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VAMP - Mechanisms and consequences of orogenic plateau formation: A study based on numerical modelling with application to the Anatolian plateau (IP11)

English title VAMP - Mechanisms and consequences of orogenic plateau formation: A study based on numerical modelling with application to the Anatolian plateau (IP11)
Applicant Simpson Guy
Number 120529
Funding scheme Project funding (special)
Research institution Département des sciences de la Terre Université de Genève
Institution of higher education University of Geneva - GE
Main discipline Geology
Start/End 01.09.2008 - 30.09.2011
Approved amount 293'549.65
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Keywords (12)

Orogenic plateaus; foreland basins; fold-thrust belts; dedimentology; stratigraphy; tectonics; numerical modelling; orogenic plateau; Anatolia; surface uplift; slab breakoff; climate-tectonic interactions

Lay Summary (English)

Lead
Lay summary
One of the keys to understanding the dynamics of convergent orogens is the solution to the puzzle of plateau uplifts. Orogenic plateaus are flat, broad uplands of considerable elevation associated with collision zones. Modern examples of such plateaus include the Altiplano of South America, the Tibetan Plateau in the India-Asia collision zone, and the Anatolian Plateau of Turkey. These areas are of particular interest not only because the factors leading to their formation remain poorly understood but also because they exert a sustained influence on atmospheric circulation and climate, which themselves may contribute to plateau formation. This project uses numerical modelling techniques to (1) to improve our understanding of the tectonic processes leading to plateau formation (2) to determine how the mechanisms involved in plateau formation are recorded in the geological and topographic records and (3) to investigate links between plateau uplift, erosion, deposition and climate. This project is part of a larger TOPO-EUROPE project VAMP which is a multidisciplinary study addressing the topographic and tectonic development of the Central Anatolian Plateau (Turkey).
Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 21.02.2013

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