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HydroServ - Vulnerability of hydrological ecosystem services: Integrative analysis under changes of climate and socio-economy with an emphasis on adaptation

English title HydroServ - Vulnerability of hydrological ecosystem services: Integrative analysis under changes of climate and socio-economy with an emphasis on adaptation
Applicant Grêt-Regamey Adrienne
Number 125926
Funding scheme NRP 61 Sustainable Water Management
Research institution Institut für Raum- u. Landschaftsentwicklung ETH Zürich
Institution of higher education ETH Zurich - ETHZ
Main discipline Other disciplines of Engineering Sciences
Start/End 01.04.2010 - 30.09.2013
Approved amount 526'403.00
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All Disciplines (4)

Discipline
Other disciplines of Engineering Sciences
Economics
Hydrology, Limnology, Glaciology
Other disciplines of Environmental Sciences

Keywords (8)

land management; water resource management; hydrology; ecosystem goods and services; environmental policy; climate change; adaptation; economics

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Nachhaltige Sicherung von Wasserressourcen Wasser in guter Qualität und in ausreichender Menge nutzen zu können ist zentral für den Menschen. Die Landnutzung und der Klimawandel stellen dies inskünftig jedoch in Frage. Um rechtzeitig Massnahmen zur Sicherung der Ressource Wasser treffen zu können, benötigen Entscheidungsträger in Politik und Verwaltung wissenschaftliche Grundlagen.
Lay summary

Hintergrund
Wasser wird als Trinkwasser genutzt, Felder werden bewässert und Energie damit gewonnen; wir erholen uns am Wasser und müssen uns auch gegen Hochwasser schützen. Menschliche Aktivitäten und der Klimawandel beeinflussen jedoch die Ökosysteme, so dass ihre Funktionen beeinträchtigt werden. Ist weniger Wasser vorhanden, sind zahlreiche Wirtschaftszweige gefährdet. Wenn bestimmte Branchen ihre Tätigkeiten nicht mehr in erwünschtem Mass ausüben können, fallen zusätzliche Kosten an. Es gilt also, Massnahmen zu finden, die gewährleisten, dass Wasser in guter Qualität und in genügender Menge zur Verfügung steht.

Ziel
Das Projekt betrachtet die gesamte Wertschöpfungskette der Wasserressourcen von der Bereitstellung im Einzugsgebiet bis hin zur Nutzung im Tal am Beispiel der Rhone im Oberwallis. Dabei werden nationale und internationale politische Rahmenbedingungen und ihre Einflüsse auf die Bewirtschaftung ebenso berücksichtigt wie die Änderungen, die sich aufgrund des Klimawandels ergeben. Es wird ein Modell entwickelt, das die hydrologischen, ökologischen und ökonomischen Aspekte bei der Entwicklung der Wasserressourcen miteinander verbindet und in verschiedenen Szenarien abbildet. Die Auswirkungen der Veränderungen von Klima und Landnutzung auf die Wasserressourcen werden auf Karten dargestellt. So wird aufgezeigt, dass gewisse Gebiete empfindlicher auf den Klimawandel und auf sozio-ökonomische Entwicklungen reagieren als andere, und es können geeignete Anpassungsstrategien für die regionalen Akteure formuliert werden.

Bedeutung
Es werden Instrumente entwickelt, die es Entscheidungsträgern erlaubt, regionale Massnahmen zu entwickeln, damit Wasser in genügender Menge und Qualität zur Verfügung steht. Dazu gehören beispielsweise Bewirtschaftungsänderungen und finanzielle Anreizsysteme. Die regionalen Akteure werden sich vor allem an die Klimaänderung anpassen müssen. Bei Landnutzungsänderungen können sie möglicherweise negative Trends abschwächen.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 01.03.2013

Lay Summary (French)

Lead
Ressources hydrologiques durablement garanties Avoir à sa disposition de l’eau de bonne qualité et en quantité suffisante est un besoin central de l’homme. Et pourtant, cette disponibilité de l’eau est mise en question par l’utilisation des sols et les changements climatiques. Afin de pouvoir prendre les mesures nécessaires à la garantie de la ressource eau en temps voulu, les décideurs au sein des autorités politiques et administratives ont besoin de bases scientifiques.
Lay summary

