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Diel leaf growth of rapeseed at critically low temperature under winter field conditions

Type of publication Peer-reviewed
Publikationsform Original article (peer-reviewed)
Author Nagelmüller S., Yates S., Walter A.,
Project PhenoCOOL: Wheat and soybean phenotyping under cold conditions using growth as a dynamic trait
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Original article (peer-reviewed)

Journal Functional Plant Biology
Volume (Issue) 45(11)
Page(s) 1110 - 1110
Title of proceedings Functional Plant Biology
DOI 10.1071/fp17337

Abstract

Growth and development of winter crops is strongly limited by low temperature during winter. Monitoring the temporal dynamics and thermal limits of leaf growth in that period can give important insights into the growth physiology at low temperature, crop management and future breeding traits for winter crops. In this study, we focussed on winter rapeseed as a model, dicotyledonous winter crop to study leaf growth under natural winter field conditions. Leaf growth was measured using a high-resolution marker based image sequence analysis method and the results were evaluated in the context of environmental conditions. Leaves stopped growing at a base temperature of 0°C. Above ~4°C, leaves grew with a diel (24 h) growth rhythm, which is typically known for dicots at thermally non-limiting growth conditions. Relative leaf growth rates at temperatures above this 4°C threshold were higher at night and showed a pronounced depression during the day, which we could describe by a model based on the environmental factors vapour pressure deficit (VPD), temperature and light with VPD exerting the strongest negative effect on leaf growth. We conclude that leaf growth of the selected model species at low temperatures shows a transition between pronounced environmental regulation and a superposition of environmental and internal, possibly circadian-clock-dependent regulation.
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