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Elterliche Erziehungsstile und Eltern-Kind-Beziehungen: Ihr Einfluss auf die Gesundheit der Kinder und ihr Wandel im Laufe der Zeit. Eine wiederholte Querschnittsbefragung bei 20-Jährigen

English title Parenting Styles: Their Impact on Children's Health and Their Change over Time. A Repeated Cross-Sectional Survey among 20-year Olds
Applicant Gutzwiller Felix
Number 103367
Funding scheme NRP 52 Childhood, Youth and Intergenerational Relationships in a Changing Society
Research institution Institut für Epidemiologie, Biostatistik und Prävention Universität Zürich
Institution of higher education University of Zurich - ZH
Main discipline Psychology
Start/End 01.04.2004 - 31.10.2005
Approved amount 162'504.00
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All Disciplines (3)

Methods of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine

Keywords (5)

parenting styles; health; mental health; health behaviour; youth

Lay Summary (English)

Lay summary
Parenting styles and parent-child relationships: How they influence children’s health

Parenting styles and the quality of parent-child relationships are important factors for children’s health and well-being. In recent years, many health-related outcomes have worsened for children and young adults. Is this related to a change in parenting styles and parent-child relationships?

It is mainly clinical research that has demonstrated significant relationships between parenting style and qualities and various health disorders and deficits. Very few studies are available that have investigated the parenting factor in the general population taking a salutogenetic approach (as opposed to a pathogenic orientation), and the studies that are available lack comparability. This has resulted in a scarcity of evidence-based knowledge of change in parenting styles and their possible causal connections with societal conditions.

This project aims to:
- develop a salutogenetic perspective: the analysis will take into consideration salutogenic concepts and opinions in addition to risk and symptom-related approaches
- capture health in an integral way and set it in relation to parents’ styles of parenting and relationships
- consider culturally dependent aspects: health and health behaviour have cultural overtones, as do also parental styles of parenting and relationships. The research project will develop and analyse this perspective.
- analyse structure-related determinants: health and parenting styles are influenced by social and structural realities (such as social class affiliation, community structure, the urban/rural dimension). The study will investigate correlations between factors in the family’s living environment and determinants in the wider structural environment.

The data sources for the analysis are two large surveys available for Switzerland: a representative sample of 20-year-olds in Switzerland (sample size approximately 1,500) and a survey of military recruits (sample size approximately 18,000). Both groups were surveyed using the same written questionnaire in 2002/2003, in a partial replication of a 1993 survey. The data were gathered for the Swiss Federal Surveys of Adolescents and Recruits, known as «ch-x» (

The exploration of the impact of relationship and parenting styles will be placed in a societal connection and in a temporal framework. With this, and by developing a salutogenetic perspective, the project will generate a new evidence base relevant to youth and family policy and deliver up-to-date recommendations for health promotion and prevention in children and young people.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 21.02.2013

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