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Role of the circadian clock gene Per2 in adaptation to cold temperature

Type of publication Peer-reviewed
Publikationsform Original article (peer-reviewed)
Author Chappuis, Sylvie, ; Ripperger, Jürgen, ; Schnell, Anna, ; Rando, Gianpaolo, ; Jud, Corinne, ; Wahli, Walter, ; Albrecht, Urs,
Project Clock synchronization: From brain to periphery or periphery to brain?
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Original article (peer-reviewed)

Journal Molecular Metabolism
Volume (Issue) 2
Page(s) 184 - 193
Title of proceedings Molecular Metabolism

Abstract

Adaptive thermogenesis allows mammals to resist to cold. For instance, in brown adipose tissue (BAT) the facultative uncoupling of the proton gradient from ATP synthesis in mitochondria is used to generate systemic heat. However, this system necessitates an increase of the Uncoupling protein 1 (Ucp1) and its activation by free fatty acids. Here we show that mice without functional Period2 (Per2) were cold sensitive because their adaptive thermogenesis system was less efficient. Upon cold-exposure, Heat shock factor 1 (HSF1) induced Per2 in the BAT. Subsequently, PER2 as a co-activator of PPARα increased expression Ucp1. PER2 also increased Fatty acid binding protein 3 (Fabp3), a protein important to transport free fatty acids from the plasma to mitochondria to activate UCP1. Hence, in BAT PER2 is important for the coordination of the molecular response of mice exposed to cold by synchronizing UCP1 expression and its activation.
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