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The Mind and the Self

English title The Mind and the SElf
Applicant Schniewind Alexandrine
Number 124891
Funding scheme ProDoc
Research institution Section de Philosophie Faculté des Lettres Université de Lausanne
Institution of higher education University of Lausanne - LA
Main discipline Philosophy
Start/End 01.09.2009 - 31.01.2014
Approved amount 218'864.00
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Keywords (14)

Philosophy of Mind; philosophical psychology; mind; soul; Ancient philosophy; Medieval philosophy; Early Modern philosophy; mind-body problem; theory of intellect; noetics; Peripatetism; Neoplatonism; Cartesianism; translation

Lay Summary (English)

Lead
Lay summary
The concept of mind has become a key notion in contemporary philosophy as well as in contemporary psychology. Most commonly quoted in relation with the 'mind-body' problem, it relates to a large range of cognitive activities and its emotional cognates. One main debate is in how far mind is to be taken as physical or non-physical entity. The classical concept of soul (psyche, anima) has many similarities with this notion of mind, especially as regards the mind-body distinction. However, soul and mind can't be taken as synonymous as the specific qualities and functions that are attributed to them have different implications, such as, for instance, the question of the immateriality of soul or the way emotions are explained or, also, the fact that soul is considered as a "principle of life". What is more, some classical theories posit a separate intellect, which is distinguished from soul and through which perception and thinking are made two clearly separate activities. The question thus has to be raised in how far 'mind' is related to the concept of 'soul'. The outcome of this debate has crucial relevance for contemporary philosophical and psychological theories. The concept of mind itself, its classical philosophical and cultural roots are not sufficiently taken into account. Yet such a step back into the history of the concept of mind and its cognates is of high interest and benefit for contemporary theories which are currently rediscovering emotions and thus going beyond the purely neurological theory of mind. The research module has two purposes: 1. To examine the arguments, principles and conceptual schemes of distinction between soul and mind as well as between mind / soul and body used by prominent Medieval and Early Modern philosophers, the aim being to trace back their Ancient Greek sources and acknowledge the various transformations they underwent. 2. To reconsider both from an historical and a systematic point of view the main categories currently used by philosophers working on classical as well as contemporary philosophy in view of characterizing a given philosophical position, e.g: Dualism, Cartesian Dualism, 'Bundle' Dualism, Attributivism, Substantialism, Materialism, and Monism.
Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 21.02.2013

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
"Temporalités douloureuses et le vécu de l'ennui"
Schniewind Alexandrine (2014), "Temporalités douloureuses et le vécu de l'ennui", in Le Carnet Psy, (178), 19-23.
« Le statut des objets intelligibles chez Alexandre d’Aphrodise et Plotin »
Schniewind Alexandrine (2014), « Le statut des objets intelligibles chez Alexandre d’Aphrodise et Plotin », in Karfik Filip / Song Euree (ed.), Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, 27-40.
La double révolution. Archéologie du sujet III. L'acte de pensée.
De Libera Alain (2014), La double révolution. Archéologie du sujet III. L'acte de pensée..
"Augustin et la question du sujet"
De Libera Alain (2013), "Augustin et la question du sujet", in Après la métaphysique: Augustin? , Paris.
"Confusion d'âme et d'esprit: ce que la 'Seele' freudienne parvient à rétablir"
Schniewind Alexandrine (2013), "Confusion d'âme et d'esprit: ce que la 'Seele' freudienne parvient à rétablir", in Chabert Catherine, Coblence Françoise (ed.), PUF, Paris , 37-51.
"Does loving every mean loing every every, even Non-existent ones? Distribution and universals in the Opus puerorum"
De Libera Alain, Cesalli Laurent, Goubier Frédéric (2013), "Does loving every mean loing every every, even Non-existent ones? Distribution and universals in the Opus puerorum", in Logic and Language in the Middle Ages. A Volume in Honour of Sten Ebbesen., Leiden-Boston.
"L'ouverture écossaise:Brentano critique de Bain"
De Libera Alain (2013), "L'ouverture écossaise:Brentano critique de Bain", in Quaestio, (12/2012), 169-197.
"Renan et l'averroïsme"
De Libera Alain (2013), "Renan et l'averroïsme", in Ernest Renan: la science, la religion, la République., Paris.
Se faire comprendre et savoir comprendre. Sur la spécificité de la Verständigung en psychanalyse
Schniewind Alexandrine (2012), Se faire comprendre et savoir comprendre. Sur la spécificité de la Verständigung en psychanalyse, in André / Schniewind (ed.), PUF, Paris , p. 15-p. 73.
"Monopsychite. Monopsychia"
de Libera Alain (2011), "Monopsychite. Monopsychia", in Atucha, König-Pralong, Zavattero (ed.), Brepols, Turnhout, 405-412.
"Subject (Re-/decentered)
de Libera Alain (2011), "Subject (Re-/decentered), in Radical Philosophy. A Journal of Socialist and Feminist Philosophy, 167(2011), 15-23.
"Dénomination extrinsèque et changement cambridgien. Elements pour une archéologie médiévale de la subjectivité.
de Libera Alain (2010), "Dénomination extrinsèque et changement cambridgien. Elements pour une archéologie médiévale de la subjectivité., in Speer, Friedman, Emery (ed.), Brill, Leiden, 451-470.
"Âme, vie d'âme / esprit, vie d'esprit"
Schniewind Alexandrine, "Âme, vie d'âme / esprit, vie d'esprit", in Cantou-Terquem Sarah (ed.), Larousse, Paris.
"Comprendre - Se faire comprendre"
Schniewind Alexandrine, "Comprendre - Se faire comprendre", in Cantou-Terquem Sarah (ed.), Larousse, Paris.
"Plotin et les émotions nobles: un accès privilégié par les vertus suppérieures"
Schniewind Alexandrine, "Plotin et les émotions nobles: un accès privilégié par les vertus suppérieures", in Collette Bernard, Delcominette Sylvain (ed.), Ousia, Bruxelles.

