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Endothelial adhesion molecules and multiple organ failure in patients with severe sepsis.

Type of publication Peer-reviewed
Publikationsform Original article (peer-reviewed)
Publication date 2016
Author Amalakuhan B, Habib SA, Mangat M, Reyes LF, Rodriguez AH, Hinojosa CA, Soni NJ, Gilley RP, Bustamante CA, Anzuento A, Levine SM, Peters JI, Aliberti S, Sibila O, Chalmers JD, Torres A, Waterer GW, Martin-Loeches I, Bordon J, Blanquer J, Sanz F, Marcos PJ, Rello J, Ramirez J, Luna CM,
Project The vicious-cycle of acute exacerbation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: orchestration of infection, systemic inflammatory response and airway remodelling
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Original article (peer-reviewed)

Journal Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
Volume (Issue) 88
Page(s) 267 - 273
Title of proceedings Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
DOI 10.1016/j.cyto.2016.08.028

Abstract

To determine if serum levels of endothelial adhesion molecules were associated with the development of multiple organ failure (MOF) and in-hospital mortality in adult patients with severe sepsis. This study was a secondary data analysis of a prospective cohort study. Patients were admitted to two tertiary intensive care units in San Antonio, TX, between 2007 and 2012. Patients with severe sepsis at the time of intensive care unit (ICU) admission were enrolled. Inclusion criteria were consistent with previously published criteria for severe sepsis or septic shock in adults. Exclusion criteria included immunosuppressive medications or conditions. None. Baseline serum levels of the following endothelial cell adhesion molecules were measured within the first 72h of ICU admission: Intracellular Adhesion Molecule 1 (ICAM-1), Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1 (VCAM-1), and Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF). The primary and secondary outcomes were development of MOF (⩾2 organ dysfunction) and in-hospital mortality, respectively. Forty-eight patients were enrolled in this study, of which 29 (60%) developed MOF. Patients that developed MOF had higher levels of VCAM-1 (p=0.01) and ICAM-1 (p=0.01), but not VEGF (p=0.70) compared with patients without MOF (single organ failure only). The area under the curve (AUC) to predict MOF according to VCAM-1, ICAM-1 and VEGF was 0.71, 0.73, and 0.54, respectively. Only increased VCAM-1 levels were associated with in-hospital mortality (p=0.03). These associations were maintained even after adjusting for APACHE and SOFA scores using logistic regression. High levels of serum ICAM-1 was associated with the development of MOF. High levels of VCAM-1 was associated with both MOF and in-hospital mortality.
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