Contexte
L’eau signifie eau potable, irrigation des champs et production d’énergie; alors que nous nous reposons au bord de l’eau, nous devons aussi nous protéger des inondations. Mais les activités humaines et le changement climatique influencent les écosystèmes, nuisant ainsi à leurs fonctions. Lorsqu’il y a moins d’eau à disposition, de nombreux secteurs économiques sont menacés. Lorsque certains d’entre eux ne sont plus en état d’exercer leurs activités comme souhaité, il en découle des coûts supplémentaires. Il est donc indispensable de trouver comment garantir la disponibilité d’une eau de bonne qualité en quantité suffisante.

But
Le projet prend en compte toute la chaîne d’approvisionnement en eau, de la mise à disposition dans le bassin hydrographique à l’utilisation dans les vallées, à l’exemple du Rhône dans le Haut-Valais. Les conditions politiques générales de portée nationale et internationale, ainsi que leurs influences sur l’exploitation seront prises en compte, tout comme les modifications résultant du changement climatique. Un modèle qui relie entre eux les aspects hydrologiques, écologiques et économiques du développement des ressources d’eau, et qui les représente dans divers scénarios sera développé. Les répercussions des changements liés au climat et à l’utilisation des sols sur les ressources hydrologiques seront représentées à l’aide de cartes. De cette manière, il sera démontré que certaines régions réagissent de manière plus sensible aux changements climatiques et aux développements socioéconomique que d’autres; les stratégies d’adaptation appropriées pourront ainsi être formulées pour les acteurs régionaux.

Portée
Des instruments seront mis au point permettant aux autorités de développer des mesures régionales assurant la disponibilité de l’eau en quantité et de qualité appropriées. Ces mesures comprennent par exemple des modifications de l’exploitation et des systèmes d’incitation financière. Les acteurs régionaux devront surtout s’adapter aux changements climatiques. Lors de modifications dans l’utilisation des sols, ils pourront éventuellement affaiblir les tendances négatives.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 01.03.2013

Lay Summary (English)

Lead
Sustainable safeguarding of water resources Access to water of good quality and in sufficient quantity is essential to human beings. However, land use and climate changes challenge this water availability. Political and administrative decision-makers depend on a scientific basis on which to build, in good time, measures for the safeguarding of water resources.
Lay summary
Background
Water is used for drinking, for the irrigation of fields and for the production of energy; we relax by the water and also have to protect ourselves against floods. However, human activity and climate change affect the ecosystems, thus interfering with their functions. When less water is available, many branches of industry are endangered. Additional costs arise when certain branches can no longer function as desired. It is therefore necessary to develop measures which safeguard the availability of good quality water in sufficient quantity.

Objectives and methods
The project takes into account the entire water resource supply chain, from the supply in the catchment area all the way to the use in the valley, based on the example of the Rhône in the Upper Valais. Basic national and international political conditions and their influence on water management will be taken into account, as will the changes associated with the climate. A model will be developed that combines the hydrological, ecological and economic aspects of water resource development and portrays these in various scenarios. The effects of climate change and land use on water resources will be depicted in maps. In this way, it will be demonstrated that certain areas react more sensitively to climate change and socio-economic development than others, and suitable adaptation strategies can be formulated for the local stakeholders.