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
Colloque "Le corps de psyché" Talk given at a conference Confustion d'âme et d'esprit 04.02.2012 Paris, France Schniewind Alexandrine;
Colloque du département de philosophie Individual talk Ethik bei Plotin 23.11.2011 Université de Bern, Switzerland Schniewind Alexandrine;
Colloque Annuel pro*doc Talk given at a conference "La paraphrase arabe de Plotin" 24.09.2011 Ovronnaz, Switzerland Vonlanthen Martine; Essafi Rim;
Talks & Workshops of the Centre for Neoplatonic Virtue Ethics Individual talk Virtue Ethics in Plotinus 16.06.2011 Université de Copenhagen (Danemark), Denmark Schniewind Alexandrine;
Colloque Annuel pro*doc Talk given at a conference La multiplicité chez Plotin 01.04.2011 Université de Lausanne, Switzerland Vonlanthen Martine;
Colloque Unité des Vertus Talk given at a conference Plotin et les émoitions nobles 24.03.2011 Bruxelles (Belgique), Belgium Schniewind Alexandrine;
Jahreskolloquium der Gesellschaft für Antike Philosophie Individual talk Antike Glückstheorien im Vergleich 08.01.2011 Université de Saarbrücken (Allemagne), Germany Schniewind Alexandrine;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
"Comment pense l'âme intelligible chez Plotin?" 13.03.2014 Université de Lausanne, Switzerland
Journée des doctorants de philosophie antique UNIL 12.06.2012 UNIL, Switzerland
Journées des doctorants en philosophie antique de l'UNIL 24.02.2012 UNIL, Switzerland
Ecole doctorale CUSO philosophie antique et médiévale 24.11.2011 Crêt-Bérard (VD), Switzerland

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
118623 Mind, Normativity, Self and Properties 01.10.2007 ProDoc
132455 Philosophy and Phenomenology of Agency 01.10.2010 ProDoc

Abstract

The concept of mind has become a key notion in contemporary philosophy as well as in contemporary psychology. Most commonly quoted in relation with the ‘mind-body’ problem, it relates to a large range of cognitive activities and its emotional cognates. One main debate is in how far mind is to be taken as physical or non-physical entity. The classical concept of soul (psyche, anima) has many similarities with this notion of mind, especially as regards the mind-body distinction. However, soul and mind can’t be taken as synonymous as the specific qualities and functions that are attributed to them have different implications, such as, for instance, the question of the immateriality of soul or the way emotions are explained or, also, the fact that soul is considered as a “principle of life”. What is more, some classical theories posit a separate intellect, which is distinguished from soul and through which perception and thinking are made two clearly separate activities. The question thus has to be raised in how far ‘mind’ is related to the concept of ‘soul’. The outcome of this debate has crucial relevance for contemporary philosophical and psychological theories. The concept of mind itself, its classical philosophical and cultural roots are not sufficiently taken into account. Yet such a step back into the history of the concept of mind and its cognates is of high interest and benefit for contemporary theories which are currently rediscovering emotions and thus going beyond the purely neurological theory of mind. The research module has two purposes: 1. To examine the arguments, principles and conceptual schemes of distinction between soul and mind as well as between mind / soul and body used by prominent Medieval and Early Modern philosophers, the aim being to trace back their Ancient Greek sources and acknowledge the various transformations they underwent. 2. To reconsider both from an historical and a systematic point of view the main categories currently used by philosophers working on classical as well as contemporary philosophy in view of characterizing a given philosophical position, e.g: Dualism, Cartesian Dualism, ‘Bundle’ Dualism, Attributivism, Substantialism, Materialism, and Monism.
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