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Table-top Two-color Soft X-ray Laser by means of Ni-like Plasmas

Type of publication Peer-reviewed
Publikationsform Original article (peer-reviewed)
Author Masoudnia Leili, Ruiz-Lopez Mabel, Bleiner Davide,
Project "ELAN" - EUV Laser for Actinic Nano-imaging.
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Original article (peer-reviewed)

Journal Physics of Plasmas
Title of proceedings Physics of Plasmas


Laser-produced Ni-like plasmas are known as active media for XUV lasing, with the exibility to two-color lasing. Two-color laser generation is very complex at accelerator facilities. In this work, plasma lasing at the 3d94d1(J=0) ! 3d94p1(J=1) (collisional-pumping process) and the 3d94f1(J=1) ! 3d94d1(J=1) (photo-pumping process) transitions is studied experimentally and computationally. Several key characteristics of collisional- and photo-pumping laser, such as divergence, pointing stability, and intensity have been investigated. The measurements showed different pulse characteristics for the two lasing processes affected by plasma inhomogeneity in temperature and density. Analytical expressions of these characteristics for both collisional- and photo-pumping are derived. It is found that the plasma that maximizes the photo-pumping lasing is 20% hotter and 70% denser than the plasma that optimizes the collisional-pumping lasing. The gain of collisional pumping is  4 times higher than the gain for the photo-pumping. The gain lifetime is a factor of  5:2 larger for the monopole-pumping. Similarly, the gain thickness is a factor of  1:8 larger. It is also found that the gain build-up time for collisional- and photo-pumping are 0.7 ps and 0.9 ps, respectively, whereas the build-up length-scale is 11:5 m and 6:3 m, respectively.