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Original article (peer-reviewed)

Journal Journal of Energy Storage
Volume (Issue) 17
Page(s) 140 - 152
Title of proceedings Journal of Energy Storage
DOI 10.1016/j.est.2018.02.003

Open Access

Type of Open Access Publisher (Gold Open Access)


Experimental and numerical results from the world’s first pilot-scale advanced adiabatic compressed air energy storage plant with combined sensible/latent thermal-energy storage are presented. The combined thermal-energy storage was composed of sensible and latent units with maximum capacities of 11.6 MWh and 171.5 kWh, respectively. The latent thermal-energy storage consisted of a steel tank with 296 stainless-steel tubes encapsulating an Al–Cu–Si alloy as phase-change material. The combined thermal-energy storage was investigated using four charging/discharging cycles with durations of about 3 h each and air inflow temperatures of up to 566 C. The experimental results showed that the latent thermal-energy storage reduced the drop in the air outflow temperature during discharging. Minor leaks of the phase-change material were traced to the welding seams in the encapsulation as well as to holes required to insert resistance temperature detectors. Analysis of the leaked phase-change material revealed degradation and/or phase separation, which were attributed to the initial off-eutectic composition of and impurities in the phase-change material and resulted in a reduced heat of fusion. Simulations predicted the performance of the combined thermal-energy storage with good overall accuracy. Discrepancies were put down to changes in the thermophysical properties.