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Extreme climatic events in the ocean

Type of publication Not peer-reviewed
Publikationsform Book (non peer-reviewed)
Author FrölicherThomas,
Project Ocean extremes in a warmer world: Discovering risks for marine ecosystems (OceanX)
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Book (non peer-reviewed)

Publisher Elsevier, Predicing future oceans
ISBN 9780128179451

Open Access

Type of Open Access Green OA Embargo (Freely available via Repository after an embargo)


Marine heatwaves – prolonged periods of anomalously high ocean temperatures – have occurred in all ocean basins over the last few years with detrimental impacts on marine ecosystems and cascading impacts on economies and societies. The number of marine heatwave days have doubled between 1982 and 2016, and about 90% of today’s observed marine heatwaves have an anthropogenic component. Marine heatwaves will increase in frequency, intensity and duration under future global warming. This increase will likely push marine organisms, fisheries and ecosystems to the limits of their resilience or beyond, especially those with reduced mobility such as coral reefs.