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Evolution of microfaunas and sediments in the Upper Triassic: palaeogeographic and tectonic assessment as a result of reef and carbonate buildup development (REEFCADE-continuation)

English title Evolution of microfaunas and sediments in the Upper Triassic: palaeogeographic and tectonic assessment as a result of reef and carbonate buildup development (REEFCADE-continuation)
Applicant Martini Rossana
Number 124402
Funding scheme Project funding
Research institution Département des sciences de la Terre Université de Genève
Institution of higher education University of Geneva - GE
Main discipline Palaeontology
Start/End 01.04.2009 - 30.09.2011
Approved amount 153'440.00
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Keywords (12)

Tethys; Panthalassa; Carbonates; Biostratigraphy; Sedimentology; Panthalassa; Micropaleontology; Foraminifers; Palaeobiogeography; Palaeoecology; Triassic; Panthalasse

Lay Summary (English)

Lead
Lay summary
Sedimentological and biostratigraphic investigations in the Triassic of Eastern Pangea, especially of the Tethys Realm appear essential, even after half a century of extensive research.These studies provide a major contribution to the general effort of evaluating the mode and magnitude of the global biological and ecological "revolution" that occurred at the Palaeozoic/Mesozoic boundary, a very significant period of environmental change and life renewal. However, they failed to release global evolution trends because previous studies dealt with individual localities and single fossil groups, comparative studies between distant localities within the Tethys Realm were rarely conducted, and comparisons between Tethyan and Panthalassan provinces at high stratigraphic resolution are almost absent.This project, based on sedimentology, micropalaeontology and geochemistry, aims at comparing three localities actually located far from each another in order to decipher local, regional and global factors that controlled the evolution of shallow-water carbonate systems in the Panthalassan and Tethyan Realms. Therefore, Upper Triassic mid-oceanic atoll-type carbonates from Sambosan Accretionary Complex (AC) (Okinawa, Kyushu, Shikoku and Honshu Islands, Japan) and mid-oceanic shallow water carbonates from Martin Bridge Formation (Wallowa terrane, north-eastern Oregon and Idaho, USA) were selected, as well as time equivalent shallow shelf-type carbonates of Milaha and Ghalilah Formations (western Musandam Peninsula, United Arab Emirates), respectively.Establishing the correlation between Japanese and western North American localities with the better known counterparts in the Tethyan Domain would be highly significant to discriminate among the biological (e.g., lineages, endemism of fauna) and environmental factors (e.g., role of oceanic circulation, possible influence of seawater composition).Special attention will be given to the reefs considering their high sensitivity to ecological factors. Specifically, the study of Involutinid foraminifers, sponges, calcareous green algae and corals within the reefs is expected to supply insights into the depositional environments and allow at evaluate the actual climatic conditions. Refined biostratigraphy of Triassic fossil communities, particularly with regard to foraminifers, will continue and their evolution through time will be considered in the different Tethyan basins, as well as in the Panthalassa Ocean. In order to constrain palaeotectonic models by identifying the Tethyan blocks and their general displacement through time, the required palaeogeographic studies will continue in parallel.
Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 21.02.2013

