Media relations: print media, online media Letelepedés helyett ingázást Magyar Szó (Serbia) International 05.12.2012
Media relations: print media, online media Magyarország egyre nyitottabb Hét Nap (Serbia) International 07.11.2012
Media relations: radio, television Naučni skup o migracijama - TV report RTV YU eco (Serbia) International 04.12.2012
Media relations: radio, television Radio Report on TransMig Final Conference Régió Rádio (Hungary) International 04.12.2012
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Tanácskozás Szabadkán: határon átnyúló kapcsolatok és a migránsok életmódja VajdaságMa news site (Serbia) International 04.12.2012
Talks/events/exhibitions TransMig Final Conference International 03.12.2012
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) TRANSMIG projektzáró konferencia Szeged-Szabadka VajdaságMa news site International 29.11.2012
Media relations: radio, television TV report on TransMig Final Conference Pannon RTV (Serbia) International 04.12.2012
Media relations: print media, online media Мађарски пасош као улазница за Европу Dnevnik (Serbia) International 25.03.2012
Talks/events/exhibitions 7. Sozial- und Umweltforum Ostschweiz German-speaking Switzerland 13.05.2011
Media relations: print media, online media Az identitásváltás nyomában... Magyar Szó (Serbia) International 05.10.2011
Media relations: radio, television Híradó Pannon RTV International 03.10.2011
Media relations: print media, online media Kapcsolatok a szerb-magyar határ mentén Magyar Szó (Serbia) International 03.10.2011
Media relations: radio, television Közel-Kép Pannon RTV (Serbia) International 06.10.2011
Media relations: radio, television Szegedi Panoráma Telin TV (Hungary) International 18.11.2011
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Tragom izmene identiteta Magyar Szó (Serbian version) International 05.10.2011

Abstract

Over the past several decades, Europe has had to face an increasing level of immigration, which, on the one hand, puts pressure on its external borders, and on the other, creates migration problems for majority societies. While the more frequently discussed issue concerns the refugees from extra-European territories, it seems that a common basic European interest is to promote stabilization of neighbouring countries, both in geopolitical and socio-economic terms. From this point of view, the Hungarian-Serbian border region is especially important. Serbia has fallen under Russia’s sphere of influence and scope of geopolitical ambitions since the end of the 19th century; at the same time, the EU integration of the country is not foreseen in the near future. Since 1st April 2009, the geopolitical configuration has been modified again: Croatia and Albania became NATO members, which means that Serbia now is surrounded by NATO and EU members while it is only in the hallway of these organizations and further enlargement is quite uncertain. This situation could restrengthen Serbian right-wing extremists, which might lead to political instability in Serbia, or Serbia could become the field of geopolitical power struggles between Western European countries and Russia. Under these circumstances, uncovering potential conflict situations and aiding the transition process may contribute to preserving democratic values, increasing the standard of living, and indirectly stabilizing this important border region in South-eastern Europe.Hungary and Serbia are at different stages of transition and EU integration, but even if it seems that the very strict Schengen border system in Serbia will remain for a certain time, the importance of peace and stability in the society at the front door of the EU cannot be overesti-mated. The wars in former Yugoslavia have resulted in thousands of refugees and migrants, who left in several waves to Hungary and other parts of Europe and other parts of the country.The long-term effects of this migration will be able to be observed in the research project we are proposing. Looking at socio-economic factors, citizenship, and cross-border relations, among others, conflict mitigation can be investigated and evaluated in a more reflective way. This specific migration generates complex socio-economic problems in related places and affects the every-day life of the related communities. The case of Vojvodina, an autonomous province in Serbia, is a special one: This is traditionally a multiethnic region in Europe, and although Serbia wants to be a candidate for EU membership, the first steps of the transition were accompanied by war events. This history makes the region suitable for research on the issue of ex-Yugoslavian refugees, which aims to consider the problems generated by the appearance of refugees in different places in Vojvodina, and in other parts of Serbia and Hungary. By investigating this situation, we can contribute to conflict prevention and mitigation policy by suggesting policy implications in line with research based on empirical data and everyday experience. The multinational and multidisciplinary collaboration will contribute to a more thorough investigation, as it offers an outstanding opportunity to reveal the parallels and contrasts between individuals and networks as well as state policies and civic actions in Switzerland, Serbia and Hungary. We will pursue three main research objectives:1. Integration, social cohesion, and attitudes towards refugees and migrantsThis project will investigate the relationship between different groups and the disposition to conflict in an ethnically mixed environment using survey evidence from Northern Serbia. Attitudes towards other ethnic groups in a mixed location can take the form of a preference for co-existence, ranging from active collaboration to indifference, or support for conflict, ranging from tensions to ethnic violence. In the last two decades, the ethnic structure in the proposed research area has changed in favour of the Serbs, due to the wave of refugees from Kosovo, Bosnia and Croatia. Their integration in the new environment and the attitudes and opinions and feelings of the indigenous inhabitants, both Serbs and Hungarians and other minorities, is crucial to maintaining the social cohesion in such mixed societies.2. Migrant networks One of the most important resources for migrants is, as the literature shows, their networks. In this project, we want to focus not only on the transnational networks and spaces of the migrants, the various ways they are constructed and function, and their diverse offerings, such as knowledge, emotional and financial support, exchange of goods, lodging, and information, but also on their key actors and their social and demographic characteristics. This will provide us with a better understanding of the informal and sometimes hidden social structures, which can be a powerful means of survival and integration. We specifically want to investigate how these networks contribute to the political and social participation of the newcomers in their new society and how the networks support the newcomers to actively take on their citizenship.3. Refugee policies:a. Government, administrationb. Civic associations The role of state discourses in the construction of migrants as `foreigners' and of `refugees' as ethnically `the same' or `different' as well as in the production of legality has become a major issue in this time of increasing migration flows, of an increased presence of nationalist parties, and of increasingly restrictive immigration policies in Europe. In this project, we would like to examine the different representations of Hungarians from Vojvodina within Hungarian state discourses and of Serbians from other parts of former Yugoslavia within Vojvodina. We should then like to consider the effects of these representations on the integration of immigrants into Hungarian and Vojvodina society, respectively.We will focus on governmental discourses and policy, but also on civic associations with various goals. In these associations, which participate in local, regional, national and even international governance, migrants often perform their citizenship on a continuous and efficient basis. The complex interdisciplinary (sociology and geography), multi-scale (national, regional, local) and multi-locational (Vojvodina, the Serbian-Hungarian border region, Budapest) approach aims to promote deeper understanding of conflicts generated by newcomers, regardless of whether they come from the same ethnic background or not. The project partners will need to collaborate to fulfil the goals of the project, as the methods (interviews, data analysis, and mapping) require the evaluation, comparison, and cross-checking of the collected data. The effectiveness of such close professional relationships has been proven in the past, when some team members worked together in other projects. However, this is the first time that a research consortium has been formed in this configuration. The former shared research experience will facilitate easy and efficient collaboration; at the same time it is an invaluable help for the young researchers in the consortium to become familiar with international projects and to work in a jointly established project with shared responsibilities and an operational partnership. We intend that the results of our interdisciplinary, multi-scale, and multi-locational research will contribute to a better understanding of integration processes and thereby better public policy in Hungary and Serbia as states in transition in a difficult period. We will also thus be able to contribute in general to conflict prevention and peaceful coexistence in multiethnic locations and regions.
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