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Original article (peer-reviewed)

Journal Applied Physics Letters
Volume (Issue) 95(22)
Page(s) 224103-1 - 224103-3
Title of proceedings Applied Physics Letters
DOI 10.1063/1.3268454


Bragg reflections in Y-resonant x-ray diffractograms of BaZr0.9Y0.1O2.95 BZY10 reveal that Y is organized in a superstructure. Comparison with neutron diffraction superstructure reflections in protonated/deuterated BZY10 suggests that both superstructures are linked, and that protons move in the landscape imposed by the Y. The thermal lattice expansion decreases abruptly for protonated BZY10 at T64820 K, coinciding with the onset of lateral proton diffusion and suggesting a correlation of structural changes and proton conductivity. The chemical shift in the Y L1-shell x-ray absorption spectra reveals a reduction from Y3+ toward Y2+ upon protonation.