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Cement stratigraphy: image probes of cathodoluminescent facies
Vuillemin A, Ndiaye M, Martini R, Davaud E (2011), Cement stratigraphy: image probes of cathodoluminescent facies, in SWISS JOURNAL OF GEOSCIENCES, 104(1), 55-66.
Aulotortus friedli from the Upper Triassic gravitational flow deposits of the Kumagawa River (Kyushu, Southwest Japan)
Chablais J, Martini R, Onoue T (2010), Aulotortus friedli from the Upper Triassic gravitational flow deposits of the Kumagawa River (Kyushu, Southwest Japan), in PALEONTOLOGICAL RESEARCH, 14(2), 151-160.
Deciphering of six blocks of Gondwanan origin within Eastern Indonesia (South East Asia)
Villeneuve M, Martini R, Bellon H, Rehault JP, Cornee JJ, Bellier O, Burhannuddin S, Hinschberger F, Honthaas C, Monnier C (2010), Deciphering of six blocks of Gondwanan origin within Eastern Indonesia (South East Asia), in GONDWANA RESEARCH, 18(2-3), 420-437.
Microfacies and depositional setting of the Upper Triassic mid-oceanic atoll-type carbonates of the Sambosan Accretionary Complex (southern Kyushu, Japan)
Chablais J, Martini R, Samankassou E, Onoue T, Sano H (2010), Microfacies and depositional setting of the Upper Triassic mid-oceanic atoll-type carbonates of the Sambosan Accretionary Complex (southern Kyushu, Japan), in FACIES, 56(2), 249-278.
NEW CRUSTACEAN MICROCOPROLITES OF THE UPPER TRIASSIC LIMESTONES OF THE SAMBOSAN ACCRETIONARY COMPLEX, JAPAN
Senowbari-Daryan B, Chablais J, Martini R (2010), NEW CRUSTACEAN MICROCOPROLITES OF THE UPPER TRIASSIC LIMESTONES OF THE SAMBOSAN ACCRETIONARY COMPLEX, JAPAN, in JOURNAL OF PALEONTOLOGY, 84(1), 98-108.
Stratigraphic potential of the Upper Triassic benthic foraminifers
Rigaud Sylvain, Martini Rossana, Rettori Roberto, Stanley George (2010), Stratigraphic potential of the Upper Triassic benthic foraminifers, in Albertiana, 38, 34-39.
Upper Triassic reef-limestone blocks of southwestern Japan: New data from a Panthalassan seamount
Chablais J, Onoue T, Martini R (2010), Upper Triassic reef-limestone blocks of southwestern Japan: New data from a Panthalassan seamount, in PALAEOGEOGRAPHY PALAEOCLIMATOLOGY PALAEOECOLOGY, 293(1-2), 206-222.
A geological view into Permo-Triassic Khuff reservoirs from outcrop analogues in the United Arab Emirates
Maurer Florian, Martini Rossana, Rettori Roberto, Cirilli Simonetta, Hillgärtner Heiko (2009), A geological view into Permo-Triassic Khuff reservoirs from outcrop analogues in the United Arab Emirates, in IPTC-World Energy Challenges: Endurance and Commitment, Doha, QatarWrite Librarian, Richardson, Texas.
LATE TRIASSIC FORAMINIFERA IN REEFAL LIMESTONES OF SW CYPRUS
Martini R, Peybernes B, Moix P (2009), LATE TRIASSIC FORAMINIFERA IN REEFAL LIMESTONES OF SW CYPRUS, in JOURNAL OF FORAMINIFERAL RESEARCH, 39(3), 218-230.
New latest Permian foraminifers from Laren (Guangxi Province, South China): Palaeobiogeographic implications
Gaillot J, Vachard D, Galfetti T, Martini R (2009), New latest Permian foraminifers from Laren (Guangxi Province, South China): Palaeobiogeographic implications, in GEOBIOS, 42(2), 141-168.
Palaeoenvironmental reconstruction of the Mufara Formation (Upper Triassic, Sicily): High resolution sedimentology, biostratigraphy and sea-level changes
Carrillat A, Martini R (2009), Palaeoenvironmental reconstruction of the Mufara Formation (Upper Triassic, Sicily): High resolution sedimentology, biostratigraphy and sea-level changes, in PALAEOGEOGRAPHY PALAEOCLIMATOLOGY PALAEOECOLOGY, 283(1-2), 60-76.
PTB (Permian-Triassic Boundary) succession in the western Dolomites of the Southern Alps
Kobayashi Fumio, Rossana Martini (2009), PTB (Permian-Triassic Boundary) succession in the western Dolomites of the Southern Alps, in Journal of the Geological Society of Japan, 115(4), 7-8.
The geology of Khuff outcrop analogues in the Musandam Peninsula, United Arab Emirates and Oman
Maurer F, Martini R, Rettori R, Hillgartner H, Cirilli S (2009), The geology of Khuff outcrop analogues in the Musandam Peninsula, United Arab Emirates and Oman, in GEOARABIA, 14(3), 125-158.
The Lower Triassic sedimentary and carbon isotope records from Tulong (South Tibet) and their significance for Tethyan palaeoceanography
Bruhwiler T, Goudemand N, Galfetti T, Bucher H, Baud A, Ware D, Hermann E, Hochuli PA, Martini R (2009), The Lower Triassic sedimentary and carbon isotope records from Tulong (South Tibet) and their significance for Tethyan palaeoceanography, in SEDIMENTARY GEOLOGY, 222(3-4), 314-332.
Upper Triassic reefal limestone from the Sambosan accretionary complex in Japan and its geological implication
Onoue Tetsuji, Chablais Jérôme, Martini Rossana (2009), Upper Triassic reefal limestone from the Sambosan accretionary complex in Japan and its geological implication, in Journal of the Geological Society of Japan, 115(6), 292-295.
Geology and Correlation of the Mersin Melanges, Southern Turkey
Moix P, Beccaletto L, Masset O, Kozur HW, Dumitrica P, Vachard D, Martini R, Stampfli GM, Geology and Correlation of the Mersin Melanges, Southern Turkey, in TURKISH JOURNAL OF EARTH SCIENCES, 20(1), 57-98.
Upper Triassic foraminifers from Panthalassan carbonate buildups of Southwestern Japan and their paleobiogeographic implications
Chablais J, Martini R, Kobayashi F, Stampfli GM, Onoue T, Upper Triassic foraminifers from Panthalassan carbonate buildups of Southwestern Japan and their paleobiogeographic implications, in MICROPALEONTOLOGY, 57(2), 93-124.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Institute of Natural and Environmental Sciences, University of Hyogo, Sanda, Hyogo Japan (Asia)
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
UM Paleontology Center, Department of Geosciences, The University of Montana, Missoula United States of America (North America)
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Department of Earth & Planetary Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka Japan (Asia)
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Department of Earth & Environmental Sciences, Kagoshima University, Kagoshima Japan (Asia)
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Institut de Geologie et Paleontologie University of Lausanne, Lausanne Switzerland (Europe)
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università di Perugia, Perugia Italy (Europe)
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Paläontologisches Institut und Museum, Universität Zürich, Zurich Switzerland (Europe)
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
8th Swiss Geoscience Meeting, 4. Paleontology and Paleobiodiversity. Talk given at a conference Triassic decapods: new data from the Arabian shelf of the northern United Arab Emirates. 19.11.2010 Fribourg, Switzerland. , Switzerland Martini Rossana;
AAPG 2010 Annual convention & Exhibition. Talk given at a conference Upper Triassic foraminifers: New data on dispersal, paleogeography and stratigraphic global correlations. 11.04.2010 New Orleans, Louisiana, USA, United States of America Rigaud Sylvain; Martini Rossana;


Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Talks/events/exhibitions Futur en tous genres 2010 Western Switzerland 2010
Talks/events/exhibitions Journée info-filières Western Switzerland 2010
Talks/events/exhibitions Nuit de la Science Western Switzerland 2010
Talks/events/exhibitions Programme Boussole Western Switzerland 2010

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
137661 Evolution of microfaunas and sediments in the Upper Triassic: palaeogeographic and tectonic assessment as a result of reef and carbonate buildup development (REEFCADE-continuation) 01.12.2011 Project funding
113816 Evolution of microfaunas and sediments in the Upper Triassic: palaeogeographic and tectonic assessment as a result of reef and carbonate buildup development (REEFCADE) 01.04.2007 Project funding
137661 Evolution of microfaunas and sediments in the Upper Triassic: palaeogeographic and tectonic assessment as a result of reef and carbonate buildup development (REEFCADE-continuation) 01.12.2011 Project funding

Abstract

Sedimentological and biostratigraphic investigations in the Triassic of Eastern Pangea, especially of the Tethys Realm appear essential, even after half a century of extensive research.These studies provide a major contribution to the general effort of evaluating the mode and magnitude of the global biological and ecological “revolution” that occurred at the Palaeozoic/Mesozoic boundary, a very significant period of environmental change and life renewal. However, they failed to release global evolution trends because previous studies dealt with individual localities and single fossil groups, comparative studies between distant localities within the Tethys Realm were rarely conducted, and comparisons between Tethyan and Panthalassan provinces at high stratigraphic resolution are almost absent.
This project, based on sedimentology, micropalaeontology and geochemistry, aims at comparing three localities actually located far from each another in order to decipher local, regional and global factors that controlled the evolution of shallow-water carbonate systems in the Tethyan and Panthalassan Realms. Therefore, Upper Triassic mid-oceanic atoll-type carbonates from Sambosan Subterrane (Kyushu Island, Southwest Japan) and from Martin Bridge Formation (Wallowa terrane, north-eastern Oregon, USA), as well time equivalent shallow shelf-types carbonates of Milaha and Ghalilah Formations (western Musandam Peninsula, United Arabian Emirates) were selected.
Establishing the correlation between Japanese and western North American localities with the better known counterparts in the Tethyan Domain would be highly significant to discriminate among the biological (e.g. lineages, endemism of fauna) and environmental factors (e.g. role of oceanic circulation, possible influence of seawater composition).
Special attention will be given to the reefs considering their high sensitivity to ecological factors. Specifically, the study of Involutinid foraminifers, corals and calcareous green algae within the reefs is expected to supply insights into the depositional environments and allow at evaluate the actual climatic conditions.
Refined biostratigraphy of Triassic fossil communities, particularly with regard to foraminifers, will continue and their evolution through time will be considered in the different Tethyan basins, as well as in the Panthalassa Ocean. In order to constrain palaeotectonic models by identifying the Tethyan blocks and their general displacement through time, the required palaeogeographic studies will continue in parallel.
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