Significance
Tools will be developed that will help the decision-makers to develop regional measures, thus ensuring that high quality water is available in sufficient quantities. These measures can for example include exploitation modifications and financial incentive systems. The regional players will above all have to adapt to climate change. When it comes to modifications in land use, they will possibly be able to weaken negative trends.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 01.03.2013

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Modeling land use decisions with Bayesian networks: Spatially explicit analysis of driving forces on land use change.
Celio E. Koellner T. Grêt-Regamey A. (2014), Modeling land use decisions with Bayesian networks: Spatially explicit analysis of driving forces on land use change., in Environmental Modelling & Software , 52, 222-233.
NFP 61 Projekt «HydroServ»: Verbinden von Raumplanung und Ressourcenmanagement im Einzugsgebiet der Kleinen Emme
- Ryffel A. Celio E. Klaus F. Grêt-Regamey A. (2013), NFP 61 Projekt «HydroServ»: Verbinden von Raumplanung und Ressourcenmanagement im Einzugsgebiet der Kleinen Emme, in Entlebucher Brattig, 109-111.
Rivers as municipal infrastructure: Demand for environmental services in informal settlements along an Indonesian river
Vollmer D. Grêt-Regamey A (2013), Rivers as municipal infrastructure: Demand for environmental services in informal settlements along an Indonesian river, in Global Environmental Change, xx-xx.
Sensitivity analysis of a process-based ecosystem model: Pinpointing parameterization and structural issues
• Pappas C. S. Fatichi S. Leuzinger A. Wolf and P. Burlando (2013), Sensitivity analysis of a process-based ecosystem model: Pinpointing parameterization and structural issues, in J. Geophys. Res. Biogeosciences, 118(2), 505-528.
Understanding ecosystem services trade-offs with interactive procedural modeling for sustainable urban planning
Grêt-Regamey Adrienne (2013), Understanding ecosystem services trade-offs with interactive procedural modeling for sustainable urban planning, in Landscape and Urban Planning, 109, 107-116.
Contributions of cultural services to the ecosystem services agenda
Daniel TC, Muhar A, Arnberger A, Aznar O, Boyd JW, Chan KMA, Costanza R, Elmqvist T, Flint CG, Gobster PH, Gret-Regamey A, Lave R, Muhar S, Penker M, Ribe RG, Schauppenlehner T, Sikor T, Soloviy I, Spierenburg M, Taczanowska K, Tam J, von der Dunk A (2012), Contributions of cultural services to the ecosystem services agenda, in PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 109(23), 8812-8819.
Ein Choice Experiment: soll die hydrologischen Ökosystemleistungen gewichten
Grêt-Regamey A. (2012), Ein Choice Experiment: soll die hydrologischen Ökosystemleistungen gewichten, in Aqua &Gas, 12, 1-2.
Forschung in der UBE: Das Projekt „HydroServ“
- Knaus F. Ryffel A. Celio E. Grêt-Regamey A. (2012), Forschung in der UBE: Das Projekt „HydroServ“, in Aktuelles aus der UNESCO Biosphäre Entlebuch, 28-29.
Participatory land use modeling with Bayesian Networks: a focus on subjective validation.
Celio E. Brunner S.H. Grêt-Regamey A. (2012), Participatory land use modeling with Bayesian Networks: a focus on subjective validation., in International Environmental Modelling and Software Society, Leipzig.
Reply to Kirchhoff: Cultural values and ecosystem services
Daniel TC, Muhar A, Aznar O, Boyd JW, Chan KMA, Costanza R, Flint CG, Gobster PH, Gret-Regamey A, Penker M, Ribe RG, Spierenburg M (2012), Reply to Kirchhoff: Cultural values and ecosystem services, in PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 109(46), 3147-3147.
Customized Visualization of Natural Hazards Assessment Results and Associated Uncertainties through Interactive Functionality
Kunz M, Gret-Regamey A, Hurni L (2011), Customized Visualization of Natural Hazards Assessment Results and Associated Uncertainties through Interactive Functionality, in CARTOGRAPHY AND GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SCIENCE, 38(2), 233-243.
Estimating the potential impact of vegetation on the water cycle requires accurate soil water parameter estimation
Wolf A (2011), Estimating the potential impact of vegetation on the water cycle requires accurate soil water parameter estimation, in ECOLOGICAL MODELLING, 222(15), 2595-2605.
Guidelines for setting up a spatially explicit Bayesian Network for modelling land use decisions
Celio E. Grêt-Regamey A. (2011), Guidelines for setting up a spatially explicit Bayesian Network for modelling land use decisions, in GISRUK, Porthmouth, England.
Redefining ecoservices for resource policy analyses
Knoepfel P. de Buren G. (2011), Redefining ecoservices for resource policy analyses, in Ingold K Bisang K & Hirschi Ch (ed.), Dike Verlag, Zürich, 101-115.
Securing hydrological ecosystem services through catchment-wide land use management
Grêt-Regamey A. Bugmann H. Burlando P. Celio E. de Buren G. Köllner Th. Knöpfel P Pap- (2011), Securing hydrological ecosystem services through catchment-wide land use management, in Borsdorf A. Stötter J. Veulliet E. (ed.), Innsbruck University, Innsbruck, 124-133.
Un regard sur la politique forestière suisse
