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Defending the status quo across venues and coalitions: evidence form California interest groups

Type of publication Peer-reviewed
Publikationsform Original article (peer-reviewed)
Author Varone Frédéric, Ingold Karin, Jourdain Charlotte,
Project Lobbying, litigation and direct democracy: Comparing advocacy strategies of interest groups in Switzerland and California
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Original article (peer-reviewed)

Journal Journal of Public Policy
Volume (Issue) 37(1)
Page(s) 1 - 26
Title of proceedings Journal of Public Policy
DOI 10.1017/s0143814x16000179

Open Access

Type of Open Access Repository (Green Open Access)


This study investigates the conditions under which pro-status quo groups increase their advocacy success during an entire policy-making process. It scrutinizes whether pro-status quo defenders who are involved in multiple institutional venues and who join many coalitions of interest groups are able to achieve their policy preferences. A case study focusing on the regulation of stem cell research in California traces the policy-making process and the related advocacy activities of interest groups in legislative, administrative, judicial, and direct-democratic venues. The empirical results, which are based on a formal Social Network Analysis, reveal that very few groups are multi-venue players and members of several coalitions. In addition, occupying a central network position is insufficient for the pro-status quo groups to improve their advocacy success.