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CYFIP1 is directly controlled by NOTCH1 and down-regulated in cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma

Type of publication Peer-reviewed
Publikationsform Original article (peer-reviewed)
Author Dziunycz P. J., Neu J., Lefort K., Djerbi N., Freiberger S. N., Iotzova-Weiss G., French L. E., Dotto G. P., Hofbauer G. F.,
Project Cancer stromal cell genetic control
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Original article (peer-reviewed)

Journal PLoS One
Volume (Issue) 12
Page(s) 0173000 - 0173000
Title of proceedings PLoS One

Abstract

Squamous cell carcinoma of the skin (SCC) represents one of the most common cancers in the general population and is associated with a substantial risk of metastasis. Previous work uncovered the functional role of CYFIP1 in epithelial tumors as an invasion inhibitor. It was down-regulated in some cancers and correlated with the metastatic properties of these malignant cells. We investigated its role and expression mechanisms in SCC. We analyzed the expression of CYFIP1 in patient derived SCC, primary keratinocytes and SCC cell lines, and correlated it to the differentiation and NOTCH1 levels. We analyzed the effects of Notch1 manipulation on CYFIP1 expression and confirmed the biding of Notch1 to the CYFIP1 promoter. CYFIP1 expression was down-regulated in SCC and correlated inversely with histological differentiation of tumors. As keratinocyte differentiation depends on Notch1 signaling, we investigated the influence of Notch1 on CYFIP1 expression. CYFIP1 mRNA was highly increased in human Notch1-overexpressing keratinocytes. Further manipulation of the Notch1 pathway in keratinocytes impacted CYFIP1 levels and chromatin immunoprecipitation assay confirmed the direct binding of Notch1 to the CYFIP1 promoter. CYFIP1 may be a link between loss of differentiation and invasive potential in malignant keratinocytes of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma.
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