de Buren G. (2011), Un regard sur la politique forestière suisse, in Schweizerische Zeitschrift fur Forstwesen, 162(7), 205-208.
Form follows function? Proposing a blueprint for ecosystem service assessments based on reviews and case studies
Seppelt R. Fath B. Burkhard B. Fisher J.L. Grêt-Regamey A. Lautenbach S. Pert P. Hotes, Form follows function? Proposing a blueprint for ecosystem service assessments based on reviews and case studies, in Ecological Indicators.
Modeling land use decisions with Bayesian networks: spatially explicit analysis of driving forces on land use change
Celio Enrico, Koellner Thomas, Grêt-Regamey Adrienne, Modeling land use decisions with Bayesian networks: spatially explicit analysis of driving forces on land use change, in Environmental Modelling and Software.
Why does the potential for payments for environmental services implementation differ?
de Buren Guillaume, Knoepfel Peter, Why does the potential for payments for environmental services implementation differ?, in Forest Policy and Economics.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Entlebuch Biosphere Reserve Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
University of Berne Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Canton of Lucerne Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Research Infrastructure
University of Frankfurt Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Office Federal of Agriculture Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
University of Lund Sweden (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Canton of Obwalden Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Research Infrastructure
Pro Natura, Luzern Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Catholic University of Louvain Belgium (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
CIFOR Indonesia (Asia)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
University of Geneva Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
EAWAG Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Utah Universit United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
James Hutton Institute Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Future Cities Lab Singapore (Asia)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Edinburgh University Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Agriculture University of Bogor Indonesia (Asia)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Waldgenossenschaft Oberes Entlebuch Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Canton de Vaud Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
University of Neuchatel Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Niederer und Pozzi Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Federal Office of Environment and Nature Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Wageningen University Netherlands (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
19th International Symposium on Society and Resource Management Talk given at a conference 31.01.2013 Estes Park, United States of America Grêt-Regamey Adrienne; Celio Enrico;
Resource economics seminar Talk given at a conference 21.11.2012 Bogor, Italy Grêt-Regamey Adrienne; Ryffel Andrea Nathalie;
PhD seminar, Bayreuth Talk given at a conference 10.10.2012 Bayreuth, Germany Celio Enrico;
Governance seminar Talk given at a conference 12.09.2012 Bogor, Indonesia, Indonesia de Buren Guillaume;
Alpeau Steering Comitee Talk given at a conference 11.07.2012 Geneva, Switzerland de Buren Guillaume;
Wald und Trinkwasser, BAFU Talk given at a conference 06.06.2012 Bern, Switzerland Grêt-Regamey Adrienne; de Buren Guillaume;
iEMSs Talk given at a conference 05.06.2012 Leipzig, Germany Celio Enrico; Grêt-Regamey Adrienne;
EGU 2012 Talk given at a conference 19.04.2012 Vienna, Austria Pappas Christoforos; Burlando Paolo;
AGU 2011 Talk given at a conference 05.12.2011 San Francisco, United States of America Pappas Christoforos; Burlando Paolo;
MAFII, Talk given at a conference 22.11.2011 Innsbruck, Austria Grêt-Regamey Adrienne;
International Conference on Payments for Ecosystem Services and their Institutional Dimensions Talk given at a conference 10.11.2011 Berlin, Germany de Buren Guillaume;
EAWAG seminar Talk given at a conference 04.11.2011 Dübendorf, Switzerland Grêt-Regamey Adrienne;
PhD seminar, Bayreuth Talk given at a conference 10.10.2011 Bayreuth, Germany Celio Enrico;
4th ESP conference Talk given at a conference 04.10.2011 Wageningen, Netherlands Grêt-Regamey Adrienne;
GISRUK Conference 2011 Talk given at a conference 27.08.2011 Porthmouth, United States of America Celio Enrico; Grêt-Regamey Adrienne;
ENVECON 2011 Talk given at a conference 18.08.2011 London, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Ryffel Andrea Nathalie;
International Congress of the International Institute of Administrative Sciences Talk given at a conference 04.07.2011 Lausanne, Switzerland Knoepfel Peter; de Buren Guillaume;
4th international congress of French speaking political science association Talk given at a conference 20.04.2011 Bruxelles, Belgium Pappas Christoforos;
Latsis Sysmposium, 2010 Talk given at a conference 22.09.2010 Lausanne, Switzerland Celio Enrico; Ryffel Andrea Nathalie; Grêt-Regamey Adrienne;


