Back to overview

Lien entre personnalité et troubles de la personnalité dans trois régions d'Afrique, en France et en Suisse

Applicant Rossier Jérôme
Number 108290
Funding scheme Project funding (Div. I-III)
Research institution Institut de psychologie Université de Lausanne
Institution of higher education University of Lausanne - LA
Main discipline Psychology
Start/End 01.09.2005 - 31.12.2008
Approved amount 267'084.00
Show all

Keywords (5)

personality; model of personality; personality disorders; cross-cultural psychology; Five-Factor Model of personality

Lay Summary (English)

Lay summary
The Five-Factor Model (FFM) has acquired the status of a reference modelto describe personality traits. According to the FFM five dimensions aresufficient to adequately map the domain of personality. Cross-culturalresearch has been conducted with the main intent of establishing theuniversality of the FFM. Similar factorial structures have been found incountries as far apart as France and China. The results concerning thestructural invariance in Africa are contradictory. The AmericanPsychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of MentalDisorders, fourth edition, provides personality disorder (PD) diagnosticcategories. The identification of PDs is based on the general diagnosticcriteria of “an enduring pattern of inner experience and behavior thatdeviates markedly from the expectations of the individual’s culture”. TheDSM-IV PDs have been criticized and a variety of studies have raisedcompelling objections regarding the validity of the categorical model.Several authors claim that PDs can be seen as particular configuration onthe basic dimensions of personality.
The aim of this research is: 1/ totest the generalizability of the FFM in three French-speaking Africanregions and in the French-speaking part of Europe (8 to 10 countries, N >3400); 2/ to study whether PDs are really culturally rooted as defined bythe DSM-IV; 3/ to study the relation between personality and PDs accordingto culture; 4/ to study the relation between personality and PDs in atraditional African culture using a French-version and an adaptedMooré-language version of the instrument allowing to assess personalityand PDs (N > 1200).
This project is of prime importance in the field ofpersonality and clinical psychology. Most cross-cultural studies have beenconducted to establish the universal validity of the FFM and did not payattention to PDs. No research has ever tried to assess the weight ofculture on personality and on PDs in a large sample. Moreover, personalityand PDs have never been studied in a traditional African culture usingtranslated and adapted assessment procedure in a native language. Thereare several practical implications in the field of clinical psychology andpsychological assessment (universality of the FFM, impact of culture onPDs, relation between FFM and PDs across cultures, and impact oflanguage).
Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 21.02.2013

Responsible applicant and co-applicants


Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
177295 Adapting and strengthening educational guidance and career counseling to promote decent work in two West African countries: Burkina Faso and Togo 01.11.2018 r4d (Swiss Programme for Research on Global Issues for Development)