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Control of eukaryotic phosphate homeostasis by inositol polyphosphate sensor domains.

Type of publication Peer-reviewed
Publikationsform Original article (peer-reviewed)
Publication date 2016
Author Wild Rebekka, Gerasimaite Ruta, Jung Ji-Yul, Truffault Vincent, Pavlovic Igor, Schmidt Andrea, Saiardi Adolfo, Jessen Henning Jacob, Poirier Yves, Hothorn Michael, Mayer Andreas,
Project Microscale thermophoresis for the Faculty of Bology and Medicine in Lausanne
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Original article (peer-reviewed)

Journal Science (New York, N.Y.)
Volume (Issue) 352(6288)
Page(s) 986 - 90
Title of proceedings Science (New York, N.Y.)
DOI 10.1126/science.aad9858

Abstract

Phosphorus is a macronutrient taken up by cells as inorganic phosphate (P(i)). How cells sense cellular P(i) levels is poorly characterized. Here, we report that SPX domains--which are found in eukaryotic phosphate transporters, signaling proteins, and inorganic polyphosphate polymerases--provide a basic binding surface for inositol polyphosphate signaling molecules (InsPs), the concentrations of which change in response to P(i) availability. Substitutions of critical binding surface residues impair InsP binding in vitro, inorganic polyphosphate synthesis in yeast, and P(i) transport in Arabidopsis In plants, InsPs trigger the association of SPX proteins with transcription factors to regulate P(i) starvation responses. We propose that InsPs communicate cytosolic P(i) levels to SPX domains and enable them to interact with a multitude of proteins to regulate P(i) uptake, transport, and storage in fungi, plants, and animals.
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