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What to Expect when you are Consolidating: Effective Prediction Models of Application Performance on Multicores

Type of publication Peer-reviewed
Publikationsform Original article (peer-reviewed)
Author Chen Lydia, Serazzi Giuseppe, Ansaloni Danilo, Smirni Evgenia, Binder Walter,
Project LoadOpt - Workload Characterization and Optimization for Multicore Systems
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Original article (peer-reviewed)

Journal Cluster Computing
Volume (Issue) 17(1)
Page(s) 19 - 37
Title of proceedings Cluster Computing
DOI 10.1007/s10586-013-0273-8


Consolidation of multiple applications with diverse and changing resource requirements is common in multicore systems as hardware resources are abundant. As opportunities for better system usage become ample, so are opportunities to degrade individual application performances due to unregulated performance interference between applications and system resources. Can we predict a performance region within which application performance is expected to lie under different consolidations? Alternatively, can we maximize resource utilization while maintaining individual application performance targets? In this work we provide a methodology that offers answers to the above difficult questions by constructing a queueing-theory based tool that can be used to accurately predict application scalability on multicores. The tool can also provide the optimal consolidation suggestions to maximize system resource utilization while meeting application performance targets. The proposed methodology is based on asymptotic analysis that can quickly provide a range of performance values that the user should expect under various consolidation scenarios. In addition, when more accurate performance forecasting is needed, the methodology can provide more accurate predictions using approximate mean value analysis. The methodology is light-weight as it relies on capturing application resource demands using standard system monitoring, via non-intrusive low-level measurements. We evaluate our approach on an IBM Power7 system using the DaCapo and SPECjvm2008 benchmark suites. From 900 different consolidations of application instances, our tool accurately predicts the average iteration time of collocated applications with an average error below 9 per cent. Experimental and analytical results are in excellent agreement, confirming the robustness of the proposed methodology in suggesting the best consolidations that meet given performance objectives of individual applications while maximizing system resource utilization.