Knowledge transfer events



Self-organised

Title Date Place
Begleitgruppensitzung 13.09.2011 Luzern, Switzerland
Kick-off meeting 24.11.2010 Schüpfheim, Biosphere Entlebuch, Switzerland
“Landmanagement – mitverantwortlich für die Ressource Wasser” 07.09.2010 Zürich, Switzerland

Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Media relations: print media, online media Das Projekt HydroServ Journal of the UNESCO Biosphere Entlebuch German-speaking Switzerland 2012
Media relations: print media, online media Ein choice experiment soll die hydrologischen Ökosystemleistungen gewichten Acqua and Gas German-speaking Switzerland 2012
Media relations: print media, online media Forschung in der UBE: Das Projekt „HydroServ“. Aktuelles aus der UNESCO Biosphäre Entlebuch:28-29 German-speaking Switzerland 2012
Media relations: print media, online media Verbinden von Raumplanung und Ressourcenmanagement im Einzugsgebiet der Kleinen Emme entlebucher bratting German-speaking Switzerland 2012
Media relations: radio, television HydoServ video clip Western Switzerland German-speaking Switzerland 2011
Print (books, brochures, leaflets) HydroServ Western Switzerland 2011
Media relations: radio, television Managing Alpine Future II "On Air" radio International 2011
Media relations: print media, online media Ökosystemleistungen zur Integration von Raumplanung und Ressourcenmanagement im Einzugsgebiet der Kl Newsletter Netzwerk Stadt und Landschaft ETH Zürich Italian-speaking Switzerland German-speaking Switzerland Western Switzerland 2011

Abstract

People rely on the integrity of ecosystems to provide hydrological ecosystem services (HES) because they are essential to human existence. Many key economic sectors such as agriculture, hydropower, re-insurance, recreation, and the drinking water sector depend on HES. Yet, human activities and global climate change are jeopardizing the ability of ecosystems to deliver HES, which results in increasing economic costs. Besides a mitigation approach, this calls for adaptation measures related to ecosystem management to foster the regulating and insurance services that ecosystems provide. We propose to analyze and simulate the full value chains of HES provided by terrestrial ecosystems under climatic and socio-economic changes. We suggest developing an integrated modeling system linking hydrological, ecological, and economical sub-models into a multi-period, spatially explicit Bayesian network that allows for feedback from changing socio-economic and political conditions to land-use and adaptation to climate change. The potential impacts of the impending changes of climate and land use and land cover on HES and the adaptive capacity of the system are integrated into vulnerability maps containing a representation of the modeling uncertainties. Based on this analysis, the project aims at (i) analyzing the consequences of climate and socio-economic changes on water resources and on the related HES in an integrative manner; and (ii) assisting policy makers in their decision-making through the design of innovative instruments for the public and private sectors and institutional regulations, which will be required to respond to the anticipated changes while preserving a balance between demand and supply of HES.
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