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Efficient total variation algorithm for fetal brain MRI reconstruction

Type of publication Peer-reviewed
Publikationsform Proceedings (peer-reviewed)
Author Tourbier Sébastien, Bresson Xavier, Hagmann Patric, Thiran Jean Philippe, Meuli Reto A., Bach Cuadra Meritxell,
Project Novel Image Processing Methods for Fetal MR Imaging: 3D Reconstruction and Segmentation with Soft Priors
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Proceedings (peer-reviewed)

Title of proceedings Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention – MICCAI 2014
Place Boston, USA
DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-10470-6_32

Open Access

Abstract

Fetal MRI reconstruction aims at finding a high-resolution image given a small set of low-resolution images. It is usually modeled as an inverse problem where the regularization term plays a central role in the reconstruction quality. Literature has considered several regularization terms s.a. Dirichlet/Laplacian energy [1], Total Variation (TV)-based energies [2,3] and more recently non-local means [4]. Although TV energies are quite attractive because of their ability in edge preservation, standard explicit steepest gradient techniques have been applied to optimize fetal-based TV energies. The main contribution of this work lies in the introduction of a well-posed TV algorithm from the point of view of convex optimization. Specifically, our proposed TV optimization algorithm for fetal reconstruction is optimal w.r.t. the asymptotic and iterative convergence speeds O(1/n 2) and O(1/√ε), while existing techniques are in O(1/n) and O(1/ε). We apply our algorithm to (1) clinical newborn data, considered as ground truth, and (2) clinical fetal acquisitions. Our algorithm compares favorably with the literature in terms of speed and accuracy. © 2014 Springer International Publishing.
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