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A global seasonal surface ocean climatology of phytoplankton types based on CHEMTAX analysis of HPLC pigments

Type of publication Peer-reviewed
Publikationsform Original article (peer-reviewed)
Author Swan Chantal M., Vogt Meike, Gruber Nicolas, Laufkoetter Charlotte,
Project SOGate: Phytoplankton ecosystem control of the Southern Ocean biogeochemical gate
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Original article (peer-reviewed)

Journal Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers
Volume (Issue) 109
Page(s) 137 - 156
Title of proceedings Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers
DOI 10.1016/j.dsr.2015.12.002

Open Access

URL http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11850/202898
Type of Open Access Repository (Green Open Access)

Abstract

Much advancement has been made in recent years in field data assimilation, remote sensing and ecosystem modeling, yet our global view of phytoplankton biogeography beyond chlorophyll biomass is still a cursory taxonomic picture with vast areas of the open ocean requiring field validations. High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) pigment data combined with inverse methods offer an advantage over many other phytoplankton quantification measures by way of providing an immediate perspective of the whole phytoplankton community in a sample as a function of chlorophyll biomass. Historically, such chemotaxonomic analysis has been conducted mainly at local spatial and temporal scales in the ocean. Here, we apply a widely tested inverse approach, CHEMTAX, to a global climatology of pigment observations from HPLC. This study marks the first systematic and objective global application of CHEMTAX, yielding a seasonal climatology comprised of similar to 1500 1 degrees x 1 degrees global grid points of the major phytoplankton pigment types in the ocean characterizing cyanobacteria, haptophytes, chlorophytes, cryptophytes, dinofiagellates, and diatoms, with results validated against prior regional studies where possible. Key findings from this new global view of specific phytoplankton abundances from pigments are a) the large global proportion of marine haptophytes (comprising 32 5% of total chlorophyll), whose biogeochemical functional roles are relatively unknown, and b) the contrasting spatial scales of complexity in global community structure that can be explained in part by regional oceanographic conditions. The results are publically accessible via doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.855412, and will guide future parameterizations of marine ecosystem models exploring the link between phytoplankton community structure and marine biogeochemical cycles
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